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Giacinto Scelsi

Giacinto Scelsi was an Italian composer who wrote surrealist poetry in French. He is best known for writing music based around only one pitch, altered in all manners through microtonal oscillations, harmonic allusions, changes in timbre and dynamics, as paradigmatically exemplified in his Quattro pezzi su una nota sola; this composition remains his most famous work and one of the few performed to significant recognition during his lifetime. His musical output, which encompassed all Western classical genres except scenic music, remained undiscovered within contemporary musical circles during most of his life. Today, some of his music has gained popularity in certain postmodern composition circles, with pieces like his "Anahit" and his String Quartets rising to increased prominence. Scelsi collaborated with American composers including John Cage, Morton Feldman and Earle Brown, as well as being a friend and a mentor to Alvin Curran, his work was a source of inspiration to Ennio Morricone's Gruppo di Improvvisazione di Nuova Consonanza, his music influenced composers like Tristan Murail and Solange Ancona.

Born in the village of Pitelli near La Spezia, Scelsi spent most of his time in his mother's old castle where he received education from a private tutor who taught him Latin and fencing. His family moved to Rome and his musical talents were encouraged by private lessons with Giacinto Sallustio. In Vienna, he studied with a pupil of Arnold Schoenberg, he became the first exponent of dodecaphony in Italy, although he did not continue to use this system. In the 1920s, Scelsi made friends with intellectuals like Jean Cocteau and Virginia Woolf, traveled abroad extensively, he first came into contact with non-European music in Egypt in 1927. His first composition was Chemin du coeur. Followed Rotativa, first conducted by Pierre Monteux at Salle Pleyel, Paris, on 20 December 1931. In 1937, he organised a series of concerts of contemporary works, introducing the music of Paul Hindemith, Igor Stravinsky, Dmitri Shostakovich, Sergei Prokofiev to an Italian audience for the first time. Due to the enforcement of racial laws under the fascist regime of Benito Mussolini, which prevented the performance of works by Jewish composers, these concerts did not continue for long.

Scelsi refused to comply, distanced himself from Italy. In 1940, when Italy entered the war, Scelsi was in Switzerland, where he remained until the end of the conflict and honing his conception of music, he married a divorced Englishwoman. Back in Rome after the war, his wife left him, he underwent a profound psychological crisis that led him to the discovery of Eastern spirituality, to a radical transformation of his view of music. In this so-called second period, he rejected the notions of composition and authorship in favour of sheer improvisation, his improvisations were recorded on tape and transcribed by collaborators under his guidance. They were orchestrated and filled out by his meticulous performance instructions, or adjusted from time to time in close collaboration with the performers. Scelsi came to conceive of artistic creation as a means of communicating a higher, transcendent reality to the listener. In this view, the artist is considered a mere intermediary. For this reason, Scelsi never allowed his image to be shown in connection with his music.

Some photographs of Scelsi have emerged since his death. One of the earliest interpreters Scelsi worked with was the singer Michiko Hirayama, whom he met in 1957 in Rome. From 1962 to 1972 he wrote the extensive song cycle Canti del Capricorno directly for her in view of her special and unique vocal range; the writing process of the piece set an example for Scelsi's personal way of working: developing pieces through improvisation and making a final transcription. From the late 1970s, he met several leading interpreters who have promoted his music all over the world and opened the gates to wider audiences, such as the Arditti String Quartet, the cellist Frances-Marie Uitti, the pianists Yvar Mikhashoff and Marianne Schroeder. Scelsi was a friend and a mentor to Alvin Curran and other expatriate American composers such as Frederic Rzewski who were residing in Rome during the 1960s. Scelsi collaborated with other American composers including John Cage, Morton Feldman, Earle Brown. Frances-Marie Uitti, dedicatee of all Scelsi's cello works, collaborated intensively with him for over 10 years editing and recording La Trilogia, a massive 3 part work of 45 minutes in length which Morton Feldman called his "autobiography in sound".

It was first premiered in Festival di Como, recorded on Fore records with Scelsi in the studio and for Etcetera Records. A more recent acclaimed version with several of the Latin Prayers is to be found on ECM under the title Natura Renovatur. Uitti transcribed many of the chamber works for contrabass and cello, two improvisations based on the ondiolina tapes that are found under the title Voyages. Alvin Curran recalled that: "Scelsi... came to all my concerts in Rome right up to the last one I gave just a few days before he died. This was in the summer time, he was such a nut about being outdoors, he was there in a fur hat. It was an outdoor concert, he waved from a distance, beautiful sparking eyes and smil

Kosie Marais

Jacobus Petrus Marais, was the son of Jacobus Petrus Marais and Catharina Elizabeth Eksteen. He is known for Brandy making. Marais grew up on the farm Wonderfontein close to Western Cape, South Africa; as a child in school his brother Eksteen and he had a laboratory on the farm. In the workshop they generated electricity. In the laboratory they experiment with gunpowder. In 1921 Kosie had to stop his studies at Stellenbosch University and had to farm as his father Kowie was ill, his father died in 1922. Eksteen and Kosie became owners of the farms Wonderfontein, his sister Judith Maria Magdalena, helped on the farm too. She married a de Wet, his oldest brother, Ernst Jacobus, died young in 1918. Kosie operated on Eksteen on Wonderfontein. On Klipdrift Kosie liqueurs. In 1957 the two brothers split. Kosie got Klipdrift, Eksteen Wonderfontein. Kosie was a South African Freemason. Marais founded the company Southern Liqueur Company, he started to make Brandy S. E. Warren, a director of KWV encouraged him in 1935 to market brandy.

His brand were called Klipdrift. On the farm Klipdrift two types of brandy were produced: A five year old brandy and A ten year old product, he marketed it by sending pricelist to military officers messes. He said it should be for “an officer and a gentleman” His company was sold to Castle Wine and Brandy Company after his death in 1963; this Company became part of Distell His brands has won awards and it's ranked as a brandy in South Africa and the world. It is still made to Marais's recipe. Today his brandy is still sold in other countries. Fritz Heese introduced Kosie to archeology. According to Major C. R Wolhuter, he and Kosie were the only two residents of Robertson, South Africa that were members of the Society to Promote Science. Kosie worked through the society as an archaeologist, he made contact with Henri Breuil. His theory was, he and Breuil took a trip to Bechuanaland. Breuil confirmed his theory. Kosie was made a member of the Archaeological Society, he won the Governors-general trophy in the national competition in 1934.

He was chosen to represent South Africa. Kosie Marais and his family were members of the South African Party. Under the leadership of Adolph Malan, he was part of old soldiers who formed on 30 June 1951, in Johannesburg, South Africa, the Torch Commando to pressure the government to stop the racial policy; the United Party ask him to stand for election in George, Western Cape, South Africa in 1948 against P. W. Botha of the National Party; the National Party won the ward. He married Joyce le Roux from Franschhoek, South Africa in 1926. Out of the marriage four children were born: Yvonne, Valerie Lynette and his only son Jeanniel Pierre Marais He was buried on a hill from where he used to look out over his lands. Kosie was commemorated in the name Major's Hill Winery, he held the rank of Major in the military. The War Medal and the Africa Service Medal were awarded to Marais

Springfield Township School District (New Jersey)

The Springfield Township School District is a community public school district that serves students in pre-kindergarten through sixth grade from Springfield Township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2017-18 school year, the district, comprising one school, had an enrollment of 217 students and 23.8 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 9.1:1. The district is classified by the New Jersey Department of Education as being in District Factor Group "FG", the fourth-highest of eight groupings. District Factor Groups organize districts statewide to allow comparison by common socioeconomic characteristics of the local districts. From lowest socioeconomic status to highest, the categories are A, B, CD, DE, FG, GH, I and J. Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Northern Burlington County Regional School District, which serves students from Chesterfield Township, Mansfield Township, North Hanover Township, along with children of military personnel based at Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst.

The schools in the district are Northern Burlington County Regional Middle School with 834 students in grades 7 - 8 and Northern Burlington County Regional High School with 1,335 students in grades 9-12. Both schools are in the Columbus section of Mansfield Township. Using a formula that reflects the population and the value of the assessed property in each of the constituent municipalities, taxpayers in Springfield Township pay 17.7% of the district's tax levy, with the district's 2013-14 budget including $35.6 million in spending. Springfield Township School had an enrollment of 216 students in grades PreK-6 as of the 2017-18 school year. Core members of the district's administration are: Craig Vaughn, Superintendent David Gorski, Business Administrator / Board SecretaryThe district's board of education has nine members who set policy and oversee the fiscal and educational operation of the district through its administration; as a Type II school district, the board's trustees are elected directly by voters to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with three seats up for election each year held as part of the November general election.

Springfield Township School Springfield Township School's 2015–16 School Performance Report from the New Jersey Department of Education Data for Springfield Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics Northern Burlington County Regional School District Northern Burlington County Regional School District's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education

Transylvanian Military Frontier

The Transylvanian Military Frontier was a territory in the Habsburg Monarchy. It was a section of the Habsburg Military Frontier, it was founded in 1762 from territories, part of the Habsburg Principality of Transylvania. After it was abolished, territory of Transylvanian Military Frontier was reincorporated into the principality; the Transylvanian Military Frontier bordered Habsburg Principality of Transylvania and Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary in the northwest, the Habsburg Banatian Military Frontier in the southwest, the Habsburg Galicia in the northeast, vassal Ottoman principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia in the southeast. Transylvanian Military Frontier was composed of two Romanian regiments. Military Frontier Principality of Transylvania History of Transylvania Transylvania Transylvanian Military Frontier in 1815–1818

Elevation (novella)

Elevation is a novella by American author Stephen King, published on October 30, 2018, by Scribner. The book contains chapter-heading illustrations by Mark Edward Geyer, who illustrated King's first editions of Rose Madder and The Green Mile. King announced Elevation in an interview with Entertainment Weekly on December 22, 2017. While talking about his recent novella Gwendy's Button Box, King said, "I've written another novella called Elevation, a Castle Rock story and, in some ways, it’s like a sequel to Gwendy. Sometimes you seed the ground, you get a little fertilizer, things turn out." A small excerpt as well as the cover for the book were both unveiled by Entertainment Weekly on May 29, 2018. Despite King referring to Elevation as a novella, the book is billed on the cover as a novel. In Castle Rock, Scott Carey faces a mysterious illness which causes bizarre effects on his body and makes him lose weight if he appears healthy on the outside. While battling this disease with his trusted doctor, he tries fixing a dire situation involving a lesbian couple trying to open a restaurant surrounded by a disapproving public.

Kirkus Reviews called it "A touching fable with a couple of deft political jabs on the way to showing that it might just be possible for us all to get along." Official page on

Louisiana Office of Juvenile Justice

The Louisiana Office of Juvenile Justice is a cabinet-level Louisiana state agency that provides youth corrections services in the state. The full official title of the agency is Department of Public Safety and Corrections, Youth Services, Office of Juvenile Justice; the agency has its headquarters in the first floor of the State Police Building in Baton Rouge. The agency's current head is Dr. James Bueche; the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections handled the care of juvenile prisoners. In 2003 the Louisiana Legislature voted to turn the department's juvenile division into a cabinet level agency. In 2004 the juvenile system separated from the adult system, it was established as the Office of Youth Development, it was given its current name by the Louisiana Legislature in 2008. Beginning with the creation of the OJJ, the agency adopted a model used by the Missouri Division of Youth Services, the youth corrections agency of Missouri; the OJJ worked together with that agency and the Annie E.

Casey Foundation. The state operates three secure institutions for boys. Acadiana Center for Youth in Bunkie, La The male institutions include: Bridge City Center for Youth - Bridge City, unincorporated Jefferson ParishRiverside Alternative High School is located at BCCY. A. L. Swanson, Sr. Center for Youth - MonroeSouthside Alternative High School is located at SCY. There is a branch center, Swanson Center for Youth at Columbia, which opened in 2013 in the former Columbia Community Residential and Employment Services center for disabled persons. Acadiana Center for Youth - Bunkie Acadiana Center for youth opened in March 2019. Opening in phases, the facility is a state-of-the-art therapeutic facility that houses male offenders ages 13–21; the OJJ uses the Ware Youth Center by contract to house adjudicated secure girls in an "intensive residential" program. It is located in about 3.5 kilometres from Coushatta. Former male institutions: Louis Jetson Center for Youth - unincorporated East Baton Rouge Parish, near Baton Rouge and Baker It as referred to as "Scotlandville" after the nearby community.

The facility closed abruptly in January 2014. All residents were moved to the other secure facilities in the early morning hours. Tallulah Youth CenterPreviously girls were housed in the Florida Parishes Detention Center in Covington, the Terrebonne Detention Center in Houma. OJJ's philosophy is to match adjudicated youth to programs to meet their needs; some youth, while not amenable to treatment in the community, are not a risk to public safety or in dire need of treatment in a secure environment. OJJ contracts with community treatment providers in non-secure, residential settings to place adjudicated youth into; these group homes are located in various places throughout the state. OJJ is tasked with the responsibility of providing probation and parole supervision for adjudicated youth throughout the state. There are 11 regional offices located in: Northern Region: Shreveport Tallulah MonroeSoutheast Region: Thibodeaux New Orleans Hammond Baton RougeCentral/Southwest Region: Alexandria Lake Charles Lafayette NatchitochesProbation and Parole Officers are Peace Officers and Standards Training certified and have arresting authority in the state.

Louisiana Office of Juvenile Justice Louisiana Office of Youth Development Ware Youth Center