Giovanni Santi was an Italian painter and the father of Raphael. He was born in 1435 at Colbordolo in the Duchy of Urbino, he was influenced by Fiorenzo di Lorenzo. He painted several altarpieces, he died in Urbino. Santi was born in 1435 at Colbordolo in the Duchy of Urbino, he was a petty merchant for a time. He was influenced by Fiorenzo di Lorenzo, seems to have been an assistant and friend of Melozzo da Forlì, he was court painter to Duke of Urbino Federico da Montefeltro and painted several altarpieces, two now in the Berlin Museum, a Madonna in the church of San Francesco in Urbino, one at the church of Santa Croce in Fano, one in the National Gallery at London, another in the gallery at Urbino. The reputation of the court had been established by Federico da Montefeltro; the emphasis of Federico's court was more literary than artistic, but Santi was a poet of sorts as well as a painter, had written a rhymed chronicle of the life of Federico, both wrote the texts and produced the decor for masque-like court entertainments.
His poem to Federico shows him as keen to show awareness of the most advanced North Italian painters, Early Netherlandish artists as well. In the small court of Urbino he was more integrated into the central circle of the ruling family than most court painters. Federico, who died in 1482, was succeeded by his son Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, who married Elisabetta Gonzaga. Under them, the court continued as a centre for literary culture. In 1483, Santi's son Raphael was born. Santi died in Urbino in 1494, his poetry includes an epic in honor of one of his patrons, Federico da Montefeltro, followed by a discourse on painting. The event commemorates a visit to Mantua, where the Duke marveled at the skill of Andrea Mantegna, he goes on to comment that "In this splendid and gentle art/ so many have been famous in our century/ that it make others seem destitute". Santi goes on to list famous names in painting, as known to him, this constitutes a remarkable concise list of 27 prominent painters of late 15th-century Italy and the Flanders, as one painter would have known.
Santi's list reproduced in no order: Fra Angelico Domenico Ghirlandaio Piero and Antonio Pollaiuolo Sandro Botticelli Leonardo da Vinci Filippino Lippi Pietro Perugino Luca Signorelli Gentile Bellini Giovanni Bellini Andrea Mantegna Andrea del Castagno Cosimo Tura Piero della Francesca Ercole de' Roberti Francesco di Pesello or Pesellino Masaccio Paolo Uccello Pisanello Domenico Veneziano Melozzo da Forlì Gentile da Fabriano Antonello da Messina Jan van Eyck Rogier van der Weyden Schmarsow, Giovanni Santi Poetry and list derived from Painting and Experience in Fifteenth Century Italy. Michael Baxandall. Oxford University Press 1980. Giovanni Santi at Panopticon Virtual Art Gallery The Gubbio Studiolo and its conservation, volumes 1 & 2, from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries, which contains material on Giovanni Santi
REVERSE was an art space located in Williamsburg, that served as a platform for new and experimental forms of expression. From 2012-2016, REVERSE provided emerging, mid-career and international artists with opportunities to create and exhibit new work. REVERSE hosts an ongoing open call for curatorial proposals. Andrea Wolf and Director of REVERSE, described the space: “ is a place where young curators will have an opportunity to take risks that wouldn't be accepted in more conservative galleries.” Since its inception, REVERSE has worked collaboratively with outside curators, including AD Projects and Christian Berman, to produce numerous exhibitions and programs, including The Impossible Project and REVERSE Open Lab. Through its Artist Community, REVERSE supports a select group of artists who feature in its exhibitions and projects. Members include: CHi KA, Melissa F. Clarke, Brandon Friend & Jason Douglas Griffin, Daria Irincheeva and Alexsey Yudzon. Work by these artists will be featured in Uncharted Waters: REVERSE 2013, which opens on April 12, 2013.
REVERSE will present Foliage, a new work by musician Elliott Sharp, in May 2013. Http://reversespace.org/
The Prize of the Foundation for Polish Science is the most prestigious scientific award in Poland given every year from 1992 by a non-governmental non-profit Polish organization, Foundation for Polish Science. The prize is regarded as the top scientific award in Poland; the Prizes awarded in 2013 equal PLN 200,000. Since 2011, the Prize is awarded in four categories: Life Sciences. Candidates can be either Polish scientists working in Poland or abroad, foreign ones working there, provided that their achievement has been realized within the territory of the Republic of Poland, as well as foreigners dealing with matters pertaining to Poland; the prize honours renowned scientists for significant advancements and scientific discoveries which shift cognitive boundaries and open new perspectives for research, provide an exceptional contribution towards the advancement of our nation’s progress and culture as well as assure Poland a significant position for undertaking the most ambitious challenges of the modern world.
Subject of the Prize may include defined and confirmed scientific achievements which have in the recent period opened new perspectives for further research. Source: Foundation for Polish Science List of general science and technology awards Information on FNP website Recipients - FNP website 2014 Recipients announcement