click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Governor of Duncannon Fort

The Governor of Duncannon Fort was a military officer who commanded the garrison at Duncannon in County Wexford. In years the post became a sinecure and was abolished on the death of the last holder in 1835. Sir Cary Reynolds Sir John Brockett Sir John Dowdall 1604–1606: Sir Josias Bodley 1606–1646: Laurence Esmonde, 1st Baron Esmonde Thomas Roche 1649–1650: Edward Wogan 1650–1654: Maj. Overstreet 1654–1659: Capt. Betts 1659–: Col. Simon Rugeley 1690–1698: Sir James Jefferyes 1698–1711: Toby Purcell 1711–1728: Robert Stearne 1728–1735: Philip Honywood 1735–1740: Charles Cathcart, 8th Lord Cathcart 1741–1751: Gervais Parker 1751–1767: John Leslie, 10th Earl of Rothes 1768–1782: Lord Robert Bertie 1782–1795: James Johnston 1795–1802: Sir Robert Sloper 1802–1814: Ralph Dundas 1814–1835: Sir John Hamilton Siege of Duncannon

China National Nuclear Corporation

The China National Nuclear Corporation is a state-owned entity founded in 1955 in Beijing. CNNC's president and vice-president are appointed by the Premier of the State Council; however the CNNC is a self-supporting economic corporation, not a government administrative body. It oversees all aspects of China's military nuclear programs. According to its own mission statement, it "is a main part of the national nuclear technology industry and a leading element of national strategic nuclear forces and nuclear energy development." CNNC is a nationwide industrial conglomerate integrating science, technology and international trade. The Ministry of Nuclear Industry built hydrogen bomb and nuclear submarine, it functioned as a government bureau for the national nuclear industry and reported directly to the State Council. It oversaw China's nuclear-related corporations, institutions, research institutes, plants, including those related to nuclear weapons, it was responsible for the operation of nuclear power plants.

In 1988 the Ministry of Nuclear Industry was re-organised and became the CNNC. The corporatization was carried out to gain funds from outside of the government via exports. In the mid 1990s, CNNC managed 200 organisations. Kang Rixin, a senior general manager is being investigated for $260 million, earmarked for the construction of three nuclear plants and used the funds for the stock market sustaining heavy losses, he is accused of accepting bribes from a foreign company that intended to build nuclear power stations in China. As of 2014 CNNC has 110 subsidiaries, it has 4 nuclear power plants with 9 reactors in operation with a generation capacity of 6.5 GWe, with a further 12 reactors under construction. In June 2015, CNNC announced it would aim to raise 13.19 billion Chinese yuan in an initial public offering, that if successful, would be the largest in China in four years previously. In September, CNNC announced a project with the UK's National Nuclear Laboratory to create the Joint Research and Innovation Centre.

The centre will investigate aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle. The UK and China will jointly fund the project over five years at the cost of £50 million; as of 2017, CNNC was developing a 400 MWth heat-only reactor for district heating. In 2018, CNNC took over nuclear power plant builder China Nuclear Construction Corp.. The CNP-300 pressurized water reactor was the first reactor design developed domestically in China; the first unit began operation at Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant in 1991. A larger version of the reactor, the CNP-600, was installed at Changjiang Nuclear Power Plant, with two units operational from 2015 and 2016, respectively. A three loop, 1000-MW version of the CNP reactor, the CNP-1000, was under development since the 1990s, but the effort has since shifted towards the development of the more advanced generation-III ACP-1000. Since 2011 CNNC has been progressively merging its ACP-1000 nuclear power station design with the China General Nuclear Power Group ACPR-1000 design, while allowing some differences, under direction of the Chinese nuclear regulator.

Both are three-loop designs based on the same French design, but now have different nuclear cores. The first two ACP1000 units will be built at Fuqing Nuclear Power Plant. In early 2014 it was announced that the merged design was moving from preliminary design to detailed design. Power output will be 1150 MWe, with a 60-year design life, would use a combination of passive and active safety systems with a double containment; the merged design was to be called the ACC-1000, but it was named Hualong One. In August 2014 the Chinese nuclear regulator review panel classified the design as a Generation III reactor design, with independently owned intellectual property rights; the first units to be constructed will be Fuqing 5 and 6, Fangjiashan 3 and 4, a build has been proposed in Argentina. In September 2016 it was announced that SNC-Lavalin has signed an agreement in principle with CNNC and the Shanghai Electric Group to design and build the advanced CANDU reactor, its ability to use reprocessed uranium will reduce China's stock of spent nuclear fuel.

CNNC has developed a pool-type light-water reactor for district heating, called the DHR-400. It operates at low air pressure. So is easy to operate and decommission. Building cost is 1.5 billion yuan, taking three years to build. It is well suited for the existing centralised heating systems of northern Chinese cities often coal fueled. In February 2019, China's State Power Investment Corporation signed a cooperation agreement with the Baishan municipal government in Jilin province for the Baishan Nuclear Energy Heating Demonstration Project, which would use a DHR-400. In July 2019 CNNC announced it would start building a demonstration ACP100 small modular reactor on the north-west side of the existing Changjiang Nuclear Power Plant by the end of the year. Design of the ACP100 started in 2010, it is a integrated reactor module with an internal coolant system, with a 2 year refueling interval, producing 385 MWt and about 125 MWe. China Atomic Energy Authority Nuclear power in China China Nuclear International Uranium Corporation China General Nuclear Power Group CNNC International Limited The Impact of Government Restructuring on Chinese Nuclear Arms Contro

The Jack Pine

The Jack Pine is a well-known oil painting by Canadian artist Tom Thomson. A representation of the most broadly distributed pine species in Canada, it is considered an iconic image of the country's landscape, is one of the country's most recognized and reproduced artworks; the painting was completed in 1917, the year of Thomson's death. It is a square canvas that measures 127.9 × 139.8 cm. It has been in the collection of the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa since 1918. Beginning in 1913, Thomson annually stayed in Algonquin Park from the spring until the autumn working as a guide while fishing and painting for his own pleasure. In 1916, he worked in the Park as a fire ranger, it was there, on Grand Lake with the hills near Carcajou Bay in the background, that Thomson made the oil sketch in 1916 that he would use for the final painting in 1917. There are numerous other paintings by Thomson with compositions similar to that of The Jack Pine: in fact, the majority of Thomson's canvasses depict the far side of a shore.

These include his first. The painting depicts a jack pine as a decorative and abstracted pattern, its shapes boldly simplified against the sunset; this stylization demonstrates Thomson's command of decorative effects, developed during his years as a graphic designer, with the strong colour and value contrasts, creates the picture's symbolic resonance. The pine, its branches bowed and placed to the right of centre, extends nearly the full length of the canvas, is cropped at the top, it rises from a rocky foreground. It is silhouetted with the canvas bisected by the far shore; the final canvas differs markedly from Thomson's spring 1916 sketch. He made; the weather had been stormy when Thomson made the sketch and the dark, rolling clouds were echoed in the heavy, swirling brushwork of the sky and the slate grey lake. In the final painting, Thomson has swapped the storm clouds for a clear twilight sky; the sky and lake are now stylized, painted in long horizontal brushstrokes that show, along with its nearly square format, the influence of Thomson's colleague Lawren Harris.

Thomson began with a vermilion red undertone, which he chose to avoid mixing the complementary colours red and green. The red was allowed to show through in parts of the tree, foreground landscape, hills, making the colour " to vibrate", yet the focal point of the painting is not in the foreground, but at the distant shore—the patch of snow just below the centre of the canvas. Dennis Reid, who wrote a booklet on the painting for the National Gallery, points out an circular shape made by the foreground elements that encompass the focal point; the circle is formed from the large curving branches of the tree, the sloping left foreground, the smaller tree at right. Reid writes that this near-circle "exists in space more like a ball, as we peer through that ball to the opposite shore, for an instant we're inside our eye."Thomson's background in design lent his composition an Art-Nouveau sensibility. One reviewer notes the effect in it and The West Wind: " two best-known canvases... are Art Nouveau designs in the flat, the principal motif in each case being a tree drawn in great sinuous curves...

Such pictures, however, saved from complete stylization by the use of uncompromisingly native subject-matter and of Canadian colours, the glowing colours of autumn."According to A. Y. Jackson, Thomson was dissatisfied with the canvas the background and sky. Tom Thomson had little to say about his painting in general; the Jack Pine, a stylized landscape with few elements – painted by a man who died the year he painted it, a man who would become an icon in his country — has encouraged various readings of Thomson's artistic motivations. Dennis Reid observes the limitations of received views of such popular artworks: "The Jack Pine, is, after all, like all successful works of art a living thing that grows or declines, unfolds or closes up, according to the nature and the quality of the attention it receives. In that sense, there are as many meanings as there are viewers."Blodwen Davies was the first biographer of Thomson, a Theosophist. Emphasizing the "spirit" of the painting, she wrote in 1935, "the spirit of the canvas leaps out to meet the spectator in a way no reproduction can convey.

There is no fumbling, no hesitancy here... brush was sure. Laden with paint it swept over the canvas in broad, exultant strokes in which the spirit of Tom Thomson still speaks aloud." Another Theosophist, Fred Housser, described the painting in 1926 as "a devotional meditative study. A single tree stands spreading the tracery of its limbs and branches like the pulsating veins of Mother Nature... could believe that this tree was to the nature-worshipper Thomson what the symbol of the cross was to a mediaeval mystic."Thomson was an important influence on the Group of Seven, with members such as Lawren Harris advocating his work. In a review of the Art Gallery of Toronto's Inaugural Exhibition of 1926, Harris dismissed much of the American art shown there, writing that most of it "represented the average of the academies... no one of these canvasses approaches Thomson's The West Wind or Jack Pine in devotion and greatness of spirit." Those two paintings, "contain the lasting qualities of the best old masters.

The devotional mood of The Jack Pine is the same as in Giovanni Bellini's Mado

Wake Up Sid

Wake Up Sid is a 2009 Indian Hindi-language coming-of-age drama film written and directed by Ayan Mukerji and produced by Karan Johar's Dharma Productions, the film was distributed by UTV Motion Pictures, with visual effects contributed by the Prime Focus Group. The film takes place in contemporary Mumbai and tells the story of spoiled, rich-kid Sid Mehra, a college student, taught the value of owning up to responsibility by Aisha, an aspiring writer from Kolkata, it was a commercial success. Both Kapoor and Sharma won rave reviews for their performances, Kapoor received awards and nominations for his acting. Sidharth "Sid" Mehra is a gifted and intelligent, yet lazy, carefree college student in his early twenties living in Mumbai, he hates school and he can't bother to study and try to understand the concept of his courses. His imagination and talent for art are disregarded and ignored. Depicted as a spoiled slacker, Sid shows little concern for his plans after college, just studying for tests the night before and having no interest in working.

His father, Ram Mehra is a wealthy tycoon who wants his son Sid to excel while his mother Sarita is a housewife frustrated by Sid's incompetence yet puts up with behaviour, ending up pampering him. At the farewell party after the final exams, he meets Aisha, an aspiring writer moved away from her hometown of Calcutta, who happens to be one of his college mate's roommate, they decide to strike a chord instantly. With the help of Sid, along with his friends Rishi and Laxmi, Aisha finds a small apartment overlooking the city skyline, she lands a job at Mumbai Beat, a hip magazine run by editor-in-chief Kabir, to whom Aisha is attracted. Soon afterward, Sid learns that he has failed the final exams, being the only one among his friends to have not cleared the exams. Sid displaces his frustration onto Rishi and gets into a heated argument with his parents, ending with him hastily moving out. Aisha allows Sid to temporarily stay at her apartment but finds him disorganized and careless with her home.

One night, Aisha yells at Sid for his inability to look after himself. The next morning, Sid confides in Aisha that he now realizes his constant dependence on his father's wealth, a realization that persuades him to seek work. Aisha helps him land a job as a photography intern – photography has been an interest of his since childhood – at Mumbai Beat; the internship motivates Sid to be more responsible and productive. He helps out with an internal change visible to all around him, he reconciles with Rishi. Sid gets hired full-time at Mumbai Beat and receives his first paycheck, he goes to visit his father to show him the paycheque and he nostalgically asks Sid to return home. In the meantime and Kabir start dating, but she realizes that, despite her initial attraction to him, they have little in common. Aisha dislikes Sid's closeness with the designing intern Tanya; this leads Aisha to develop feelings for Sid, on the day he packs his belongings to move back in with his family, she is furious to hear that he is leaving.

Confused and hurt, unaware that Aisha has fallen in love with him, Sid makes his departure. Back at home, Sid keeps thinking about Aisha, he discovers. Sid wears her shirt and reminisces about her while Aisha at her home speaks to her parents as she feels lonely after Sid's departure; the next morning, Sid receives the latest issue of Mumbai Beat. He reads Aisha's column, an article describing her adjustment to life in Mumbai and her love for an unnamed person. Realizing that the article is about her feelings for him, Sid rushes through rainy weather to meet her at the seafront where they walked the day they met. Sid expresses his love for the two embrace. Ranbir Kapoor as Siddharth "Sid" Mehra Konkona Sen Sharma as Aisha Banerjee Rahul Khanna as Kabir Chaudhary Anupam Kher as Ram Mehra Shikha Talsania as Laxmi Supriya Pathak as Sarita Mehra Namit Das as Rishi Kashmira Shah as Sonia Rahul Pendalkar as Sanju Shruti Bapna as Debbie Kainaz Motivala as Tanya Lathia Atisha Naik as Aisha's neighbour Wake Up Sid opened well in India and overseas markets.

Its opening weekend gross was ₹ 215 million of. It was number one in the box office during its first and second weeks, number four during its third week, number three during its fourth week. In the United Kingdom, the film collected US$165,934, while in the US, the collections were US$717,977. By its fourth week, it grossed $348,351 in the United Kingdom. Do Knot Disturb released during the same time, but Wake Up Sid got a larger portion of the audience. Wake Up Sid was well received by a number of critics. Subhash K. Jha gave Wake Up Sid a rave review stating that it is, "a triumph on many levels Ayan Mukherjee takes the age-old dramatic conflicts of our commercial cinema into understated corridors." Rajeev Masand of CNN-IBN gave the film three out of five stars, stating that Wake Up Sid "has its heart in the right place and marks the breakout of a bright, shining star who has come into his own so early in his acting career. Watch it, be awestruck by Ranbir." Taran Adarsh of Bollywood Hungama gave the film four out of five stars as well as a "thumbs up" stating that it is "strongly recomm

Steam Whistle Brewing

Steam Whistle Brewing is an independent brewery in Toronto, Canada. It was founded in 2000 by three former employees of Upper Canada Brewing Company after that company was bought out; the company produces a pilsner lager, launched a pale ale in 2019. The brewery occupies Bays 1–14 in the John Street Roundhouse building at Roundhouse Park. Built in 1929, it was the home of a Canadian Pacific Railway steam locomotive repair facility and operated as such until May 13, 1988; the John Street Roundhouse is designated a National Historic Site and is owned by the City of Toronto. The company operates the annual Steam Whistle's Roundhouse Winter Craft Beer Festival. Steam Whistle has won several awards, including Canada's Best Managed Companies. In 2004, Steam Whistle Pilsner was voted best beer in the Greater Toronto Area at the Golden Tap Awards. Awards for product quality include a Silver for Steam Whistle Pilsner in the 2016 Ontario Brewing Awards, a Gold medal at the 2012 Canadian Brewing Awards for their Steam Whistle Pilsner.

Official website