Giorgi Margvelashvili is a Georgian academic and politician who has been the fourth President of Georgia since 17 November 2013. A philosopher by education, he was twice the rector of the Georgian Institute of Public Affairs from 2000 to 2006, in October 2012, he became a member of the newly formed cabinet of Bidzina Ivanishvili as Minister of Education and Science of Georgia. In February 2013, he was appointed as First Deputy Prime Minister. Margvelashvili was named by the Ivanishvili-led Georgian Dream coalition as its candidate in May 2013. Margvelashvili is not a member of any political party, giorgi Margvelashvili was born in Tbilisi in the family of Teimuraz Margvelashvili, an engineer, and Mzeana Gomelauri, a psychologist. Margvelashvili graduated from the Tbilisi State University in 1992 with a degree in philosophy and he continued his post-graduate education at the Central European University in Budapest, Hungary and the Institute of Philosophy, Georgian Academy of Sciences. In 1998, he obtained a doctorate in philosophy from the Tbilisi State University, early in the 1990s he worked as a mountain guide at the Caucasus Travel agency. Margvelashvili twice served as a rector of the GIPA from 2000 to 2006 and, again, in between his two tenures as a rector, he headed the GIPAs research department from 2006 to 2010. During these years, he was a frequent commentator on politics, Margvelashvili was not a household name in Georgia until 2012. By 2012, Margvelashvili had become a critic of Mikheil Saakashvilis government and he publicly supported the Georgian Dream coalition set up by the billionaire tycoon Bidzina Ivanishvili, but he was not directly involved in the coalitions election campaign. In February 2013, Ivanishvili appointed Margvelashvili as First Deputy Prime Minister, replacing Irakli Alasania, during his tenure, Margvelashvili came to public attention several times. Within two weeks, the authorization to the Agrarian University was renewed after the said that the shortcomings had been addressed. In May 2013, Margvelashvili was again in media headlines after he slammed proposed amendments to the labor code, on 11 May 2013, the Georgian Dream coalition named him as its candidate for the October 2013 presidential election. The leader of the coalition, Ivanishvili, claimed the decision was unanimous, the outgoing president of Georgia, Mikheil Saakashvili, expressed skepticism about the nomination, comparing it to Caligulas alleged naming of his horse to the senate. Both Margvelashvili and Ivanishvili rejected claims by opponents that Margvelashvili was a puppet in the hands of a prime minister. Although not obligated by the law, Margvelashvili resigned, as he put it, on 18 July 2013, he was succeeded by Tamar Sanikidze in his ministerial position. Margvelashvili campaigned aggressively, with Ivanishvili frequently appearing by his side, on 17 October, Margvelashvili announced, following Ivanishvilis advice earlier that day, that he would withdraw from the race in case of a runoff. On 27 October 2013, Margvelashvili won the election, getting 62% of the vote
Image: Prasidenten Margvelashvili (cropped)
Giorgi Margvelashvili as Minister of Education in May 2013.