Sydney Cricket Ground
The Sydney Cricket Ground is a sports stadium in Sydney, Australia. It is used for Test, One Day International and Twenty20 cricket, as well as Australian rules football, rugby league football, rugby union, association football, it is the home ground for the New South Wales Blues cricket team, the Sydney Sixers of the Big Bash League, the Sydney Roosters of the National Rugby League, the NSW Waratahs of Super Rugby and the Sydney Swans Australian Football League club. It is owned and operated by the Sydney Cricket Ground Trust that manages the Sydney Football Stadium located next door; until the 44,000 seat Football Stadium opened in 1988, the Sydney Cricket Ground was the major rugby league venue in Sydney. In 1811, the Governor of New South Wales, Lachlan Macquarie, established the second Sydney Common, about one-and-a-half miles wide and extending south from South Head Road to where Randwick Racecourse is today. Part sandhills, part swamp and situated on the south-eastern fringe of the city, it was used as a rubbish dump in the 1850s, not regarded as an ideal place for sport.
In 1851, part of the Sydney Common south of Victoria Barracks was granted to the British Army for use as a garden and cricket ground for the soldiers. Its first user was the 11th North Devonshire Regiment which flattened and graded the southern part of the rifle range adjacent to the Barracks. In the next couple of years, the teams from Victoria Barracks combined themselves into a more permanent organisation and called themselves the Garrison Club; the ground therefore became known as the Garrison Ground when it was first opened in February 1854. Up until that time Hyde Park had been the main sporting and racing ground in the colony but when it was dedicated as public gardens in 1856 city cricketers and footballers had to find somewhere else to play. In the late 1860s another part of the Sydney Common, the area west of the Garrison Ground to the Dowling Street, was opened for public recreation, it was named Moore Park after the Mayor of Sydney, Charles Moore, who planted a number of Moreton Bay Fig trees which exist to this day.
As well as the location of Sydney's first zoo, Moore Park was a regular venue for games between Sydney rugby clubs Sydney University and the Wallaroos. Sydney at the time was a small, dense city and best navigated on foot and Moore Park was on the outskirts, it was not liked so much by cricketers. When the commander of the Sydney garrison, Lieutenant-Colonel John Richardson, aligned his soldiers to the East Sydney Cricket Club, the Garrison Ground became known as the Civil and Military Ground. In 1870 British troops left Victoria barracks and the future of the Civil and Military Ground became uncertain. However, with the closure of the Albert Ground in the 1870s, the NSW Cricket Association began regular use of the Civil and Military Ground. In 1875, the NSW Government began to upgrade the ground. Despite efforts by Victoria Barracks and the Carlingford, Redfern and Albert cricket clubs to take control, the president of the NSWCA, Richard Driver, persuaded the government to let the NSWCA look after the ground's administration.
In 1876, the ground was dedicated by Governor Sir Hercules Robinson. The NSWCA had influential supporters. Driver himself was a prominent solicitor for the City of Sydney Council; the Minister for Lands, Thomas Garrett, was supportive. It is hardly surprising therefore that within a couple of years of the NSWCA taking control of the ground, the governor, Sir Hercules Robinson, appointed Driver himself, William W. Stephen and Phillip Sheridan, the first trustees. Two trustees were appointed by the government and one by the NSWCA; the close relationship between the Trust and the NSWCA is evidenced by the fact that they pooled funds for the next six years. The military's link with the ground was severed when John Richardson and the Sydney garrison went to fight in the Sudan; the trustees took the opportunity to rename the ground the Association Ground In 1883 the most prominent trustee, regarding the ground as the responsibility of the trustees, began to act independently of the NSWCA, resulting in the NSWCA losing control of the ground.
Over the next century there was constant conflict between the Trust and the NSWCA over whether other sports such as rugby and cycling, the organisers of which were all keen to use the venue, had access to it. One conflict in 1904, over the Trust's plan to hold a cycling event which clashed with a cricket match, ended up in court; the NSWCA's influence was reduced further over the years due to changes in the way the State Government appointed trustees. By the time of the first Sydney cricket test in February 1882, the ground could boast two grandstands. On opposite sides of the ground to the stands two spectator mounds were built, they became known as the Paddington Hill. In 1886, the Members' Pavilion was rebuilt at a cost of £6,625. Membership was levied at two guineas. In 1881 a loop in the tram line, which ran down Randwick Road, was built to service the Ground and the Pastoral and Agricultural Society Ground next door. In 1894 the ground received its modern name, the Sydney Cricket Ground, followed by the opening of the Hill Stand, situated between The Hill and the Paddington Hill.
It became known as the Bob Stand during the Depression years because it co
Princes Park (stadium)
Princes Park is an Australian rules football ground located at Princes Park in the inner Melbourne suburb of Carlton North. It is a historic venue, having been the home ground of the Carlton Football Club since 1897. Prior to a partial redevelopment the ground had a nominal capacity of 35,000, making it the third largest Australian rules football venue in Melbourne after the Melbourne Cricket Ground and Docklands Stadium. Princes Park hosted three grand finals during World War II, with a record attendance of 62,986 at the 1945 VFL Grand Final between Carlton and South Melbourne. After 2005, when the ground hosted its last Australian Football League game, two stands were removed and replaced with an indoor training facility and administration building, reducing the capacity. Austadiums lists the current capacity of the stadium at around 22,000. Princes Park was first used in 1897 by the Carlton Football Club, during the inaugural season of the AFL/VFL; the club went on to win 673 of its 962 VFL/AFL games at the venue.
The Alderman Gardiner Stand was designed in 1903 and completed in stages between 1909 and 1913. The iron stand with original cast iron columns remains the second oldest to be associated with the VFL/AFL competition; the Robert Heatley Stand was opened by Alderman Sir William Brunton on Saturday, 7 May 1932. During World War II, Princes Park hosted three VFL grand finals – in 1942, 1943, 1945; the 1945 grand final, between Carlton and South Melbourne, attracted a record crowd of 62,986. Three weeks earlier, the semi-final between Carlton and North Melbourne had attracted 54,846 people; those were the only two crowds of over 50,000 in the venue's history. The record home-and-away crowd was set in 1963, when 47,514 attended a match between Carlton and Geelong. Princes Park was the venue for the second Ashes test of the 1992 Great Britain Lions tour, in which the visitors defeated Australia 33–10; the ground became known as Optus Oval in November 1993 due to a naming rights deal with telecommunications company Optus.
In 1994, the Balmain Tigers played two New South Wales Rugby League premiership games at Princes Park. Work on the Legends Stand began in 1995 and was completed for opening on 25 April 1997; the roof, with its curved modern structure, ensured that the oval was now enclosed with a roof all the way around its circumference. The first naming rights deal lapsed at the end of the 2005 season, Optus declined to renew, citing the ground's lower profile now that AFL matches were no longer played there. In April 2006, it was announced that the naming rights for the stadium had once again been awarded, this time for a two-year term, during which the stadium was known as MC Labour Park. In 2005, it was decided to discontinue the use of the ground for AFL home and away games. A farewell AFL game was played at Princes Park on Saturday 21 May 2005; the game was contested between Melbourne. It was the last of the suburban grounds in Melbourne to be used in the AFL; the result was an 18-point win to Melbourne.
In the same year, the ground hosted matches from the Australian Football Multicultural Cup as well as finals for the 2005 Australian Football International Cup. In January 2006, Graham Smorgon, ex-president of the Carlton Football Club, prepared a A$67 million redevelopment proposal involving the demolition of most of the stands, returning much of the ground to parkland and the establishment of club training facilities and community centre. On 7 June 2006 it was announced that Visy Park would receive a A$15.7m redevelopment to provide the Carlton Football Club with elite training and administration facilities. The proposed redevelopment will provide state-of-the-art facilities for Carlton, including: Gymnasium and stretch areas 4-lane, 25-metre indoor heated pool Medical offices and rehabilitation/treatment areas Football Administration offices Lecture theatre and meeting rooms Change room facilitiesFrom the 2015 season, the ground is known as Ikon Park; the inaugural match of the AFL Women's competition was held at the ground in February 2017.
The game, featuring Carlton and Collingwood, attracted a capacity crowd of 24,568. The venue hosted the 2018 AFL Women's Grand Final; the success of the AFL Women's competition resulted in both state and federal governments allocating funding towards enhancement of the stadium's facilities, to enable it to become the home of women's football in Victoria. The Victorian Government committed $20 million in April 2018 to cater for the growth of women's football, followed the next year by $15 million from the Federal Government; the joint funding allows the venue to become a high performance women's training facility, with an upgraded oval, women’s coaching education hub, sports injury prevention and research centre and allied health centre. Tenants of the ground for VFL/AFL home matches have been: Carlton: the ground was Carlton's primary home ground continuously from 1897 until 2004, except in 2002 when it played only four games at the ground. A single farewell match was staged at the venue in 2005.
The ground has been Carlton's training and administrative base continuously since 1897, remaining as such after the club stopped playing games there, the club presently holds a 40-year lease on the venue which runs until 2035. South Melbourne: used the ground as its home during 1942 and 1943, owing to its usual home ground at Lake Oval being used for military purposes during World War II. Fitzroy: shared the ground with Carlton from 1967 until 1969 following its departure from the Brunswick Street Oval. Hawthorn: following its departure from Glenferrie Oval, Hawthorn used the ground as its
Stadium Australia, commercially known as ANZ Stadium and as Telstra Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium located in the Sydney Olympic Park, in Sydney, Australia. The stadium, which in Australia is sometimes referred to as Sydney Olympic Stadium, Homebush Stadium or the Olympic Stadium, was completed in March 1999 at a cost of A$690 million to host the 2000 Summer Olympics; the Stadium was leased by a private company the Stadium Australia Group until the Stadium was sold back to the NSW Government on 1 June 2016 after NSW Premier Michael Baird announced the Stadium was to be redeveloped as a world-class rectangular stadium. The Stadium is owned by Venues NSW on behalf of the NSW Government; the nine-member Venues NSW Board is chaired by Christine McLoughlin. The stadium was built to hold 110,000 spectators, making it the largest Olympic Stadium built and the second largest stadium in Australia after the Melbourne Cricket Ground which held more than 120,000 before its re-design in the early 2000s.
In 2003, reconfiguration work was completed to shorten the north and south wings, install movable seating. These changes reduced the capacity to 83,500 for 82,500 for an oval field. Awnings were added over the north and south stands, allowing most of the seating to be under cover; the stadium was engineered along sustainable lines, e.g. utilising less steel in the roof structure than the Olympic stadiums of Athens and Beijing. The stadium lacked a naming rights sponsor in its formative years, bearing the name Stadium Australia between its opening in 1999 and 2002. In 2002, telecommunications company Telstra acquired the naming rights, resulting in the stadium being known as Telstra Stadium. On 12 December 2007 it was announced by the Stadium Australia Group that the stadium's name was to be changed to ANZ Stadium after concluding a deal with ANZ Bank worth around A$31.5 million over 7 years. This change took effect on 1 January 2008. In 2014, ANZ renewed the deal through to the end of 2017. In 1993, Stadium Australia was designed to host the 2000 Sydney Olympics.
The first sporting event held at the stadium was on 6 March 1999 when a then-record rugby league football crowd of 104,583 watched the NRL first round double-header, featuring Newcastle v Manly and Parramatta v St George Illawarra Dragons. The attendance broke the old record of 102,569 set at the Odsal Stadium in Bradford, England for the Challenge Cup Final replay between Warrington and Halifax held on 5 May 1954; the first musical act held at the newly built stadium was the Bee Gees, consisting of Barry and Maurice Gibb, on March 27, 1999. The band had embarked on what would be their final world tour as a group before the death of Maurice, the tour ending in the newly built Olympic Stadium; the show was sold out with an attendance of 66,285. The stadium was not opened until June 1999 when the Australian National Soccer team played the FIFA All Stars. Australia won the match 3–2 in front of a crowd of 88,101. Stadium Australia played host to the national side's historic playoff win over Uruguay in November 2005, a victory which granted Australia FIFA World Cup qualification for only the second time in the country's history.
The event attracted a virtual capacity crowd of 82,698. The 1999 Bledisloe Cup rugby union match between the Australian Wallabies and the New Zealand All Blacks attracted a then-world record rugby union crowd of 107,042. In 2000 this was bettered when an capacity crowd of 109,874 witnessed the "Greatest Rugby Match" when a Jonah Lomu try sealed an All Blacks win over the Wallabies 39–35; the All Blacks had led 24-nil after 11 minutes only to see Australia draw level at 24-all by halftime. An exhibition soccer match between the Socceroos and Premier League team Manchester United was played on 18 July 1999. Manchester United defeated Australia 1-0 in front of 78,000 spectators. On 9 June 1999, the stadium hosted its first State of Origin series game between New South Wales and Queensland; the match, Game 2 of the three game series, saw the record Origin attendance in Sydney when 88,336 saw the Blues christen their new home with a 12-8 win. The attendance broke the Origin attendance record of 87,161 set at the Melbourne Cricket Ground for Game 2 of the 1994 series.
On 7 August 1999, a National Football League exhibition game called the American Bowl was played between the Denver Broncos and the San Diego Chargers, bringing home former Australian Football League player Darren Bennett, the Chargers' punter. The Broncos won the game 20–17 in front of 73,811 spectators; this was Australia's first, only, American Bowl game. The 1999 National Rugby League grand final, played on 26 September between the Melbourne Storm and the St George Illawarra Dragons, broke the rugby league world-record crowd set earlier in the season when 107,999 came to watch the Storm defeat the Dragons 20–18 to win their first NRL premiership. During the 2000 Olympics, the evening athletics sessions on day 11 attracted 112,524 spectators on the night that Australia's Cathy Freeman won the Olympic Gold Medal for the Women's 400 metres; as of 2014, this remains the world record attendance for any athletics event. During the Olympics, the soccer final attracted 104,098 to witness Cameroon defeat Spain for its first-ever Olympic gold medal.
This was an Olympic Games football attendance record, breaking the record of 101,799 set at the Rose Bowl during the Gold Medal game of the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles. The opening ceremony for the 2000 Summer Olympics at the stadium sold out all 110,000 seats, while the highest attendance for any event in modern Olympic Games history was recorded with 114,714 at the stadium for the closing ceremony of the sam
Adelaide Oval is a sports ground in Adelaide, South Australia, located in the parklands between the city centre and North Adelaide. The venue is predominantly used for cricket and Australian rules football, but has played host to rugby league, rugby union, tennis among other sports as well as being used to hold concerts. Austadiums.com described Adelaide Oval as being "one of the most picturesque Test cricket grounds in Australia, if not the world". After the completion of the grounds most recent redevelopment in 2014, sports journalist Gerard Whateley described the venue as being "the most perfect piece of modern architecture because it's a contemporary stadium with all the character that it's had in the past". Adelaide Oval has been headquarters to the South Australian Cricket Association since 1871 and South Australian National Football League since 2014; the stadium is managed by the Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority. Its record crowd for cricket was 55,317 for the Second Ashes Test on 2 December 2017 and its record crowd for an Australian rules football match was 62,543 at the 1965 SANFL Grand Final between the Port Adelaide and Sturt.
In 1871 the ground was established after the formation of South Australian Cricket Association. During 1888 a switchback rollercoaster was constructed and was adjacent to Adelaide Oval where the present Riverbank Stand resides. In 1900 a picket fence was put in place around Oval's playing surface. In 1911 the current Adelaide Oval scoreboard, designed by architect Kenneth Milne, began service. In 1990 the Sir Donald Bradman Stand was built to replace the John Creswell stand and provided up to date facilities for spectators. In 1997 lights were constructed at the ground allowing sport to be held at night; this was the subject of a lengthy dispute with the Adelaide City Council relating to the parklands area. The first towers erected. In 2003 two grandstands, named the Chappell Stands, after the South Australian cricketing brothers Ian Chappell, Greg Chappell and Trevor Chappell were completed. Temporary stands were constructed for the 2006 Ashes Series to cope with demand. In August 2008 the South Australian Cricket Association announced that it had approved plans to redevelop the ground, involving expanding its capacity to 40,000.
Development plans showed a reconfiguration of a remodelled western stand. The redevelopment would make the ground a viable option for hosting Australian Football League games as well as international soccer and rugby; the state and federal Governments each pledged $25m to the project, leaving the SACA to raise at least $45m. The SACA planned for the new stand to be ready in time for the 2010–11 Ashes series; the South Australian government announced it would commit funding to redevelop Adelaide Oval into a multi-purpose sports facility that would bring AFL football to central Adelaide. Announcing an agreement negotiated with SACA, SANFL and the AFL, the Rann Labor government committed $450 million to the project; the three original western stands were demolished were torn down in June 2009 and a single Western stand was developed in its place ahead of the 2010–11 Ashes series. The Adelaide Oval Stadium Management Authority, a joint venture of SACA and the South Australian National Football League, was registered as a company on 23 December 2009 following the re-announcement of the plan.
The AOSMA has eight directors, four associated with SACA and four with SANFL. In 2010 the new Western stand was completed incorporating 14,000 individual seats and features improved shading conditions and amenities for SACA members. In the lead up to the 2010 state election, the opposition SA Liberals announced that, if elected, it would build with a new stadium with a roof, located at Riverside West at the site of the state government's new hospital location; the incumbent SA Labor government subsequently announced it would fund a $450 million upgrade and redevelopment of the whole of Adelaide Oval, rather than just the Western Grand Stand. Labor narrowly won re-election in 2010, resulting in its Adelaide Oval upgrade policy going ahead though for a steeper $535 million, of which this deal included the State Government clearing the SACA's $85 million debt. However, in early-mid-2010, prior to the election, it became clear. Following the 2010 state election, the Rann Labor government capped the State Government's commitment, stating: "It's $450 million – and not a penny more", set a deadline for the parties to agree.
In May, Treasurer Kevin Foley announced that "the Government's final offer to the SANFL and SACA for the redevelopment" was $535 million, the deadline was extended to August 2010. The SACA and the SANFL were in the process of negotiating an agreement that would enable Australian Rules Football to use Adelaide Oval during the AFL season as their home ground. In August 2010, SANFL and SACA representatives signed letters of intent committing to the project, including the capped $535 million offer from the state government; the redevelopment included a $40 million pedestrian bridge across the River Torrens to link the Adelaide railway station precinct with the Adelaide Oval precinct, completed for the Ashes cricket series in December 2013 and completed ahead of the 2014 AFL season. In early 2011, the AFL, SANFL, SACA, the SA Government and the Australian Government reache
Subiaco Oval is a disused stadium located in Subiaco, a suburb of Perth, Western Australia. The highest capacity stadium in Western Australia and one of the main stadiums in Australia, seating 43,500 people, the ground was the home of Australian rules football in Western Australia, being the home ground for the West Coast Eagles and Fremantle Football Club, the two Western Australian teams in the Australian Football League; the ground was used for occasional West Australian Football League matches, including the competition's yearly grand final. The stadium hosted Perth Glory games, including two National Soccer League grand finals, international rules matches, rugby union games and rock concerts, it was the home ground for the Western Force between 2006 and 2009. The ground was first built in 1908. In 1969 a three-tier stand was constructed at the western end of the stadium, in 1981 a two-tier stand on the members' wing was completed. A further redevelopment came in 1995 with the opening of the new two-tier "ANZ Stand" opposite the members' wing.
In 1997, light towers were installed at the ground. The last redevelopment, which converted the stadium into an all-seat venue with a capacity of 43,500 was completed in 1999 at a cost of A$35 million; the three-tier stand is named the Orr-Simons-Hill stand, in honour of three leading figures in the history of WAFL. This was proudly and prominently displayed on the exterior western face of the stand right up until the early 1990s, when it was replaced with the logo of a commercial sponsor. There is a small plaque remembering the original naming of the stand, mounted in one of the stairwells, each tier has a sign on the back interior wall; the ground is floodlit by four lighting towers. AFL playing surface: Length: 175 m Width: 122 m Goals run east to westFence to fence Length: 191 m Width: 132 m Subiaco Oval was the longest ground in the AFL competition, with visiting interstate teams having to adjust their playing style accordingly. Between 2000 and 2017, the ground was sometimes referred to as "The House of Pain", with many visiting teams losing by lopsided scores.
In 2003, the retail telecommunications company Crazy John's controversially attempted to buy the naming rights to the ground, but the bid was denied by the local Subiaco council, which refused planning permission for advertising signs on the stadium's exterior. In May 2005, a non-commercial name change was being considered. In October 2010, Perth-based stockbroker Patersons Securities bought the naming rights, the name of the ground was changed to Patersons Stadium; the Western Australian Football Commission accepted it and said it would put money back into all levels of football. In February 2015, it was announced that real estate company the Domain Group would take over naming rights from Patersons Securities, the ground was subsequently renamed Domain Stadium; the deal lasted for three years, the period of time before the new Perth Stadium opened its doors in 2018. Subiaco Oval has been the venue of major music concerts; these include: Elton John – 16 October 1971 The Bee Gees – 4 February 1972 Duke Ellington and His Orchestra – 5 February 1972 Led Zeppelin – 16 February 1972 Slade - 31 January 1973 Genesis – 6 December 1986 Australian Made – 10 January 1987 Billy Joel – 16 February 1991 Paul McCartney – 5 March 1993 Elton John & Billy Joel – 4 March 1998 Rumba Festival – 3 December 2002 Eagles – 11 November 2004 Rod Stewart & Bryan Adams – 26 February 2005 Neil Diamond – 19 March 2005 Pearl Jam – 25 November 2006 Robbie Williams – 30 November and 1 December 2006 Bon Jovi – 25 January 2008 - 28,790 people André Rieu – 22 November 2008 AC/DC – 6 and 8 March 2010 Bon Jovi – 8 December 2010 - 29,644 people U2 – 18 and 19 December 2010 Summadayze – 6 January 2013 Origin NYE Festival – 31 December 2014 One Direction – 20 February 2015 - 28,968 people Fleetwood Mac – 30 October 2015 AC/DC – 27 and 29 November 2015 Guns N' Roses – 21 February 2017 Adele – 28 February 2017Due to its large size and oval shape, the venue was not well suited to music concerts and was known to have poor acoustics.
It was chosen for large concerts because there were no other venues of comparable capacity in Perth. The oval was served by Subiaco and West Leederville stations, which were upgraded to handle more passengers. Special bus services were run for other special events. After 2007, tickets to AFL games included free travel on buses and trains for three hours before and after the game; that increased the proportion of football fans using public transport from 23.4% to 32.6%, with Dockers fans more to do so than Eagles fans. The completion of the Mandurah railway line was expected to increase public transport patronage to the ground, by replacing buses from south of the river with faster and larger trains. In 2005 the West Australian Football Commission released a $235 million plan to increase the stadium to a 60,000 seat venue in a staged project. However, this proposal became a matter of significant debate in Western Australia. Although the demand for a larger
Melbourne Cricket Ground
The Melbourne Cricket Ground known as "The G", is an Australian sports stadium located in Yarra Park, Victoria. Home to the Melbourne Cricket Club, it is the 10th largest stadium in the world, the largest in Australia, the largest in the Southern Hemisphere, the largest cricket ground by capacity, has the tallest light towers of any sporting venue; the MCG is within walking distance of the city centre and is served by Richmond and Jolimont stations, as well as the route 70 tram and the route 246 bus. It is part of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct. Since it was built in 1853, the MCG has been in a state of constant renewal, it served as the centrepiece stadium of the 1956 Summer Olympics, the 2006 Commonwealth Games and two Cricket World Cups: 1992 and 2015. It is famous for its role in the development of international cricket; the annual Boxing Day Test is one of the MCG's most popular events. Referred to as "the spiritual home of Australian rules football" for its strong association with the sport since it was codified in 1859, it hosts Australian Football League matches in the winter, with at least one game held there in most rounds of the home-and-away season.
The stadium fills to capacity for the AFL Grand Final. Home to the National Sports Museum, the MCG has hosted other major sporting events, including international rules football matches between Australia and Ireland, international rugby union matches, State of Origin games, FIFA World Cup qualifiers. Concerts and other cultural events are held at the venue, with the record attendance standing at around 130,000 for a Billy Graham evangelistic crusade in 1959. Grandstand redevelopments and occupational health and safety legislation have limited the maximum seating capacity to 95,000 with an additional 5,000 standing room capacity, bringing the total capacity to 100,024; the MCG is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register and was included on the Australian National Heritage List in 2005. Journalist Greg Baum called it "a shrine, a citadel, a landmark, a totem" that "symbolises Melbourne to the world". Founded in November 1838 the Melbourne Cricket Club selected the current MCG site in 1853 after playing at several grounds around Melbourne.
The club's first game was against a military team at the Old Mint site, at the corner of William and Latrobe Streets. Burial Hill became its home ground in January 1839, but the area was set aside for Botanical Gardens and the club was moved on in October 1846, to an area on the south bank of the Yarra about where the Herald and Weekly Times building is today; the area was subject to flooding, forcing the club to move again, this time to a ground in South Melbourne. It was not long before the club was forced out again, this time because of the expansion of the railway; the South Melbourne ground was in the path of Victoria's first steam railway line from Melbourne to Sandridge. Governor La Trobe offered the MCC a choice of three sites; this last option, now Yarra Park, had been used by Aborigines until 1835. Between 1835 and the early 1860s it was known as the Government or Police Paddock and served as a large agistment area for the horses of the Mounted Police, Border Police and Native Police.
The north-eastern section housed the main barracks for the Mounted Police in the Port Phillip district. In 1850 it was part of a 200-acre stretch set aside for public recreation extending from Governor La Trobe's Jolimont Estate to the Yarra River. By 1853 it had become a busy promenade for Melbourne residents. An MCC sub-committee chose the Richmond Park option because it was level enough for cricket but sloped enough to prevent inundation; that ground was located. At the same time the Richmond Cricket Club was given occupancy rights to six acres for another cricket ground on the eastern side of the Government Paddock. At the time of the land grant the Government stipulated that the ground was to be used for cricket and cricket only; this condition remained until 1933 when the State Government allowed the MCG's uses to be broadened to include other purposes when not being used for cricket. In 1863 a corridor of land running diagonally across Yarra Park was granted to the Hobson's Bay Railway and divided Yarra Park from the river.
The Mounted Police barracks were operational until the 1880s when it was subdivided into the current residential precinct bordered by Vale Street. The area closest to the river was developed for sporting purposes in years including Olympic venues in 1956; the first grandstand at the MCG was the original wooden members’ stand built in 1854, while the first public grandstand was a 200-metre long 6000-seat temporary structure built in 1861. Another grandstand seating 2000, facing one way to the cricket ground and the other way to the park where football was played, was built in 1876 for the 1877 visit of James Lillywhite's English cricket team, it was during this tour. In 1881 the original members' stand was sold to the Richmond Cricket Club for £55. A new brick stand, considered at the time to be the world's finest cricket facility, was built in its place; the foundation stone was laid by Prince George of Wales and Prince Albert Victor on 4 July and the stand opened in December that year. It was als
Junction Oval is a historic sports ground in the suburb of St Kilda in Melbourne, Australia. Its location near the St Kilda Junction gave rise to its name, it is located five kilometres from the centre of Melbourne and is in the southernmost part of the large Albert Park sporting precinct. Between 2015 and 2018, the oval underwent a $40 million redevelopment designed to make it the administrative headquarters of Cricket Victoria. Junction Oval was established on its present site in 1856; the first grandstand at the ground was purchased from the old Elsternwick racecourse and erected in 1892 at the southern end of the ground. A new grandstand was built in 1925-6 at a cost of £7000, designed by the architect E J Clark and built by H H Eilenberg, it was called the G P Newman Stand but has been renamed the Kevin Murray Stand after one of the Fitzroy Football Club's most famous footballers. A second brick stand designed by E J Clark to complement the Murray Stand was built by H H Eilenberg in 1933-4 at a cost of £7500.
It was named the Don Blackie-Bert Ironmonger Stand in honour of the St Kilda Cricket Club and Test cricketers. It still functions as a public pavilion. A new £6000 manual scoreboard and kiosk at the northern end of the ground was built in 1956-7, the cricket club's centenary year; the current capacity of the ground is 7,000. The scoreboard is a landmark of the St Kilda Junction area. There are two main heritage grandstands, the Blackie-Ironmonger stand built by the St Kilda Cricket Club, the Kevin Murray grandstand; the remainder of the ground is terraced asphalt, with grass embankments at the rear. Older structures were demolished during a rationalisation of the ground, after they were declared a fire hazard by the Metropolitan Fire Brigade in 1988, it is a picturesque venue, with a top-quality turf playing area and a modern backdrop of tall buildings and parkland. Cricket great Shane Warne has had a long association with the St Kilda Cricket Ground, not only making his first class debut at the ground for Victoria in 1991, but playing there on numerous occasions between 1989 and 2006 for his club side, St Kilda.
Due to these connections, the club began discussions in 2010 to rename the ground the Shane Warne Oval. Though such a change never occurred, Warne has spoken on behalf of the campaign to preserve the ground's suitability as a venue for first-class cricket. In December 2014, the Victorian Government announced it would contribute $25 million to the redevelopment of the venue, to allow it to become the administrative and training headquarters of Cricket Victoria. By the end of 2015, Cricket Victoria and Cricket Australia, in combination with the Melbourne Cricket Club, contributed the extra $15 million necessary to allow the redevelopment to proceed; the redevelopment of the venue incorporated several new features: A boutique-sized alternate first-class venue with a capacity of up to 7000. The upgraded venue was unveiled ahead of the Sheffield Shield match between Victoria and New South Wales on 3 March 2018. Junction Oval was founded in tandem with the St Kilda Cricket Club, who have called the ground home since its opening in 1856.
The club plays in the Victorian Premier Cricket competition and has a rich history of success at the venue. Prior to the redevelopment in 2015–18, the venue had hosted 28 first-class cricket matches, including 25 Sheffield Shield games; the lack of upgrades to the oval meant that by 2005 the venue failed to meet first-class standards, though in retaining its charm it was compared to the Basin Reserve in Wellington. The need for a first-class standard cricket ground in Victoria, in addition to the 100,000 seat capacity Melbourne Cricket Ground, became apparent as the state team was forced to host Sheffield Shield finals in interstate locations; the redevelopment of the ground in the mid-2010’s allowed Victoria and other teams to host matches at an appropriately-sized venue, relieving pressure on the MCG and enabling the oval to become capable of hosting Women's Big Bash League matches and other cricket competitions where necessary. As well as being the administrative headquarters of Cricket Victoria, the venue is referred to as the CitiPower Centre.
Prior to redevelopment, Victoria utilised the oval during the 2005–06 season when the Melbourne Cricket Ground was being prepared for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. In the early 1990s it was used because of the construction of the Great Southern Stand at the MCG, it played host to the 2008/09 Sheffield Shield final, won by the Bushrangers, due to the unavailability of the MCG, because of the Bushfire relief concert. As a result of the redevelopment, the Victorian state team plays many home games in the domestic One-Day Cup and Sheffield Shield competitions at the oval. Success at the redeveloped ground came for the Victorians, who won their sixth One-Day Cup and 32nd Sheffield Shield at the Junction Oval during th