Glendhu Bay is a small settlement on Lake Wanaka in Otago, New Zealand. The bay has a motor camp, and is a short drive west from Wanaka, on the road to Treble Cone skifield and Mount Aspiring National Park.
Glendhu Bay is a small settlement on Lake Wanaka in Otago, New Zealand. The bay has a motor camp, and is a short drive west from Wanaka, on the road to Treble Cone skifield and Mount Aspiring National Park.
1. Lake Wanaka – Lake Wanaka is located in the Otago region of New Zealand, at an altitude of 300 metres. Covering an area of 192 km2, it is New Zealands fourth largest lake and its name is Māori, a corruption of Oanaka. Wanaka is a town on the lake with which it shares its name, Lake Wanaka lies at the heart of the Otago Lakes in the lower South Island of New Zealand. The township is situated in a glacier carved basin on the shores of the lake and is the gateway to Mt Aspiring National Park, Lake Hāwea is a 15-minute drive away, en route to the frontier town of Makarora, the last stop before the West Coast Glacier region. To the south is the historic Cardrona Valley, offering a route to neighbouring Queenstown. Otago Geography At its greatest extent, which is roughly along a north-south axis and its widest point, at the southern end, is 10 kilometres. The lakes western shore is lined with high peaks rising to over 2000 metres above sea level, along the eastern shore the land is also mountainous, but the peaks are somewhat lower. Wanaka lies in a valley formed by glacial erosion during the last ice age. It is fed by the Matukituki- and Makarora Rivers, and is the source of the Clutha River, nearby Lake Hāwea lies in a parallel valley carved by a neighbouring glacier eight kilometres to the east. At their closest point, the lakes are only 1,000 metres apart, numerous small islands are to be found at the southern end of the lake, with some now serving as ecological sanctuaries, for example for buff weka in case of Stevensons Island. The only flat land around the lake is also to be found here, the towns of Wanaka and Albert Town are situated here. While Māori had long known of its existence, the first European to reach the lake is thought to have been Nathaniel Chalmers in 1853, accompanied by Māoris, he walked from Tuturau to the lake via the Kawarau River, later returning by a raft floating down the Clutha. Around 1859, other explorers who were now mapping the area found a ruined Māori village in the Makarora Valley. Around 1861, several new stations had been established in around the south end of the lake, and in 1862. The early European name was Lake Pembroke, in addition to ongoing sheep farming, the lake is now a popular resort, and is much used in the summer for fishing, boating and swimming. The nearby mountains and fast-flowing rivers allow for adventure tourism year-round, Lake Wanaka was repeatedly mentioned in the movie Mission Impossible III as a location the lead couple visited. It was the answer to Tom Cruises question on the phone to verify the identity of his wife, the cook and author Annabel Langbein owns a small estate at the side of the lake and filmed her series The Free Range Cook and Simple Pleasures here. As one of the few lakes in the South Island with an unmodified shoreline and this established a Guardians of Lake Wanaka group, whose members are appointed by the Minister of Conservation, and advise on measures to protect the lake
2. Otago – Otago is a region of New Zealand in the south of the South Island administered by the Otago Regional Council. It has an area of approximately 32,000 square kilometres and its population was 219,200 in the June 2016. The name Otago is an old Māori southern dialect word, introduced to the south by Europeans in the 1840s. Otago is also the old name of the European settlement on the Otago Harbour, established by the Weller Brothers in 1831, major centres include Dunedin, Oamaru, Balclutha, Alexandra, and the major tourist centres Queenstown and Wanaka. Kaitangata in South Otago is a prominent source of coal, the Waitaki and Clutha rivers provide much of the countrys hydroelectric power. Some parts of the area covered by Otago Province are now administered by either Canterbury Regional Council or Southland Regional Council. The Central Otago wine region produces award winning wines made from such as the Pinot noir, Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Merlot. It has a reputation as New Zealand’s leading Pinot noir region. The Otago Province was the whole of New Zealand from the Waitaki River south, including Stewart Island and it included the territory of the later Southland Province and also the much more extensive lands of the modern Southland Region. Initial settlement was concentrated on the port and city, then expanded, notably to the south-west, the 1860s saw rapid commercial expansion after Gabriel Read discovered gold at Gabriels Gully near Lawrence, and the Central Otago goldrush ensued. Further gold discoveries at Clyde and on the Arrow River around Arrowtown led to a boom, New Zealands first daily newspaper, the Otago Daily Times, originally edited by Julius Vogel, dates from this period. New Zealands first university, the University of Otago, was founded in 1869 as the university in Dunedin. The Province of Southland separated from Otago Province and set up its own Provincial Council at Invercargill in 1861, after difficulties ensued, Otago re-absorbed it in 1870. Its territory is included in the region of the old Otago Province which is named after it and is now the territory of the Southland region. The provincial governments were abolished in 1876 when the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on 1 November 1876, two in Otago were named after the Scottish independence heroes Wallace and Bruce. From this time the national limelight gradually shifted northwards, beginning in the west, the geography of Otago consists of high alpine mountains. The highest peak in Otago is Mount Aspiring / Tititea, which is on the Main Divide, from the high mountains the rivers discharge into large glacial lakes. In this part of Otago glacial activity - both recent and very old - dominates the landscape, with large U shaped valleys and rivers which have high sediment loads, River flows also vary dramatically, with large flood flows occurring after heavy rain
3. New Zealand – New Zealand /njuːˈziːlənd/ is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu—and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, the countrys varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealands capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland, sometime between 1250 and 1300 CE, Polynesians settled in the islands that later were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand, in 1840, representatives of Britain and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands. In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire, today, the majority of New Zealands population of 4.7 million is of European descent, the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders. Reflecting this, New Zealands culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers. The official languages are English, Māori and New Zealand Sign Language, New Zealand is a developed country and ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as health, education, economic freedom and quality of life. Since the 1980s, New Zealand has transformed from an agrarian, Queen Elizabeth II is the countrys head of state and is represented by a governor-general. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes, the Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau, the Cook Islands and Niue, and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealands territorial claim in Antarctica. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Pacific Islands Forum, and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and called it Staten Landt, in 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand, Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand. It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the country before the arrival of Europeans. Māori had several names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North, Middle and South, in 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907, this was the accepted norm. The New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised and this set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, and South Island or Te Waipounamu
4. Wanaka – Wanaka /ˈwɒnəkə/ is a popular ski and summer resort town in the Otago region of the South Island of New Zealand. It is situated at the end of Lake Wanaka, at the start of the Clutha River. It is the gateway to Mount Aspiring National Park, Wanaka is primarily a resort town but has both summer and winter seasons. Its economy is based on the many outdoor opportunities this offers, the town was originally settled during the gold rush of the 19th century. Along with the rest of the Queenstown-Lakes District, it is growing rapidly, the first European in the area was Nathaniel Chalmers, who was guided inland by Chief Reko in 1853. Maori knowledge of the region is evidenced by a sketch map from Chief Te Huruhuru at Waimate. European settlement began in the Upper Clutha River Valley in the 1850s, the first station was at Albert Town, the only place where settlers could ford the Clutha River. Tourism in the began in 1867 with the opening of the first hotel. Wanaka proved a popular tourist destination because of its borderline continental climate and easy access to snow. The worlds first sheepdog trials were held in Wanaka in 1867. Pembroke was renamed Wanaka in 1940, the town of Wanaka is situated at the southern end of Lake Wanaka. To the southwest is the Crown Range and town of Queenstown, to the northeast are the towns of Omarama and Twizel. Very close to Lake Wanaka is Lake Hāwea, in a glacial valley. To the south of the lies more of the Southern Alps. The Glendhu Bay motorpark is close to the town, leading into the Matukituki River valley and this gives access to the Mount Aspiring National Park. The centre of the lies on flat land beside Roys Bay. Parts of the town have expanded into the surrounding the centre. The lakeside area of the town is prone to flooding in spring
5. Treble Cone – Treble Cone is the closest ski area to Wanaka, New Zealand. Treble Cone is the largest ski area in the South Island, Treble Cone is most known for its spectacular views over Lake Wanaka and Mount Aspiring/Tititea and exciting intermediate to advanced terrain. The skifield is the training ground for the national ski team of Austria. Founded by Murray Raffills and Ralph Markby in 1968, Treble Cone started out as a club field being managed by local ski enthusiasts. In 1975 Treble Cone was listed as a company to raise funds for a high standard road, modest base building and ski hire facilities, constructed over the summer. Treble Cone received its major upgrade in 1995/96 with the installation of New Zealand’s first high speed. The pre-existing double chair was relocated to the Saddle Basin to further access to the famed terrain. In the same period, major extensions to the building took place, a new car parking area was developed. Earthworks dominated development in the 2000s, improving the beginner and intermediate terrain in the Home and Saddle Basin, Treble Cone saw a new fixed grip quad chairlift in the Saddle Basin and Ski Patrol hut at the top of the Six Seater. In 2006 and again in 2007, further investment increase snowmaking facilities across the Home Basin, along with Cardrona Ski Area, Treble Cone updated its sales and ticketing systems in 2011/12, enabling the launch of OnePassNZ. The new RFID ticketing system also allowed guest with pre-paid passes to ski straight to the gate as well as track vertical and number of runs skied. Treble Cone is the largest ski area in New Zealand’s South Island, Treble Cone has a vertical rise of 700m creating the longest runs in Queenstown Southern Lakes District, including the 4 km High Street to Easy Rider beginner to intermediate groomed run. Treble Cone is most known for its steep and challenging terrain which they claim is some of the best in the country. Recent earthworks initiatives have however ensure that beginner to intermediate skiers and boarders are fully catered for, there is also a small terrain park and kids fun trail to explore. The thriving backcountry ski and snowboard scene around Queenstown and Wanaka utilise Treble Cone as a point to some of the best out of bound terrain in the region. The resort provides a discounted lift pass to help backcountry users more easily access this terrain from Treble Cone’s summit, backcountry tours also leave from Treble Cone, operated by Aspiring Guides. During the winter, various options are available including door to door shuttles from both, Queenstown and Wanaka as well as flights from Queenstown. The Treble Cone Race Academy is renowned for being one of the top ski race training grounds in the Southern Hemisphere, the programmes are designed to improve young athletes racing skills
6. Mount Aspiring National Park – Mount Aspiring National Park is in the Southern Alps of the South Island of New Zealand, north of Fiordland National Park, and between Otago and south Westland. The park forms part of the Te Wahipounamu World Heritage site and it was established in 1964 as New Zealands tenth National Park. The park covers 3,555 square kilometres at the end of the Southern Alps, directly to the west of Lake Wanaka. Mount Aspiring / Tititea, elevation 3,033 metres above sea level, is the mountain that gives the park its name, other prominent peaks within the park include Mount Pollux, elevation 2,542 metres, and Mount Brewster, elevation 2,519 metres. The Haast Pass, one of the three road routes across the Southern Alps, is found in the north-eastern corner of the park. In April 2005 the Nature Heritage Fund purchased private land in the Landsborough River valley as an addition to the park, the tunnel would have established a connection via Glenorchy and would have significantly reduced the current return travel time from Queenstown to Milford Sound of 9 hours. In December 2007, the New Zealand Conservation Authority declined to adopt the amendment to the Management Plan, the proposal gained approval in principle by the Department of Conservation in 2011, but was rejected by the Minister of Conservation, Nick Smith, in July 2013. Smith stated that the proposal was beyond what was appropriate for a World Heritage Area, the managing director of the company behind the proposal stated that he was disappointed of course. National trying to out-green the greens, in 2009 the National-led government of New Zealand indicated that Mount Aspiring National Park may be opened up to mining. Around 20% of the area of the park, mainly in the western portions around the Red Hill Range. Prospectors here are interested in carbonatite deposits including Rare earth elements. The Green Party has warned that the park is one of New Zealands main tourism drawcards, and that mining here could do significant damage to the countrys image
7. Territorial authorities of New Zealand – Territorial authorities are the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. There are 67 territorial authorities,12 city councils,53 district councils, Auckland Council, six territorial authorities also perform the functions of a regional council and thus are unitary authorities. A unitary authority may also have local boards, currently only Auckland Council has them, territorial authority districts are not subdivisions of regions, and some of them fall within more than one region. Taupo District has the distinction of straddling the boundaries of four different regions, Regional council areas are based on water catchment areas, whereas territorial authorities are based on community of interest and road access. Some activities are delegated to council-controlled organisations, the boundaries of councils tended to follow the edge of the built-up area, so little distinction was made between the urban area and the local government area. Regional councils were reduced in number from 20 to 13, territorial authorities from 200 to 75, the new district and city councils were generally much larger and most covered substantial areas of both urban and rural land. Many places that once had a city council were now being administered by a district council, as a result, the term city began to take on two meanings. The word city came to be used in a formal sense to describe major urban areas independent of local body boundaries. This informal usage is jealously guarded, gisborne, for example, adamantly described itself as the first city in the world to see the new millennium. Gisborne is administered by a council, but its status as a city is not generally disputed. Under the current law the minimum population for a new city is 50,000, since the 1989 reorganisations, there have been few major reorganisations or status changes in local government. Incomplete list,1991, Invercargill re-proclaimed a city,1992, Nelson-Marlborough Regional Council abolished by a Local Government Amendment Act. Of its territorial authorities, Kaikoura District was transferred to the Canterbury Region,2004, Tauranga became a city again on 1 March. 2006, Banks Peninsula District merged into Christchurch City as a result of 2005 referendum,2010, Auckland Council, a unitary authority, replaced seven local councils and the regional council. Reports on completed reorganisation proposals since 1999 are available on the Local Government Commissions site, the split areas as well as the current North Shore City would form a Waitemata local council. Waitakere local council would consist of the current Waitakere City as well as the Avondale area, tamaki Makaurau would consist of the current Auckland City and Otahuhu Manukau local council would consist of the urban parts of the current Manukau City and of the Papakura District. Hunua local council would consist of the entire Franklin District, much of which is currently in the Waikato Region, along with areas of the current Papakura District. The entire Papakura District would be dissolved between urban and rural councils, the National-led Government responded within about a week
8. Queenstown-Lakes District – The Queenstown Lakes District is part of the Otago Region in the South Island of New Zealand and is one of the districts of New Zealand. It is surrounded by the districts of Central Otago, Southland, Westland, a major part of the Queenstown Lakes District are Lake Wakatipu, Lake Wanaka and Lake Hāwea. The district is administered by the Queenstown Lakes District Council and regionally by the Otago Regional Council, the Queenstown Lakes District is expected to grow faster than Auckland over the period 2006-31. Statistics New Zealand projections show the district shares the highest growth rate in New Zealand of 2. 2% a year with the Selwyn District, the districts population is forecast to be 41,600 by 2031. Southern Lakes Queenstown-Lakes travel guide from Wikivoyage
9. Queenstown, New Zealand – Queenstown is a resort town in Otago in the south-west of New Zealands South Island. It has an population of 14,300, making it the 27th largest urban area in New Zealand. In 2016, Queenstown overtook Oamaru to become the second largest urban area in Otago, the Queenstown-Lakes District has a land area of 8,704.97 square kilometres not counting its inland lakes. The region has a resident population of 34,700. Its neighbouring towns include Arrowtown, Glenorchy, Kingston, Wanaka, Alexandra, the nearest cities are Dunedin and Invercargill. Queenstown is known for its tourism, especially adventure and ski tourism. The area was discovered and first settled by Māori before non-Māori arrived, the first non-Māori to see Lake Wakatipu was European Nathanael Chalmers who was guided by Reko, the chief of the Tuturau, over the Waimea Plains and up the Mataura River in September 1853. Evidence of stake nets, baskets for catching eels, spears and it is likely Ngāi Tahu Māori visited Queenstown en route to collect Pounamu. European explorers William Gilbert Rees and Nicholas von Tunzelmann were the first non-Maoris to settle the area, many Queenstown streets bear names from the gold mining era and some historic buildings remain. Williams Cottage, the Lake Lodge of Ophir, Queenstown Police Station, the miners and especially the Irish had taken an interest in the ceremony held for a small town called The Cove in Ireland which was renamed to Queenstown in honour of Queen Victoria in 1850. They may have had their own ceremony at the intersection of Rees, by 9 and 10 January 1863 the town was being reported with the name of Queenstown from several reports written by a correspondent in the Otago Witness on Monday the 5th and Tuesday the 6th. It was during the meeting there may have been a reference by a miner of the town being fit for a Queen, the Māori name for Queenstown of Tāhuna means shallow bay. A resort town, Queenstown boasted 220 adventure tourism activities in 2012, skiing and snowboarding, jet boating, whitewater rafting, bungy jumping, mountain biking, skateboarding, tramping, paragliding, sky diving and fly fishing are all popular. Queenstown is a centre for snow sports in New Zealand, with people from all over the country. Cross country skiing is available at the Waiorau Snowfarm, near Cardrona village. The 100-year-old twin screw coal fired steamer TSS Earnslaw traverses Lake Wakatipu, Queenstown lies close to the centre of a small wine producing region, reputed to be the worlds southernmost. The Two Paddocks vineyard is owned by local actor Sam Neill, neighbouring, historic Arrowtown features restaurants and bars. In 2013, examples include Bike Festival, Winter Festival, jane Campions six-part drama mystery Top of the Lake was shot during 2012 for pay TV release in 2013