The River Kelvin is a tributary of the River Clyde in northern and northeastern Glasgow, Scotland. It rises on the moor south east of the village of Banton, east of Kilsyth. At 22 miles long, it flows south to Dullatur Bog where it falls into a man made trench and takes a ninety degree turn flowing west through Strathkelvin and along the northern boundary of the bog parallel with the Forth and Clyde Canal; the river's first important confluence is with the Chantyclear Burn which originates from the ridge of Dullatur. It continues its westward flow being joined by the depleted Shawend Burn to the west of Craigmarloch bridge; the next important tributary is the Garrel at a point south-east of Kilsyth south of Dumbreck Marsh. The Kelvin passes through the large flood plain north of Twechar where it is fed by the Dock Water, Queenzie Burn, the Cast Burn and the Board Burn before reaching Kirkintilloch at its confluence with the more substantial waters of the Glazert and Luggie, it flows past Torrance, meanders through Balmore Haughs, to the south of Bardowie where it joins the Allander Water, after which it takes a south-westerly direction towards Maryhill, through Kelvingrove Park before falling into the River Clyde at Yorkhill Basin in the city of Glasgow.
Wildlife along Strathkelvin include the grey squirrel, grey heron, blue tit, great tit, snipe, great spotted woodpecker, redwing, carrion crow, mallard, roe deer, red fox, water vole and brown rat. Successive attempts at improving the quality of the water have been rewarded by the return of salmon; the river has always been home to brown trout and both species can be fished by obtaining the relevant permits. The Kelvin is bridged at several points throughout Glasgow. Most notable is the Great Western Bridge on Great Western Road in the city's West End. Below this bridge is an underground station that bears the name Kelvinbridge, a name attached to the area. Other bridges include the one near the Antonine Wall at Balmuildy, Partick Bridge on Dumbarton Road, the bridge at Queen Margaret Drive, Ha'penny Bridge and several in the grounds of Kelvingrove Park; the Kelvin Aqueduct carries the Clyde Canal over the river. It was Britain's largest; the river is used as an overflow for the canal. The famous physicist William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin was named Baron Kelvin in honour of his achievements, named after the river that flowed past his university.
Allander Water, Allander Burn List of places in East Dunbartonshire List of places in Scotland History of Banton. Stratkelvin district council. Friends of the River Kelvin River Kelvin based charity River Kelvin Angling Association River Kelvin Angling Association Kelvin Walkway - Glasgow West End Illustrated guide to riverside walk
Light rail, light rail transit, or fast tram is a form of urban rail transit using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, on an exclusive right-of-way. There is no standard definition, but in the United States, light rail operates along exclusive rights-of-way and uses either individual tramcars or multiple units coupled to form a train, lower capacity and lower speed than a long heavy-rail passenger train or metro system. A few light rail networks tend to have characteristics closer to rapid transit or commuter rail. Other light rail networks are tram-like in nature and operate on streets. Light rail systems are found on all inhabited continents, they have been popular in recent years due to their lower capital costs and increased reliability compared with heavy rail systems. Many original tram and streetcar systems in the United Kingdom, United States, elsewhere were decommissioned starting in the 1950s as the popularity of the automobile increased. Britain abandoned its last tram system, except for Blackpool, by 1962.
Although some traditional trolley or tram systems exist to this day, the term "light rail" has come to mean a different type of rail system. Modern light rail technology has West German origins, since an attempt by Boeing Vertol to introduce a new American light rail vehicle was a technical failure. After World War II, the Germans retained many of their streetcar networks and evolved them into model light rail systems. Except for Hamburg, all large and most medium-sized German cities maintain light rail networks; the basic concepts of light rail were put forward by H. Dean Quinby in 1962 in an article in Traffic Quarterly called "Major Urban Corridor Facilities: A New Concept". Quinby distinguished this new concept in rail transportation from historic streetcar or tram systems as: having the capacity to carry more passengers appearing like a train, with more than one car connected together having more doors to facilitate full utilization of the space faster and quieter in operationThe term light rail transit was introduced in North America in 1972 to describe this new concept of rail transportation.
The first of the new light rail systems in North America began operation in 1978 when the Canadian city of Edmonton, adopted the German Siemens-Duewag U2 system, followed three years by Calgary and San Diego, California. The concept proved popular, although Canada has few cities big enough for light rail, there are now at least 30 light rail systems in the United States. Britain began replacing its run-down local railways with light rail in the 1980s, starting with the Tyne and Wear Metro and followed by the Docklands Light Railway in London; the historic term light railway was used because it dated from the British Light Railways Act 1896, although the technology used in the DLR system was at the high end of what Americans considered to be light rail. The trend to light rail in the United Kingdom was established with the success of the Manchester Metrolink system in 1992; the term light rail was coined in 1972 by the U. S. Urban Mass Transportation Administration to describe new streetcar transformations that were taking place in Europe and the United States.
In Germany the term Stadtbahn was used to describe the concept, many in UMTA wanted to adopt the direct translation, city rail. However, UMTA adopted the term light rail instead. Light in this context is used in the sense of "intended for light loads and fast movement", rather than referring to physical weight; the infrastructure investment is usually lighter than would be found for a heavy rail system. The Transportation Research Board defined "light rail" in 1977 as "a mode of urban transportation utilizing predominantly reserved but not grade-separated rights-of-way. Electrically propelled. LRT provides a wide range of passenger capabilities and performance characteristics at moderate costs." The American Public Transportation Association, in its Glossary of Transit Terminology, defines light rail as:...a mode of transit service operating passenger rail cars singly on fixed rails in right-of-way, separated from other traffic for part or much of the way. Light rail vehicles are driven electrically with power being drawn from an overhead electric line via a trolley or a pantograph.
However, some diesel-powered transit is designated light rail, such as the O-Train Trillium Line in Ottawa, Canada, the River Line in New Jersey, United States, the Sprinter in California, United States, which use diesel multiple unit cars. Light rail is similar to the British English term light railway, long-used to distinguish railway operations carried out under a less rigorous set of regulation using lighter equipment at lower speeds from mainline railways. Light rail is a generic international English phrase for these types of rail systems, which means more or less the same thing throughout the English-speaking world; the use of the generic term light rail avoids some serious incompatibilities between British and American English. T
Glenlee is a steel-hulled three-masted barque, built in 1896 for Glasgow owners, trading as a cargo ship. From 1922 she was a sail training ship in the Spanish Navy, she is now a museum ship at the Riverside Museum on Pointhouse Quay, known as The Tall Ship at Glasgow Harbour. Glenlee was built by Anderson Rodger & Company at their Bay Shipyard in Port Glasgow for the Glen-line of the Glasgow shipping company Archibald Sterling & Co. Ltd. and was launched on 3 December 1896. She has a hull length of 245.5 ft, beam of 37.5 ft and depth of 22.5 ft, the over-all length with the spike bowsprit is 282 ft. She has 1,613 GRT and 1,490 NRT. Rigged only with double topgallant sails over double top sails, she was not equipped with royal sails to save costs concerning gear and seamen; as with many baldheaded sailing ships the square sails were a little wider than the sails of a standard rigging to gain sail area for a better propulsion. On 13 December 1896, just ten days after she was launched rigged and seaworthy, her maiden voyage brought her in ballast to Liverpool and from there with a general cargo to Portland, Oregon.
For 23 years she traded as a bulk cargo carrier under the Red Ensign via Cape of Good Hope to Australia, returning via Cape Horn, firstly under the ownership of Archibald Sterling and Co, Glasgow as Islamount of Islamount Sailing Ship Co Ltd and with the Flint Castle Shipping Co Ltd, Liverpool. Islamount was renamed the Clarastella in 1919 when she changed hands to the Star of Italy Italian Shipping Company of Milan who registered her in Genoa; the new owner had her equipped with two auxiliary diesel engines. In 1922 the ship came into the hands of the Officers' Military Navy School as Galatea to be used as a sail training ship. During this period the ship underwent a lot of changes to her superstructure. A flying bridge was installed on the poop deck, a flying jibboom was attached to the spike bowsprit, many other changes such as the installation of accommodation facilities for 300 cadets. In April 1931 she became part of the Spanish Republican Navy. At the time of the coup of July 1936 she was at sea and reached Ferrol, a harbour, taken by the Nationalist faction.
After more than 47 years of service as a sail and on as a stationary training ship she was first laid up in A Graña, her Spanish port of registry. In 1981 the underwater hull was re-plated at the drydock in Ferrol. Galatea was de-rigged down to a hulk and was towed to Seville to be used as a floating museum, but left forgotten; some sources reported that the ship was sunk in the harbour by removing her bronze sea cock valve, but salvaged by the Spanish Navy. In any case, the ship was in such poor condition that it was decided to scrap her. In 1990 a British naval architect discovered the ship and in 1993 she was rescued from being scrapped and subsequently bought by the Clyde Maritime Trust at auction for ₧5000,000 or £40,000. After making the hull seaworthy the ship was returned to Glasgow months in tow from Seville. After preliminary works in dry-dock such as the removal of the unnecessary propellers, the check and repair of all the plates below the waterline and new paint, a six-year-long process of restoration began including a new cut wooden figurehead, a complete set of new rigging including the re-assembling and re-stepping of her original masts and re-crossing of the old yards, as well as many other replacements and repairs.
Her old masts and many of the old yards, which still existed somewhere in Spain, were given back by the Spanish when they realized that the old ship would be renewed to her original "Cape Horn status", painted grey again with "gun ports". Her propellors are now situated in the courtyard by the yard arm of the City Of Glasgow College, Nautical Faculty by the River Clyde. Except for the hull a new ship had to be rebuilt. All the changes made to the ship by the Spanish and previous owners had to be removed, such as all the cabins built for the trainees and a lot of scrap iron ballast in the frames of the holds. First of all she was given back her original name, Glenlee, by the Lord Provost of Glasgow on 6 July 1993 when the ship arrived in Glasgow for the first time since her launch in 1896 at her old and new port of registry - Glasgow Harbour. Glenlee is now recognised as part of the National Historic Fleet; as a museum ship and tourist attraction, Glenlee offers educational programmes, events including exhibitions and is a venue for the West End Festival and volunteering opportunities.
Since June 2011, the ship has been open at Glasgow's new Riverside Museum. Glenlee - the Tallship official website Glenlee at Clyde-Built Database Glenlee at the Clyde Maritime Centre, Glasgow Glenlee in times as Islamount square-rigger site of the Glenlee, a well-documented site of its restoration history Glenlee on sailing-ships.oktett.net The Tall Ship, Glenlee - Clyde Waterfront Heritage
Pacific Quay is an area south of the River Clyde in Glasgow, Scotland. It is located at Princes' Dock Basin; the Princes' Dock Basin was the largest on the River Clyde when it was opened by the Clyde Navigation Trust in 1900. It ceased to be used as a commercial dock by the Clyde Port Authority in the 1970s as the volume of Shipping using the Upper Clyde declined with the onset of containerization; the site was used for the Glasgow Garden Festival in 1988. The former electric generating station and pumping house, "Four Winds", used to pump water between the rotundas and generate power for the electric cranes still stands and is now home to a consultant engineers and radio station; the name'Pacific Quay' has no historical significance, as it was created as a marketing enterprise following the land being reclaimed for commercial use after the Garden Festival closure. It did not reflect the site as a departure point for ships bound for the Pacific Rim. Today Pacific Quay includes: Glasgow Science Centre BBC Pacific Quay, BBC Scotland headquarters and studios.
STV Group and studios for the Scottish ITV network. Capital Scotland, radio station. Buro Happold, consultant engineers. ChoiceQuote Insurance Services, taxi insurance broker. Digital Design Studio and commercial centre of Glasgow School of Art To the immediate west of Pacific Quay lies the former Govan Graving Docks; the Clyde Navigation Trust opened its first Graving Dock at Govan in 1875 and a second in 1886. The third and largest, at 880 ft in length, was opened in 1897; the facility was operated by the Clyde Navigation Trust until 1967, when it was taken over by Alexander Stephen and Sons as a ship repair yard, which lasted until 1976. This was subsequently taken over by Clyde Dock Engineering Ltd in 1977 and continued to operate before closing in 1987. Despite forming the proposed site for a new Clyde Ship Trust Maritime Museum, site for the preservation of the City of Adelaide and Glasgow's failed bid to host the Royal Yacht Britannia as a museum ship in the late 1990s, the site has been derelict for 28 years in the hands of various connected property development companies.
Residential regeneration schemes have been put forward for the site over the years and shelved. Planning permission for a residential and commercial development of the docks was refused by Glasgow District Council in 1990. In 2002-03 Glasgow City Council was unsuccessful in a bid for European Regional Development Fund funding from the Strathclyde European Partnership to subsidise the cost of a proposed major private sector development of the docks for private housing, a hotel and offices. There is a campaign for the Graving Docks and the only remaining pump house building to be restored to create a maritime heritage park and the petition has so far attracted more than 8,300 signatures; the Clyde Docks Preservation Initiative Limited was incorporated as a non-profit company in June 2015 to establish a lead organisation in efforts to protect the future of Govan Graving Docks as a maritime heritage asset. Early in 2016 the organisation ran an online consultation survey on the future of the Govan dry dock site in which 92% of respondents expressed opposition to housing development.
A detailed report produced by the Clyde Docks Preservation Initiative in November 2016 demonstrates that proposals to redevelop the Govan Graving Docks for housing are not viable on grounds of desirability/popularity, financial viability, technical viability, industrial/maritime heritage concerns and the A-listed status of the site. Campaigners have called for a compulsory purchase order of the Govan graving docks site. Clyde Waterfront Regeneration Media related to Pacific Quay at Wikimedia Commons
Meadowside Granary was a complex of four interlinked granary buildings situated on the north bank of the River Clyde in the Partick area of Glasgow, Scotland. Constructed in four phases between 1911 and 1967, the finished construction was the largest brick building in Europe at the time; the granary closed in 1988 and was demolished in 2002. The first Meadowside Granary was a thirteen-bay brick building. Both it and the adjacent Meadowside Quay were built by Glasgow engineer William Alston for the Clyde Navigation Trust between 1911 and 1913; the site, on the north bank of the River Clyde at Castlebank Street, was Meadowside football ground, the home of Partick Thistle F. C. until 1908. During construction, damage was caused by a severe storm on 27 November 1912 that blew down four cranes at the site. After opening, Meadowside became the most important grain store in the United Kingdom during World War I; the granary was first extended in 1937. A further extension in 1960 cost £3 million and added 500,000 tons of capacity to double the existing storage.
The fourth and final building was completed in 1967 and added a further 80,000 tons at a cost of £1.5 million. High level gantries were added to link the buildings; when completed, the Meadowside complex was the largest grain storage facility in the UK and the largest brick building in Europe, with over five million bricks used in its construction. The Upper Clyde was still a thriving port in the 1960s. Meadowside was closed in 1988 and demolished in 2002. Port operators Clydeport was taken over in 2003 by the Peel Group, who subsequently used the land for the first phase of the Glasgow Harbour regeneration project; the site of the granary is now occupied by residential apartments. Historic Environment Scotland. "Glasgow, Castlebank Street, Meadowside Granary". Canmore
Partick is an area of Glasgow on the north bank of the River Clyde, just across from Govan. To the west lies Whiteinch and to the east, to the North Hillhead and other areas which make up the West End of Glasgow. Partick was a Police burgh from 1852 until 1912. Partick is the area of the city most connected with the Highlands, several Gaelic agencies, such as the Gaelic Books Council are based in the area; some ATMs in the area display Gaelic. The modern name derives from the ancient Cumbric Peartoc; this was adopted into Scottish Gaelic as giving modern Gaelic Pearraig or Pàrtaig. Older anglicised forms include Perthick. Partick, of old Perdyec, from the Gaelic aper dhu ec, meaning the place at the confluence or mouth of the dark river. Although Partick remained a village until the middle of the 18th century, it is an ancient place; the Kings of Strathclyde had a residence there, in 1136 David I granted the lands of Perdyc to the see of Glasgow. The Bishops of Glasgow had a country seat in Partick.
It was the site of Partick Castle, a country home of George Hutcheson. It is divided into three social areas. Being within the sphere of influence of the University of Glasgow and neighbouring Glasgow's salubrious "West End" it has a high student population. Traditional industries for the area were shipbuilding and the huge Meadowside Granary employed many residents also; the main street in Partick, Dumbarton Road, has a number of services for residents to use. Partick Burgh Hall is a venue located within Partick, it holds community events and is owned and managed by Culture & Sport Glasgow. The hall was built in 1872 and has multiple rooms; the hall is staffed in order to handle security. Private events are held in the hall. Partick Community Council is an organization which exists in the area to deal with issues within the community, it consists of around twenty elected members. The boundary of this council runs from Byres Road to Crow Road and from the River Clyde to Highburgh Road; the council is funded by Glasgow City Council by way of an annual grant.
Examples of activities of the Community Council include: Neighbourhood Watch coordination. Lobbying of Glasgow City Council Promoting cleanliness and security in the area Partick is home to the West of Scotland Cricket Club's Hamilton Crescent ground, the site of the first international football match on 30 November 1872. Partick Thistle Football Club were formed in the area in 1876, but left to play in the Maryhill area of Glasgow in 1909. Partick railway station is a trunk station serving as an interchange between the local rail, Glasgow Subway and local bus systems; as well as being the fifth busiest train station in Scotland, it is the only transport hub to connect three different types of public transport. It replaced the former Partickhill railway station in 1979. There were three other stations in the area, Partick Central railway station, Merkland Street and Partick West railway station; the Partick interchange was redeveloped in 2012 due to its immense potential as a top-class interchange not only between Rail and Subway but as the main interchange station between the Argyle and North Clyde rail lines.
There is an old Quaker burial ground, the'Quakers Graveyard', situated at the bottom of Keith Street. Now a visitors' attraction, it was last used in 1857. Purdon Street, which runs parallel with Keith Street, was named after John Purdon, a prominent Quaker who lived in Partick in the 17th century, his wife is buried in the graveyard. Partick's Catholic community is served by St Simon's church located at Bridge Street. Billy Connolly, attended St Peter's Boys School. Bud Neill, cartoonist Craig MacDonald, political activist for transgender and Strip The Titles Brigade. Philip Smillie, lived in Chancellor Street during his childhood and attended Dowanhill Primary and Hamilton Crescent School. Member of the Scottish Folk Band, Tannihill Weavers who pioneered the use of the bagpipes in folk music. History of Partick Partick Castle Partick station "Partick". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911. Partick Castle Article, Glasgow Evening Times. Partick - Origins and History
Clyde Waterfront Regeneration
Clyde Waterfront is a 20 km stretch of the River Clyde, running east-west from Glasgow Green in the heart of Glasgow, to Dumbarton on the Firth of Clyde. With over 200 projects on both sides of the Clyde, this is one of Britain's largest urban renewal projects. Throughout the Clyde Waterfront area, projects are in place to transform business, housing and the infrastructure of the area; the total anticipated investment in Clyde Waterfront from public and private money is now estimated at £5-6 billion. As well as supporting inward investment and tourism, the aim of the regeneration of the Clyde is to benefit local communities, it is intended that local people will benefit from the improvements to transport and leisure facilities and businesses, from new jobs coming into the area. An estimated 50,000 new jobs will be created as businesses relocate in the area and more housing is built. Re-training is vital and a range of support is available locally to make sure residents can exploit the new opportunities as they arise.
Clyde Waterfront, the group which co-ordinates and promotes the regeneration, is a partnership between the Scottish Government, Scottish Enterprise and the local authorities of Glasgow, West Dunbartonshire and Renfrewshire. In Glasgow city centre, the International Financial Services District has been set up to attract new financial companies to the city; the IFSD, a joint partnership led by Scottish Enterprise and Glasgow City Council, has created two million square feet of new Grade ‘A’ office accommodation in the centre of the city. Since the launch of the project in 2001, over 15,000 new jobs have moved into the area, over £1 billion has been invested. Braehead, on the south side of the river at Renfrew, includes a large shopping centre and new businesses continue to move into the area. Business parks are growing, the town of Renfrew is being regenerated, a number of leading house builders are creating 2,000 new homes at Ferry Village, close to the Xscape leisure development. Glasgow’s Digital Media Quarter at Pacific Quay is now home to the headquarters of BBC Scotland, with three major studio spaces, including "Studio A", the largest television studio outside London.
The nearby Medius and Hub buildings, provide further opportunities for Scotland’s digital media industries. Back on the north side of the river, the first phase of the £1.2 billion residential development at Glasgow Harbour is entirely sold out. The second phase of housing, GH20, will provide a further 800 apartments, with many sold and occupied. Down the river at Clydebank, students at Clydebank College started the 2007/08 academic year in brand new purpose-built accommodation overlooking the river. Forty years ago the John Brown Shipyards were the site for the construction of the QE2. Now the area at Queens Quay has been transformed into a college campus, with adjacent business park accommodation. Major transport infrastructure is essential to ensure that the whole area is properly connected, a number of vital projects are underway. For example, the Clyde Arc known as the "Squinty Bridge", was opened, the first road bridge to be built across the Clyde in Glasgow for 40 years; the bridge provides an important link between the West End of Glasgow and the Digital Media Quarter at Pacific Quay, on into Govan.
A pedestrian bridge known as the Tradeston Bridge, was opened in 2009 to link Glasgow's IFSD on the north bank with the emerging developments of the south bank at Tradeston. Renfrewshire Council are proposing a new road bridge to be built between Yoker; the site of the bridge would be at Renfrew Ferry. If built, the structure would more than replace the ferry service; as the Clyde is still an important area for shipping and is still used for ship building, a moveable bridge structure would have to be built to let vessels pass up and down the river. Initial estimates for construction are £50m. If given the go-ahead, construction would start in 2018-19. With the announcement that the Commonwealth Games will be held in Glasgow in 2014, further developments are underway. A proposed stadium, Scotland's National Arena, will be a 12,500-seat arena at SECC, it will sustain 1,400 jobs and continue to attract visitors to the city long after the Games are over. Further hotel accommodation is required to handle the growth in tourism, anticipated for the city and there is a commitment to complete key transport infrastructure projects in the area in time for the Games.
Work was completed on the Riverside Museum project in 2011. Architect Zaha Hadid has designed a landmark building which will house Glasgow’s transport collection. Clyde Waterfront website Clyde Waterfront Heritage website Scottish National Arena, SECC website 2014 Commonwealth Games Venues