Romano Scarpa was one of the most famous Italian creators of Disney comics. Growing up in Venice he developed a particular love for American cartoons and Disney comics, that, at the time, were published in the big format of the Topolino Giornale, printing now classic Floyd Gottfredson's stories. In the Forties he opened an Animation Studio in Venice in which he produced his first works: some commercials, a short titled E poi venne il diluvio and another one titled La piccola fiammiferaia, distributed in Italy together with Robert Aldrich's Attack!. Right after that he stopped working in animation for a while and dedicated wholly to creating Disney comics; when in 1956 Italian editors had no more new Floyd Gottfredson's stories to reprint, he was given the responsibility to continue Gottfredson's stories about Mickey Mouse. Influenced by Carl Barks in the late Fifties and up to about 1963 he wrote and penciled stories like Topolino e la collana Chirikawa or The Flying Scot that have been translated in many different languages throughout the world.
Many of these stories have their backgrounds in movies, for example Topolino nel favoloso regno di Shan Grillà is based upon Frank Capra's Lost Horizon. Sometimes the exact opposite happened. Around 1963, Scarpa stopped writing for 7 years. In the seventies, he started working for a different publisher. Among the last things he made while he was still in Italy, at the end of the Eighties and at beginning of the Nineties, there are the so-called Paperolimpiadi and some strip stories, the same kind of stories that he loved when he was a child. One of these, Topolino e l'enigma di Brigaboom was based on Brigadoon. In the meanwhile he has had time enough for some more animation, so we have Aihnoo degli Icebergs, The Fourth King and a new TV series, The Adventures of Marco and Gina. Scarpa worked on Disney comics, but many years ago he used to do something non-Disney once in a while, so he did one Lupo story and one Yogi Bear story. In the 1950s he drew some Angelino story, Italian character. Since 1988 some of his comic stories have been published in the USA by Gladstone Publishing.
When Disney Comics took Gladstone's place, they published some more of his stories, in 2003, the same happened with Gemstone Publishing, publishing his stories in the US at the moment. He has influenced many younger creators and many have attempted to imitate his style. In his career Scarpa created many Disney characters that are now accepted by some as part of the Disney Universe; those include, but are not limited to: Brigitta MacBridge, Scrooge McDuck's self-appointed girlfriend with whom she shares a love/hate relationship. This is an index of all Romano Scarpa comics published in the US. Only Duck universe and Mouse universe are listed. Chip and Dale comics are not listed. Romano Scarpa – Un cartoonist italiano tra animazione e fumetti, by Luca Boschi, Leonardo Gori and Andrea Sani. Alessandro distribuzioni, 1988. Romano Scarpa – Sognando la Calidornia by Luca Boschi, Leonardo Gori, Andrea Sani and Alberto Becattini. Vittorio Pavesio productions, 2001. Granata Press, 1990. Romano Scarpa at the INDUCKS Romano Scarpa at the Lambiek Comiclopedia The Last Balaboo, site about Scarpa, with drawings, sketches, indexes and much more.
Donald Duck (American comic book)
Donald Duck is an American comic book magazine starring the Disney character Donald Duck and published by various publishers since 1952. The first issue was released in November 1952, but the numeration started with #26 because the previous Four Color issues titled "Donald Duck", released between October 1942 and September 1952, were retroactively treated as part of the series: the numbering was the result of a mistake, as Four Color #422 was the 28th Four Color issue titled "Donald Duck". From 2003 to 2011, the comic was renamed Friends; when IDW took over publishing the title in May 2015 they restarted from #1, but retained the'legacy' numbering as a secondary number. Dell Comics, from issue #26 to issue #84 Gold Key Comics, from issue #85 to issue #211 Whitman Publishing, from issue #212 to issue #245 Gladstone Publishing, from issue #246 to issue #307 Gemstone Publishing, from issue #308 to issue #346. Studios, from issue #347 to issue #367. Disney comics in the USA Other notable Disney comic titles in the USA: Mickey Mouse Walt Disney's Comics and Stories Uncle Scrooge Uncle Scrooge Adventures Donald Duck Adventures Donald Duck at the INDUCKS Donald Duck on Disney Comics Worldwide Cover of all issues of Donald Duck on outducks.org
MM Mickey Mouse Mystery Magazine
MM - Mickey Mouse Mystery Magazine was an Italian monthly comic, published by Disney Italy from May 1999 to March 2001, about Mickey Mouse and his investigation in the city of Anderville. The series, a noir story starring Mickey Mouse as the main character, is composed of only twelve parts, it is regarded by fans as one of the best Disney series together with PKNA, it is called MM or MMMM and it's set in Anderville, a chaotic metropolis, modelled on the city New York City. Anderville is a deceiving city, full of criminals. In this new setting, Mickey Mouse has a hard life, because he has no friends and because the authors wanted to break traditional cliché of his adventures in Mouseton, featured in Italian comic Topolino. Villains are different from Black Pete and from Phantom Blot unsuspected, friends act in a rude way toward Mickey Mouse, who feels disoriented in the big city; these stories were directed to a more adult reader, trying to bring to a new life the "old style Mickey Mouse" of the 1930s and 1940s stories and illustrated by Floyd Gottfredson.
Mickey Mouse leaves Mouseton for Anderville, being involved in the case of his missing young friend Sonny Mitchell. To prove his innocence, being mistaken for a criminal, both from Anderville villains and police inspector Jan Clayton, he faces some dangerous situations, running the risk of being killed, he becomes friend with Little Ceaser, a well-respected, somewhat rude and with his friendly customers. He proves his innocence but he is forced to stay in Anderville, waiting for furthermore investigations, he finds out that his friend left to him an investigation agency: Mickey Mouse becomes a detective and, during all the series, was involved in dangerous events, which led him to act in a more violent way than the usual Mickey Mouse. First number of the series was illustrated by Giorgio Cavazzano, they created Anderville, through many sketches and decided a specific range of color to use for the stories, preferring the dark and cold tones to the light and warm ones. MM showed the talent of Francesco Artibani and Tito Faraci, main writers of the series, was a showcase for the talent of some young, at the time, drawers: Silvio Camboni, Corrado Mastantuono, Paolo Mottura, Marco Palazzi, Alessandro Perina, Claudio Sciarrone, Stefano Turconi, Silvia Ziche and Giuseppe Zironi.
There were two side stories: one featuring the weird journalist Chester Soup, a comical one, one called Anderville Confidential. Mickey Mouse Sonny Mitchell Patty Ballestreros Jan Clayton Little Caesar MM#0 Anderville: the first issue of MM. Mickey Mouse leaves Mouseton to Anderville, being involved in the case of the missing of his old friend, Sonny Mitchell. MM#1 The Link: MM#2 Estrelita: MM#3 Lost & Found: Lo Scoop: MM#4 Mousetrap: Corsa Semplice: MM#5 Firestorm: Una Questione Di Principio: MM#6 Calypso: Spy Story: MM#7 Black Mask: Mickey is now free to return to Mouseton, he will leave Anderville in its inaugural trip. The train, named Black Mask is controlled by an A. I.. During the trip, a killer is sent to kill Mickey; when he misses his target, the blast of his weapon causes the A. I. to malfunction. and Black Mask becomes unstoppable. With a surprising idea Mickey finds the killer. Prima Pagina: MM#8 Victoria: Anderville Confidential - Patty Chiari: an unusual love story for the toughest detective Patty Ballesteros.
MM#9 Run Run Run: Anderville Confidential - Maryam + Jan: the first encounter between Jan Clayton and his future wife Maryam. MM#10 The Dark Side: a parallel police acts in the shadow against villains in Anderville. MM#11 Small World: the final adventure of Mickey Mouse in Anderville. A pyromaniac is coming from past to menace the old members of a firemen squad; the series was published in Italian from May 1999 to March 2001. The entire series has been translated to German, Dutch and European Portuguese, is published in Finnish and Brazilian Portuguese; the first story has been translated to Spanish and French. So far no English translation has been published
Arthur Floyd Gottfredson was an American cartoonist best known for his defining work on the Mickey Mouse comic strip. He has had the same impact on the Mickey Mouse comics as Carl Barks had on the Donald Duck comics. Two decades after his death, his memory was honored with the Disney Legends award in 2003 and induction into the Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2006. Gottfredson was born into a large Mormon family in Kaysville, Utah in 1905; as a child, Floyd injured his arm in a hunting accident. Housebound during a long recovery, he became interested in cartooning and took several cartooning correspondence courses; because of his injury, Gottfredson had to draw using his whole arm. In 1926, he took the Federal Schools of Illustrating and Cartooning's correspondence course, by the late 1920s, he was drawing cartoons for trade magazines and the Salt Lake City Telegram newspaper. After achieving second place in a 1928 cartoon contest, the 23-year-old Gottfredson moved to Southern California with his wife and family, just before Christmas.
At the time, there were seven major newspapers in the area. One job he'd held in Utah, was as a movie projectionist and he found employment in that field in California. A year the movie theater where he had been working was torn down, resulting in another job search. On a whim, Gottfredson inquired with at Disney studios. Walt Disney Productions hired Gottfredson as an apprentice animator and in-betweener on December 19, 1929. In April 1930 he started working on the four-month-old Mickey Mouse daily comic strip, it had been scripted by Walt Disney and drawn by Ub Iwerks, succeeded by Win Smith. Iwerks tried to hire Gottfredson at his studio after the former had left Disney, but Roy Disney refused to allow Gottfredson out of his contract. In May, Win Smith refused to write the strip, Disney assigned Gottfredson to it, promising it would be only a temporary arrangement until someone else could be found to take over. Gottfredson continued to produce the Mickey Mouse strips for the next 45 years. Gottfredson's first daily strip was published in newspapers on his 25th birthday, May 5, 1930.
In January 1932 he began work on the newly inaugurated Mickey Mouse color Sunday strip which, in addition to the daily, he continued through mid-1938. Gottfredson headed the comics department at Disney 1930–1946, was replaced by Frank Reilly. Gottfredson wrote and drew the Mickey Mouse strip alone, but in 1932 he pulled back to plotting the stories and doing the penciling, while the dialogue was done by other hands. Scripts were written by Ted Osborne, Merrill De Maris, Bob Karp, Dick Shaw, Bill Walsh, Roy Williams and Del Connell. So, Gottfredson always worked with his writers, would suggest changes in the scripts whenever he thought it would improve a story. There were a variety of inkers on the strip through the years. Gottfredson returned to inking daily strips himself in 1943. From the beginning, the strips were parts of long continuing stories; these introduced characters such as the Phantom Blot, Eega Beeva, the Bat Bandit, which Gottfredson created. Gottfredson plotted the continuities until Bill Walsh started writing the strip in 1943.
The stories were always untitled. Titles were assigned when the strips or pages were reprinted in picture-books or comic books, which the artists had no influence on. Starting in the 1950s, Gottfredson and writer Bill Walsh were instructed to drop the storylines and do only daily gags. Gottfredson continued illustrating the daily strip until he retired on October 1, 1975. Animation critic Geoffrey Blum said "Gottfredson's Mormon upbringing and his unflaggingly positive outlook made him the perfect keeper for this icon. Never complaining, chocking back his hurts... this is the ethic he brought to Mickey. Gottfredson's mouse combines the virtues of a good citizen and a good soldier." Gottfredson's Mickey strips were collected in the 1930s and 1940s. Western Publishing's Big Little Book series based most of its Mickey volumes on the strip. Modern-day American reprints began with "The Bar None Ranch" which appeared in Walt Disney Comics Digest #40; the following year "The Bat Bandit" appeared in a deluxe edition The Best of Walt Disney Comics.
Abbeville Press' large size Best Comics anthologies in the late-1970s included two all-Gottfredson volumes, though the stories were relettered and sometimes condensed. In 1980, Abbeville issued a small-size Best Comics series that included three all-Gottfredson volumes, all of which reprinted stories from the earlier large-size editions. In 1986, Another Rainbow/Gladstone Publishing began a tradition of serializing Gottfredson stories in regular Disney monthly comic books, which has continued on and off to the present day. Gladstone collected a number of Gottfredson's serials in the larger-size "comic albums" it issued during the 1980s. In 2007 Gemstone Publishing announced The Floyd Gottfredson Library, a comprehensive edition of Gottfredson's serialized stories, but the series was postponed c
Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
Uncle Scrooge Adventures
Uncle Scrooge Adventures was a comic book published by Gladstone Publishing under license from the Walt Disney Company. It features the adventures of Scrooge McDuck and his nephews Donald, Huey and Louie, it was distinguished from the main Uncle Scrooge title in its focus on longer, full-length stories in the pulp adventure style. The first series ran for 21 issues from 1987 to 1990, when Gladstone Publishing's license with the Walt Disney Company ceased. Disney Comics chose not to continue the series from 1990 through 1993; when Gladstone renewed their license in 1993, they resumed the series, picking up with issue 22. The series continued until 1997, when it fell victim to the "Gladstone implosion" and ceased publication following issue 54; the series was not subsequently revived by either Gemstone Publishing or Boom! Studios; the story Horsing Around with History in issue 33 of the second series won the Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Award for Favorite Comic-Book Story for 1996. The series was intended to launch in 1987 as a tie-in to the forthcoming DuckTales television series.
The focus was to be on the works of Carl Barks and other Disney comics creators that inspired the series, not original works produced in response to the series. Shortly before publication of the first issue, Gladstone Publishing and the Walt Disney Company decided to drop the DuckTales name and re-brand the series Uncle Scrooge Adventures, in the same format as its intended sister title, Donald Duck Adventures; because of the last minute of the nature of the change, promotional articles using the DuckTales title could not be altered in the first issue of Uncle Scrooge Adventures itself. Gladstone would publish a thirteen issue DuckTales series of their own from 1988 through 1990, featuring a mixture of classic Uncle Scrooge stories and newly commissioned television tie-ins; the Treasure Temple of Khaos, featured in issue 35, was censored in the United States due to several depictions of nudity, replacing it with undershirts, although the nakedness is uncensored in most other countries. 1. McDuck of Arabia 2.
Trail of the Polka Dot Parrot 3. Bongo on the Congo 4; the Golden River 5. The Last Sled to Dawson 6; the Oddball Odyessey 7. The 12th Caesarius 8. So Far and No Safari 9. Ill Met by Moonlight 10; the Land of the Pygmy Indians 11. Crown of the Mayas 12; the Log of the Nancy Bell 13. The Twenty Four Carat Moon 14, his Majesty McDuck 15. The Micro Ducks from Outer Space 16; the Billion Dollar Safari 17. Lost Beneath the Sea 18. That's No Fable 19. A Stitch in Time 20; the Paul Bunyan Machine 21. The Mystery of the Ghosttown Railroad 22; the Prize of Pizarro 23. Uncle Scrooge Meets The Phantom Blot 24; the Little Gronins 25. The Money Well 26. Back to the Klondike 27. Guardians of the Lost Library 28. Land Beneath the Ground and The Man from Oola Oola Part 1 29; the Man from Oola Oola Part 2 30. The Golden Fleecing and The Lentils from Babylon Part 1 31; the Lentils from Babylon Part 2 32. The Lentils from Babylon Part 3 33. Horsing Around with History and Only a Poor Old Man 34; the Money Counting Machine and Beagle Bug-off 35.
The Treasure Temple of Khaos 36. The Diamond of Duncan McDuck 37; the Colossus of the Nile Part 1 38. The Colossus of the Nile Part 2 39. Tralla La 40; the Rarest Dog in the World and The Hi-Tech, Low-Down Blues 41. The Starkos Statue 42; the Treasure of Marco Polo 43. The Queen of the Wild Dog Pack 44. Two in One and The Sheepish Rancher 45; the Secret of the Duckburg Triangle 46. The Tides Turn 47; the Menehune Mystery <AKA Hawaiian Hideaway> 48. The Great Steamboat Race and Riches, Everywhere! 49. The Diary of Sideburns Smew 50; the Secret of Atlantis <AKA The Sunken City> 51. The Treasure of the Ten Avatars 52; the Black Diamond and Taking A Gander 53. The Secret of the Incas Part 1 54; the Secret of the Incas Part 2 Disney comics in the USA Other notable Disney comic titles in the USA: Mickey Mouse Walt Disney's Comics and Stories Donald Duck Uncle Scrooge Donald Duck Adventures Uncle Scrooge Adventures at the INDUCKS Uncle Scrooge Adventures on Disney Comics Worldwide Covers of all issues of Uncle Scrooge Adventures on outducks.org Comics Buyer's Guide Awards
The Man Without a Past
The Man Without a Past is a 2002 Finnish comedy-drama film produced and directed by Aki Kaurismäki. Starring Markku Peltola, Kati Outinen and Juhani Niemelä, it is the second installment in Kaurismäki's Finland trilogy, the other two films being Drifting Clouds and Lights in the Dusk; the film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 2002 and won the Grand Prix at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival. The film begins with an unnamed man arriving by train to Helsinki. After falling asleep in Kaisaniemi Park, he is mugged and beaten by hoodlums and is injured in the head, losing consciousness, he wanders back to the train station and collapses in its bathroom. He finds that he has lost his memory, he starts his life from scratch, living in container dwellings, finding clothes with help from the Salvation Army and making friends with the poor. Markku Peltola as M Kati Outinen as Irma Juhani Niemelä as Nieminen Kaija Pakarinen as Kaisa Nieminen Sakari Kuosmanen as Anttila Annikki Tähti as Manager of Flea Market Anneli Sauli as Bar Owner Elina Salo as Dock Clerk Outi Mäenpää as Bank Clerk Esko Nikkari as Bank Robber Pertti Sveholm as Police Detective Matti Wuori as himself Aino Seppo as Ex-wife Janne Hyytiäinen as Ovaskainen Antti Reini as Electrician The Man Without a Past was co-produced by the Finnish companies Sputnik and YLE, the German companies Bavaria Film Studios and Pandora Filmproduktion and the French company Pyramide Productions.
The film received overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a rating of 98%, based on 95 critics, with an average rating of 8/10; the site's critical consensus reads, "Kaurismäki delivers another droll comedy full of his trademark humor." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 84 out of 100, based on 29 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". Roger Ebert awarded the film three-and-a-half stars out of 4, saying he "felt a deep but indefinable contentment". Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter said, it is the work of an artist in control of his art." Barbara Scharres of the Chicago Reader said that Kaurismäki "perfects his trademark formula of deadpan humor and arctic circle pathos in this brilliantly ironic 2002 comedy." The Man Without a Past on IMDb The Man Without a Past at AllMovie The Man Without a Past at Box Office Mojo The Man Without a Past at the British Board of Film Classification The Man Without a Past at the British Film Institute The Man Without a Past at Elonet The Man Without a Past at Metacritic The Man Without a Past at Rotten Tomatoes The Man Without a Past at the Swedish Film Institute Database