Colette (2018 film)
Colette is a 2018 biographical drama film directed by Wash Westmoreland, from a screenplay by Westmoreland, Rebecca Lenkiewicz and Richard Glatzer, based upon the life of the French novelist Colette. It stars Keira Knightley, Dominic West, Eleanor Tomlinson, Denise Gough, it had its world premiere at the Sundance Film Festival on January 20, 2018. It was released in the United States on September 2018, by Bleecker Street and 30West; the film premiered in London at the BFI London Film Festival and was released in the United Kingdom on January 11, 2019, by Lionsgate. Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette is a young woman from the rural Saint-Sauveur-en-Puisaye at the end of the 19th century, who begins an affair with Willy. Willy brings Colette to Paris as his bride, with socialites expressing surprise a man like him would marry. Willy refers to himself as a "literary entrepreneur". However, he finds the limited output does not bring in enough revenue to cover his expenses, so he entertains socialites, he commissions one ghostwriter to work on a novel.
One day, Colette finds Willy with a prostitute. He persuades her to return, promising honesty. Colette tells him of her days as a schoolgirl. With Willy finding his expenses mounting and himself unable to pay his writers, he asks Colette to write a novel based on her school stories, she completes a draft of Claudine à l'école. Years some of Willy's furniture is repossessed, Willy stumbles on the draft, he suggests revisions, the novel is submitted and published under Willy's byline. Claudine à l'école becomes a bestseller attracting female readership. Faced with his first true hit, Willy tells his publisher a sequel is coming, purchases a country house, locks Colette in a room there to force her to write. Objecting, Colette writes Claudine à Paris, which becomes another bestseller; as Colette and Willy become an recognized couple, she attracts the notice of Georgie Raoul-Duval, a Louisiana debutante. Georgie and Colette begin an affair. Jealous, Willy begins an affair with Georgie. Colette discovers this, bases her next book, Claudine en ménage, on the episode.
Fearing scandal, Georgie's husband purchases and burns all copies of the book before sale, but does not purchase the copyright, allowing Willy to reprint and sell the book. The Claudine books enjoy continued success, including a stage adaptation starring Polaire. Colette begins an affair with a lesbian socialite who preferred masculine attire, they begin dancing and develop an act at the Moulin Rouge that draws a morally outraged response when they kiss onstage. Willy cites the act as a financial disaster and sells all rights to the Claudine books for 5,000 francs without Colette's knowledge. Angered and feeling betrayed, Colette leaves Willy. Willy asks his employee Paul to incinerate the Claudine manuscripts. Colette becomes recognized as a writer in her own right, beginning with The Vagabond, published under her byline about her music hall experience, it was first announced on February 1, 2016, that Colette would be directed by Still Alice's Wash Westmoreland, who co-wrote the script with his late Still Alice collaborator and husband Richard Glatzer.
The film reunites the producing team behind Killer Films. Bold Films financed and co-produced the film, marking the company's first foray into the UK. On the same day Deadline announced. On May 15, 2017, it was announced. Chris Pratt, Josh Henderson and Sullivan Stapleton were considered. Deadline announced on May 23, 2017 that Denise Gough, Fiona Shaw, Robert Pugh, Rebecca Root had joined Knightley and West in the film. On June 21, 2017, it was announced that Eleanor Aiysha Hart had joined the cast, it was announced by Gary Michael Walters that production would start filming in summer 2017. On May 26, 2017, the film's crew was spotted filming at Witney in Oxfordshire. Knightley was spotted on the streets of Hungary on her day off of filming there; the film had its world premiere at the Sundance Film Festival on January 20, 2018. Shortly after, Bleecker Street, 30West and Lionsgate acquired U. S. and U. K. distribution rights to the film, respectively. It was released in the United States on September 21, 2018 to "select theatres" and wide released on October 12, 2018.
It was released in the United Kingdom on January 11, 2019. As of February 10, 2019, Colette has grossed $5.1 million in the United States and Canada, $6.6 million in other territories, for a total worldwide gross of $11.7 million. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 87% based on 187 reviews, with an average rating of 7.2/10. The website critical consensus reads, "Formally familiar but a brilliant match for its lead, Colette is a entertaining biopic and an overdue testament to Keira Knightley's underrated gifts." On Metacritic, it has a weighted average score of 74 out of 100, based on 40 critics, indicating "generally positive reviews". For RogerEbert.com, Nick Allen wrote a positive review after the film's world premiere at Sundance. He said that "As a period film that's more than ready for 2018, Colette embodies the power of thinking forward in more ways than one."According to reviewer Manohla Dargis of The New York Times, "Mr. Westmoreland... wanted to make a liberation story.
He has succeeded, at times movingly... The whole thing is too smooth and aspirational, and of course he omits much... but with a life this exuberantly full, how co
Leslie Claire Margaret Caron is a Franco-American actress and dancer who appeared in 45 films between 1951 and 2003. Her autobiography, Thank Heaven, was published in 2010 in the UK and US, in 2011 in a French version. Veteran documentarian Larry Weinstein's Leslie Caron: The Reluctant Star premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on 28 June 2016. Caron is best known for the musical films An American in Paris, Daddy Long Legs, Gigi, for the nonmusical films Fanny, The L-Shaped Room, Father Goose, she received two Academy Award nominations for Best Actress. In 2006, her performance in Law & Order: Special Victims Unit won her an Emmy for guest actress in a drama series, she is fluent in French and Italian. She is one of the few dancers or actresses who have danced with Gene Kelly, Fred Astaire, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Rudolf Nureyev. Caron was born in Boulogne-sur-Seine, the daughter of Margaret, a Franco-American dancer on Broadway, Claude Caron, a French chemist, pharmacist and boutique owner.
While her older brother Aimery Caron became a chemist like their father, Leslie was prepared for a performing career from childhood by her mother. Caron started her career as a ballerina. Gene Kelly discovered her in the Roland Petit company "Ballet des Champs Elysées" and cast her to appear opposite him in the musical An American in Paris, a role in which a pregnant Cyd Charisse was cast; this role led to a long-term MGM contract and a sequence of films which included the musical The Glass Slipper and the drama The Man with a Cloak, with Joseph Cotten and Barbara Stanwyck. Still, Caron has said of herself: "Unfortunately, Hollywood considers musical dancers as hoofers. Regrettable expression." She starred in the successful musicals Lili, with Mel Ferrer. In 1953, Caron was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her starring role in Lili. For her performance in the British drama The L-Shaped Room, she won the BAFTA Award for Best British Actress and Golden Globe awards, was nominated for the Best Actress Oscar.
In the 1960s and thereafter, Caron worked in European films, as well. Her film assignments included Father Goose, with Cary Grant. Sometime in 1970, Caron was one of the many actresses considered for the lead role of Eglantine Price in Disney's Bedknobs and Broomsticks, losing the role to British actress Angela Lansbury. In 1967, she was a member of the jury of the 5th Moscow International Film Festival. In 1989, she was a member of the jury at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival. Caron has continued appearing in the film Chocolat. During the 1980s, she appeared in several episodes of the soap opera Falcon Crest as Nicole Sauguet, she is one of the few actresses from the classic era of MGM musicals who are still active in film—a group that includes Rita Moreno, Margaret O'Brien, June Lockhart. Her other credits include Funny Bones with Jerry Lewis and Oliver Platt. On 30 June 2003, Caron traveled to San Francisco to appear as the special guest star in The Songs of Alan Jay Lerner: I Remember It Well, a retrospective concert staged by San Francisco's 42nd Street Moon Company.
In 2007, her guest appearance on Law and Order: Special Victims Unit earned her a 2007 Primetime Emmy Award. On 27 April 2009, Caron traveled to New York as an honored guest at a tribute to Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe at the Paley Center for Media. For her contributions to the film industry, Caron was inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame on 8 December 2009 with a motion pictures star located at 6153 Hollywood Boulevard. In February 2010, she played Madame Armfeldt in A Little Night Music at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris, which featured Greta Scacchi and Lambert Wilson. In 2016, Caron appeared in the ITV television series The Durrells as the Countess Mavrodaki. In September 1951, Caron married American George Hormel II, a grandson of the founder of the Hormel meat-packing company, they divorced in 1954. During that period, while under contract to MGM, she lived in Laurel Canyon, in a Normandie style 1927 mansion, near the country store on Laurel Canyon Blvd. One bedroom was all mirrored for her dancing rehearsals.
Her second husband was British theatre director Peter Hall. They married in 1956 and had two children: Christopher John Hall in 1957 and Jennifer Caron Hall, a writer and actress, in 1958. Caron had an affair with Warren Beatty; when she and Hall divorced in 1965, Beatty was named as a co-respondent and was ordered by the London court to pay the costs of the case. In 1969, Caron married the producer of the film Two-Lane Blacktop, her son-in-law is the producer and screenwriter. Caron was romantically linked to Dutch television actor Robert Wolders from 1994 to 1995. From June 1993 until September 2009, Caron owned and operated the hotel and restaurant Auberge la Lucarne aux Chouettes, located in Villeneuve-sur-Yonne, located about 130 km south of Paris. Unhappy with the lack of work in France, Caron left Paris for England in 2013. In her autobiography, Thank Heaven, she states that she obtained American citizenship in time to vote for Barack Obama for president. British Academy Film Award 1
Cathleen Nesbitt was an English actress of stage and television. Born in Birkenhead, England to Thomas and Mary Catherine Nesbitt as Kathleen Mary Nesbitt in 1888 of Welsh and Irish descent, she was educated in Lisieux, at the Queen's University of Belfast and the Sorbonne, her younger brother, Thomas Nesbitt, Jr. acted in one film in 1925, before his death in South Africa in 1927 from an apparent heart attack. She made her debut in London in the stage revival of Arthur Wing Pinero's The Cabinet Minister, she acted in countless plays after that. In 1911, she joined the Irish Players, went to the United States and debuted on Broadway in The Well of the Saints, she was in the cast of John Millington Synge's The Playboy of the Western World with the Irish Players when the whole cast was pelted with fruits and vegetables by the offended Irish American Catholic audience. She became the love of English poet Rupert Brooke in 1912. Brooke wrote love sonnets to her, they were engaged to be married when he died during World War I.
Nesbitt returned to the US and appeared on Broadway in Quinneys and John Galsworthy's Justice as John Barrymore's leading lady in his first dramatic stage role. After five other plays there, she returned to England. For the rest of the decade she performed in London, her film debut was in the silent A Star Over Night. She performed in The Faithful Heart, she did not appear in a film again until 1930, when she played the role of Anne Lymes in Canaries Sometimes Sing, an early talkie. In 1932, she appeared in The Frightened Lady, she appeared in the 1938 film version of Pygmalion as "a lady". In the opening credits her first name was spelled as "Kathleen", but as "Cathleen" at the end of the film, she played the part of Mother in the 1949 BBC TV remake of the drama film Elizabeth of Ladymead. Nesbitt's first Hollywood film was Three Coins in the Fountain, in which she played the character role of La Principessa; this was followed that same year by Black Widow. She was Cary Grant's Grandmother Janou in 1957's An Affair to Remember and, the following year, was part of the ensemble cast of Separate Tables.
She appeared in The Parent Trap, Promise Her Anything. Other Broadway appearances included Aunt Alicia in the original Anita Loos adaptation of Gigi, Sabrina Fair, Anastasia. In 1956, she played Mrs. Higgins in My Fair Lady starring Rex Harrison. Nesbitt reprised the role in 1981, in her 90s, in a Broadway revival, opposite Harrison, in his 70s, she played Agatha Morley on the TV series The Farmer's Daughter from 1963 to 1966, playing the mother of a Congressman. She guest starred on such shows as The United States Steel Hour. In 1969 she played Richard Burton's mother in the film Staircase and again in Villain two years later, she had a small but memorable role as an elderly drug addict in French Connection II alongside Gene Hackman. Her next film was Hitchcock's Family Plot, she appeared as the grandmother in Julia. Her final film was Never Never Land as Edith Forbes, she was the subject of This. Nesbitt became the love of English poet Rupert Brooke in 1912, they were engaged to be married, but he died in 1915 at age 27 of blood poisoning, the result of a bite from an infected mosquito while he served in the Royal Navy during World War I.
In 1921 Nesbitt married barrister turned actor Cecil Ramage. They had two children, she and Ramage were separated for many years but remained married until her death in 1982. Nesbitt lived for many years in the United States, but returned to the United Kingdom where she was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1978, her autobiography, A Little Love and Good Company, was published in 1973. After a career spanning over 80 years, one of the longest in show business history, Nesbitt died of natural causes at age 93 in London on 2 August 1982. Cathleen Nesbitt on IMDb Cathleen Nesbitt at the Internet Broadway Database Performances listed in the Theatre Archive, University of Bristol Cathleen Nesbitt at Find a Grave Cathleen Nesbitt Cathleen Nesbitt's appearance on This Is Your Life
Henry Gauthier-Villars or Willy, his nom-de-plume, was a French fin de siècle writer and music critic, today known as the mentor and first husband of Colette. Other pseudonyms used by Gauthiers-Villars are: Henry Maugis, Robert Parville, l’Ex-ouvreuse du Cirque d’été, L’Ouvreuse, L’Ouvreuse du Cirque d’été, Jim Smiley, Henry Willy, Boris Zichine. Born on 8 August 1859 in Villiers-sur-Orge, Essonne into a bourgeois Catholic family, he attended the Lycée Fontanes and the Jesuit Collège Stanislas in Paris, he became fluent in German. In 1885, he obtained a law degree and subsequently started with a job in the family’s publishing firm of Gauthier-Villars. Willy was a ladies’ man. In 1889, he met 14 years younger than he was; as a writer and music critic he was an incessant and effective self-promoter, under whose directions his "slaves" wrote articles and novels. His ghostwriters may or may not have received recognition but participated because publication under the Willy name secured a high publication rate and good income.
With his literary workshops, Willy published more than 50 novels. Curnonsky was one of his ghostwriters, his participation varied and included conceptualizing and adding sections and puns. Henry's favourite song, which he could be heard singing on his way to dinner, was I'm Henery the Eighth. Colette was handling his correspondence, but soon became involved in writing on her own starting with Claudine, her first work under the Willy label; the success led to more novels in the Claudine series. It is acknowledged that these books were written by Colette, but he had his hand in editing and honing the manuscripts. Willy went into merchandizing dolls and other items based on the Claudine novels. Colette soon learned that Willy had other affairs, she met his mistress Charlotte Kinceler, who became her friend. Willy and Colette had an affair unbeknownst to each other with the same woman, the American socialite Georgie Raoul-Duval, née Urquhart. Upon discovery, they attended the Bayreuth festival together.
The marriage to Colette lasted until 1910, although in the years prior they were separated. While Willy made a lot of money, he squandered it with ease on women and gambling and was facing bankruptcy. Willy went on to marry Marguerite Maniez known as Meg Villars after her marriage, he had no children from his two marriages. Willy died on 12 January 1931 in Paris. Three thousand mourners followed his casket to the Montparnasse cemetery. In 1905, Willy was painted by Giovanni Boldini. ‘Willy’ is played by Dominic West in the 2018 film Colette which stars Keira Knightley in the eponymous role of his first wife. Willy, Colette et moi, Sylvain Bonmariage, introduction by Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Paris, 2004 "Willy". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1922
Gaby Morlay was a French film actress. Morley began acting in the era of silent films, became known as co-star with Max Linder in his "Max" series, she starred in a series of "Gaby" films such more than twenty other silent films. She moved into talking films in the early 1930s, she played Queen Victoria in the 1939 historical film Entente cordiale. She had an affair with the government minister Max Bonnafous during World War II, as a result was investigated for collaboration with the Nazis after the liberation of France, she married Bonnafous. Morlay continued to play important roles in the 1950s. Gaby Morlay on IMDb
Gigi is a popular play, written by Anita Loos. It is based on Colette's 1945 novel of the same name, was produced on Broadway, where it starred Audrey Hepburn in the title role; the play's plot follows that of the original story, focusing on a young 19th century Parisian girl being groomed for a career as a courtesan. Gigi lives with her mother and grandmother, takes lessons at the home of her aunt, her lessons include social manners and personal relationships. The family has significant social connections, have been great friends with the rich playboy Gaston. Gaston is bored with his life, his only joy seems to be in the company of Gigi and her family. Aunt Alicia decides. After dressing her up, she is presented to Gaston as a young woman, he is, at first, dismayed at the change. He realizes that he is attracted to Gigi, takes her out on the town; as the night progresses, Gaston wants something more. He proposes marriage to Gigi, she gladly accepts. Theatre Owned / Operated by City Playhouses, Inc.
Produced by Gilbert Miller Written by Anita Loos. Gigi Cathleen Nesbitt... Alicia de St. Ephlam, Gigi's Aunt Doris Patson... Andree, Gigi's Mother Josephine Brown... Madame Alvarez, Gigi's Grandmother Bertha Belmore... Sidonie Michael Evans... Gaston Lachaille Francis Compton... Victor Gigi at the Internet Broadway Database
Audrey Hepburn was a British actress, model and humanitarian. Recognised as a film and fashion icon, Hepburn was active during Hollywood's Golden Age, she was ranked by the American Film Institute as the third-greatest female screen legend in Golden Age Hollywood, was inducted into the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame. Born in Ixelles, Hepburn spent her childhood between Belgium and the Netherlands. In Amsterdam, she studied ballet with Sonia Gaskell, before moving to London in 1948, continuing her ballet training with Marie Rambert, performing as a chorus girl in West End musical theatre productions. Following minor appearances in several films, Hepburn starred in the 1951 Broadway play Gigi, after being spotted by French novelist Colette, on whose work the play was based, she shot to stardom after playing the lead role in Roman Holiday, for which she was the first actress to win an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, a BAFTA Award for a single performance. That same year, Hepburn won a Tony Award for Best Lead Actress in a Play for her performance in Ondine.
She went on to star in a number of successful films, such as Sabrina, The Nun's Story, Breakfast at Tiffany's, Charade, My Fair Lady, Wait Until Dark, for which she received an Academy Award, Golden Globe, BAFTA nominations. Hepburn won three BAFTA Awards for Best British Actress in a Leading Role. In recognition of her film career, she was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award from BAFTA, the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award, the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award, the Special Tony Award, she remains one of only 15 people who have won Academy, Emmy and Tony Awards. Hepburn appeared in fewer films as her life went on, devoting much of her life to UNICEF, she had contributed to the organisation since 1954 worked in some of the poorest communities of Africa, South America and Asia between 1988 and 1992. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of her work as a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in December 1992. A month Hepburn died of appendiceal cancer at her home in Switzerland at the age of 63.
Audrey Hepburn was born Audrey Kathleen Ruston or Edda Kathleen Hepburn-Ruston on 4 May 1929 at number 48 Rue Keyenveld in Ixelles, Belgium. Her father, Joseph Victor Anthony Ruston, was a British subject born in Auschitz, Austria-Hungary, he was the son of Victor John George Ruston, of British and Austrian descent and Anna Wels, of Austrian descent. In 1923–24, Joseph had been an honorary British consul in Semarang in the Dutch East Indies and prior to his marriage to Hepburn's mother he had been married to Cornelia Bisschop, a Dutch heiress. Although born with the surname Ruston, he double-barrelled his name to the more "aristocratic" Hepburn-Ruston, mistakenly believing himself descended from James Hepburn, third husband of Mary, Queen of Scots. Hepburn's mother, Baroness Ella van Heemstra, was a Dutch noblewoman, she was the daughter of Baron Aarnoud van Heemstra, who served as mayor of Arnhem from 1910 to 1920 and as Governor of Dutch Suriname from 1921 to 1928, Baroness Elbrig Willemine Henriette van Asbeck.
At the age of nineteen, Ella had married Jonkheer Hendrik Gustaaf Adolf Quarles van Ufford, an oil executive based in Batavia, Dutch East Indies, where they subsequently lived. They had two sons, Jonkheer Arnoud Robert Alexander Quarles van Ufford and Jonkheer Ian Edgar Bruce Quarles van Ufford, before divorcing in 1925. Hepburn's parents were married in Batavia, Dutch East Indies in September 1926. At the time, Ruston worked for a trading company, but soon after the marriage, the couple relocated to Europe, where he began working for a loan company. After a year in London, they moved to Brussels. After three years spent travelling between Brussels, The Hague and London, the family settled in the suburban Brussels municipality of Linkebeek in 1932. Hepburn's early childhood was privileged; as a result of her multinational background and travelling with her family due to her father's job, she learned five languages: Dutch and English from her parents, varying degrees of French and Italian. In the mid-1930s, Hepburn's parents recruited and collected donations for the British Union of Fascists.
Joseph left the family abruptly in 1935 and moved to London, where he became more involved in Fascist activity and never visited his daughter abroad. Hepburn professed that her father's departure was "the most traumatic event of my life"; that same year, her mother moved with Hepburn to her family's estate in Arnhem. Sometime in 1937, Ella and Hepburn moved to Kent, where Hepburn was educated at a small independent school in Elham. Hepburn's parents divorced in 1938. In the 1960s, Hepburn renewed contact with her father after locating him in Dublin through the Red Cross. After Britain declared war on Germany in September 1939, Hepburn's mother relocated her daughter back to Arnhem in the hope that, as during the First World War, the Netherlands would remain neutral and be spared a German attack. While there, Hepburn attended the Arnhem Conservatory from 1939 to 1945, she had begun taking ballet lessons during her last years at boarding school, continued training in Arnhem under the tutelage of Winja Marova, becoming her "star pupil".
After the Germans invaded the Netherlands in 1940, Hepburn used the name Edda van Heemstra, because an "English-sounding" name wa