Greenhill Road, Adelaide
Greenhill Road is a major road in Adelaide, South Australia, that provides a connection to the eastern and hills suburbs. The eastern end of Greenhill Road is in Balhannah in the Adelaide Hills, it winds through Carey Gully, Uraidla and Greenhill as a two-lane road. In the metropolitan area, it is four lanes and passes by the City of Burnside suburbs of Burnside, Hazelwood Park, Linden Park, Toorak Gardens and Glenside until it reaches the edge of the Adelaide Parklands; the road expands to six lanes and heads past Eastwood and the City of Unley suburbs of Parkside and Wayville as part of the City Ring Route. This section was designated "Park Terrace". Greenhill Road continues west as Richmond Road from the intersection of Anzac Highway. Australian Roads portal
Highway 1 (South Australia)
In South Australia, Highway 1 is a 1,717-kilometre long route that follows the coastline of the state, from the Victorian border near Mount Gambier to the Western Australian border near Eucla. Highway 1 continues around the rest of Australia, joining all mainland state capitals, connecting major centres in Tasmania. All roads within the Highway 1 system are allocated a road route numbered 1, M1, A1, or B1, depending on the state route numbering system, parts are concurrent with National Highway routes. In South Australia, most of the highway is designated as route A1, with multi-lane, dual-carriage-way sections designated route M1. South-east of Tailem Bend, it is designated route B1. Highway 1 was created as part of the National Route Numbering system, adopted in 1955; the route tracks. In South Australia, the highway connects: Mount Gambier via Princes Highway to Murray Bridge via South Eastern Freeway to Glen Osmond via Glen Osmond Road to Adelaide city centre via Main North Road to Gepps Cross via Port Wakefield Road to Port Wakefield via Augusta Highway to Port Augusta via Eyre Highway to Eucla Riddoch Highway Dukes Highway Portrush Road Salisbury Highway Northern Expressway Stuart Highway Lincoln Highway Tod Highway Flinders Highway Highway 1 Highway 1 Highway 1 Highway 1 Highway 1 Highway 1
City of Burnside
The City of Burnside is a local government area in the South Australian city of Adelaide stretching from the Adelaide Parklands into the Adelaide foothills with an area of 2,753 hectares. It was founded in August 1856 as the District Council of Burnside, the name of a property of an early settler, was classed as a city in 1943; the LGA is bounded by Adelaide, Adelaide Hills Council, Mitcham, Norwood Payneham and St Peters and Unley. A residential upper middle class area, Burnside has little to no industrial activity and a small commercial sector. Over 257 hectares of its area is dedicated to Parks and Reserves, the result being one of the greenest areas in Adelaide, it was one of the first areas outside of Adelaide to be settled, with the early villages of Magill, Burnside and Glen Osmond now inner suburbs. At the 2006 census, the City had a SEIFA score of 1108, the highest figure for any local government area in South Australia — individual CCD scores ranged from 909 in eastern Glenside to 1194 in Stonyfell.
Burnside was inhabited by the Kaurna Indigenous people prior to European Settlement, with the natives living around the creeks of the River Torrens during the summer months and living in the Adelaide Hills during the wintertime. The area was first settled in 1839 by Peter Anderson, a Scots migrant, who named it Burnside after his property's location adjacent to Second Creek; the Village of Burnside was established shortly thereafter and the District Council of Burnside was gazetted in 1856, being separated from the larger East Torrens Council. The council's first chairman was Dr. C. R. Penfold of Penfolds Wines fame. Beaumont House, a historic structure, was constructed for the first bishop of Adelaide, Augustus Short, during 1851. Wineries and olive groves were the mainstay of an early Burnside economy; the first council chamber was designed by chairman George Soward and built in 1869 by Thomas Hill and William Yateman. The present Council Chambers were built in 1927/8 in Tusmore, with the council becoming a municipality in 1935.
With strong growth and development throughout the region, Burnside was proclaimed a city in 1943. The 1960s' brought to Burnside a community library and a swimming centre, both were further expanded and upgraded between 1997 and 2001. Burnside has an area of 2,753 hectares and is located from the east to the south-east of the Adelaide city centre and parklands, extending east to the Cleland Conservation Park in the Mount Lofty Ranges. Two creeks of the River Torrens run through a sloping plain from the ranges. Before European Settlement in South Australia, much of the Adelaide Plains were woodland. In what became Burnside, plains leading out to Unley hosted the large Black Forest of Grey Box woodland. To the north and the floodplains of First and Second Creeks, there were Blue Gums and River Red Gums. Nearer to the foothills, in Mount Osmond and Waterfall Gully, a more diverse range of plant species existed, however Manna Gums and Blue Gums were predominant. With colonisation, much of the native foliage was cut down to enable crops and grazing.
Market Gardens in the Adelaide Hills lowered the amount of water flowing down the creeks and some of the Hills Face was used for quarrying. Early crops included olives, grapes for winemaking and barley. Over the years agriculture declined and only vineyards survive today in Magill and Waterfall Gully. With new suburbs being gazetted in the 20th century, the Burnside Council undertook ambitious tree-planting and conservation schemes to slow and reverse the negative impact on the natural environment. 190 hectares of the council area is held in reserves and parks and some 35,000 trees line the streets. A'Second Generation Tree Planting Program' has been underway since 1993. Notable parks and reserves include Langman Reserve and Hazelwood Park; the Burnside city council is divided into the following wards: Kensington Park Kensington Gardens & Magill Burnside Beaumont Eastwood & Glenunga Rose Park & Toorak Gardens Burnside library is the only public library in the city of Burnside. It is part of the civic centre.
The library is open seven days a week, from 9.30am-6pm on weekdays, except Thursday when it closes at 9pm, on the weekend from 10am-4pm on Saturday and 2pm-5pm on Sunday. For State Government Burnside is part of the Electoral Districts of Adelaide, Morialta, Heysen and Unley. Bragg takes in most of the city. Liberal strength is strongest in the wealthy hills suburbs to the south-east around Beaumont and weakest around Norwood in the north where the Labor Party dominates. Before their catastrophic collapse in recent years, the Democrats polled impressive results in the western near-city suburbs; the Greens gained much of the previous Democrats vote in recent elections. Bragg has been held by Vickie Chapman, Shadow Attorney-General of the State Liberal Party, since 2002. Burnside forms the southern part of the Federal Division of Sturt, which takes in much of Adelaide's eastern suburbs, stretchin
Cross Road, Adelaide
Cross Road is a major arterial road that travels east–west through the inner southern suburbs of the Australian city of Adelaide. Its western terminus is at Anzac Highway, travelling east and ending at Glen Osmond and the Adelaide Hills, joining the junction of Glen Osmond Road, Portrush Road, South Eastern Freeway. There are three railway level crossings along Cross Road: the Glenelg Tram in Plympton, the Seaford railway line at Emerson Crossing and the Belair railway line and Adelaide-Melbourne railway in Unley Park. South Road passes over the Emerson level crossing on a large overpass, it was built between 1982 and 1984 to reduce the traffic congestion caused by the junction and level crossing. All other junctions are at-grade, with traffic lights at main roads. There are a number of suburbs which Cross Road borders; these are: In a 1949 street directory, Cross Road had its current route, but was named "Cross Roads" and is shown as the aggregation of a number of local street names including: High Terrace Napier Terrace South Terrace Glen Osmond Road Plympton Terrace
The Adelaide Hills region is located in the southern Mount Lofty Ranges east of the city of Adelaide in the state of South Australia. The largest town in the area, Mount Barker, has a population of around 29,000 and is one of Australia's fastest growing towns; the Adelaide Hills region is one of the cooler wine regions of mainland Australia as, despite warm days in January and February when the grapes are ripening, the region experiences cool nights. This significant diurnal variation results in cool mean daily temperatures in summer and the consequence of this is high quality, cool-climate wines, leading to its world-famous reputation as a wine-producing region; the numerous wineries and cellar doors are represented by a regional association and geographical indication called the Adelaide Hills wine region. The Adelaide Hills were amongst the first areas of South Australia to be settled by European settlers. A number of towns in the Hills were started as German settlements; the original town names and architecture still reflect this.
Descendants of these first settlers and others of German origin still reside in the area. This explains the strong German cultural connection seen in the number of Lutheran churches, Lutheran schools which have German on the curriculum, the number of older residents who still speak German; some customs have grown, such as the Lobethal Christmas lights. For most Adelaide residents, a drive through the hills is a popular pastime due to proximity. With Adelaide being a linear city extending 90 kilometres north to south, the hills are within 20 kilometres of the majority of residents. Other significant attractions are the cooler temperatures in summer, lush green and sometimes frosty winters and the picturesque old-world towns situated among scenic landscapes; the Mount Lofty area, home to Adelaide's television transmission towers, has a lookout area and the fire-spotting tower that used to be run by the Country Fire Service. The area receives a light snowfall once every three to four years enough to stay on the ground for half a day.
The Adelaide Hills region is close enough to commute to the city, yet is the gateway to the country, so residents enjoy the best of both worlds – the country community life and the convenience of the city. Desirability of the area has increased since realignment of the road and construction of the Heysen Tunnels on the South Eastern Freeway improved road access. Rising real estate prices reflect this; the tunnels, completed in 1999 are named after Sir Hans Heysen, an eminent local landscape painter whose home and studio, "The Cedars", has been maintained as a cultural site located near Hahndorf. To this day, Hahndorf itself supports a thriving community of artists and craftspeople, either in the town or nearby countryside; the Adelaide Hills region is a premier wine region within Australia and one of the oldest. The veritable maze of valleys and sub-valleys, with slopes offering every conceivable aspect, means there is as much mesoclimatic variation as one can find anywhere in Australia, making generalisations of wine type hazardous.
The first vines were planted in the Hills in 1839, three years after South Australia was declared a province, a case of that wine was delivered to Queen Victoria in 1844. There are over 50 wineries within the Hills region which are open most days for tasting and cellar sales; the area is home to the annual Medieval Fair held at Gumeracha across one weekend every April, the English Ale Festival annually held each May. Highlights of the Medieval Fair include live jousting tournaments held on horseback and dance demonstrations and costume creation, authentic music provided by wandering troubadours; the genesis and popularity of these two colourful festivals, where patrons are encouraged to come in costume, springs from the large numbers of British ex-patriates who reside in the Hills. Throughout the year there are folk music sessions and concerts held in various small towns like Mt Pleasant and Balhannah - connected with this same cultural community. Gumeracha is home to the largest rocking horse in the world, standing at 18.3 metres and open to the public, it serves to advertise an adjacent wooden toy factory and wildlife park.
The town of Birdwood is home to the National Motor Museum and is the endpoint of the annual Bay to Birdwood run, in which more than 1,500 vintage motor vehicles are driven by their owners from Glenelg past the city and through the hills to finish at the museum where a festival is held. The museum holds a large and important collection of cars and commercial vehicles. Sporting and recreational activities are popular in the hills region, with sports such as Australian Rules Football and soccer having strong participation rates. Grounds and facilities within the Hills are of good quality, with some playing grounds placed amongst the rugged beauty of the Adelaide Hills. One example of this is the Basket Range Oval, which overlooks the wide sweeping hills views of the area; the Hills region has many conservation parks, including the Cleland Conservation Park with its free roaming kangaroos and emus. The park has enclosed areas for dingos, native birds & snakes, is a popular destination for school groups as well as international visitors.
Many native species of fauna can be encountered within the hills region. Among the more common species include the kookaburra, tawny frogmouth, southern brown bandicoot, kangaro
Urrbrae, South Australia
Urrbrae is a suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Mitcham. Located at the foot of the Adelaide Hills, it is bordered on the east by the South Eastern Freeway, the Old Toll House, which marked the traditional entrance to the city of Adelaide in the 19th century. In the early 1850s, Robert Forsyth Macgeorge bought land in the area and built a house, naming the estate Urrbrae after the village Haugh of Urr in Scotland. One notable son was the architect James Macgeorge; the 2006 Census by the Australian Bureau of Statistics counted 992 persons in Urrbrae on census night. Of these, 49.3% were male and 50.7% were female. The majority of residents are of Australian birth, with other common census responses being England and South Africa; the age distribution of Urrbrae residents is comparable to that of the greater Australian population. 70.9% of residents were over 25 years in 2006, compared to the Australian average of 66.5%. Urrbrae House is a two-storey, bluestone mansion located on Walter Young Avenue, on the Waite Campus of the University of Adelaide.
Not the suburb's namesake, the current house was completed in 1891 by the philanthropist Peter Waite, replacing the original single-storey home of Robert MacGeorge, for many years rented by Edward Stirling Snr. It was Waite, a Scot like MacGeorge, who opted to carry on the name Urrbrae. For many years, Urrbrae House was the family home of his wife Matilda and their family. After Peter and Matilda's death, the house was bequeathed to the University of Adelaide, being handed over in February 1923 by the couple's two daughters. Urrbrae House was the first home in Adelaide to be electrified; the house and its surrounds now constitute the Urrbrae House Historic Precinct within the university campus. On Cross Road, in the suburb's north, lies the Roman Catholic monastery of St Paul's Retreat. An oriental-style mansion named The Glen, the house was occupied for several years by a retired Indian judge; the house passed to the Boothby family before being sold in 1896 to the Passionist Catholic order. As well as the monastery, St Paul's Retreat includes a convent and other facilities lying outside the suburb.
As well as the University of Adelaide's Waite Campus, the precinct contains: Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics. Urrbrae Agricultural High School The University of Adelaide's Waite Campus is located in the west and southwest of Urrbrae, extending into the neighbouring suburbs of Springfield and Brown Hill Creek. Developed on land bequeathed by the late owner of Urrbrae House, Peter Waite, Waite Campus holds several research facilities, Waite Research Institute. Cross Road forms the northern boundary of Urrbrae and Fullarton Road forms part of the eastern boundary. Urrbrae is serviced by public transport run by the Adelaide Metro. List of Adelaide suburbs "City of Mitcham". Official website. City of Mitcham. Retrieved 14 April 2011. "City of Mitcham". Local Government Association of SA. Local Government Association of SA. Retrieved 14 April 2011. "The Monastery". Official website. Retrieved 14 April 2011
City of Mitcham
The City of Mitcham is a local government area in the foothills of southern Adelaide, South Australia. Within its bounds is Flinders University, South Australia's third largest, the notable, affluent suburb of Springfield which contains some of the city's most expensive properties; the council was founded on 10 May 1853 as the District Council of Mitcham and was the first local government area formally founded in South Australia after the City of Adelaide. It lost the part of the council west of Goodwood Road to the District Council of Brighton on 19 December 1854. In 1871, Unley and surrounding areas were severed from the Mitcham council to create the Corporate Town of Unley, it lost another area on 25 October 1883, when portions of the council around Stirling were detached to form the new District Council of Stirling. It gained city status in 1947; the City of Mitcham is divided into 6 wards, each of which elect 2 or 3 representatives to the Council. They cover suburbs as follows. Local Government Areas of South Australia List of Adelaide suburbs List of Adelaide parks and gardens City of Mitcham website City of Mitcham community profile Mitcham City Brass band website