Gimlet (tool)

A gimlet is a hand tool for drilling small holes in wood, without splitting. It was defined in Joseph Gwilt's Architecture as "a piece of steel of a semi-cylindrical form, hollow on one side, having a cross handle at one end and a worm or screw at the other". A gimlet is always a small tool. A similar tool of larger size is called an auger; the cutting action of the gimlet is different from an auger, however, as the end of the screw, so the initial hole it makes, is smaller. This pulls the gimlet farther into the hole as it is turned; the name "gimlet" comes from the Old French guinbelet, guimbelet guibelet a diminutive of the Anglo-French "wimble", a variation of "guimble", from the Middle Low German wiemel, cf. the Scandinavian wammie, to bore or twist. Modern French uses the term vrille the French for a tendril; the term is used figuratively to describe something as sharp or piercing, to describe the twisting, boring motion of using a gimlet. The term gimlet-eyed can mean squint-eyed. Adamson, John, "Gimlets galore!", Furniture & Cabinetmaking, no.

265, Winter 2017, pp. 50–3 Hawley, Ken, & Watts, Gimlet Patterns and Manufacture Sheffield: The Hawley Collection Trust Ltd in association with the Tools and Trades History Society ISBN 9780947673253 OCLC 985584991

Fell Charter Elementary School

Fell Elementary Charter School is a diminutive, public charter school operating in Simpson, Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. The School is located in the upper northeast corner of the county within the political boundaries of Carbondale Area School District. In 2016, the school had an enrollment of 175 pupils in grades K–8, with 78.8% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to family poverty. Additionally, 16% of pupils received special education services, while none of its pupils were identified as gifted. According to a report from the Pennsylvania Department of Education 80% of the teachers were rated qualified in 2016; the school provides full day kindergarten. In 2014 it reported an enrollment of 164 pupils in grades kindergarten through 8th, with 49% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to family poverty. Additionally, 12% of pupils received special education services, while none of its pupils were identified as gifted; the school employed 14 teachers. Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 12% of the teachers were rated "Non‐Highly Qualified" under the federal No Child Left Behind Act.

The school provided full day kindergarten. Fell Charter Elementary has a state-approved, longer school day, a longer school year, more intensive core classes, a specialized, rigorous curriculum. Fell Charter Elementary School is one of two Pennsylvania public charter schools operating in Lackawanna County in 2015. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2012, the Fell Elementary Charter School reported an enrollment of 157 pupils in grades kindergarten through 8th, with 124 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced-price lunch due to the family meeting the federal poverty level. In 2012, the School employed 14 teachers yielding a student-teacher ratio of 11:1. According to a report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 5 teachers were rated "Non‐Highly Qualified" under No Child Left Behind. Fell Charter Elementary School opened in August 2002, it was chartered on August 1, 2002 for a period of five years by the Pennsylvania State Charter School Board of Appeals.

Fell Charter Elementary School is chartered by the Carbondale Area School District. In Pennsylvania, public charter schools are approved and subsequently overseen by the local school board. Fell Charter Elementary school draws students from the following local public school districts: Carbondale Area School District, Forest City Regional School District, Lakeland School District, Mid Valley School District, Mountain View School District, Valley View School District, Wayne Highlands School District and Western Wayne School District. By law the school district must provide transportation to all schools that lie within 10 miles of the district's borders. Pennsylvania public charter schools have the same academic accountability as traditional public schools and must give the PSSAs to their pupils each year, working to achieve Adequate Yearly Progress status. According to PA Charter School law, if more students apply to attend than there are open slots available, Charter Schools are required to use a random lottery system to select new incoming students.

According to the Charter School law and children of individuals who help establish a charter school, are granted an “admissions preference.” The Commonwealth bases the funding for charter schools on the principle that the state’s subsidies should follow the students, regardless of whether they choose to attend traditional public schools or charter schools. The Charter School Law requires that charter schools bill each sending school district on a monthly basis for students attending the charter school. On October 26, 2006, Fell Charter Elementary School sent a Charter Renewal Package to the District declaring its intent to renew the charter commencing with the 2007–08 school year; the District conducted a comprehensive review of the school, including two site visits to the school in September and November 2006. It notified Fell Charter Elementary School of its intent to deny renewal. On April 2, 2007, the Carbondale Area Board of Education voted to revoke/not renew the Fell Charter Elementary School charter.

Fell Charter Elementary School appealed the decision to the Pennsylvania Charter School Appeals Board. The CAB found that The District did not meet its statutory obligation of presenting compelling evidence to substantiate its reasons for non-renewal and approved a renewal of Fell's charter; the U. S. Department of Agriculture approved the charter school's grant and loan application in January 2010; the school will receive a $5 million loan to build a new school facility. During the school year 2009–10 the Charter School provided educational services to 165 pupils from eight sending school districts through the employment of 14 teachers, 2 full-time and part-time support personnel, 1 administrator; the Fell Charter Elementary School received $1.6 million in tuition payments from school districts required to pay for their students attending the Charter School in school year 2009–10. The amount each school district pays is set annually by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, it is based on the amount.

The Northeastern Educational Intermediate Unit IU19 provides the school with a wide variety of services like specialized education for disabled students and hearing and visual disability services and professional development for staff and faculty. In November 2015, Fell Charter School was audited by the Pennsylvania Auditor General's office. Several findings were reported. In 2015, teachers at Fell Charter School worked without pay due to Governor Tom Wolf withholding funding from Pennsylvania public schools; the governor informed the state's public charter schools that i


Samsi was an Arabian queen who reigned in the Ancient Near East, in the 8th century BCE. She succeeded Queen Zabibe. Tiglath-Pileser III (Pileser, the king of Assyria, was the first foreign ruler to bring the Arabs under his control; when Samsi rebelled against him by joining an alliance forged by Rakhianu of Damascus, Pileser attacked and defeated Samsi, made her and her alliance partners surrender, pay a tribute to remain in power. She ruled for 20 years and her successor was Queen Iatie, in about 700 BC; the Assyrian chronicles describe Queen Samsi as a powerful ruler, bold enough to face the Assyrian kings in the 730s and 720s. She and others are mentioned as rulers of the regions far to the west of Assyria who were aware of the Assyrian kings and had trade with them in spices Samsi and her predecessor and successor queens had led embassies and caravans carrying spices and incense to the Near East and Syria from the Arabian Peninsula. Samsi had come to power as a vassal of Assyria, succeeding the former Arabian queen Zabibe, who had abdicated in Samsi's favour.

Zabibe's oath of allegiance was continued by Samsi on taking the throne. Tiglath-Pileser gave formal recognition to this accession. However, she changed her mind and rebelled, joining an alliance made by Rakhianu of Damascus to fight the Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser III in 732 BCE; the Assyrian army under King Tiglath-Pileser III had subjugated the land of Edom and now turned its attention to the anti-Assyrian forces in Arabia and the Levant. According to the Assyrian records, Tiglath-Pileser attacked many Arab tribal areas and defeated Samsi in the neighborhood of Mount Sa-qu-ur-ri; the Assyrians took many prisoners of war, 30,000 camels, more than 20,000 oxen as booty. An inscription records that 9,400 of her soldiers were killed, in addition 5,000 bags of various types of spices, altars of gods, armaments including an ornamental staff of her goddess, her estates were seized; as she fled to the desert, Tiglath-Pileser set fire to the remaining tents at the battle site. After her defeat, Samsi was said by the Assyrian chroniclers to have fled the battlefield like a "wild she-ass of the desert".

She did not remain at liberty for long, as she was soon captured and brought as prisoner to Tiglath-Pileser. He appointed a qepu or governor over her and 10,000 soldiers, restored her to her kingdom, it is said that she had escaped to the land of Bazu/Basu and surrendered. The terms of surrender to Tiglath-Pileser involved a tribute to be paid by Samsi; the Assyrians chose to restore her as they needed a pliable Arab ruler in order to maintain the lucrative north-south trade route from Assyrian territory across Arabia. Seven other kingdoms involved in Arabian commerce were required to pay tribute and provide security to their incense trade; the tribute agreed to be paid by the Arabs included gold, silver and female camels, all types of spices. Dumat al-Jandal