Franz Lehár was an Austro-Hungarian composer. He is known for his operettas, of which the most successful and best known is The Merry Widow. Lehár was born in the northern part of Komárom, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary, the eldest son of Franz Lehár, an Austrian bandmaster in the Infantry Regiment No. 50 of the Austro-Hungarian Army and Christine Neubrandt, a Hungarian woman from a family of German descent. He grew up speaking only Hungarian until the age of 12, he put an acute accent above the "a" of his father's surname "Lehár" to indicate the vowel in the corresponding Hungarian orthography. While his younger brother Anton entered cadet school in Vienna to become a professional officer, Franz studied violin at the Prague Conservatory, where his violin teacher was Antonín Bennewitz, but was advised by Antonín Dvořák to focus on composition. However, the Conservatory's rules at that time did not allow students to study both performance and composition, Bennewitz and Lehár senior exerted pressure on Lehár to take his degree in violin as a practical matter, arguing that he could study composition on his own later.
Lehár followed their wishes, against his will, aside from a few clandestine lessons with Zdeněk Fibich he was self-taught as a composer. After graduation in 1888 he joined his father's band as assistant bandmaster. Two years he became bandmaster at Losonc, making him the youngest bandmaster in the Austro-Hungarian Army at that time, but he left the army and joined the navy. With the navy he was first Kapellmeister at Pola from 1894 to 1896, resigning in the year when his first opera, premiered in Leipzig, it was only a middling success and Lehár rejoined the army, with service in the garrisons at Trieste and Vienna from 1899 to 1902. In 1902 he became conductor at the historic Vienna Theater an der Wien, where his operetta Wiener Frauen was performed in November of that year, he is most famous for his operettas – the most successful of, The Merry Widow – but he wrote sonatas, symphonic poems and marches. He composed a number of waltzes, some of which were drawn from his famous operettas. Individual songs from some of the operettas have become standards, notably "Vilja" from The Merry Widow and "You Are My Heart's Delight" from The Land of Smiles.
His most ambitious work, Giuditta in 1934 is closer to opera than to operetta. It contains the popular "Meine Lippen, sie küssen so heiß". Lehár was associated with the operatic tenor Richard Tauber, who sang in many of his operettas, beginning with a revival of his 1910 operetta Zigeunerliebe in 1920 and Frasquita in 1922, in which Lehár once again found a suitable post-war style. Lehár made a brief appearance in the 1930 film adaptation The Land of Smiles starring Tauber. Between 1925 and 1934 he wrote six operettas for Tauber's voice. By 1935 he decided to form his own publishing house, Glocken-Verlag, to maximize his personal control over performance rights to his works. Lehár's relationship with the Nazi regime was an uneasy one, he had always used Jewish librettists for his operas and had been part of the cultural milieu in Vienna which included a significant Jewish contingent. Further, although Lehár was Roman Catholic, his wife, Sophie had been Jewish before her conversion to Catholicism upon marriage, this was sufficient to generate hostility towards them and towards his work.
Hitler enjoyed Lehár's music, hostility diminished across Germany after Joseph Goebbels' intervention on Lehár's part. In 1938 Mrs. Lehár was given the status of "Ehrenarierin". Nonetheless, attempts were made at least once to have her deported; the Nazi regime was aware of the uses of Lehár's music for propaganda purposes: concerts of his music were given in occupied Paris in 1941. So, Lehár's influence was limited, it is alleged that he tried to secure Hitler's guarantee of the safety of one of his librettists, Fritz Löhner-Beda, but he was not able to prevent the murder of Beda in Auschwitz-III. He tried to prevent the arrest of Louis Treumann, the first Danilo in The Merry Widow, but the 70-year old Treumann and his wife Stefanie were sent to Theresienstadt concentration camp on 28 July 1942, where Stefanie died in September and Louis died on 5 March 1943. On 12 January 1939 and 30 April 1940 Lehár received awards from Hitler in Berlin and Vienna, including the Goethe Medal. On Hitler's birthday in 1938 Lehár had given him as a special gift a red Morocco leather volume in commemoration of the 50th performance of The Merry Widow.
He died aged 78 in 1948 in Bad Ischl, near Salzburg, was buried there. His younger brother Anton became the administrator of his estate, promoting the popularity of Franz Lehár's music, he was elected an honorary citizen of Sopron in 1940. In 1940 Hitler awarded him the Goethe-Medaille für Kunst und Wissenschaft. There is a street in Vienna named after him. Additionally, several towns in the Netherlands have named streets after him. There are streets in Sarajevo and Pula named after him. In 1908, the German branch of The Gramophone Company Ltd issued twelve extracts from Lehár's latest operetta, Der Mann mit den drei
L. Frank Baum
Lyman Frank Baum was an American author chiefly famous for his children's books The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and its sequels. He wrote 14 novels in the Oz series, plus 41 other novels, 83 short stories, over 200 poems, at least 42 scripts, he made numerous attempts to bring his works to the nascent medium of film. His works anticipated such century-later commonplaces as television, augmented reality, laptop computers, wireless telephones, women in high-risk and action-heavy occupations, the ubiquity of advertising on clothing. Baum was born in New York in 1856 into a devout Methodist family, he had Scots-Irish and English ancestry. He was the seventh of nine children of Cynthia Ann and Benjamin Ward Baum, only five of whom survived into adulthood. "Lyman" was the name of his father's brother, but he always disliked it and preferred his middle name "Frank". His father succeeded in many businesses, including barrel-making, oil drilling in Pennsylvania, real estate. Baum grew up on his parents' expansive estate called Rose Lawn, which he fondly recalled as a sort of paradise.
Rose Lawn was located in New York. Frank was a dreamy child, tutored at home with his siblings. From the age of 12, he spent two miserable years at Peekskill Military Academy but, after being disciplined for daydreaming, he had a psychogenic heart attack and was allowed to return home. Baum started writing early in life prompted by his father buying him a cheap printing press, he had always been close to his younger brother Henry Clay Baum, who helped in the production of The Rose Lawn Home Journal. The brothers published several issues of the journal, including advertisements from local businesses, which they would give to family and friends for free. By the age of 17, Baum established a second amateur journal called The Stamp Collector, printed an 11-page pamphlet called Baum's Complete Stamp Dealers' Directory, started a stamp dealership with friends. At 20, Baum took on the national craze of breeding fancy poultry, he specialized in raising the Hamburg. In March 1880, he established a monthly trade journal, The Poultry Record, in 1886, when Baum was 30 years old, his first book was published: The Book of the Hamburgs: A Brief Treatise upon the Mating and Management of the Different Varieties of Hamburgs.
Baum had a flair for being the spotlight of fun in the household, including during times of financial difficulties. His selling of fireworks made the Fourth of July memorable, his skyrockets, Roman candles, fireworks filled the sky, while many people around the neighborhood would gather in front of the house to watch the displays. Christmas was more festive. Baum dressed as Santa Claus for the family, his father would place the Christmas tree behind a curtain in the front parlor so that Baum could talk to everyone while he decorated the tree without people managing to see him. He maintained this tradition all his life. Baum embarked on his lifetime infatuation—and wavering financial success—with the theater. A local theatrical company duped him into replenishing their stock of costumes on the promise of leading roles coming his way. Disillusioned, Baum left the theater — temporarily — and went to work as a clerk in his brother-in-law's dry goods company in Syracuse; this experience may have influenced his story "The Suicide of Kiaros", first published in the literary journal The White Elephant.
A fellow clerk one day was found locked in a store room dead from suicide. Baum could never stay away long from the stage, he performed in plays under the stage names of Louis F. George Brooks. In 1880, his father built him a theater in Richburg, New York, Baum set about writing plays and gathering a company to act in them; the Maid of Arran proved a modest success, a melodrama with songs based on William Black's novel A Princess of Thule. Baum wrote the play and composed songs for it, acted in the leading role, his aunt Katharine Gray played his character's aunt. She was the founder of Syracuse Oratory School, Baum advertised his services in her catalog to teach theater, including stage business, play writing, translating and operettas. On November 9, 1882, Baum married Maud Gage, a daughter of Matilda Joslyn Gage, a famous women's suffrage and feminist activist. While Baum was touring with The Maid of Arran, the theater in Richburg caught fire during a production of Baum's titled parlor drama Matches, destroying the theater as well as the only known copies of many of Baum's scripts, including Matches, as well as costumes.
In July 1888, Baum and his wife moved to Aberdeen, Dakota Territory where he opened a store called "Baum's Bazaar". His habit of giving out wares on credit led to the eventual bankrupting of the store, so Baum turned to editing the local newspaper The Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer where he wrote the column Our Landlady. Following the death of Sitting Bull at the hands of Indian agency police, Baum urged the wholesale extermination of all America's native peoples in a column that he wrote on December 20, 1890. On January 3, 1891 he returned to the subject in an editorial response to the Wounded Knee Massacre: The Pioneer has before declared that our only safety depends upon the total extirmination of the Indians. Having wronged them for centuries, we had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up by one more wrong and wipe these untamed and untamab
Victor August Herbert was an English- and German-raised American composer and conductor. Although Herbert enjoyed important careers as a cello soloist and conductor, he is best known for composing many successful operettas that premiered on Broadway from the 1890s to World War I, he was prominent among the tin pan alley composers and was a founder of the American Society of Composers and Publishers. A prolific composer, Herbert produced two operas, a cantata, 43 operettas, incidental music to 10 plays, 31 compositions for orchestra, nine band compositions, nine cello compositions, five violin compositions with piano or orchestra, 22 piano compositions and numerous songs, choral compositions and orchestrations of works by other composers, among other music. In the early 1880s, Herbert began a career as a cellist in Vienna and Stuttgart, during which he began to compose orchestral music. Herbert and his opera singer wife, Therese Förster, moved to the U. S. in 1886 when both were engaged by the Metropolitan Opera.
In the U. S. Herbert continued his performing career, while teaching at the National Conservatory of Music and composing, his most notable instrumental compositions were his Cello Concerto No. 2 in E minor, Op. 30, which entered the standard repertoire, his Auditorium Festival March. He led the Pittsburgh Symphony from 1898 to 1904 and founded the Victor Herbert Orchestra, which he conducted throughout the rest of his life. Herbert began to compose operettas in 1894, producing several successes, including The Serenade and The Fortune Teller; some of the operettas that he wrote after the turn of the 20th century were more successful: Babes in Toyland, Mlle. Modiste, The Red Mill, Naughty Marietta and Eileen. After World War I, with the change of popular musical tastes, Herbert began to compose musicals and contributed music to other composers' shows. While some of these were well-received, he never again achieved the level of success that he had enjoyed with his most popular operettas. Herbert was born Victor Augustus Muspratt on the island of Guernsey to Frances "Fanny" Muspratt and August Herbert, of whom nothing is known.
From 1853, Fanny was separated from her first husband, Frederic Muspratt, who divorced her when he found out that she had conceived Herbert by another man. Although his mother told Herbert that he had been born in Dublin, he believed this all his life, research has disproved it. Herbert had no memory or knowledge of his half-sister Angela Lucy Winifred Muspratt and never knew his half-brother, who died in 1856. Herbert was baptized in mid-1859 in the Lutheran church in Germany, his mother took him and Angela to France and to England, where she and Frederic Muspratt were divorced in 1862 on the grounds of her adultery. Herbert and his mother lived with his maternal grandparents from 1862 to 1866 in Sevenoaks, England, his grandfather was the Irish novelist, playwright and composer, Samuel Lover, who encouraged Herbert in his creative endeavors. The Lovers welcomed a steady flow of musicians and artists to their home. Herbert joined his mother in Stuttgart, Germany in 1867, a year after she had married a German physician, Carl Schmidt of Langenargen.
In Stuttgart he received a strong liberal education at the Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium, which included musical training. Herbert planned to pursue a career as a medical doctor. Although his stepfather was related by blood to the German royal family, his financial situation was not good by the time Herbert was a teenager. Medical education in Germany was expensive, so Herbert focused instead on music, he studied the piano and piccolo but settled on the cello, beginning studies on that instrument with Bernhard Cossmann from age 15 to age 18. He attended the Stuttgart Conservatory. After studying cello, music theory and composition under Max Seifritz, Herbert graduated with a diploma in 1879. Before studying with Cossmann, Herbert was engaged professionally as a player in concerts in Stuttgart, his first orchestra position was as a flute and piccolo player, but he soon turned to the cello. By the time he was 19, Herbert had received engagements as a soloist with several major German orchestras, he played in the orchestra of the wealthy Russian Baron Paul von Derwies for a few years and, in 1880, was a soloist for a year in the orchestra of Eduard Strauss in Vienna.
Herbert joined the court orchestra in Stuttgart in 1881. There he composed his first pieces of instrumental music, playing the solos in the premieres of his first two large-scale works, the Suite for cello and orchestra, Op. 3 and the Cello Concerto No. 1, Op. 8. In 1883, Herbert was selected by Johannes Brahms to play in a chamber orchestra for the celebration of the life of Franz Liszt 72 years old, near Zurich. In 1885 Herbert became romantically involved with Therese Förster, a soprano who had joined the court opera for which the court orchestra played. Förster sang several leading roles at the Stuttgart Opera in 1885 through the summer of 1886. After a year of courtship, the couple married on 14 August 1886. On 24 October 1886, they moved to the United States, as they both had been hired by Walter Damrosch and Anton Seidl to join the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. Herbert was engaged as the opera orchestra's principal cellist, Förster was engaged to sing principal roles with the Met.
During the voyage to America and his wife became friends with their fellow passenger and future conductor at the Metr
Laura Don was the pseudonym of Anna Laura Fish, an American actress, stage manager and artist whose life was taken by tuberculosis while still in her early thirties. She wrote the play A Daughter of the Nile, that found its greater success after her death, was the mother of the writer Glen MacDonough. Anna Laura Fish was born in the daughter of Peter and Catherine Fish, her father worked as a wheelwright and had additional income that accounted for his family's comfortable circumstances. At an early age Don submitted Gathering Pond Lilies for publication in Frank Leslie’s Ladies Magazine, the first of a number of her short stories to appear in Leslie's periodical over her life. Don was an accomplished landscape and portrait artist with at least one of her paintings exhibited at the New York National Academy of Design selling for $150. In the late 1860s she married twice. For a time she assisted him with his photography business before their marriage fell apart over her desire to pursue a career in theatre.
She next married a theatrical agent named Thomas B. MacDonough, a union that in 1870 would produce their son Glen, born in New York. Don began her acting career with a traveling troupe performing in Brooklyn and spent time with John Ellsler's company in Cleveland. By August 1875, she was playing Ophelia to E. L. Davenport's Hamlet at New York's Grand Opera House. At the same venue that September, she played Isabel, the principle female lead in The Pioneer Patriot: or the Dawn of Liberty with Harry Watkins and Joseph F. Wheelock and in July 1876 at Hooley’s Theatre in Brooklyn, the Spanish beauty, Donna Jovita Castro, in Bret Harte's Two Men of Sandy Bar. At Booth's Theatre in late 1878 she was Mary Meredith in Our American Cousin to George Parkes’ Lord Dundreary and Frank Hardenberg's Asa Trenchard, the following January she appeared at The New Fifth Avenue Theatre in Dr. Clyde as Lady Hammond. On June 16, 1880, Don sailed for England aboard the Cunard liner S. S. Seythia with Frank Mayo's company and was back in New York by that September to assume the role Antonia in Archibald Clavering Gunter's Two Nights in Rome during the closing days of its run at Union Square Theatre.
On February 7, 1881, Don began a two-month run as Erima in Fresh, the American and on November 28 of that year she starred in the American debut of George Robert Sims' My Mother-in-Law, both staged at Abbey's Park Theatre on 932 Broadway, New York. Her play, A Daughter of the Nile, premiered on September 6, 1882, at the Standard Theatre in Manhattan with Don in the lead role of Egypt. A Daughter of the Nile is a melodrama that revolves around an American woman and her mysterious guise as an Egyptian; some critics found the play lacking, others thought it creative and before its time. After a modest run in New York, Don took the play on the road with scheduled engagements at Montreal, Philadelphia and Boston. Not too many years the actress Effie Ellsler would find success touring in Don's play that by had been re-titled Egypt, or a Daughter of the Nile. All Miss Don's versatility is called into play in A Daughter of the Nile, her poetry and passion are seen in her creation of Egypt, her literary skill in the dialogue, her artistic instincts in the exquisite costumes.
Right here I may say. Music and Drama, September 23, 1882 Around 1884 Don traveled to San Francisco to join the cast of Baldwin Theatre under the directorship of David Belasco. Soon Belasco pictured Don in the role of Cleopatra and began working with her for an upcoming production. At times he found her difficult and moody, but when Belasco noticed traces of blood on her lips after she fainted during a rehearsal, he realized she was ill. Don spent the better part a year in Nice, France, in a vain attempt to recoup her health, she returned to her parents' home in Greenwich, New York where she died on February 10, 1886. Before her death Don had reconciled with George Fox, her first husband
Anna Alice Chapin
Anna Alice Chapin was American author and playwright. She wrote novels, short stories, fairy tales and books on music, but is best remembered for her 1904 collaboration with Glen MacDonough on the libretto Babes in Toyland Anna Alice Chapin was born in New York City, the daughter of Dr. Frederick Windle Chapin and the former Anna J. Hoppin, her father, a native of Providence, Rhode Island, attended Trinity College and received his medical degree from New York University. Her mother was most a close relative of the architect Howard Hoppin, who designed several buildings in the Pomfret Street Historic District, including the Chapin home. Chapin received a private education and studied music under Harry Rowe Shelley and published her first book, The Story of the Rhinegold, when she was just 17 years old, her other works would include: Wonder Tales from Wagner. Chapin wrote many short stories for magazines and newspaper syndication, a play produced in New York City in 1910 entitled The Deserters, written with her husband, Robert Peyton Carter.
She'd married Carter, a stage actor who worked with Maude Adams, in 1906. Several of Chapin's stories were adapted for film between 1914 and 1961; the Eagle's Mate was produced in 1914 with Mary Pickford and James Kirkwood, Sr. in the starring roles. In 1919 The Deserters was released as Sacred Silence with William Russell and Agnes Ayres and in 1920 Mountain Madness came out with a cast led by Mignon Anderson, Harold Miller and Ora Carew; the Girl of Gold written with Cleveland Moffett first appeared in the magazine Snappy Stories as a serial running from December, 1919 to March, 1920 and was produced as a film with Florence Vidor, Malcolm McGregor and Alan Roscoe in 1925. The libretto Babes in Toyland was first seen on film in 1934 as a vehicle for Laurel and Hardy and again in 1961 with Ray Bolger, Tommy Sands and Annette Funicello. Not yet forty, Chapin died after a short illness at her residence on West Thirteenth Street, New York City, she was preceded in death by her husband who had appeared on stage as as March 1918 supporting Maude Adams in A Kiss for Cinderella.
Works by Anna Alice Chapin at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Anna Alice Chapin at Internet Archive Babes in Toyland by Glen MacDonough and Anna Alice Chapin This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.. "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Reginald De Koven
Henry Louis Reginald De Koven was an American music critic and prolific composer of comic operas. De Koven was born in Middletown and moved to Europe in 1870, where he received the majority of his education, he graduated from St John's College of Oxford University in England in 1879. He undertook piano studies at Stuttgart Conservatory with Wilhelm Speidel, Sigmund Lebert, Dionys Pruckner, he studied composition at Frankfurt with Johann Christian Hauff, after staying there for six months moved on to Florence, where he studied singing with Luigi Vanuccini. Study in operatic composition followed, first with Richard Genée in Vienna and with Léo Delibes in Paris. De Koven returned to the U. S. in 1882 to live in Chicago and lived in New York City. He was able to find scope for his wide musical knowledge as a critic with Chicago's Evening Post, Harper's Weekly and New York World. Many of his songs became popular "Oh Promise Me", with words by Clement Scott, one of the biggest song successes of its time and remains a wedding standard.
Between 1887 and 1913, De Koven composed 20 light operas, in addition to hundreds of songs, orchestral works and ballets. While Victor Herbert's operettas were influencedy by those of continental operetta composers, De Koven's works were patterned after Gilbert and Sullivan, his greatest success was Robin Hood, which premiered in Chicago in 1890 but was performed all across the country. It played in New York at the Knickerbocker Theatre and in London, in 1891, at New York's Garden Theatre in 1892, it continued to be revived for many years, his other operettas included The Fencing Master. From 1902 to 1904, De Koven conducted the Washington, D. C. symphony. His wife, Anna de Koven, was a well-known socialite and amateur historian who published her works under the name "Mrs. Reginald de Koven." The music press doubted. His opera The Canterbury Pilgrims premiered at the Metropolitan Opera in 1917, he died before it was performed in 1920 in Chicago. One obituary asserted that he proved that "the American stage was not dependent upon foreign composers."
The Begum, libretto by Harry B. Smith Robin Hood operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith The Fencing Master operetta, libretto by Harry B. Smith The Algerian operetta, libretto by Glen MacDonough Rob Roy, libretto by Harry B. Smith The Mandarin, libretto by Harry B. Smith The Highwayman, libretto by Harry B. Smith The Three Dragoons, libretto by Harry B. Smith The Man in the Moon, music by De Koven, Ludwig Englander and Gustave Kerker and lyrics by Louis Harrison and Stanislaus Strange Papa's Wife, lyrics by De Koven, book by Harry B. Smith, lyrics by Smith and De Koven Broadway to Tokio, musical and lyrics by Louis Harrison and George V. Hobart Foxy Quiller, libretto by Harry B. Smith The Little Duchess musical and lyrics by Harry B. Smith Maid Marian, musical and lyrics by Harry B. Smith Red Feather, book by Charles Klein, lyrics by Charles Emerson Cook Happyland. Reginald De Koven sheet music from the Frances G. Spencer American Popular Sheet Music Collection at Baylor University Reginald De Koven collection at Brandeis University Works by or about Reginald De Koven at Internet Archive