SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Glassworks (Glass)

Glassworks is a chamber music work of six movements by Philip Glass. Following his larger-scale concert and stage works, Glassworks was Philip Glass's successful attempt to create a more pop-oriented "Walkman-suitable" work, with shorter and more accessible pieces written for the recording studio. In fact, the cover of the cassette release stated that it was "specially mixed for your personal cassette player"; the album was released in 1982. "Opening" uses triplet eighth notes, over duple eighth notes, over whole notes in 44. Formally it consists of three groups of four measure phrases of three to four chords repeated four times each, ABC:||ABC, which merges with the next movement, "Floe" with the entrance of the horns; the movement has been performed by Gamelan Pacifica. There are two formulaically identical sections to the movement. Although rhythmically driven, the melodic implications of "Floe" occur somewhat coincidentally by orchestration. There is no modulation, but the harmonic progression repeats over and over again.

The layering of contrasting timbres is characteristic of the piece as a whole. Floe borrows a theme from Jean Sibelius's fifth symphony."Rubric" and "Façades" both appeared in the 2008 documentary about Philippe Petit, Man on Wire. "Floe" was featured on the soundtrack of the 1989 Italian horror film The Church. Glassworks has a 4.5/5 rating on Allmusic. The album was commercially successful, introduced Glass' music to a large audience, gave Glass widespread name recognition

Male gaze

In feminist theory, the male gaze is the act of depicting women and the world, in the visual arts and in literature, from a masculine, heterosexual perspective that presents and represents women as sexual objects for the pleasure of the male viewer. In the visual and aesthetic presentations of narrative cinema, the male gaze has three perspectives: that of the man behind the camera, that of the male characters within the film's cinematic representations; the film critic Laura Mulvey coined the term male gaze, conceptually contrasted with and opposed by the female gaze. As a way of seeing women and the world, the psychology of the male gaze is comparable to the psychology of scopophilia, the pleasure of looking; the existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre introduced the concept of le regard, the gaze, in Being and Nothingness, wherein the act of gazing at another human being creates a subjective power difference, felt by the gazer and by the gazed, because the person being gazed at is perceived as an object, not as a human being.

The cinematic concept of the male gaze is presented and developed in the essay "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema", in which Laura Mulvey proposes that sexual inequality — the asymmetry of social and political power between men and women — is a controlling social force in the cinematic representations of the sexes. In the fields of media studies and feminist film theory, the male gaze is conceptually related to the behaviours of voyeurism and narcissism. In a narrative film, the visual perspective of the male gaze is the sight-line of the camera as the spectator's perspective — that of a heterosexual man whose sight lingers upon the features of a woman's body. In narrative cinema, the male gaze displays the female character on two levels of eroticism: as an erotic object of desire for the characters in the filmed story; such visualizations establish the roles of dominant-male and dominated-female, by representing the female as a passive object for the male gaze of the active viewer. The social pairing of the passive-object and the active-viewer is a functional basis of patriarchy, i.e. gender roles that are culturally reinforced in and by the aesthetics of mainstream, commercial cinema.

As an ideological basis of patriarchy, socio-political inequality is realised as a value system, by which male-created institutions unilaterally determine what is "natural and normal" in society. In time, the people of a society believe that the artificial values of patriarchy, as a social system, are the "natural and normal" order of things in society, because men look at women and women are looked at by men. Two forms of the male gaze are based upon the Freudian concept of scopophilia, the "pleasure, linked to sexual attraction and scopophilic pleasure, linked to narcissistic identification", which show how women have been forced to view the cinema from the perspectives of the male gaze. In such cinematic representations, the male gaze denies the female's agency and human identity, thus dehumanizing a woman, from person to object, to be considered only for her beauty and sex appeal, as defined in the male sexual fantasy of narrative cinema. Two types of spectatorship occur whilst viewing a film, wherein the viewer either unconsciously or consciously engages in the typical, ascribed societal roles of men and women.

In relation to phallocentrism, a film can be viewed from the perspectives of "three different looks": the first look is that of the camera, which records the events of the film. The perspective common to the three types of look is the idea that looking is perceived as the active role of the male, while being looked-at is perceived as the passive role of the female. Therefore, based upon that patriarchal construction, the cinema presents and represents women as objects of desire, wherein women characters have an "appearance coded for strong visual and erotic impact". A woman being the passive object of the male gaze is the link to scopophilia, to the aesthetic pleasure derived from looking at someone as an object of beauty; as an expression of sexuality, scopophilia refers to the pleasure (sensual and sexual

Noah Gragson

Noah Gragson is an American professional stock car racing driver. He competes full-time in the NASCAR Xfinity Series, driving the No. 9 Chevrolet Camaro for JR Motorsports. He is a member of Drivers Edge Development Program. Gragson started racing Bandoleros at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway Bullring at the age of 13 moving to compete in late models. Gragson competed in the INEX Legends car racing series, winning the 2014 Young Lion Road Course championship. A dedicated racing driver, Gragson once considered forging a birth certificate to compete in an ARCA Racing Series race, which requires drivers to be 18 years old. In 2015, Gragson joined Jefferson Pitts Racing in the NASCAR K&N Pro Series West in the No. 7 with sponsorship from AlertID, his ride being overseen by co-owner Jerry Pitts. In his series debut at Kern County Raceway Park, he finished third after qualifying eighth. At Tucson Speedway, Gragson battled with teammate Gracin Raz to score his first career victory. In the season at Meridian Speedway, Gragson recorded his first pole position and led 176 laps to win.

In his first season of stock car racing, Gragson finished second in the final points standings behind Chris Eggleston with two wins, seven top fives, 11 top tens, becoming the ninth driver in series history to finish runner-up in points and win Rookie of the Year. After the season ended, he was named Rookie of the Year. During the 2015 season, Gragson ran two races in the NASCAR K&N Pro Series East, finishing eighth in his debut at Watkins Glen International. In September of 2016 he joined Mason Mitchell Motorsports in the ARCA Racing Series, driving the No. 78 Ford Fusion at Kentucky Speedway. After qualifying eighth, he finished 14th, one lap behind race winner Ryan Reed. On October 7, 2016 he was hired by Kyle Busch Motorsports to compete in the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series in 2017. In preparation, he drove the No. 18 Toyota from KBM at the Phoenix International Raceway and Homestead-Miami Speedway events in an entry fielded by Wauters Motorsports who fielded Super Late Model’s for Gragson.

In his debut at Phoenix, Gragson qualified finished 16th. Gragson raced at Homestead as well, qualifying finishing 15th. In 2017, he recorded his first career Truck win in the fall at Martinsville Speedway in the Texas Roadhouse 200 after passing Matt Crafton for the lead on the outside with 10 to go, he finished tenth in points, he returned to the No. 18 KBM truck for the 2018 season. During qualifying at Pocono Raceway, Gragson was not cleared to race. Erik Jones replaced him for the race, but he was granted a playoff waiver and will still contend for the championship. Gragson finished 2nd after finishing 3rd at Homestead. Gragson made his NASCAR Xfinity Series debut in the No. 18 for Joe Gibbs Racing at Richmond Raceway in 2018 as part of a three-race schedule that included further starts at Talladega Superspeedway and Dover International Speedway. On September 25, 2018, JR Motorsports announced that Gragson would drive the No. 1 Chevrolet full-time for the 2019 Xfinity Series, replacing Elliott Sadler who retired at the end of the 2018 season.

However, on January 25, the team announced that Gragson would instead pilot the No. 9 and teammate Michael Annett would drive the No. 1. Gragson opened his rookie campaign with JR Motorsports by finishing 11th in the NASCAR Racing Experience 300 at Daytona International Speedway, he scored a ninth-place at Atlanta the next week for his first top-10 of the season and followed it up with his first top-five of the season the next week when he finished third at Las Vegas. Gragson would go on to produce several strong runs during the season including a season-best second-place at Michigan. Gragson would end up making the Playoffs after the second Las Vegas race on the strength of seven top-fives and 17 top-10s in the regular season. Gragson scored his first DNF of his XFINITY Series career in the 2019 O'Reilly 300 at Texas Motor Speedway when contact on lap 150 with the No. 18 of Harrison Burton sent Gragson's car spinning through the frontstretch grass. Gragson would be credited with a 30th-place finish.

On February 11, 2020, Gragson announced Bass Pro Shops, Black Rifle Coffee Company, TrueTimber would sponsor him as a primary sponsor for three races starting at the season opener at Daytona International Speedway. He went on to win the season-opening NASCAR Racing Experience 300, his 2018 racing slate included starts on the NASCAR Pinty's Series and CARS Tour circuits in an effort to make himself a better driver via more seat time. Gragson started working with a sports psychologist in 2018. In his final ride with KBM, Gragson won the 2018 Snowball Derby after holding off Ty Majeski. Gragson attended Bishop Gorman High School in Nevada for two years. Gragson enjoys downhill mountain biking, is an avid video game player, saying in an interview that he would maybe spend Dash 4 Cash winnings on the popular video game Fortnite. * Season still in progress1 Ineligible for series points Noah Gragson on Twitter Noah Gragson driver statistics at Racing-Reference