Giacomo Carissimi

Giacomo Carissimi was an Italian composer and music teacher. He is one of the most celebrated masters of the early Baroque or, more the Roman School of music. Carissimi established the characteristic features of the Latin oratorio and was a prolific composer of motets and cantatas, he was influential in musical developments in north European countries through his pupils and the wide dissemination of his music. Carissimi's exact birthdate is not known, but it was in 1604 or 1605 in Marino near Rome, Italy. Of his early life nothing is known. Giacomo's parents and Livia, were married on 14 May 1595 and had four daughters and two sons. Nothing is known of his early musical training, his first known appointments were at Tivoli Cathedral, under the maestri di cappella Aurelio Briganti Colonna, Alessandro Capece and Francesco Manelli. In 1628 Carissimi moved north to Assisi, as maestro di cappella at the Cathedral of San Rufino. In 1628 he obtained the same position at the church of Sant'Apollinare belonging to the Collegium Germanicum in Rome, which he held until his death.

This was despite him receiving several offers to work in prominent establishments, including an offer to take over from Claudio Monteverdi at San Marco di Venezia in Venice. In 1637 he was ordained a priest, he seems to have never left Italy at all during his entire lifetime. He died in 1674 in Rome. Carissimi's successor as maestro di cappella at the Collegium Germanicum in 1686 described him as tall, thin frugal in his domestic affairs, with noble manners towards his friends and acquaintances, prone to melancholy; the great achievements ascribed to Carissimi are the further development of the recitative, introduced by Monteverdi, important to the history of dramatic music. Carissimi's position in the history of church and chamber music is somewhat similar to that of Francesco Cavalli in the history of opera. While Luigi Rossi was his predecessor in developing the chamber cantata, Carissimi was the composer who first made this form the vehicle for the most intellectual style of chamber music, a function which it continued to perform until the death of Alessandro Scarlatti, Emanuele d'Astorga and Benedetto Marcello.

Carissimi is noted as one of the first composers of oratorios, with Jephte as his best known work, along with Jonas. These works and others are important for establishing the form of oratorio unaccompanied by dramatic action, which maintained its hold for 200 years; the name comes from their presentation at the Oratory of Santissimo Crocifisso in Rome. He may be credited for having given greater variety and interest to the instrumental accompaniments of vocal compositions. Charles Burney and John Hawkins both published specimens of his compositions in their works on the history of music, while Henry Aldrich collected an complete set of his compositions, which are housed at the library of Christ Church, Oxford; the British Museum possesses numerous works by Carissimi. Most of his oratorios are in the Bibliothèque Nationale at Paris. Carissimi was active at the time when secular music was about to usurp the dominance of sacred music in Italy; the change was permanent. When Carissimi began composing, the influence of the previous generations of Roman composers was still heavy and when his career came to a close the operatic forms, as well as the instrumental secular forms, were predominant.

In addition, Carissimi was important as a teacher, his influence spread far into Germany and France. Much of the musical style of Marc-Antoine Charpentier, for instance, was influenced by Carissimi. Jephte, oratorio for 6 voices & continuo 1648 Jonas, oratorio for soloists, SATB double chorus, 2 violins & continuo Judicium Extremum, oratorio for soloists, chorus & continuo Vanitas Vanitatum, oratorio for 5 voices, 2 violins & continuo Piangete, piangete, cantata for soprano & continuo Così volete, così sarà, cantata for soprano & continuo 1640 Vittoria, mio core, cantata for soprano & continuo 1646 Ferma Lascia Ch'Io Parli, cantata for soprano & continuo 1650 Sciolto havean dall'alte sponde, cantata for 2 sopranos, baritone & continuo 1653 Apritevi inferni, cantata for soprano & continuo 1663 Lamentationes Jeremiae Prophetae, motet for mezzo-soprano, soprano & continuo Exulta, filia Sion, motet for 2 sopranos & continuo 1675 Exurge, cor meum, in cithara, motet for soprano, 2 violins, viole & continuo 1670 Ardens est cor nostrum, motet for soprano, tenor, bass & continuo 1664 Desiderata nobis, motet for alto, bass & continuo 1667 Missa "Sciolto havean dall'alte sponde," mass for 5 voices & continuo Samuel Pepys was delighted with Carissimi's music.

His Diary records that he met "Mr. Hill, Andrews, one slovenly and ugly fellow, Seignor Pedro, who sings Italian songs to the theorbo most neatly, they spent the whole evening in singing the best piece of musique counted of all hands in the world, made by Seignor Charissimi, the famous master in Rome. Fine it was and too fine for me to judge of."Carissimi is the viewpoint character for the "Euterpe" ser

Karl Sheppard

Karl Sheppard, is an Irish footballer, signed to play for Shelbourne. He began his playing career at schoolboy club Portmarnock AFC before moving on to the schoolboy team of League of Ireland club Shelbourne. After a period in England's League Two, he played with a number of League of Ireland clubs, re-signing for Shelbourne in late 2019. Sheppard played for Portmarnock AFC and Shelbourne before moving to the Everton Academy. In February 2010 Sheppard signed for Galway United, he made his League of Ireland debut at Richmond Park on the opening day of the 2010 League of Ireland season, his goal scoring in April earned him the Airtricity SWAI Player of the Month Award. In his last game for the club he scored the winner in the Premier Division Promotion/Relegation play-off. In January 2011, Sheppard signed for the League of Ireland Champions, he picked up his first senior trophy, playing all five games and scoring three goals en route to winning the 2011 Setanta Sports Cup. In August 2011, Sheppard helped Shamrock Rovers make history in becoming the first League of Ireland team to reach the group stages of a major European club competition when they qualified for the 2011-12 UEFA Europa League group stage.

Sheppard earned the penalty late in extra time that saw Rovers win through 3–2 on aggregate away to FK Partizan in the 2011 Europa League Playoff Round. In October he scored at PAOK in the Europa League group stage, he scored a total of 15 goals in 35 appearances in the 2011 Shamrock Rovers F. C. season. On 12 January 2012, Sheppard announced via Twitter that he had signed a two-and-a-half-year contract at Reading, leaving Shamrock Rovers on a free transfer. Reading beat off interest from other Championship clubs including Blackpool and Peterborough United. On 4 August 2012, Reading announced that Sheppard was joining Accrington Stanley on a six-month loan deal, he made his debut in their 1–0 League Cup defeat against Carlisle United on 11 August and scored the winner against Southend United a week his first goal in English football. He returned to Reading on 3 January 2013 having not featured for Accrington since mid October. On 31 January 2013, he re-joined Shamrock Rovers on a six-month loan deal.

He made his return to the team in a 1–0 defeat to Coleraine on 11 February in the Setanta Cup, but had to wait nearly three months for his first goal, scoring a late equaliser in a 1–1 draw with Sligo Rovers on 3 May. Days before his original spell was due to expire, Sheppard's loan was extended until the end of the 2013 League of Ireland season. In December 2013 Sheppard signed a one-year contract with Shamrock Rovers for the 2014 season after leaving Reading without making an appearance. On 1 November 2014, Cork City announced the signing of Karl Sheppard from Shamrock Rovers. Sheppard scored 2 goals in his first 2 games for the Leesiders. In August 2015, it was announced that Sheppard had signed a 2-year contract to keep him at City, he went on to score 13 goals in the 2015 season. A member of the FAI Cup and Premier Division double winning squad in 2017, by the start of the 2018 season Sheppard had scored 30 goals from 92 league appearances across 3 seasons with Cork City. On 6 November 2019 Shelbourne FC announced the signing of Karl Sheppard following his departure from Cork City.

While a Shelbourne player Sheppard scored the fifth goal in Republic of Ireland U16's 5–2 win over Japan at the Montaigu Tournament in 2007. Sheppard represented his country at U17 level where he scored after coming on as a substitute at Terryland Park in a 2008 UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship qualifying round. In the elite phase of the 2010 UEFA European Under-19 Football Championship elite qualification Sheppard played in all three games in the Ukraine as Ireland narrowly missed out on qualification. Sheppard made a substitute appearance for the League of Ireland XI in a 7–1 defeat to Manchester United in the first game to be played at the Aviva Stadium in August 2010. In September 2010 he was called up to the Republic of Ireland under-21 national football team for the final 2011 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship qualifier in Turkey but did not make an appearance. Sheppard made his U21 debut in November 2011 in a 2013 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship win over Liechtenstein.

Professional appearances correct as of 10th March 2020 Shamrock RoversLOI Premier Division: 2011 Setanta Sports Cup: 2011, 2013Cork CityLOI Premier Division: 2017 FAI President's Cup: 2016, 2017, 2018 FAI Cup: 2016, 2017 Fingal Sportsman of the year: 2017 Karl Sheppard profile at Reading F. C. Karl Sheppard at Soccerbase Karl Sheppard at Soccerway


Yangjiang, alternately romanized as Yeungkong, is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Guangdong Province in the People's Republic of China. It borders Maoming to the west, Yunfu to the north, Jiangmen to the east, looks out to the South China Sea to the south; the local dialect is a branch of Yue Chinese. During the 2010 census, its population was 2,421,748 inhabitants of whom 1,119,619 lived in the built-up and urbanized area comprising Jiangcheng District and Yangdong County. Under the Qing, Yangjiang County made up part of the commandery of Zhaoqing, it was split off as a separate prefecture in its own right. The prefecture-level city of Yangjiang administers 4 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 1 county-level city and 1 counties. Yangjiang is located, 2:30 hours from Guangzhou by bus. Notable areas include the Zhapo Hailing Island near Shapa Town. Yangjiang is the base of a knife manufacturer; the Yangjiang Group artist collective is based in the city, its members' work is inspired by the locality.

Yangjiang is home to six nuclear reactors, the largest nuclear power station in China. The city is named for the Moyang River; the city was hit by a magnitude 5.9 earthquake on July 1969 which killed over 3,000 people. The area is known for its high levels of natural background radiation. Yangjiang has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, with mild to warm winters and long, hot summers, humid conditions year-round. Winter becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is overcast, while summer brings the heaviest rains of the year though is much sunnier. Autumn is dry; the monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 15.5 °C in January to 28.3 °C in July, the annual mean is 22.74 °C. The annual rainfall is around 2,221 mm, close to two-thirds of. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 18% in March to 55% in October, the city receives 1,757 hours of bright sunshine annually. Bolton, Kingsley. Triad Societies, Vol. 5, Abingdon: Routledge, reprinted 2000. Government website of Yangjiang Official Yangjiang Travel Site