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Boys at a festival wear the gho.
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, Druk Gyalpo of Bhutan, wearing a gho and royal saffron kabney

The gho or g'ô (Dzongkha: བགོ, IPA: [ɡ̊hoː˨])[1] is the traditional and national dress for men in Bhutan. Introduced in the 17th century by Ngawang Namgyal, 1st Zhabdrung Rinpoche, to give the Ngalop people a more distinctive identity, it is a knee-length robe tied at the waist by a cloth belt known as the kera (སྐེད་རགས་).[2][3][4] On festive occasions, it is worn with a kabney.

The government of Bhutan requires all men to wear the gho if they work in a government office or school. Men are also required to wear the gho on formal occasions; in its modern form, the law dates from 1989, but the driglam namzha dress code is much older.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Driem, George van (1998). Dzongkha = Rdoṅ-kha. Leiden: Research School, CNWS. p. 74. ISBN 978-9057890024. 
  2. ^ Levinson, David; Christensen, Karen (2002). Encyclopedia of Modern Asia: China-India relations to Hyogo. Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. 2. Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 104–105. ISBN 0-684-31243-3. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  3. ^ Brown, Lindsay; Armington, Stan (2007). Bhutan. Country Guides (3 ed.). Lonely Planet. pp. 49–52, 80. ISBN 1-74059-529-7. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  4. ^ Bartholomew, Mark (1985). Thunder Dragon Textiles from Bhutan: the Bartholomew Collection. Shikōsha. p. 38. Retrieved 2011-10-16.