Colan was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2005. Eugene Jules Colan was born September 1,1926 to Harold Colan, a salesman, and Winifred Levy Colan. His parents ran a business on the Upper East Side. His family were Christians, and his familys surname had originally been Cohen, Colan began drawing at age three. The first thing I ever drew was a lion, I mustve absolutely copied it or something. But thats what my folks tell me, and from then on, I just drew everything in sight. My grandfather was my favorite subject, among his earliest influences, he said in 2001, were the Coulton Waugh adventure comic strip Dickie Dare in The New York Sun. I was influenced by the style, or the story and he moved with his family at about age 4 to Long Beach, New York, on Long Island. Later, he would try to copy artist Norman Rockwells covers to The Saturday Evening Post, other major art influences were comics artists Syd Shores and Milton Caniff. Colan attended George Washington High School in the Washington Heights section of Manhattan, Colan began working in comics in 1944, doing illustrations for publisher Fiction Houses aviation-adventure series Wings Comics. Ust a summertime job before I went into the service, it gave Colan his first published work and his first comics story was a seven-page Clipper Kirk feature in the following months issue. After attempting to enlist in the U. S. Marine Corps during World War II but being pulled out by his father because I was underage, originally scheduled for gunnery school in Boulder, Colorado, plans changed with the wars sudden end. I was going to be an aerial gunner, but it never materialized, he recalled in 2001. After training at an Army camp near Biloxi, Mississippi, he joined the U. S. forces in the Philippines, There Colan rose to the rank of corporal, drew for the Manila Times, and won an art contest. Upon his return to life in 1946, Colan went to work for Marvel Comics 1940s precursor. He recalled in 2000, I was living with my parents, I worked very hard on a war story, about seven or eight pages long, and I did all the lettering myself, I inked it myself, I even had a wash effect over it. I did everything I could do, and I brought it over to Timely, what you had to do in those days was go to the candy store, pick up a comic book, and look in the back to see where it was published. Most of them were published in Manhattan, they would tell you the address, al Sulman, listed in Timely mastheads then as an editorial associate, gave me my break
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography, climate and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Pop art is an art movement that emerged in the mid-1950s in Britain and the late 1950s in the United States. Pop art presented a challenge to traditions of art by including imagery from popular culture such as advertising. In pop art, material is sometimes removed from its known context, isolated. Pop art employs aspects of culture, such as advertising, comic books. One of its aims is to use images of popular culture in art, emphasizing the banal or kitschy elements of any culture and it is also associated with the artists use of mechanical means of reproduction or rendering techniques. Pop art is interpreted as a reaction to the then-dominant ideas of abstract expressionism. Due to its utilization of found objects and images, it is similar to Dada, Pop art and minimalism are considered to be art movements that precede postmodern art, or are some of the earliest examples of postmodern art themselves. Pop art often takes imagery that is currently in use in advertising, product labeling and logos figure prominently in the imagery chosen by pop artists, seen in the labels of Campbells Soup Cans, by Andy Warhol. Even the labeling on the outside of a box containing food items for retail has been used as subject matter in pop art. The origins of pop art in North America developed differently from Great Britain, in the United States, pop art was a response by artists, it marked a return to hard-edged composition and representational art. They used impersonal, mundane reality, irony, and parody to defuse the personal symbolism, in the U. S. some artwork by Larry Rivers, Alex Katz and Man Ray anticipated pop art. By contrast, the origins of pop art in post-War Britain, while employing irony, early pop art in Britain was a matter of ideas fueled by American popular culture when viewed from afar. Similarly, pop art was both an extension and a repudiation of Dadaism, among those artists in Europe seen as producing work leading up to pop art are, Pablo Picasso, Marcel Duchamp, and Kurt Schwitters. During the 1920s, American artists Gerald Murphy, Charles Demuth and Stuart Davis created paintings that contained pop culture imagery, the Independent Group, founded in London in 1952, is regarded as the precursor to the pop art movement. They were a gathering of young painters, sculptors, architects, writers and their group discussions centered on pop culture implications from elements such as mass advertising, movies, product design, comic strips, science fiction and technology. This material of found objects such as advertising, comic characters, magazine covers. One of the collages in that presentation was Paolozzis I was a Rich Mans Plaything, following Paolozzis seminal presentation in 1952, the IG focused primarily on the imagery of American popular culture, particularly mass advertising. Nevertheless, Alloway was one of the critics to defend the inclusion of the imagery of mass culture in the fine arts
Roy Fox Lichtenstein was an American pop artist. During the 1960s, along with Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns and his work defined the premise of pop art through parody. Inspired by the strip, Lichtenstein produced precise compositions that documented while they parodied. His work was influenced by advertising and the comic book style. He described pop art as not American painting but actually industrial painting and his paintings were exhibited at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York City. Whaam. and Drowning Girl are generally regarded as Lichtensteins most famous works, with Oh, Jeff. I Love You, Drowning Girl, Whaam. and Look Mickey are regarded as his most influential works. Woman with Flowered Hat has held the record for highest Lichtenstein auction price since May 15,2013 although that was beaten in 2015 by Nurse. Roy Lichtenstein was born in New York, into an upper-middle-class Jewish family and his father, Milton, was a real estate broker, his mother, Beatrice, a homemaker. He was raised on the Upper West Side and attended school until the age of twelve. He then attended New Yorks Dwight School, graduating there in 1940. Lichtenstein first became interested in art and design as a hobby and he was an avid jazz fan, often attending concerts at the Apollo Theater in Harlem. He frequently drew portraits of the musicians playing their instruments, in his last year of high school,1939, Lichtenstein enrolled in summer classes at the Art Students League of New York, where he worked under the tutelage of Reginald Marsh. Lichtenstein then left New York to study at the Ohio State University, which offered studio courses and his studies were interrupted by a three-year stint in the army during and after World War II between 1943 and 1946. After being in training programs for languages, engineering, and pilot training, all of which were cancelled, he served as an orderly, draftsman, Lichtenstein returned home to visit his dying father and was discharged from the army with eligibility for the G. I. He returned to studies in Ohio under the supervision of one of his teachers, Hoyt L. Sherman, Lichtenstein entered the graduate program at Ohio State and was hired as an art instructor, a post he held on and off for the next ten years. In 1949 Lichtenstein received a Master of Fine Arts degree from the Ohio State University, in 1951 Lichtenstein had his first solo exhibition at the Carlebach Gallery in New York. He moved to Cleveland in the year, where he remained for six years. During this time he undertook jobs as varied as a draftsman to a window decorator in between periods of painting and his work at this time fluctuated between Cubism and Expressionism
DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher. It is the unit of DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc. a division of Time Warner, the company has also published non-DC Universe-related material, including Watchmen, V for Vendetta and many titles under their alternative imprint Vertigo. The initials DC came from the popular series Detective Comics. Random House distributes DC Comics books to the market, while Diamond Comic Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market. DC Comics and its major, longtime competitor Marvel Comics together shared 70% of the American comic book market in 2016, entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934. The company debuted with the tabloid-sized New Fun, The Big Comic Magazine #1 with a date of February 1935. That title evolved into Adventure Comics, which continued through issue #503 in 1983, in 2009 DC revived Adventure Comics with its original numbering. In 1935, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the creators of Superman, created Doctor Occult. Wheeler-Nicholsons third and final title, Detective Comics, advertised with a cover illustration dated December 1936, the themed anthology series would become a sensation with the introduction of Batman in issue #27. By then, however, Wheeler-Nicholson had gone, Detective Comics, Inc. was formed, with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz, Donenfelds accountant, listed as owners. Major Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year, but cash-flow problems continued, shortly afterward, Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied, also known as Nicholson Publishing, at a bankruptcy auction. Detective Comics, Inc. soon launched a fourth title, Action Comics, Action Comics #1, the first comic book to feature the new character archetype—soon known as superheroes—proved a sales hit. The company quickly introduced such popular characters as the Sandman and Batman. That year, Gaines let Liebowitz buy him out, and kept only Picture Stories from the Bible as the foundation of his own new company, at that point, Liebowitz promptly orchestrated the merger of All-American and Detective Comics into National Comics. Next he took charge of organizing National Comics, Independent News, National Periodical Publications became publicly traded on the stock market in 1961. The company began to move aggressively against what it saw as copyright-violating imitations from other companies, such as Fox Comics Wonder Man and this extended to DC suing Fawcett Comics over Captain Marvel, at the time comics top-selling character. Despite the fact that parallels between Captain Marvel and Superman seemed more tenuous, the courts ruled that substantial and deliberate copying of copyrighted material had occurred, faced with declining sales and the prospect of bankruptcy if it lost, Fawcett capitulated in 1955 and ceased comics publication
John Romita Sr.
He was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2002. Romita is the father of John Romita Jr. also a comic-book artist, the son of a baker, Romita was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York City, with three sisters and a brother. He graduated from Manhattans School of Industrial Art in 1947, having attended for three years after spending ninth grade at a Brooklyn junior high school, Romita entered the comics industry in 1949 on the series Famous Funnies. Steven Douglas up there was a benefactor to all young artists, the first story he gave me was a love story. All the women looked like emaciated men and he bought it, never criticized and he paid me two hundred dollars for it and never published it — and rightfully so. In two pages I can make money than I usually make all week. So I ghosted it and then kept on ghosting for him, I think it was a 1920s mobster crime story. The work was for Marvels 1940s forerunner, Timely Comics, which helped give Romita an opportunity to meet editor-in-chief, Romita ghost-penciled for Zakarin on Trojan Comics Crime-Smashers and other titles, eventually signing some Zakarin and Romita. The collaboration ended in early 1951, when Romita was drafted into the U. S. Army, Romita was promoted to corporal after seven or eight months, now allowed to live off the post, he rented an apartment in Brooklyn. When not on duty, Romita could leave the base and go into Manhattan, in mid- to late 1951, he recalled in 2002, I went uptown one day for lunch. I stopped over at Stan Lees, and his came out. And I said, Stan doesnt know my name but Ive worked for him for over a year and she mustve told him this GI. wants to do some comics. She said, Stan said heres a four-page science fiction story, I penciled it and struggled with my first inking. That was the first story I did on my own, I did Westerns and war stories then. Romita went on to draw a variety of horror comics, war comics, romance comics. His most prominent work for the company was the short-lived 1950s revival of Timelys hit character Captain America, in Young Men #24–28, additionally, Romita would render one of his first original characters, M-11 the Human Robot, in a five-page standalone science-fiction story in Menace #11. While not envisioned as a character, M-11 was resurrected decades later as a member of the super-hero team Agents of Atlas. He was the primary artist for one of the first series with a star, Waku, Prince of the Bantu — created by writer Don Rico