Sporting News is a digital sports media owned by Perform Group, a global sports content and media company. Sporting News The Sporting News, was established in 1886 as a weekly U. S. magazine. It became the dominant American publication covering baseball, acquiring the nickname "The Bible of Baseball." It is now a digital-only publication providing essential coverage of all major sports, with editions in the U. S. Canada and Japan. March 17, 1886: The Sporting News, founded in St. Louis by Alfred H. Spink, a director of the St. Louis Browns baseball team, publishes its first edition; the weekly newspaper sells for 5 cents. Baseball, horse racing and professional wrestling received the most coverage in the first issue. Meanwhile, the sporting weeklies Clipper and Sporting Life were based in New Philadelphia. By World War I, TSN would be the only national baseball newspaper. 1901: The American League, another rival to baseball's National League, begins play. TSN was its founder, Ban Johnson. Both parties advocated cleaning up the sport, in particular ridding it of liquor sales and assaults on umpires.
1903: TSN editor Arthur Flanner helps draft the National Agreement, a document that brought a truce between the AL and NL and helped bring about the modern World Series. 1904: New York photographer Charles Conlon begins taking portraits of major league players as they passed through the city's three ballparks: the Polo Grounds, Yankee Stadium and Ebbets Field. His images, many of which were featured in TSN have become treasured symbols of baseball's past. 1936: TSN names its first major league Sporting News Player of the Year Award, Carl Hubbell of the New York Giants. It is the oldest and most prestigious award given to the single player in MLB who had the most outstanding season. To this day, it remains voted on by MLB players. 1942: After decades of being intertwined with baseball, in-season football coverage is added. 1946: TSN expands its football coverage with an eight-page tabloid publication titled The Quarterback. The tab is renamed the All-Sports News as coverage of other sports is added, including professional and college basketball and hockey.
1962: J. G. Taylor Spink dies, his son C. C. Johnson Spink takes over the publication. 1967: TSN publishes its first full-color photo, a cover image of Orioles star Frank Robinson. 1977: The Spink family sells TSN to Times Mirror in 1977.1981: C. C. Johnson Spink sells TSN to Tribune Co; that year, the Baseball Hall of Fame inaugurates the annual J. G. Taylor Spink Award, given to a media member. 1991: The Sporting News transitions to a glossy, full-color all-sports magazine. 1996: The Sporting News comes online, serving as a sports content provider for AOL. The following year, it launches sportingnews.com. 2000: Tribune Co. sells TSN to Vulcan Inc. headed by tech billionaire Paul Allen. The following year, the company acquired the One on One Sports radio network, renaming it Sporting News Radio. 2002: The Sporting News drops the The and becomes just Sporting News. Subsequent magazine covers reflect the change. 2006: Vulcan sells SN to Advance Media, which places the publication under the supervision of American City Business Journals.
2007: Sporting News begins its move from St. Louis, where it had been based since its founding, to ACBJ's headquarters in Charlotte, N. C; the publication leaves St. Louis for good in 2008, when it became a bi-weekly publication. 2012: After 126 years of printing ink on paper with weekly, biweekly or monthly frequency, SN publishes its final print edition and moves to digitally only publishing.2013: ACBJ enters into a joint venture with Perform Group. Perform, which owns Goal.com, Opta Sports and other international sports data properties, buys a 65 percent stake in the company. 2015: Perform buys ACBJ's 35 percent stake and assumes 100 percent ownership of SN. 2015-17: SN expands into international markets, establishing editions in Australia and Japan. In 1962, after J. G. Taylor Spink's death, Baseball Writers' Association of America instituted the J. G. Taylor Spink Award as the highest award given to its members. Spink was the first recipient. From 1968 to 2008, the magazine selected one or more individuals as Sportsman of the Year.
On four occasions, the award was shared by two recipients. Twice, in 1993 and 2000, the award went to a pair of sportsmen within the same organization. In 1999, the honor was given to a whole team. No winner was chosen in 1987. On December 18, 2007, the magazine announced New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady as 2007 Sportsman of the Year, making Brady the first to repeat as a recipient of individual honors. Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals was honored twice, but shared his second award with Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs. In 2009, the award was replaced by two awards: "Pro Athlete of the Year" and "College Athlete of the Year"; these in turn were replaced by a singular "Athlete of the Year" award starting in 2011. 2009 – Mariano Rivera, New York Yankees 2010 – Roy Halladay, Philadelphia Phillies 2009 – Colt McCoy, Texas football 2010 – Kyle Singler, Duke men's basketball Beginning in 2011, the awards were merged back into a singular selection, Athlete of the Year. 2011 – Aaron Rodgers, Green Bay Packers 2012 – LeBron James, Miami Heat SN sponsors its own annual Team, Pitcher, Reliever, Comeback Player and Executive of the Year awards.
Many fans once held the newspaper's baseball awards at equal or higher esteem than those of the Baseball Writers' Association of America. Prior to 2005, the SN Comeback Player Award was recognized as the principal award of its type, as MLB did not give such an award until that year; the Sporting News Most Valuable Player Award (
Alexander Jonathan Gordon is an American professional baseball left fielder for the Kansas City Royals of Major League Baseball. Prior to playing professionally, Gordon attended the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, where he played college baseball for the Nebraska Cornhuskers. At Nebraska, Gordon won the Brooks Wallace Award, Dick Howser Trophy, Golden Spikes Award in 2005; that year, the Royals made Gordon the second overall pick in the 2005 MLB Draft. Gordon has won six Gold Glove Awards, four Fielding Bible Awards, a Wilson Defensive Player of the Year Award in MLB. Prior to 2010, Gordon was a third baseman. Gordon was born into a baseball-loving family in Nebraska, he was a two-time Gatorade Nebraska Player of the Year after hitting.483 with 25 home runs and 112 runs batted in at Lincoln Southeast High School, from which he graduated in 2002. Gordon’s younger brother, Derek played college baseball at Park University before signing a minor league contract with the Royals in 2015, he spent two seasons in their system before being released.
Gordon played American Legion Baseball and earned the organization's Graduate of the Year award in 2015. Gordon played third base. In his junior year in 2005, he swept the collegiate baseball awards for college player of the year, winning the Dick Howser Trophy, Golden Spikes Award, the Brooks Wallace Award, the ABCA Rawlings Player of the Year, he was an ESPY Award Finalist for the Best Male College Athlete, he earned 1st-team All-America honors for the 2nd straight season hitting.372 in 72 games with 22 doubles, 4 triples, 19 home runs and 66 RBI. Gordon was 23 for 26 in stolen base attempts, drew 63 walks, compared to 38 strikeouts, helping lead the Huskers to the 2005 Big 12 regular season and tournament titles and the school's 3rd College World Series appearance, he posted a.353 career average, he hit 44 homers and drove in 189 runs, drew 139 walks and struck out just 106 times and was only the 2nd 2-time 1st-team All-American in Nebraska history. He finished the season as the Big 12 leader in walks and on-base percentage, while ranking 3rd in home runs, total bases and slugging percentage.
Gordon was the highest draft pick out of Nebraska since Darin Erstad was taken 1st overall in the 1995 draft. Gordon was named the No. 1 college draft prospect by Baseball America as well as the 2nd-best overall prospect, best pure collegiate hitter, the 2nd-best collegiate 5-tool talent, 2nd-best collegiate power hitter, best collegiate strike-zone judgment and 2nd-closest to the Majors among collegiate players. During his time at the University of Nebraska, Gordon was a member of the 2004 U. S. National Team, which had players from 15 different colleges, he helped lead Team USA to an 18–7 overall record, seeing the majority of his playing time at first base. He hit.388 with four home runs, 12 RBI and 18 runs scored in 24 contests and was named the top offensive player at the World University Baseball Championship in Tainan, Taiwan after leading all players with a.524 average with two home runs, five RBI, eight runs scored in eight games. Gordon was drafted in 2005 by the Kansas City Royals with the second pick overall.
He hit 29 home runs and stole 22 bases with an OPS over 1.000 in his first full season in minor league baseball with the Double-A Wichita Wranglers. He was regarded as one of the best hitting prospects in baseball playing in the Texas League All-Star game and was selected for the 2006 All-Star Futures Game. Gordon declined to play for Team USA in 2006, while leading the Wichita Wranglers to the Texas League playoffs, he performed exceptionally well in his first full minor league season, winning the Texas League Player of the Year awarded to the best player and Baseball America's Minor League Player of the Year award. In his first major league at-bat, Alex struck out with the bases loaded against Curt Schilling but got his first major league hit on April 5, 2007, against another celebrated rookie, Boston's Daisuke Matsuzaka. On April 10, 2007, he hit his first major league home run off pitcher Josh Towers of the Toronto Blue Jays. Gordon struggled to begin with, he was hitting.185 with three home runs and 8 RBI through the first two months as an everyday starter of the regular season.
However, he was hot in June, batting.327 with three home runs and 14 RBI. He stayed consistent through the summer, hitting.271 in August. However, he slumped to a.244 average for the final month of the season. On August 17, Gordon got. On September 2, Gordon had the first multi-home run game of his career, connecting off Boof Bonser of the Minnesota Twins in the second inning, in the 3rd inning off Julio DePaula. On September 7, Gordon hit a single off former college teammate Joba Chamberlain of the New York Yankees. On September 12, Alex hit his 34th double of the year in the seventh inning off Glen Perkins of the Twins, establishing a Royals rookie record. Alex switched his uniform number to # 4, his college number. On Major League Baseball's opening day of 2008, March 31, Gordon hit a two-run home run off Detroit Tigers ace Justin Verlander, with Mark Grudzielanek on first base; the Royals placed Gordon on the 15-day disabled list on August 23 because of a torn muscle in his right quadriceps.
He was hitting.254 and was second on the team with 14 home runs, but had club-high 109 strikeouts. Alex made the most errors and had the lowest fielding percentage of all AL third basemen in 2008. Alex struggled in the beginning of the 2009 season, hitting just 2-for-21 with o
In baseball, a run is scored when a player advances around first and third base and returns safely to home plate, touching the bases in that order, before three outs are recorded and all obligations to reach base safely on batted balls are met or assured. A player may score by hitting a home run or by any combination of plays that puts him safely "on base" as a runner and subsequently brings him home; the object of the game is for a team to score more runs than its opponent. The Official Baseball Rules hold that if the third out of an inning is a force out of a runner advancing to any base even if another baserunner crosses home plate before that force out is made, his run does not count. However, if the third out is not a force out, but a tag out if that other baserunner crosses home plate before that tag out is made, his run will count. In baseball statistics, a player who advances around all the bases to score is credited with a run, sometimes referred to as a "run scored". While runs scored is considered an important individual batting statistic, it is regarded as less significant than runs batted in.
Both individual runs scored and runs batted in are context-dependent. A pitcher is assessed runs surrendered in his statistics, which differentiate between standard earned runs and unearned runs scored due to fielding errors, which do not count in his personal statistics. If a fielding error occurs which affects the number of runs scored in an inning, the Official Scorer – the official in-game statistician – in order to determine how many of the runs should be classified as earned, will reconstruct the inning as if the error had not occurred. For example, with two outs, suppose a runner reaches base because of a fielding error, the next batter hits a two-run home run, the following batter makes the third out, ending the inning. If the inning is reconstructed without the error, if that third batter, instead of reaching on an error, registered an out, the inning would have ended there without any runs scoring. Thus, the two runs that did score will be classified as unearned, will not count in the pitcher's personal statistics.
If a pitching substitution occurs while a runner is on base, that runner scores a run, the pitcher who allowed the player to get on base is charged with the run though he was no longer pitching when the run scored. Below are examples of an un-counted run and a run scored. With a runner on third and two outs, batter hits a ground ball to the second baseman; the runner on third races home. The second baseman fields the ball and throws on to the first baseman in time to get the batter on the force out at first for the third out of the inning. If the runner on third had touched home plate before that force out was made at first, his run would not count. With a runner on third and two outs, batter hits a fly ball over centerfielder's head, it bounces several times. The runner on third runs safely home and scores a run. Meanwhile, the batter safely reaches first tries to advance to second; the centerfielder, having retrieved the ball, throws the ball to the second baseman and the runner is tagged out as he slides into second.
Since the runner stepped on home plate before the batter was tagged out at second for the third out of the inning, his run will count. The career record for most runs scored by a major-league player is 2,295, held by Rickey Henderson; the season record for most runs scored is 198, set by Billy Hamilton of the Philadelphia Phillies in 1894. The so-called modern-day record is 177, achieved by Babe Ruth of the New York Yankees in 1921; the record for most seasons leading one of the major leagues in runs scored is 8, held by Babe Ruth. The record for most consecutive games with at least one run scored is 18, shared by the Yankees' Red Rolfe and the Cleveland Indians' Kenny Lofton; the record for most runs scored by a player in a single game is 7, set by Guy Hecker of the American Association's Louisville Colonels on August 15, 1886. The modern-day record of 6 is shared by fourteen players. Of the six modern-day players to score 6 runs in a game, the first to perform the feat was Mel Ott of the New York Giants on August 4, 1934.
The record for most runs scored by a major-league team during a single season is 1,212, set by the Boston Beaneaters in 1894. The modern-day record is 1,067, achieved by the New York Yankees in 1931; the team record for most consecutive games with at least one run scored is 308, set by the Yankees between August 3, 1931, August 2, 1933. The team record for most runs in its overall history is the Chicago Cubs with 94,138; the record for most runs scored by a team in a single game is 36, set by the Chicago Colts against the Louisville Colonels on June 29, 1897. The modern-day record of 30 was set on August 22, 2007, by the Texas Rangers against the Baltimore Orioles in the first game of a doubleheader at Oriole Park; the Rangers scored 5 runs in the fourth inning, 9 in the sixth, 10 in the eighth, 6 in the ninth. On August 25, 1922, the highest-scorin
Major League Baseball All-Star Game
The Major League Baseball All-Star Game known as the "Midsummer Classic", is an annual professional baseball game sanctioned by Major League Baseball contested between the All-Stars from the American League and National League selected by fans for starting fielders, by managers for pitchers, by managers and players for reserves. The game occurs on either the second or third Tuesday in July, is meant to mark a symbolic halfway-point in the MLB season. Both of the major leagues share an All-Star break, with no regular-season games scheduled on the day before or two days after the All-Star Game itself; some additional events and festivities associated with the game take place each year close to and during this break in the regular season. No official MLB All-Star Game was held in 1945 including the official selection of players due to World War II travel restrictions. Two All-Star Games were held each season from 1959 to 1962; the most recent All-Star Game was held on July 17, 2018, at Nationals Park, home of the National League's Washington Nationals.
The 2019 and 2020 All-Star Games are scheduled to be held in Cleveland and Los Angeles, respectively. A Major League Baseball All-Star is a professional baseball player, named to either the American League or National League All-Star Team. Major league All-Star namings began in July 1933. Fans have participated in the selection of the players who fill the AL and NL All-Star rosters. Between 1935 and 1946, each All-Star team's manager selected their entire teams. From 1959 through 1962, All-Stars played in two All-Star Games each season. On January 29, 1936, Babe Ruth became the first of the original thirty-six All-Stars to be inducted in the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Hank Aaron holds the record for the most All-Star Game appearances. In 2017, each All-Star team had 32 players, with fans voting for the starting players, the players selecting the reserve players for each position and five starting pitchers and three relief pitchers; the final All-Star player vote still exists, but the MLB commissioner's office will now fill out the remaining roster spots instead of the managers.
The 90th Installment will be played in Progressive Field, home of the AL central's Cleveland Indians. The first All-Star Game was held on July 6, 1933, as part of the 1933 World's Fair in Chicago, at Comiskey Park and was initiated by Arch Ward sports editor for the Chicago Tribune. Intended to be a one-time event, its great success resulted in making the game an annual one; the venue for the All-Star Game is chosen by Major League Baseball. The criteria for the venue are subjective. Over time, this has resulted in certain cities being selected more at the expense of others due to timely circumstances: Cleveland Stadium and the original Yankee Stadium are tied for the most times a venue has hosted the All-Star game, both hosting four games. New York City has hosted more than any other city, having done so nine times in five different stadiums. At the same time, the New York Mets failed to host for 48 seasons, while the Los Angeles Dodgers have not hosted since 1980 and will do so in 2020. Among current major league teams, the Tampa Bay Rays have yet to host the All-Star game.
In the first two decades of the game there were two pairs of teams that shared ballparks, located in Philadelphia and St. Louis; this led to some shorter-than-usual gaps between the use of those venues: The Cardinals hosted the game in 1940, the Browns in 1948. The Athletics hosted the game in 1943, the Phillies in 1952; the venues traditionally alternate between the American National League every year. This tradition has been broken several times: The first time was in 1951, when the AL Detroit Tigers were chosen to host the annual game as part of the city's 250th birthday; the second was when the two-game format during the 1959–1962 seasons resulted in the AL being one game ahead in turn. This was corrected in 2007, when the NL San Francisco Giants were the host for the 2007 All-Star Game, which set up the 2008 game to be held at the AL's original Yankee Stadium in its final season, it was broken when again the NL hosted the four straight games from 2015-2018. The AL will host its next game in 2019 in Cleveland.
The "home team" has traditionally been the league in which the host franchise plays its games, but the American League was designated the home team for the 2016 All Star Game, despite its being played in Petco Park, home of the National League's San Diego Padres. This decision was made following the announcement of Miami as host for the 2017 All Star Game, the third straight year in which the game is hosted in a National League ballpark. Since 1934, the managers of the game are the managers of the previous year's league pennant winners and World Series clubs; the coaching staff for each team is selected by its manager. This honor is given to the manager, not the team, so it is possible that the All-Star manager could no longer be
Acadiana High School
Acadiana High School is located in Scott, Louisiana. Acadiana High School opened in 1969 following the consolidation of Judice High School, located in Judice Community, Scott High School, located in Scott. Donald Aguillard, a former assistant principal at Acadiana High, was among those parties who challenged the Louisiana Balanced Treatment Act regarding evolution and creation science, a measure authored by State Senator Bill P. Keith of Shreveport, signed into law by Governor David C. Treen; the law was invalidated by the United States Supreme Court in 1987 in the case named for Aguillard, Edwards v. Aguillard; as an original plaintiff, Aguillard became the defendant on appeal. The first state championship was won by the 1976 Girls volleyball team. Kay Keller was voted most valuable player. In the 1996–1997 soccer season, Acadiana High won the Class 5A State Championship game beating Jesuit, they carried the title over for the 1998 season by beating their hometown rival Lafayette High in the finals, reigning for two consecutive years as State Champs.
They returned to the State Finals for a third consecutive year in 1999 but lost to Jesuit 3–0. The Wreckin' Rams are well known for the offense; the vaunted "Veer Machine." This formation has been run at Acadiana since Coach Bill Dotson installed the offense circa 1974. Acadiana has 4 appearances in the state semi-finals 1977, 2001, 2002, 2017. December 2005 saw; the game was played in Shreveport's Independence Stadium. This due to the damage done to the Superdome by Hurricane Katrina; the Rams lost 28–7 to the West Monroe High School Rebels. In December 2006, the Acadiana High football team won the Class 5A State Championship; the match up between the Acadiana High Wreckin' Rams and the Sulphur High Tornadoes was held at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans, LA. The final score was 13–10. Kicker Drew Alleman completed a 32-yard field goal with four seconds left in the final quarter. Kip Jacob was named Most Valuable Player. In 2007, AHS made it to the State Championship once again, but were beaten by Jordan Jefferson and the undefeated Destrehan Wildcats.
2008 and 2009 saw. Both games ended in heartbreaking defeat for the Rams. 10–7 to the Central Wildcats in 2008 and 35–28 to the Bears of Catholic High in 2009. The Rams spoiled a 28–14 halftime lead. In 2010 Acadiana ripped off four wins by double digits. After a setback to St. Thomas More, the Rams won the next two games by a combine score of 110 to 28 including a 75–14 thrashing of Sulphur who they beat in 2006 for the State Championship; the following week, the Rams were informed by the LHSAA that they must forfeit four of their wins for using an ineligible player, including the 41–14 win over Northside, the 49–6 win over McDonogh 35, the 51–6 win over LaGrange, the 75–14 win over Sulphur dropping their record to 3–5. Needing to win out to make the playoffs, the Rams won their last two games 63–0 and 56–33. With a 5–5 record, the Rams made the playoffs as the number 27 team. Throughout the playoffs, the Rams scored 177 points and only gave up 33; the semi-final game was a rematch with St. Thomas More, the only team to beat the Rams on the field.
Acadiana shut out STM 31–0 securing their fourth state final appearance in six years. The game became a rematch of the 2005 final against the West Monroe Rebels; this time Acadiana stopped the Rebels and secured a second State Championship in a thrilling 21–14 win. On December 14, 2013 Acadiana Rams won its third 5A championship in record setting style over the undefeated Parkway Panthers 77 to 41; the Rams broke a Class 5A State Title record for most rushing yards in a game, most rushing touchdowns by and individual rusher De‘Edward Cormier, most points scored in a game by any team that has played football in the Louisiana Superdome. Acadiana High has a long-standing rivalry with neighboring Lafayette High School; the rivalry is not only athletically based, but extends to other extracurricular activities, including academic and speech tournaments. Acadiana defeated their 2014 5A State Championship by defeating Destrahan 23-7 for their fourth 5A title in nine years. Acadiana, seeded #15, defeated St. Amant 37-0, Ponchatoula 38-28, Mandeville 28-14 and Zachary 9-3 in the semi-finals.
Felecia Angelle, voice actress affiliated with Funimation Alley Broussard – Running Back, LSU Tigers Jacob Cutrera – NFL linebacker, Jacksonville Jaguars and Tampa Bay Buccaneers Joe Fontenot, Former MLB player Cody Mandell - NFL cowboys punter, Gil Meche – MLB pitcher, Seattle Mariners and Kansas City Royals Luke Montz, Former MLB player Kevin Morgan, Former MLB player Kim Perrot – WNBA Houston Comets guard, 1997–1998 Stryker Trahan - baseball player Arizona Diamondbacks http://www.lpssonline.com – Lafayette Parish School System http://www.lpssonline.com/site45.php – Acadiana High School http://www.acadianaband.net -Acadiana Band https://web.archive.org/web/20131219005534/http://www.sportsnola.com/sports/prep-sports/blogs/acadiana-runs-over-parkway-in-record-setting-class-5a-title-game.html
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play with 15 teams in each league; the NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000; the organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseball's first all-professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869; the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era. Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, survived potential downturns during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier; the 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL new stadiums and artificial turf surfaces began to change the game in the 1970s and 1980s. Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team. Today, MLB is composed of 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season and five teams in each league advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the World Series, a best-of-seven championship series between the two league champions that dates to 1903. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America and in several other countries throughout the world.
MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution; this document has undergone several incarnations since its creation in 1876. Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, negotiates marketing and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball; this is due in large part to the 1922 U. S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law; this ruling has been weakened only in subsequent years. The weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLB's primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916.
The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner Rob Manfred. The chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president, chief communications officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, chief baseball officer; the multimedia branch of MLB, based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media. This branch oversees each of the 30 teams' websites, its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, but it is under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. MLB owns 67 percent of MLB Network, with the other 33 percent split between several cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV, it operates out of studios in Secaucus, New Jersey, has editorial independence from the league. In 1920, the weak National Commission, created to manage relationships between the two leagues, was replaced with the much more powerful Commissioner of Baseball, who had the power to make decisions for all of professional baseball unilaterally.
From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams apiece. In the 1960s, MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first non-U. S. Team. Two teams were added in the 1970s. From 1969 through 1993, each league consisted of an West Division. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994; until 1996, the two leagues met on the field only during the All-Star Game. Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997. In March 1995 two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays, were awarded by MLB, to begin play in 1998; this addition brought the total number of franchises to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to assign one new team to each league: Tampa Bay joined the AL and Arizona joined the NL; the original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league, but in order for every team to be able to play daily, this would have required interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire season. However, it
Texas Rangers (baseball)
The Texas Rangers are an American professional baseball team based in Arlington, located in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The Rangers franchise competes in Major League Baseball as a member of the American League West division. Since 1994, the Rangers have played in Globe Life Park in Arlington; the team's name is borrowed from the famous law enforcement agency of the same name. The franchise was established in 1961 as the Washington Senators, an expansion team awarded to Washington, D. C. after the city's first AL ballclub, the second Washington Senators, moved to Minnesota and became the Twins. After the 1971 season, the new Senators moved to Arlington, debuted as the Rangers the following spring; the Texas Rangers Baseball Club has made eight appearances in the MLB postseason, seven following division championships in 1996, 1998, 1999, 2010, 2011, 2015, 2016 and as a wild card team in 2012. In 2010, the Rangers advanced past the Division Series for the first time, defeating the Tampa Bay Rays.
Texas brought home their first American League pennant after beating the New York Yankees in six games. In the 2010 World Series, the franchise's first, the Rangers fell to the San Francisco Giants in five games, they repeated as American League champions the following year lost the 2011 World Series to the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games. In 2020, the Rangers will move from Globe Life Park to the new Globe Life Field; when the second Washington Senators moved to Minnesota in 1960 to become the Twins, Major League Baseball decided to expand a year earlier than planned to stave off the twin threats of competition from the proposed Continental League and loss of its exemption from the Sherman Antitrust Act. As part of the expansion, the American League added two new teams for the 1961 season–the Los Angeles Angels and a new Washington Senators team. However, the new Senators were considered an expansion team since the Twins retained the old Senators' records and history; the Senators and Angels began to fill their rosters with American League players in an expansion draft.
The team played the 1961 season at old Griffith Stadium before moving to the new District of Columbia Stadium under a 10-year lease. For most of their existence, the new Senators were the definition of futility, losing an average of 90 games a season; the team's struggles led to a twist on a joke about the old Senators: "Washington: first in war, first in peace and still last in the American League." Their only winning season was in 1969 when Hall of Famer Ted Williams managed the club to an 86–76 record, placing fourth in the AL East. Frank Howard, an outfielder/first baseman from 1965 to 1972 known for his towering home runs, was the team's most accomplished player, winning two home run titles. Ownership changed hands several times during the franchise's stay in Washington and was plagued by poor decision-making and planning. Following their brief success in 1969, owner Bob Short was forced to make many questionable trades to lower the debt he had incurred to pay for the team. By the end of the 1970 campaign, Short had issued an ultimatum: unless someone was willing to buy the Senators for $12 million, he would not renew the stadium lease and would move the team elsewhere.
Short was receptive to an offer brought up by Arlington, mayor Tom Vandergriff, trying to obtain a major league sports team to play in the Metroplex for over a decade. Years earlier, Charles O. Finley, the owner of the Kansas City Athletics, sought to relocate his baseball team to Dallas, but the idea was rebuffed and declined by the other AL team owners. Arlington's hole card was Turnpike Stadium, a 10,000-seat park, built in 1965 to house the Double-A Dallas-Fort Worth Spurs of the Texas League. However, it had been built to MLB specifications, only minor excavations would be necessary to expand the park to accommodate major league crowds. Vandergriff's offer of a multimillion-dollar down payment prompted Short to make the move to Arlington. On September 21, 1971, by a vote of 10 to 2, American League owners granted approval to move the franchise to Arlington for the 1972 season. Senators fans were livid. Enmity came to a head at the club's last game in Washington. Thousands of fans walked in without paying after the security guards left early, swelling the paid attendance of 14,460 to around 25,000, while fans unfurled a banner reading "SHORT STINKS".
With the Senators leading 7–5 and two outs in the top of the ninth inning, several hundred youths stormed the field, raiding it for souvenirs. One man ran off with it. With no security in sight and only three bases, umpire crew chief Jim Honochick forfeited the game to the New York Yankees; the nation's capital went with out Major League Baseball for 33 years until the relocation of the National League's Montreal Expos who became the Washington Nationals. Prior to the 1972 season, improvements were made to Turnpike Stadium, which reopened as Arlington Stadium, in preparation for the inaugural season of the Texas Rangers; the team played its first game on April 15, 1972, a 1–0 loss at the hands of the California Angels, their 1961 expansion cousins. The next day, the Rangers defeated 5 -- 1, for the club's first victory. In 1974, the Rangers experienced their first winning season after finishing last in both 1972 and 1973. Under the ownership of Brad Corbett, they finished second in the American League West with an 84–76 record, behind the eventual World Series champion Oakland Athletics.
The 1974 Rangers are still the only MLB team to finish above.500 after two consecutive 1