An electric guitar is a guitar that uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals. The vibration occurs when a guitar player strums, fingerpicks, slaps or taps the strings; the pickup uses electromagnetic induction to create this signal, which being weak is fed into a guitar amplifier before being sent to the speaker, which converts it into audible sound. The electric signal can be electronically altered to change the timbre of the sound; the signal is modified using effects such as reverb, distortion and "overdrive". Invented in 1931, the electric guitar was adopted by jazz guitar players, who wanted to play single-note guitar solos in large big band ensembles. Early proponents of the electric guitar on record include Les Paul, Lonnie Johnson, Sister Rosetta Tharpe, T-Bone Walker, Charlie Christian. During the 1950s and 1960s, the electric guitar became the most important instrument in popular music, it has evolved into an instrument, capable of a multitude of sounds and styles in genres ranging from pop and rock to country music and jazz.
It served as a major component in the development of electric blues and roll, rock music, heavy metal music and many other genres of music. Electric guitar design and construction varies in the shape of the body and the configuration of the neck and pickups. Guitars may have a fixed bridge or a spring-loaded hinged bridge, which lets players "bend" the pitch of notes or chords up or down, or perform vibrato effects; the sound of an electric guitar can be modified by new playing techniques such as string bending and hammering-on, using audio feedback, or slide guitar playing. There are several types of electric guitar, including: the solid-body guitar. In pop and rock music, the electric guitar is used in two roles: as a rhythm guitar, which plays the chord sequences or progressions, riffs, sets the beat. In a small group, such as a power trio, one guitarist switches between both roles. In large rock and metal bands, there is a rhythm guitarist and a lead guitarist. Many experiments at electrically amplifying the vibrations of a string instrument were made dating back to the early part of the 20th century.
Patents from the 1910s show telephone transmitters were adapted and placed inside violins and banjos to amplify the sound. Hobbyists in the 1920s used carbon button microphones attached to the bridge. With numerous people experimenting with electrical instruments in the 1920s and early 1930s, there are many claimants to have been the first to invent an electric guitar. Electric guitars were designed by acoustic guitar makers and instrument manufacturers; the demand for amplified guitars began during the big band era. The first electric guitars used in jazz were hollow archtop acoustic guitar bodies with electromagnetic transducers. Early electric guitar manufacturers include Rickenbacker in 1932; the first electrically amplified stringed instrument to be marketed commercially was designed in 1931 by George Beauchamp, the general manager of the National Guitar Corporation, with Paul Barth, vice president. The maple body prototype for the one-piece cast aluminium "frying pan" was built by Harry Watson, factory superintendent of the National Guitar Corporation.
Commercial production began in late summer of 1932 by the Ro-Pat-In Corporation, in Los Angeles, a partnership of Beauchamp, Adolph Rickenbacker, Paul Barth. In 1934, the company was renamed the Rickenbacker Electro Stringed Instrument Company. In that year Beauchamp applied for a United States patent for an Electrical Stringed Musical Instrument and the patent was issued in 1937. By early-mid 1935, Electro String Instrument Corporation had achieved mainstream success with the A-22 "Frying Pan" steel guitar, set out to capture a new audience through its release of the Electro-Spanish Model B and the Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts, the first full 25" scale electric guitar produced; the Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts was revolutionary for its time, providing players a full 25" scale, with easy access to 17 frets free of the body. Unlike other lap-steel electrified instruments produced during the time, the Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts was designed to play standing vertical, upright with a strap; the Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts was the first instrument to feature a hand-operated vibrato as a standard appointment, a device called the "Vibrola," invented by Doc Kauffman.
It is estimated that fewer than 50 Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts were constructed between 1933 and 1937. The solid-body electric guitar is made without functionally resonating air spaces; the first solid-body Spanish standard guitar was offered by Vivi-Tone no than 1934. This model featured a guitar-shaped body of a single sheet
Amber Rubarth is an American singer-songwriter and actress. She has toured extensively throughout Europe, North America, South Korea and South Africa headlining and as the support act for Emmylou Harris, Kenny Loggins, Marc Cohn, Richie Havens, Dr. Ralph Stanley, plus a Carnegie Hall guest performance with Jason Mraz. Winner of the NPR Mountain Stage New Song Contest, her eighth album, ‘Wildflowers in the Graveyard’ is engineered and produced by Matt Andrews and is a concept album of self-penned songs around the cycles of life and rebirth as witnessed in nature and relationships. Rubarth’s earlier studio album, A Common Case of Disappearing, was produced by Grammy Award-winning producer Jacquire King and debuted at No. 13 on the iTunes Singer-Songwriter charts. It features duets with Jason Reeves, Jason Mraz. Chesky Records released two binaural albums recorded live at St. Elias Church in which Rubarth collaborated with cellist Dave Eggar; the album received great acclaim and led to a performance with the full Ithaca College Chamber Orchestra.
Rubarth has performed twice for TED Talks. In addition to her solo work, Rubarth is the co-founder of the Brooklyn-based indie band The Paper Raincoat with Alex Wong, the U. K.-based harmony trio Applewood Road, named in The Telegraph's best albums of 2016. Her original arrangement of R. E. M.'s'Losing My Religion' has received over 1 million plays on Spotify, with her solo live performance video reposted by the band as a "beautiful rendition." Rubarth has composed songs and score for films, including collaborations with Paul Brill for Sundance Film Festival winner Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work and the end credit song for the documentary Desert Runners. Her arrangement of the traditional "My Dear Companion", performed by her trio Applewood Road, is on the 2017 BBC documentary Sisters of Country: Dolly and Emmylou and she can be heard with her band The Paper Raincoat on Disney's The Last Song soundtrack featuring Miley Cyrus and Liam Hemsworth; as well as co-starring in the 2018 feature film'American Folk,' Rubarth composed 2 original songs and is featured on the soundtrack alongside Joe Purdy, John Prine, David Grisman and Jerry Garcia.
Rubarth was born in California. At age 17, she graduated high school and moved to Carson City, Nevada to apprentice at a wood sculpture studio. After three years, she quit the apprenticeship to pursue music, she began performing at local open mic nights and coffee shops. Phil Ramone in The Huffington Post describes her style as "part of the new old-soul generation."Rubarth has toured extensively throughout the U. S. Europe, South Africa and Japan, she plays piano. In her band The Paper Raincoat she sings and plays keyboard, guitar and drums. With Applewood Road trio, she arranges, plays guitar and electric bass, she toured with Glen Phillips as his support act and side musician on vocals, electric guitar and electric bass. Amber Rubarth has toured extensively throughout the US, Canada, UK, Germany, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, South Africa, Japan, sharing the stage with Sara Bareilles, Colbie Caillat, Brett Dennen, Dave Eggar, Emmylou Harris, Richie Havens, Ethan Johns, Gary Jules, John Oates, Lisa Loeb, Kenny Loggins, Roger McGuinn, Jason Mraz, Joshua Radin, Martin Sexton, Loudon Wainwright III.
In May 2009 Rubarth joined Jason Reeves and Brendan James to create "The Vespa Experiment," a musical tour along the California coast in which the three artists traveled on Vespa mopeds and did community awareness activities for 13 days to support environmentalism. In September 2009, she toured Canada supporting Gary Jules and Joshua Radin. In 2017 Glen Phillips of Toad the Wet Sprocket invited Rubarth to join his U. S. tour as the opening act as well as part of his trio for which she played bass guitar, electric guitar and vocals. In addition to her solo work, Rubarth formed a band with songwriter Alex Wong, called the Paper Raincoat. Rubarth explained in an interview with The Boston Globe that her solo work tends to be more personal, whereas the Paper Raincoat's songs are more imaginative, involving fictional characters, their debut EP was featured as an iTunes Indie Spotlight Artist. In the fall of 2009, they toured the U. S. as support for Vienna Teng, their music was the subject of CNET's'The 404' podcast.
The album The Paper Raincoat was released in October 2009. The band was named "Best of What's Next" by Paste Magazine who said "We think the world might be a little better if everyone heard this record." Their songs have been featured in Disney's The Last Song, One Tree Hill and Google and Aquafina commercials. Rubarth played the lead role of Joni in the feature film American Folk, released in the U. S. through Good Deed Entertainment on January 26, 2018. Rubarth was awarded Grand Prize in the NPR Mountain Stage New Song Contest for "Letter from My Lonelier Self"; the prize included recording with a performance on NPR's Mountain Stage. The album was released on September 2011 through the contest organizer Newsong Recordings. Rubarth's song "Washing Day", written with Adam Levy, won 1st Place in the 2006 International Songwriting Competition in the Lyrics Only category judged by Tom Waits, Brian Wilson, Robert Smith; the music video was screened at the 2007 SXSW Festival in Texas. On May 8, 2008, Bob Boilen chose "You Will Love This Song" from her second album New Green Lines for his NPR show All Things Considered.
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Jimmie Lawrence Vaughan is an American blues rock guitarist and singer based in Austin, Texas. He is the older brother of Texas blues guitar legend Stevie Ray Vaughan. Several notable blues guitarists have had a significant influence on Vaughan's playing style including the "Three Kings" and Johnny "Guitar" Watson. Jimmie Lawrence Vaughan was born on March 20, 1951 in Dallas County, Texas, to parents, Jimmie Lee Vaughan and Martha Jean Cook. Raised in Dallas, Vaughan moved to Austin in the late 1960s and began playing with such musicians as Paul Ray and WC Clark. In 1969, Vaughan's group opened for The Jimi Hendrix Experience in Texas, it was at this show that Vaughan lent Jimi Hendrix his Vox Wah-wah pedal which Hendrix ended up breaking. In return, Hendrix gave Vaughan his own touring Wah-wah pedal. Jimmie Vaughan developed his own recognized personal style, he formed the band The Fabulous Thunderbirds with the lead singer Lou Ann Barton and harpist Kim Wilson, bassist Keith Ferguson, drummers Mike Buck and Fran Christina..
The band's first four albums, released between 1979 and 1983, are ranked among the most important'white blues' recordings. These early albums did not sell well, so the band was left without a recording contract for a couple of years. During this time, Vaughan played lead guitar on fellow Texas blues musician Bill Carter's 1985 album, Stompin' Grounds playing Carter's most well-known song, "Willie The Wimp", which would be introduced a year to Stevie Ray Vaughan and played on live albums; the Fabulous Thunderbirds got a new contract in 1986, made several albums with a more commercially popular sound and production style. Vaughan left the band in 1990, made his only "duo album", Family Style, with his younger brother, Stevie Ray Vaughan. Before the album's release, Stevie Ray died in a helicopter crash along with three members of Eric Clapton's entourage in East Troy, Wisconsin, on August 27, 1990; the album was released a month after the accident. The artist listed on the album was "The Vaughan Brothers".
The album was blues-influenced rock, with Jimmie Vaughan singing on several tracks. Vaughan released his first solo album Strange Pleasure in 1994; the album contained a song "Six Strings Down", dedicated to the memory of his brother. He has continued his solo career since then. Vaughan's solo albums contain blues-rock material that he writes himself, he made a special guest appearance on Bo Diddley's 1996 album A Man Amongst Men, playing guitar on the tracks "He's Got A Key" and "Coatimundi". In 2001, Vaughan paid an installment on his debt to harmonica swamp blues when he contributed guitar to the Lazy Lester album Blues Stop Knockin.' Since 1997 Fender has produced a Jimmie Vaughan Tex-Mex Stratocaster. Vaughan appeared in the 1998 released film Blues Brothers 2000 as a member of the fictional "Louisiana Gator Boys" blues band led by BB King. Vaughan is close friends with Dennis Quaid, they worked together on the film Great Balls of Fire. Vaughan was the third opening act for most of the dates of Bob Dylan's summer 2006 tour, preceded by Elana James and the Continental Two and Junior Brown.
Vaughan loves classic and custom cars, is an avid car collector. Vaughan has had many of his customs and hot rods displayed in museums, as well as featured in rodding and custom magazines. Vaughan continues to perform, he has been politically active to some degree. He endorsed Republican Presidential candidate Ron Paul in 2008 and played before one of Paul's speeches at the University of Texas. Vaughan opened for Ron Paul's keynote address at the Rally for the Republic in St. Paul, Minnesota on September 2, 2008. Vaughan appeared with Boz Scaggs & The Blue Velvet Band at the 2009 Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Festival in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park. Vaughan performed at Ron Paul's "We are the Future" rally in Tampa, Florida on August 26, 2012. Shout! Factory released Jimmie Vaughan's first new album in nine years, "Plays Blues, Ballads & Favorites," on July 6, 2010. Vaughan played with Eric Clapton, Robert Cray, BB King, Hubert Sumlin, others during the 2010 Crossroads Guitar Festival. Vaughan performed on the episode of the TBS cable television show Conan that aired December 22, 2010.
Vaughan performed at the 11th Edition of the Xerox Rochester International Jazz Festival on Friday, June 29, 2012. Vaughan was one of many performers in the week-long festival, this year, drew record crowds of 187,000. Vaughan performed guitar as a guest on an episode of the PBS cable television show "Austin City Limits", with the Foo Fighters, which aired on February 7, 2015, he and the Foo Fighters were accompanied on stage by another guest guitarist, Gary Clark, Jr. a native of Austin, Texas. 1972: The Storm ‒ "The Doo-It"/"Lost on the Ocean Part 2" 1986: Jimmie Vaughan & Duke Robillard ‒ "Cookin'" 1979: The Fabulous Thunderbirds ‒ Girls Go Wild 1980: The Fabulous Thunderbirds ‒ What's The Word 1981: The Fabulous Thunderbirds ‒ Butt Rockin' 1982: The Fabulous Thunderbirds ‒ T-Bird Rhythm 1986: The Fabulous Thunderbirds ‒ Tuff Enuff 1987: The Fabulous Thunderbirds ‒ Hot Number 1989: The Fabulous Thunderbirds ‒ Powerful Stuff 1990: The Vaughan Brothers ‒ Family Style 1994: Jimmie Vaughan ‒ Strange Pleasure 1998: Jimmie Vaughan ‒ Out There 2001: Jimmie Vaughan ‒ Do You Get The Blues?
2007: Omar Kent Dykes & Jimmie Vaughan ‒ On
Daniel Raphael Rossen is an American multi-instrumentalist and songwriter. He is best known as the guitarist and co-lead vocalist of the indie rock band Grizzly Bear, with whom he has recorded four studio albums. Rossen is a member of Department of Eagles, released a solo EP, Silent Hour/Golden Mile, in 2012. From Los Angeles, Rossen moved to attend New York University; as a student at the university, Rossen formed Department of Eagles with roommate Fred Nicolaus in 2001. The duo released two 7" singles and an album, The Whitey on the Moon UK, on Isota Records. About Department of Eagles early recordings, Rossen explains: Rossen concurrently went on to join Grizzly Bear in 2005, he joined the group for Yellow House. On joining Grizzly Bear, Rossen notes: Department of Eagles released their second record In Ear Park in October 2008; the album featured Chris Taylor and Christopher Bear of Grizzly Bear, was dedicated to Rossen's late father. In 2012, Rossen released a solo Silent Hour/Golden Mile. Silent Hour/Golden Mile, Warp Records Rossen is the grandchild of film director Robert Rossen, who directed the Oscar-winning Paul Newman drama The Hustler, the original All the King's Men.
Rossen is expecting a child with his wife, as of 2018
Stevie Ray Vaughan
Stephen Ray Vaughan was an American musician, singer and record producer, one of the most influential guitarists in the revival of blues in the 1980s. He is referred to as one of the greatest guitar players of all time. Vaughan was raised in Dallas, Texas, he began playing guitar at the age of seven, inspired by his older brother Jimmie. He moved to Austin the following year, he played gigs with numerous bands, earning a spot in Marc Benno's band the Nightcrawlers and with Denny Freeman in the Cobras, with whom he continued to work through late 1977. He formed his own group Triple Threat Revue, but he renamed them Double Trouble after hiring drummer Chris Layton and bassist Tommy Shannon, he gained fame after his performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival in 1982, his debut studio album Texas Flood charted at number 38 in 1983, a commercially successful release that sold over half a million copies. Vaughan headlined concert tours with Jeff Beck in 1989 and Joe Cocker in 1990, he died in a helicopter crash on August 27, 1990 at the age of 35.
Vaughan received several music awards during his posthumously. In 1983, readers of Guitar Player voted him Best Best Electric Blues Guitar Player. In 1984, the Blues Foundation named him Entertainer of the Year and Blues Instrumentalist of the Year, in 1987, Performance Magazine honored him with Rhythm and Blues Act of the Year, he won six Grammy Awards and ten Austin Music Awards and was inducted posthumously into the Blues Hall of Fame in 2000 and the Musicians Hall of Fame in 2014. Rolling Stone ranked him as the 12th greatest guitarist of all time. In 2015, Vaughan and Double Trouble were inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame. Thomas Lee Vaughan, Stevie’s grandfather, married Laura Belle LaRue and moved to Rockwall County, where they lived by sharecropping. On September 6, 1921, they had a son named Jimmie Lee Vaughan. Steve's father Jim Vaughan known as Big Jim, dropped out of school at age sixteen, enlisted in the United States Navy during World War II. After his discharge, he married Martha Cook on January 13, 1950.
Stephen Ray Vaughan was born on October 1954, in Dallas, Texas. Big Jim secured a job as an occupation that involved rigorous manual effort; the family moved living in other states such as Arkansas, Louisiana and Oklahoma before moving to the Oak Cliff section of Dallas. A shy and insecure boy, Vaughan was affected by his childhood experiences, his father struggled with alcohol abuse, terrorised his family and friends with his bad temper. In years, Vaughan recalled that he had been a victim of his father's violence, his father died on August 27, 1986 four years before Vaughan's own death. In the early 1960s, Vaughan's admiration for his brother Jimmie resulted in him trying different instruments such as the drums and saxophone. In 1961, for his seventh birthday, Vaughan received his first guitar, a toy from Sears with Western motif. Learning by ear, he diligently committed himself, following along to songs by the Nightcaps "Wine, Wine" and "Thunderbird", he listened to blues artists such as Albert King, Otis Rush, Muddy Waters, rock guitarists such as Jimi Hendrix and Lonnie Mack, as well as jazz guitarists including Kenny Burrell.
In 1963, he acquired a Gibson ES-125T, as a hand-me-down from Jimmie. Soon after he acquired the electric guitar, Vaughan joined his first band, the Chantones, in 1965, their first gig was at a talent contest held in Dallas' Hill Theatre, but after realizing that they could not perform a Jimmy Reed song in its entirety, Vaughan left the band and joined the Brooklyn Underground, playing professionally at local bars and clubs. He received Jimmie's Fender Broadcaster, which he traded for an Epiphone Riviera; when Jimmie left home at age sixteen, Vaughan's apparent obsession with the instrument caused a lack of support from his parents. Miserable at home, he took a job at a local hamburger stand, where he washed dishes and dumped trash for seventy cents an hour. After falling into a barrel of grease, he grew tired of the job and quit to devote his life to a music career. In May 1969, after leaving the Brooklyn Underground, Vaughan joined a band called the Southern Distributor, he played the song at the audition.
Mike Steinbach, the group's drummer, commented: "The kid was fourteen. We auditioned him on'Jeff's Boogie,' fast instrumental guitar, he played it note for note." Although they played pop rock covers, Vaughan conveyed his interest in the addition of blues songs to the group's repertoire. That year, bassist Tommy Shannon walked into a Dallas club and heard Vaughan playing guitar. Fascinated by the skillful playing, which he described as "incredible then", Shannon borrowed a bass guitar and the two jammed. Within a few years, they began performing together in a band called Krackerjack. In February 1970, Vaughan joined a band called Liberation, a nine-piece group with a horn section. Having spent the past month playing bass with Jimmie in Texas Storm, he had auditioned as bassist. Impressed by Vaughan's guitar playing, Scott Phares, the group's original guitarist, modestly became the bassist. In mid-1970, they performed at the Adolphus Hotel in downtown Dallas, where ZZ Top asked them to perform. During Liberation's break, Vaughan jammed with ZZ Top on the Nightcaps song "Thunderbird".
Phares described the perfo
Marc Ribot is an American guitarist and composer. His work has touched on many styles, including no wave, free jazz and Cuban music. Ribot is known for collaborating with other musicians, most notably Tom Waits, Elvis Costello, Vinicio Capossela and John Zorn. Ribot was born in New Jersey, he grew up in the Montrose section of the son of a noted physician. He has worked extensively as a session guitarist, he has performed and recorded with Tom Waits, Caetano Veloso, John Zorn, David Sylvian, Jack McDuff, Wilson Pickett, The Lounge Lizards, Arto Lindsay, T-Bone Burnett, Medeski and Wood, Cibo Matto, Sam Phillips, Elvis Costello, Tift Merritt, Allen Ginsberg, Robert Plant & Alison Krauss, Susana Baca, The Black Keys, Vinicio Capossela, Alain Bashung, McCoy Tyner, Elton John, Madeleine Peyroux, Marianne Faithfull, Diana Krall, Mike Patton, Neko Case, Joe Henry, Allen Toussaint, Ikue Mori and others. Ribot's earliest session work was featured on Tom Waits's Rain Dogs and helped define Waits's new musical direction.
Ribot worked with Waits on many of his following albums including Franks Wild Years, Big Time, Mule Variations, Real Gone, Orphans: Brawlers, Bawlers & Bastards and Bad as Me. He has appeared on Elvis Costello's Spike, Mighty Like a Rose, Kojak Variety. Ribot has appeared on numerous recordings by John Zorn, including many of Zorn's Filmworks recordings, solo performances on Zorn's Masada Guitars, is a member of Zorn's Bar Kokhba Sextet and Electric Masada. Ribot's first two albums featured the Rootless Cosmopolitans, followed by an album of works by Frantz Casseus for solo guitar. Further releases found him working in a variety of band and solo contexts including two albums with his self-described "dance band", Marc Ribot y Los Cubanos Postizos, featuring compositions by Arsenio Rodríguez. Ribot admitted to Guitar Player a limited technical facility due to learning to play right-handed despite being left-handed: "That's a real limit, one that caused me a lot of grief when I was working with Jack McDuff and realizing I wasn't following in George Benson's footsteps.
I couldn't be a straight-ahead jazz contender if you held a gun to my head, but that begs the question of whether I would want to be one."He performs and records with his groups Marc Ribot's Ceramic Dog with bassist Shahzad Ismaily and drummer Ches Smith of the avant-garde band Secret Chiefs 3, Marc Ribot Trio with bassist Henry Grimes and drummer Chad Taylor of Chicago Underground, The Young Philadelphians, covering 1970s Philadelphia soul music with Philadelphia-based musicians bassist Jamaaladeen Tacuma and drummer G. Calvin Weston with guitarist Mary Halvorson plus a three-piece string section. A biographical documentary film about Ribot was called The Lost String. Ribot was a judge for the sixth annual Independent Music Awards. Rootless Cosmopolitans Requiem for What's His Name Marc Ribot Plays Solo Guitar Works of Frantz Casseus Shrek Subsonic 1: Sounds of a Distant Episode with Shrek The Book of Heads composed by John Zorn Don't Blame Me Shoe String Symphonettes The Prosthetic Cubans with Los Cubanos Postizos Yo!
I Killed Your God ¡Muy Divertido! with Los Cubanos Postizos Saints Inasmuch as Life is Borrowed limited edition Scelsi Morning Soundtracks Volume 2 Spiritual Unity Exercises in Futility Party Intellectuals with Ceramic Dog Silent Movies Your Turn with Ceramic Dog Live at the Village Vanguard with Henry Grimes and Chad Taylor The Young Philadelphians: Live in Tokyo with the Young Philadelphians YRU Still Here? with Ceramic Dog Songs of Resistance: 1942–2018 Sabbath in Paradise The Soul of a Man A Bookshelf on Top of the Sky: 12 Stories About John Zorn The Lost String Gare du Nord Marc Ribot official website Marc Ribot on IMDb Marc Ribot at AllMusic