Bronson Avenue (Ottawa)
Bronson Avenue is a major north-south arterial road in Ottawa, Canada. It starts as a continuation of the Airport Parkway, an expressway to the Macdonald-Cartier International Airport, it continues past Carleton University, the Glebe, north through Centretown, ends downtown at Sparks Street. Starting as an expressway leading from the Airport Parkway, Bronson becomes a six lane divided principal arterial with little or no direct frontage and a speed limit of 70 km/h. From Colonel By Drive, Bronson Avenue continues as a four-lane undivided principal arterial road through residential and commercial areas with a speed limit of 50 km/h. Upon reaching Albert Street, Bronson ends as a local road for downtown residents. Bronson Avenue is a gateway to the southern neighborhoods of Ottawa and since it is faster to take Bronson Avenue than Bank Street, the street is quite busy at rush hour. Glebe Collegiate Institute and Carleton University border on Bronson Avenue. There has been considerable debate about the nature of the road in the past few years.
Bronson Avenue took its name from Ottawa politician Erskine Henry Bronson. Bronson Avenue is considered a boundary line for several Ottawa neighbourhoods: Centretown Centretown West The Glebe Old Ottawa South Major intersections: Start as a continuation of Airport Parkway - 0.0 km Sunnyside Avenue - 0.9 km Colonel By Drive - 1.3 km Carling Avenue - 2.2 km Highway 417 - 2.6 km Catherine Street - 2.7 km Gladstone Avenue - 3.0 km Somerset Street - 3.4 km Slater Street - 3.9 km Albert Street - 4.0 km Ends at Sparks Street - 4.1 km Bronson Centre Carleton University Google Maps: Bronson Avenue
The Stanley Cup is the championship trophy awarded annually to the National Hockey League playoff winner. It is the oldest existing trophy to be awarded to a professional sports franchise, the International Ice Hockey Federation considers it to be one of the "most important championships available to the sport"; the trophy was commissioned in 1892 as the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup and is named after Lord Stanley of Preston, the Governor General of Canada who donated it as an award to Canada's top-ranking amateur ice hockey club. The entire Stanley family supported the sport, the sons and daughters all playing and promoting the game; the first Cup was awarded in 1893 to Montreal Hockey Club, winners from 1893 to 1914 were determined by challenge games and league play. Professional teams first became eligible to challenge for the Stanley Cup in 1906. In 1915, professional ice hockey organizations National Hockey Association and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association reached a gentlemen's agreement in which their respective champions would face each other annually for the Stanley Cup.
It was established as the de facto championship trophy of the NHL in 1926 and the de jure NHL championship prize in 1947. There are three Stanley Cups: the original bowl of the "Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup", the authenticated "Presentation Cup", the spelling-corrected "Permanent Cup" on display at the Hockey Hall of Fame; the NHL has maintained its associated trademarks. The NHL has registered trademarks associated with the name and likeness of the Stanley Cup, although there has been dispute as to whether the league has the right to own trademarks associated with a trophy that it does not own; the original bowl is 18.5 centimetres high and 29 centimetres wide. The current Stanley Cup is topped with a copy of the original bowl, made of a silver and nickel alloy, it weighs 15.5 kilograms. A new Stanley Cup is not made each year, unlike the trophies awarded by the other major professional sports leagues of North America; the winners kept it until a new champion was crowned, but winning teams get the Stanley Cup during the summer and a limited number of days during the season.
Every year since 1924, a select portion of the winning players, coaches and club staff names are engraved on its bands, unusual among trophies. However, there is not enough room to include all the players and non-players, so some names must be omitted. Between 1924 and 1940, a new band was added every year that the trophy was awarded, earning the nickname "Stovepipe Cup" due to the unnatural height of all the bands. In 1947, the cup size was reduced. In 1958, the modern one-piece Cup was designed with a five-band barrel which could contain 13 winning teams per band; the oldest band is removed when the bottom band is full and preserved in the Hockey Hall of Fame in order to prevent the Stanley Cup from growing, a new blank band added to the bottom. It has been referred to as The Cup, Lord Stanley's Cup, The Holy Grail, or facetiously as Lord Stanley's Mug; the Stanley Cup is surrounded by numerous legends and traditions, the oldest of, the winning team drinking champagne from it. Since the 1914–15 season, the Cup has been won a combined 101 times by 18 current NHL teams and 5 defunct teams.
It was not awarded in 1919 because of a Spanish flu epidemic or in 2005 because of the 2004–05 NHL lockout. It was held by nine different teams between 1893 and 1914; the Montreal Canadiens have won it a record 24 times and are the most recent Canadian-based team to win it, doing so in 1993. After the Lord Stanley of Preston was appointed by Queen Victoria as Governor General of Canada on June 11, 1888, he and his family became enthusiastic about ice hockey. Stanley was first exposed to the game at Montreal's 1889 Winter Carnival, where he saw the Montreal Victorias play the Montreal Hockey Club; the Montreal Gazette reported that he "expressed his great delight with the game of hockey and the expertise of the players". During that time, organized ice hockey in Canada was still in its infancy and only Montreal and Ottawa had anything resembling leagues. Stanley's entire family became active in ice hockey. Two of his sons and Algernon, formed a new team called the Ottawa Rideau Hall Rebels. Arthur played a key role in the formation of what became known as the Ontario Hockey Association, became the founder of ice hockey in Great Britain.
Arthur and Algernon persuaded their father to donate a trophy to be "an outward and visible sign of the hockey championship". Stanley sent the following message to the victory celebration held on March 18, 1892, at Ottawa's Russell House Hotel for the three-time champion Ottawa Hockey Club: I have for some time been thinking that it would be a good thing if there were a challenge cup which should be held from year to year by the champion hockey team in the Dominion. There does not appear to be any such outward sign of a championship at present, considering the general interest which matches now elicit, the importance of having the game played and under rules recognized, I am willing to give a cup which shall be held from year to year by the winning team. I am not quite certain that the present regulations governing the arrangement of matches give entire satisfaction, it would be worth consid
St. Laurent Boulevard
St. Laurent Boulevard is an arterial road in Ottawa, Canada. Beginning at the Royal Canadian Mounted Police college complex at Sandridge Road in the Manor Park neighbourhood, St. Laurent Boulevard runs in a straight line east of south, until it reaches Walkley Road, it curves west and intersects with Conroy Road and Don Reid Drive. In Ottawa, the name of the street is pronounced in French among Anglophones, as it honours former Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent. Prior to urbanization, it was known as Hawthorne Road; the northern part of the street, not yet a boulevard, skirts the residential Manor Park neighbourhood. South of Hemlock Road, it passes Beechwood Cemetery, one of the most important in the city, several high towers including the 30-story Le Parc building, the third tallest in the city; the road becomes commercial starting from McArthur Avenue up to Highway 417. At the corner of Coventry Road lies the St. Laurent Shopping Centre, one of the biggest malls in the city. OC Transpo's St. Laurent Station is located right beside the on ramp for Highway 417 westbound.
South of Highway 417 and Tremblay Road, the road becomes more industrial as it crosses a small industrial district to its east. OC Transpo's main offices are located at the corner of Belfast Road, another key industrial road, a link to the Via Rail's Ottawa station at its western end. Past Innes Road, it enters another important commercial district until Russell Road. To its east, one can see the Canadian Museum of Science and Technology, a key tourist destination since the 1960s, at Lancaster Road. Located at the corner of Russell Road lies Elmvale Shopping Centre, a mid-sized mall, serving the Alta Vista and Pleasant Park neighbourhoods to its west. Branching to the west off Russell Road, it reverts to two lanes and runs through a residential area south of Walkley Road it enters a business park including some technology companies, it ends behind the former building of CKKL-FM radio station just west of Conroy Road. Speed limits vary throughout the road. North of Hemlock Road, the speed limit is 40 km/h with two lanes.
Between Hemlock Road and McArthur Avenue, the speed limit is 50 km/h on four lanes of traffic. From McArthur Avenue south to Tremblay Road, it increases to 60 km/h. From Tremblay Road until Smyth Road, it reaches its highest speed limit of 70 km/h. From there to its end, the limit reduces once more to 50 km/h. Montreal Road Ogilvie Road Highway 417 Tremblay Road Innes Road & Industrial Avenue Russell Road Walkley Road Conroy Road Manor Park Overbrook Pleasant Park Elmvale Alta Vista
Thomas McKay was a Canadian businessman, one of the founders of the city of Ottawa, Ontario. McKay was born in Perth and became a skilled stonemason, he emigrated to the Canadas in 1817, settled in Montreal. He became partners with John Redpath and their firm did the masonry work on the Lachine Canal near Montreal, they went on to build the locks on the lower section of the Rideau Canal, between the Rideau River and the Ottawa River at Bytown. McKay built two stone spans for the Union Bridge, the first bridge across the Ottawa River between Hull and Bytown; the Commissariat building built by McKay in 1827 during the construction of the Rideau Canal now serves as home to the Bytown Museum and is the oldest surviving stone building in the city of Ottawa. McKay was one of the few business leaders to remain in Bytown, he bought land at the intersection of the Rideau River and Ottawa River and laid out a town, which he named New Edinburgh. McKay built a gristmill on land there, he encouraged Scottish immigrants to come to the area and it became a prosperous industrial centre.
He was an Elder and Trustee of St. Andrew's congregation of the Church of Scotland, responsible for the acquisition of The Glebe lands for St Andrew's, he was a founding trustee of Queen's College. Thomas McKay became quite wealthy and in 1837 he bought 1100 acres east of the village. On the western edge of this new land he built in 1838 for himself a limestone Scottish Regency mansion which he named Rideau Hall, and, today official residence of the Governor General of Canada, he built Earnscliffe to house his daughter and son-in-law. The remainder of McKay's lands became the village of Rockcliffe Park. McKay brought the first railroad to the Ottawa area with the Prescott and Bytown Railway that had its terminus at a station near Sussex Drive just south of New Edinburgh. McKay entered politics serving on Bytown's city council, the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada from 1834 to 1841. From 1841 until his death in 1855, he served on the Legislative Council of the United Province of Canada. Thomas McKay was interred in the Beechwood Cemetery in Ottawa.
In New Edinburgh, the MacKay United Church is named in his memory. Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
Queen Street (Ottawa)
Queen Street is an east-west arterial road located in Downtown Ottawa, Canada. The street is two-way with one to two lanes going in each direction; the Confederation Line will run underneath Queen Street. The road is only 1.4 kilometres long. The road begins at the intersection of Elgin and Lawrence Freiman Lane. From eastbound on Queen Street the northbound section of Elgin appears to be a continuation of Queen. Heading west the road has two lanes in each direction; the road is surrounded by skyscrapers. From Metcalfe Street to Bay Street, the road is reduced to a single eastbound lane due to construction; the City of Ottawa is renewing the street in anticipation of the Confederation Lines' opening as well as to build the tunnels and stations for the Confederation Line. The city is expanding the pedestrian infrastructure on the street, adding wide boulevard sidewalks, priority crosswalks, additional landscaping; the construction includes shared bike lanes, upgrades to sanitary sewers and storm sewers, the addition of planters and street furniture, installation of curbs and resurfacing of the street.
The construction will be done at the same time as Confederation Line construction as two Confederation Line stations will be located on Queen Street. Queen Street is planned to become Downtown Ottawa's Showcase Street, it will have wide sidewalks, it will be pedestrian-friendly for economic opportunity. The renewal has proved controversial. While the water mains on Queen Street were being replaced in 2013, workers discovered several human bones and an historical burial site; the burial site was Ottawa's oldest Christian cemetery dating back to around 1828-1845. Archaeologists found the remains of 19 individuals, they suspect that there are around 500 people buried there; the burial site is believed to have been for workers constructing the Rideau Canal. Researchers think that it extends to Queen Street to the south, Sparks Street to the north, Elgin Street to the east, Metcalfe Street to the west. Queen Street is served by route 10 from Bay Street to Elgin Street eastbound and Elgin Street to Lyon Street westbound, route 16 from Bay Street to O'Connor Street eastbound and Elgin Street to Lyon Street westbound.
The route is served by routes 7 and 6 from Bank Street to Elgin Street. The Confederation Line will have Parliament stations of Queen Street. Notes Royal eponyms in Canada City of Ottawa renewal project
Riverside Drive (Ottawa)
Riverside Drive is a major road in Ottawa, Canada that follows along the eastern bank of the Rideau River. Its northern terminus is at the Transitway/Via Rail underpass just south of the Queensway, the road proceeds south to Limebank Road where it continues as River Road until the city limits. North of the Queensway, Riverside continues as Vanier Parkway, which travels through Vanier until Beechwood Avenue; the road's name is linked to Vanier, named for former Governor General of Canada Georges Vanier. Most of the road is a four-lane divided principal arterial, with a speed limit of 60 km/h, although the general flow is faster in many sections. Riverside is home to the Riverside Hospital, the Billings Bridge Plaza, the RA Centre, Canada Post headquarters, Public Works Canada headquarters, Canadian Labour Congress headquarters, Vincent Massey Park, Terry Fox Athletic Facility, Mooney's Bay Park. Riverside was re-aligned between Smyth Road and Industrial Avenue in 1986. Riverside once ended at Industrial, while it was Alta Vista Drive that carried traffic across the Queensway to become the Vanier Parkway.
The old alignment of Riverside Drive in Riverview continues to be known as Riverside Drive, serves a number of apartment building complexes, has a cul-de-sac at each end. Limebank Road is an arterial road in Ottawa, a southbound continuation of Riverside Drive that starts at River Road, continues south through Riverside South and to Mitch Owens Rd, it continues southbound through West Greely as Dozois Road. On Vanier Parkway Beechwood Avenue / St. Patrick Street Montreal RoadOn Riverside Drive The Queensway / Highway 417, exit 117 Industrial Avenue / Bus Access to Hurdman Transit Station Smyth Road / Main Street Bank Street Bronson Avenue Heron Road Walkley Road Hunt Club RoadOn River Road Limebank Road Leitrim Road Earl Armstrong Road Mitch Owens Road Riverview Alta Vista Billings Bridge Uplands/South KeysRiver Road Riverside South Manotick Edgewater ParkVanier Parkway Vanier Overbrook Riverside Drive/River Road/Limebank Road project Google Maps: Riverside Drive routing
Ontario Highway 416
King's Highway 416 referred to as Highway 416 and as the Veterans Memorial Highway, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that connects the Trans-Canada Highway in Ottawa with Highway 401 between Brockville and Cornwall. The 76.4-kilometre-long freeway acts as an important trade corridor from Interstate 81 between New York and Eastern Ontario via Highway 401, as well as the fastest link between Ottawa and Toronto. Highway 416 passes through a rural area, except near its northern terminus where it enters the suburbs of Ottawa; the freeway serves several communities along its length, notably Spencerville and Kemptville. Highway 416 had two distinct construction phases. Highway 416 "North" was the 21-kilometre segment starting from an interchange at Highway 417 and bypassing the original route of Highway 16 into Ottawa along a new right-of-way. Highway 416 "South" was the twinning of 57 kilometres of Highway 16 New—a two-lane expressway constructed throughout the 1970s and finished in 1983 that bypassed the original highway—and the construction of a new interchange with Highway 401.
Sections of both opened throughout the late 1990s. Highway 416 was commemorated as the Veterans Memorial Highway on the 54th anniversary of D-Day in 1998; the final link was opened by a World War I veteran and local officials on September 23, 1999. Highway 416 begins at an interchange with Highway 401, branching to the north near the community of Johnstown in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville; this interchange only provides access to and from the west of Highway 401, but north of it, a second interchange with the remaining section of Highway 16 provides access from Johnstown and to a parclo interchange with both directions of Highway 401, as well as to the Ogdensburg-Prescott International Bridge crossing to Ogdensburg, New York. Proceeding north, the two carriageways of the freeway are separated by a 68-metre-wide forested median; the route is surrounded by thick forests for the next 10 kilometres. As it passes beneath Leeds and Grenville County Road 44, the original routing of Highway 16 south of Spencerville, it exits the forest and enters farm fields.
The route travels to the east of the community, access to, provided by an interchange at County Road 21, crosses a swamp and the South Nation River. Highway 416 crosses under the Prescott Highway a second time. South of the community of Kemptville, the Prescott Highway crosses the route a third time, with an interchange connecting the two highways; the freeway curves to the northeast, bypassing Kemptville and featuring an interchange with County Road 43. It crosses the line of the old Bytown and Prescott Railway curves to the northwest, providing an interchange with River Road. At the southeast corner of the River Road interchange is the Veterans Commemorative Park, dedicated in 2000 by the Royal Canadian Legion, it enters the City of Ottawa. Aside from the first couple of kilometres north of the Rideau River, the majority of the freeway cuts through swaths of farmland which fill the Ottawa Valley; the median becomes narrower. The freeway encounters an interchange with Dilworth Road and thereafter with Roger Stevens Drive, the latter providing access to North Gower.
Continuing north of Manotick through fields, Highway 416 is crossed by the Prescott Highway for the fourth and final time as that road turns northeast and travels into downtown Ottawa as Prince of Wales Drive. Shortly thereafter is an interchange with Brophy Drive / Bankfield Road. Approaching urban Ottawa, the route passes alongside a large quarry jogs to the west along an S-curve, crossing the Jock River in the process. After this, an interchange with Fallowfield Road provides access to the suburb of Barrhaven which occupies portions of the land east of the freeway; the route jogs back to the east along a second S-curve and passes through an aesthetically designed bridge while traveling alongside the Stony Swamp. The final section of Highway 416 travels parallel to Cedarview Road, relocated for the freeway; the Stony Swamp lies west of the route. At the northern end of the swamp is an interchange with West Hunt Club Road; the freeway continues through a section of greenspace before descending into a trench.
It passes beneath Bruin Road and the Ottawa Central Railway while traveling alongside Lynwood Village in Bells Corners. The highway is crossed by Richmond Road; the freeway ends at a large interchange with the Trans-Canada Highway, Highway 417, just south of the Lakeview and Bayshore communities on the Ottawa River. The Stony Swamp overpass at the southern entrance to Ottawa is a pre-tensioned concrete arch; the bridge acts as a gateway to the National Capital Region and is the longest rigid frame bridge in Ontario with a 59-metre-long span. In the same vicinity, the freeway sinks below ground level in a trench. At the Jock River, southwest of Barrhaven, deposits of sensitive leda clay presented a challenge in designing the crossing for the fr