Rangers Football Club are a football club in Glasgow, who play in the Scottish Premiership, the first tier of the Scottish Professional Football League. Their home ground, Ibrox Stadium, is in the south-west of the city in the Govan district. Although not part of the official name, the club is referred to as Glasgow Rangers. Rangers have won more league titles and trebles than any other club in the world, winning the league title 54 times, the Scottish Cup 33 times and the Scottish League Cup 27 times, achieving the treble of all three in the same season seven times. Rangers won the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1972 after being losing finalists twice, in 1961 and 1967. A third runners-up finish in Europe came in the UEFA Cup in 2008. Rangers have a long-standing rivalry with Celtic, the two Glasgow clubs being collectively known as the Old Firm, considered one of the world's biggest football derbies. Founded in February 1872, Rangers were one of the 11 original members of the Scottish Football League and remained in the top division continuously until the liquidation of The Rangers Football Club PLC at the end of the 2011–12 season.
With a new corporate identity, the club gained admittance to the fourth tier of Scottish league football in time for the start of the following season. Rangers secured promotion back to the Premiership for the start of the 2016–17 season having won three promotions in four years. Rangers were formed by four founders – brothers Moses McNeil and Peter McNeil, Peter Campbell and William McBeath – who met at West End Park in February 1872. Rangers' first match, in May that year, was a goalless friendly draw with Callander on Glasgow Green. David Hill was a founder member. In 1873, the club held staff were elected. By 1876 Rangers had its first international player, with Moses McNeil representing Scotland in a match against Wales. In 1877 Rangers reached the Scottish Cup final. Rangers won the Glasgow Merchants' Charity Cup the following year against Vale of Leven 2–1, their first major cup; the first-ever Old Firm match took place in 1888, the year of Celtic's establishment. Rangers lost 5–2 in a friendly to a team composed of guest players from Hibernian.
The 1890–91 season saw the inception of the Scottish Football League, Rangers, by playing at the first Ibrox Stadium, were one of ten original members. The club's first-ever league match, on 16 August 1890, resulted in a 5–2 victory over Heart of Midlothian. After finishing joint-top with Dumbarton, a play-off held at Cathkin Park finished 2–2 and the title was shared for the only time in its history. Rangers' first-ever Scottish Cup win came in 1894 after a 3–1 final victory over rivals Celtic. By the start of the 20th century, Rangers had won three Scottish Cups. During William Wilton's time as match secretary and team manager, Rangers won 10 league titles. Taking over as manager after William Wilton's tragic death in 1920, Bill Struth was Rangers' most successful manager, guiding the club to 14 league titles before the onset of the Second World War. On 2 January 1939 a British league attendance record was broken as 118,567 fans turned out to watch Rangers beat Celtic in the traditional New Year's Day Old Firm match.
Leading the club for 34 years until 1954, Struth won more trophies than any manager in Scottish Football history, amassing 18 league championships, 10 Scottish Cups, two League Cups, seven war-time championships, 19 Glasgow Cups, 17 Glasgow Merchant Charity Cups and other war-time honours. During the wartime regional league setup, Rangers achieved their highest score against old firm rivals Celtic with an 8–1 win in the Southern Football League. Scot Symon continued Struth's success, winning six league championships, five Scottish Cups and four League Cups, becoming the second manager to win the domestic treble in 1963–64 season, the era of'Slim' Jim Baxter, one of the club's greatest players. Rangers lost by their biggest Old Firm margin of 7–1. Rangers reached the semi-finals of the European Cup in 1960, losing to German club Eintracht Frankfurt by a record aggregate 12–4 for a Scottish team. In 1961 Rangers became the first British team to reach a European final when they contested the Cup Winners' Cup final against Italian side Fiorentina, only to lose 4–1 on aggregate.
Rangers lost again in the final of the same competition in 1967, by a single goal after extra time to Bayern Munich. The Ibrox disaster occurred on 2 January 1971 when large-scale crushing on a stairway exit at the culmination of an Old Firm game claimed 66 lives. An enquiry concluded that the crush was to have happened 10 minutes after the final whistle and to have been triggered by someone falling on the stairs. A benefit match to raise funds for the victims' families took place after the disaster, a joint Rangers and Celtic team playing a Scotland XI at Hampden, watched by 81,405 fans. In 1972, Rangers emerged from the tragedy of the previous year to achieve success on the European stage. A Colin Stein goal and a Willie Johnston double helped secure a 3–2 victory over Dynamo Moscow at the Nou Camp, Barcelona, to lift the European Cup Winners' Cup. Captain John Greig received the trophy in a small room within the Nou Camp following pitch invasions by Rangers fans reacting to the heavy handed tactics of the Spanish police, the majority of whom had been brought in from outwith Catalonia.
Rangers were banned from Europe for two years for the behaviour of their fans reduced on appeal to one year. The following season saw the club compete in the first European Super Cup, although the Europea
Glasgow is a city in Chariton and Howard counties in the U. S. state of Missouri. The population was 1,103 at the 2010 census; the Howard County portion of Glasgow is part of the Columbia, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. Glasgow was laid out and platted in 1836 from land acquired from former Missouri State Treasurer James Earickson The city was named for James Glasgow, a local merchant. A post office called Glasgow has been in operation since 1837; the Battle of Glasgow was fought on October 15, 1864, in and near Glasgow as part of Price's Missouri Expedition during the American Civil War. Although the battle resulted in a Confederate victory and the capture of significant war material, it had little long-term benefit as Price was defeated at Westport a week bringing his campaign in Missouri to an end. There is a historical record of extrajudicial violence. On January 20, 1891, an African American man, Olli Truxton, was killed by a white lynch mob in Glasgow. On August 3, 1891, an African American man, Harrison Mickey, was killed by a black lynch mob in Glasgow.
The Campbell Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church, Glasgow Commercial Historic District, Glasgow Presbyterian Church, Glasgow Public Library, Inglewood are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.42 square miles, of which 1.30 square miles is land and 0.12 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,103 people, 458 households, 277 families residing in the city; the population density was 848.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 533 housing units at an average density of 410.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.8% White, 7.9% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population. There were 458 households of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 39.5% were non-families.
35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age in the city was 41.9 years. 25.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,263 people, 495 households, 317 families residing in the city; the population density was 946.1 people per square mile. There were 562 housing units at an average density of 421.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.87% White, 8.47% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.63% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population. There were 495 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families.
33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.14. In the city the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,242, the median income for a family was $36,806. Males had a median income of $24,188 versus $17,130 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,544. About 7.1% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over. Glasgow is mentioned in the novel Boone's Lick by Larry McMurtry; the Cecil family stops journeys from Boone's Lick by wagon to meet a flatboat at Glasgow that will take them upriver.
John Wesley Donaldson, born in Glasgow, was an American baseball pitcher, whose career spanned over 30 years and included many different Negro league baseball teams. Harry H. Vaughan, military aide to Harry S Truman City of Glasgow Historic maps of Glasgow in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri
Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies", it is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language, noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city. Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Scotland, tenth largest by tonnage in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, the establishment of the University of Glasgow in the fifteenth century, it became a major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. From the eighteenth century onwards, the city grew as one of Great Britain's main hubs of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies.
With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of chemicals and engineering. Glasgow was the "Second City of the British Empire" for much of the Victorian era and Edwardian period, although many cities argue the title was theirs. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Glasgow's population grew reaching a peak of 1,127,825 people in 1938. Comprehensive urban renewal projects in the 1960s, resulting in large-scale relocation of people to designated new towns; the wider metropolitan area is home to over 1,800,000 people, equating to around 33% of Scotland's population. The city has one of the highest densities of any locality in Scotland at 4,023/km2. Glasgow hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games and the first European Championships in 2018; the origin of the name'Glasgow' is disputed. It is common to derive the toponym from the older Cumbric glas cau or a Middle Gaelic cognate, which would have meant green basin or green valley.
The settlement had an earlier Cumbric name, Cathures. It is recorded that the King of Strathclyde, Rhydderch Hael, welcomed Saint Kentigern, procured his consecration as bishop about 540. For some thirteen years Kentigern laboured in the region, building his church at the Molendinar Burn where Glasgow Cathedral now stands, making many converts. A large community became known as Glasgu; the area around Glasgow has hosted communities for millennia, with the River Clyde providing a natural location for fishing. The Romans built outposts in the area and, to keep Roman Britannia separate from the Celtic and Pictish Caledonia, constructed the Antonine Wall. Items from the wall like altars from Roman forts like Balmuildy can be found at the Hunterian Museum today. Glasgow itself was reputed to have been founded by the Christian missionary Saint Mungo in the 6th century, he established a church on the Molendinar Burn, where the present Glasgow Cathedral stands, in the following years Glasgow became a religious centre.
Glasgow grew over the following centuries. The Glasgow Fair began in the year 1190; the first bridge over the River Clyde at Glasgow was recorded from around 1285, giving its name to the Briggait area of the city, forming the main North-South route over the river via Glasgow Cross. The founding of the University of Glasgow in 1451 and elevation of the bishopric to become the Archdiocese of Glasgow in 1492 increased the town's religious and educational status and landed wealth, its early trade was in agriculture and fishing, with cured salmon and herring being exported to Europe and the Mediterranean. Following the European Protestant Reformation and with the encouragement of the Convention of Royal Burghs, the 14 incorporated trade crafts federated as the Trades House in 1605 to match the power and influence in the town council of the earlier Merchants' Guilds who established their Merchants House in the same year. Glasgow was subsequently raised to the status of Royal Burgh in 1611. Glasgow's substantial fortunes came from international trade and invention, starting in the 17th century with sugar, followed by tobacco, cotton and linen, products of the Atlantic triangular slave trade.
Daniel Defoe visited the city in the early 18th century and famously opined in his book A tour thro' the whole island of Great Britain, that Glasgow was "the cleanest and beautifullest, best built city in Britain, London excepted". At that time the city's population was about 12,000, the city was yet to undergo the massive expansionary changes to its economy and urban fabric, brought about by the Scottish Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution. After the Acts of Union in 1707, Scotland gained further access to the vast markets of the new British Empire, Glasgow became p
The Glasgow Subway is an underground rapid transit line in Glasgow, Scotland. Opened on 14 December 1896, it is the third-oldest underground metro system in the world after the London Underground and the Budapest Metro, it is one of the few railways in the world with a track running gauge of 4 ft. Formerly a cable railway, the Subway was electrified, but its twin circular lines were never expanded; the line was known as the Glasgow District Subway, but was renamed Glasgow Subway Railway. It was so called when taken over by the Glasgow Corporation who renamed it the Glasgow Underground in 1936. Despite this rebranding, many Glaswegians continued to refer to the network as "the Subway". In 2003 the name "Subway" was readopted by its operator, the Strathclyde Partnership for Transport. A £40,000 study examining the feasibility of an expansion into the city's south side was conducted in 2005 while a further commitment from Labour in 2007 to extend to the East End was to no avail; the system is not the oldest underground railway in Glasgow: that distinction belongs to a 3.1 mi section of the Glasgow City and District Railway opened in 1863, now part of the North Clyde Line of the suburban railway network, which runs in a sub-surface tunnel under the city centre between High Street and west of Charing Cross.
Another major section of underground suburban railway line in Glasgow is the Argyle Line, part of the Glasgow Central Railway. The Subway runs from 06:30 to 23:40 Monday to 10:00 to 18:12 on Sunday; the route is a loop 6.5 miles long and extends both north and south of the River Clyde. The tracks have the unusual narrow gauge of 4 ft, a nominal tunnel diameter of 11 feet smaller than that of the deep-level lines of the London Underground; the system is described as two lines, the Outer Circle and Inner Circle, but this refers to the double track, having trains running clockwise and anticlockwise around the same route although in separate tunnels. Stations use a variety of platform layouts including single island platforms, opposing side platforms and in some stations such as Hillhead one side and one island platform; the subway's running lines are underground, but the maintenance depot at Broomloan Road is above ground, as was the earlier depot at Govan. Prior to modernisation, trains used to be hoisted by crane off the tracks.
Modernisation brought the installation of points and a ramp between Govan and Ibrox where trains can exit the tunnel system to terminate for engineering, cleaning or storage. The system is owned and operated by the Strathclyde Partnership for Transport Strathclyde Passenger Transport, carried 13.16 million passengers in the period 2005–06. The Subway has been policed by British Transport Police since 2007; the Glasgow District Subway Company began construction of the underground in 1891 and opened on 14 December 1896, the subway was powered by a clutch-and-cable system, with one cable for each direction. The Assistant Engineer for the project was William Tait; the cable was driven from a steam-powered plant between West Shields Road stations. There was no additional cable to allow trains to reach the depot; this meant that the two tracks could be separate, with no points anywhere. The company's headquarters were in the upper rooms at St Enoch subway station; when the Subway first opened, single-carriage four axle trains were operated.
Late in the evening on the opening day, after 11 pm, one car laden with 60 passengers was run into by another under the River Clyde. Four people were injured, one being taken to the infirmary; this entailed the closure of the Subway until 19 January 1897. The 20 original wooden bodied carriages were built by the Oldbury Railway Carriage and Wagon Company, of Oldbury, Worcestershire. Many continued in service until 1977 in an upgraded form. A further 10 were delivered by the same manufacturer in 1897. From 1898, second four axle carriages without a cable gripper mechanism were added, though they were shorter than the front carriage; these additional carriages numbering 30, were built by Hurst Nelson & Company, Lanarkshire. These carriages were soon expanded to match the length of the front carriages, although carriage 41T has been restored to its original length and cut longitudinally and number 39T is preserved in the Riverside Museum. Most of the gripper carriages were subsequently converted to electric traction in 1935.
All carriages were built with lattice gates at the ends. All 15 stations were built with island platforms; the trains were thus built with doors on one side only. Power for the electric lighting in the trains was supplied by two parallel wall-mounted rails at window level on the non-platform side of the trains; the trains remained cable-hauled until 1935, though the anachronistic way of supplying power for the lighting continued until 1977. The lighting circuit was part of the operation of the signalling system. Opening times of the Gla
His Highness' Ship Glasgow was a royal yacht belonging to the Sultan of Zanzibar. She was built in the style of the British frigate HMS Glasgow which had visited the Sultan in 1873. Glasgow cost the Sultan £32,735 and contained several luxury features but failed to impress the Sultan and she lay at anchor in harbour at Zanzibar Town for much of her career; the vessel was brought out of semi-retirement on 25 August 1896 when she participated in the Anglo-Zanzibar War and was soon sunk by a flotilla of British warships. Glasgow's wreck remained in the harbour, her three masts and funnel projecting from the water, until 1912 when she was broken up for scrap. Glasgow was built in 1878 as a replacement for Sultan Bargash's fleet, lost in a hurricane in 1872. Glasgow was based upon the British Royal Navy screw frigate HMS Glasgow which had impressed the Sultan during a visit to Zanzibar in 1873. Bargash consulted with Sir William Mackinnon, the founder of the British-India Steam Navigation Company, who recommended the firm of William Denny and Brothers as shipbuilders.
On 17 April 1877 Denny wrote to the Bargash's agents promising to build "a vessel in every way a handsome and substantial piece of work" and on 14 May 1877 the ship was laid down. The vessel was constructed with an iron frame covered with teak planks and a keel made from rock elm, the hull was sheathed with Muntz metal below the waterline. Glasgow was equipped with a steam propulsion system with a lifting propeller; the vessel was launched on 2 March 1878. Glasgow was well fitted out for its role as a royal yacht and contained two state rooms, a dining saloon, a bathroom and a water closet for use by the Sultan. In all, the vessel cost £32,735 and was fitted out with seven-rifled, muzzle-loading nine-pounder cannon and a nine-barrelled Gatling gun, courtesy of Queen Victoria, it set sail for Zanzibar from Portsmouth on 17 April 1878 under the command of Captain Hand of the Royal Navy. Upon arrival in Zanzibar Town, the Sultan inspected his new purchase and was rumoured to be unimpressed, Glasgow being rather less imposing than its namesake, the British frigate.
The ship lay at anchor in harbour through the rest of the Sultan's reign and that of his three successors until 1896. On 25 August 1896 a new Sultan, ascended to the sultancy without first consulting the British authorities, as required by treaty; this sparked the Anglo-Zanzibar War. On 27 August the now obsolete Glasgow, the sole vessel of the Zanzibar Navy, fired upon a flotilla of five British ships, led by the cruiser HMS St George with its 9.2-inch guns. In return Glasgow began sinking, her crew hoisted the British flag as a token of surrender and all were rescued by British sailors in launches. The ship sank at 10:45 am that day, settling on the harbour bed with just its masts and funnel projecting from the water. Glasgow remained there until an unstable mast prompted the harbour master and the Zanzibar government to consider raising her. In 1912, a salvage company was awarded a £2,500 contract and she was broken up with explosive charges over a period of six months; the debris was disposed of at sea, her boiler and several cannon being sold for scrap.
Several sections of iron frames remain intact on the harbour bed together with teak planks, sheets of Muntz metal, iron ballast blocks and the remains of the steam engine and propeller shaft. The site is visited by sports divers. Hernon, Britain's Forgotten Wars, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing, ISBN 0-7509-3162-0. Patience, Kevin and the Shortest War in History, Bahrain: Kevin Patience
Glasgow is a borough in Beaver County, United States, along the Ohio River. The population was 60 at the 2010 census; the borough was named in Scotland. Glasgow is located at 40°38′42″N 80°30′31″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.1 square miles, of which, 0.1 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. The town is referred to as Smith's Ferry by locals because a ferry used to connect the town with Georgetown on the other side of the Ohio River. Glasgow has only one land border with Ohioville to the north and west. Across the Ohio River to the south, Glasgow runs adjacent with Greene Georgetown; as of the census of 2000, there were 63 people, 27 households, 17 families residing in the borough. The population density was 778.4 people per square mile. There were 28 housing units at an average density of 345.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 98.41% White, 1.59% from two or more races. There were 27 households, out of which 18.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.0% were non-families.
25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 18.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.88. In the borough the population was spread out, with 14.3% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 14.3% from 45 to 64, 30.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 117.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.7 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $33,500, the median income for a family was $36,250. Males had a median income of $26,563 versus $15,625 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $17,989. There were 12.5% of families and 12.7% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 7.7% of those over 64. List of cities and towns along the Ohio River
Glasgow is a town in Rockbridge County, United States, at the confluence of the James and Maury Rivers. The population was 1,046 at the 2000 census. Glasgow has had issues with flooding, notably during Hurricane Camille in 1969; as a result of flooding concerns, the Balcony Falls Dam was removed in 1973. Glasgow is located at 37°37′59″N 79°27′06″W. Glasgow is about 6 miles east of the community of Natural Bridge, the site of the historic land bridge of the same name. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.5 square miles, all of it land. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Glasgow has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,046 people, 450 households, 296 families residing in the town. The population density was 691.9 people per square mile. There were 494 housing units at an average density of 326.7 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 80.50% White, 16.16% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 2.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population. There were 450 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.2% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.87. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $28,819, the median income for a family was $37,292.
Males had a median income of $28,235 versus $21,422 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,093. About 8.9% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over