Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon (1757–1824)

Louise Adélaïde de Bourbon was a French nun. She was the last Remiremont abbess and founded at the beginning of the Bourbon Restoration, a religious community that became famous among French Catholics under the name of Bénédictines de la rue Monsieur, she constructed the Hôtel de Mademoiselle de Condé, named after her. Born at the Château de Chantilly in 1757, Louise Adélaïde was the third and last child of Louis Joseph de Bourbon, prince de Condé and his wife, Charlotte de Rohan, the daughter of Charles de Rohan, prince de Soubise; as a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, she was born a princesse. She was educated at the Pentemont Abbey, one of Paris' most prestigious schools for daughters of the aristocracy. At court, she was known as Mademoiselle de Condé and in some sources is styled as princesse de Condé. A descendant of le Grand Condé, Louise Adelaïde was the aunt of the last duc d'Enghien, she was a second cousin of the future revolutionary, Philippe Égalité. A first cousin was the Charles Alain, Prince of Guéméné, son of her aunt Victoire de Rohan, princesse de Guéméné.

Her mother died at the Hôtel de Condé after a long illness. As a result, Louise Adélaïde was raised by her great-aunt, Henriette Louise de Bourbon. Louise Adélaïde was supposed to marry her distant cousin Charles Philippe, comte d'Artois, but the marriage fell through. Henriette was the Benedictine abbess of Beaumont-lès-Tours. Due to her convent education all of Louise Adélaïde's youth was spent in a religious setting, her education was completed at the royal abbey of Bernardine Panthémont, located in the 7th arrondissement of Paris. In 1780, Mademoiselle de Condé requested permission to leave the convent of Panthémont, it was at this time that she built the Hôtel de Bourbon-Condé for her personal use, her father still retaining the grand Palais Bourbon built by his grandmother, Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, as his principal residence in Paris. Considerations of rank prevented her from marriage. In 1786, she was appointed Abbess of Remiremont, she did not, visit Remiremont more than three times during her period in office In 1789, she fled to Belgium to escape the first stages of the French Revolution.

In 1802, in Poland, she took the veil. She was the Lady of Saint Pierre and Metz and Cetera, lordships she held in her own right, her father died in 1818. Louise Adélaïde died in Paris six years in 1824. Six months after her death, her former suitor, the comte d'Artois, succeeded to the French throne as King Charles X, she was buried at the Abbaye Saint-Louis de Vauhallan. 5 October 1757 – 10 March 1824: Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle de Condé

Market production

In a general sense, market production refers to the production of a product or service, intended for sale at a money-price in a market. The product or service in principle has to be tradable for money. However, in national accounts the term has a more specific meaning, because many producing organizations exist in the economy which either do not produce for any distinct market, or which produce for the market, don't; these are non-commercial or commercial organizations, which can be self-funded, but not-for-profit, or funded by sources other than their own revenue. Statisticians therefore have to define "market production" much more in order to be able to separate out market production in a consistent way, distinguish it from non-market production. If they would be unable to do so, they would be unable to measure market production in a meaningful and consistent way. In the United Nations System of National Accounts, market production includes all those producing units who sell most or all of their output at prices which are "economically significant".

For example, a school or a university would be a market producer if it charges fees which are based on their production costs, which are sufficiently high to influence demand for their services. The school or university would have to generate loss. Non-market production, by contrast, includes producing units which provide most of their output to others either free of charge, or at prices which are "not economically significant" - for example, government institutions, households, or non-profit institutions. If prices are charged for services supplied, these prices do not change in response to fluctuations in supply or demand or else they are prices which do not cover the cost of supply; the organizations in this category do not provide a financial gain to the units which control or manage them. In addition, they depend on funding other than sales revenue to cover their costs of production, or of other activities they might carry out. Non-market production can include subsistence production where producers produce something for their own use, rather than trading what they produce for something else.