Belgodère is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Torra di Lozari Communes of the Haute-Corse department INSEE
Barrettali is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Among the villages in the commune is the hamlet of Minerbio. Ange Leccia and video artist. Communes of the Haute-Corse department INSEE
Brando is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Torra d'Erbalunga Torra di Sacru Communes of the Haute-Corse department INSEE
Aléria is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica, former bishopric and present Latin Catholic titular see. It includes the easternmost point in Metropolitan France. Aléria shares the canton of Moïta-Verde with 13 other communes: Moïta, Campi, Canale-di-Verde, Linguizzetta, Pianello, Pietra-di-Verde, Tox and Zuani. Aléria is 70 km to the south of Bastia on Route N198, in the centre of the Plaine Orientale called the Plaine d'Aléria, the east-central coastal plain of the island facing Italy, it includes a number of monuments. Most of the rest of the island is precipitously mountainous; the eastern coastline is punctuated by a number of lakes connecting to the Tyrrhenian Sea, the remnant of an ancient system of lagoons behind barrier beaches. The Corsicans refer to them under the name of Étang, "pool", although most are larger by far than an English pool. Marshland is extensive on the coast requiring that cities be built inland from it. Malaria has been a problem near the marshlands and swamps of eastern Corsica.
The fine barrier beaches are a recreational attraction. The Tavignano River enters the commune to the exits into the Tyrrhenian Sea, its lands include marshes to the south and the unconnected étang de Diane to the north. To the west, the étang de Terre Rosse is a reservoir used to irrigate the plain. Corsica had an indigenous population in the Neolithic and the Bronze Age but the east coast was subject to colonization by Mediterranean maritime powers: Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, they built on an étang, which they used as a harbor. Alaliē was placed between the southern end of the 3.5 km long Ētang de Diane and the Tavignano River inland, but controlling the entire district including the mouth of the river. The site is occupied today by the village of Cateraggio at the crossroads of national routes N200 and N198. N200 follows the Vallé du Tavignano into the interior mountains of Corte; when the Etruscans took the district, after its abandonment by the Greeks, they settled further south along N198 in the vicinity of the village of Aléria, today an archaeological site across the river from Cateraggio, where visitors and academics are quartered.
Still south of there was the Etruscan necropolis, in today's Casabianda. Aléria takes its name from the Roman town placed there after the defeat of the Etruscans; the entire district, however, is wider still, following the Corsican custom of including some mountains and some beaches in every district. It incorporates the agricultural lands of Teppe Rosse, the entire Étang de Diane and the Plage de Padulone 3 km east of Cateraggio, a former barrier beach. Since 1975 a series of laws have created the Casabianda-Aléria Nature Preserve, 1,748 ha between the mouth of the Tavignanu and the Étang d'Urbinu, 5 km to the south; the reserve to the south was initiated from the grounds of the former penitentiary of Casabianda in 1951. It was instituted in 1880 in a pestilential area which it was hoped the prisoners could farm, it contained 214 plots. Due to a high death rate from malaria, the agricultural experiment failed. According to Herodotus twenty years before the abandonment of Phocaea in Ionia, that is, in 566 BC, Phocaeans colonizing the western Mediterranean founded a city, Alaliē, on the island of Cyrnus.
Diodorus Siculus says that the city was named Calaris a corruption of Alaliē. The historical circumstances of Calaris leave no doubt. Diodorus says that Aleria had a "beautiful large harbor, called Syracusium," that Calaris and another city, were on it, that Nicaea had been built by the Etruscans. Syracusium can only be a lake exiting to the Tyrrhenian Sea; as Aleria and Nicaea were trade rivals it seems unlikely that the Etruscans would have allowed the Phocaeans, who were ancient Greeks, access to Étang de Diane. Nicaea is identified with the La Marana district further north, where the Romans built a city, Mariana, on the Étang de Biguglia, a better harbor. Diodorus says that the cities of Corsica were subject to the Phocaeans and that the latter took slaves, resin and honey from them. Alaliē was an emporium. Of the natives whom the Phocaeans subjugated Diodorus says only that they were "barbarians, whose language is strange and difficult to understand" and that they numbered more than 30,000.
At home Phocaea was the first city of Ionia to come under siege by the army of Cyrus, who were Medes commanded by Harpagus, in 546 BC. Requesting a cease-fire the Phocaeans took to their ships, abandoning the city to Harpagus, who allowed them to escape. Refused permission to settle Oenussae in the territory of Chios they resolved to reinforce Alaliē, but first made a surprise punitive raid on Phocaea, executing the entire Persian garrison. At this success half the Phocaeans reinhabited Phocaea. In Corsica they were so troublesome to the Etruscans and to the Carthaginians of Sardinia that the two powers sent a combined fleet of 120 ships to root them out, but this force was defeated by 60 Phocaean ships at the Battle of Alalia in the Sardinian Sea, which Herodotus describes as a Cadmeian victory because the Greeks lost 40 ships sunk and the remaining 20 so damaged as not to be battle-worthy. Now unable to defend themselves, the Phocaeans took to their remaining ships and sailed off to Rhegium, abandoning Alaliē.
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Campana is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Communes of the Haute-Corse department INSEE
Cagnano is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Communes of the Haute-Corse department Tour de l'Osse INSEE