Shire of Wellington
The Shire of Wellington is a local government area in Victoria, located in the eastern part of the state. It covers an area of 10,989 square kilometres and at the 2016 Census had a population of 43,000, it includes the towns of Heyfield, Maffra, Stratford, Newry and Yarram. It was formed in 1994 from the amalgamation of the Shire of Alberton, Shire of Avon, Shire of Maffra, City of Sale and parts of the Shire of Rosedale; the Shire is administered by the Wellington Shire Council. The Shire is named after a major geographical feature in the region, Lake Wellington, located in the south-east of the LGA; the Council is composed of three wards and nine councillors, with three councillors per ward elected to represent each ward. The Council meets in the Council Chambers of the Wellington Centre in the Port of Sale precinct at 70 Foster Street, which houses the Gippsland Art Gallery, Visitor Information Centre and Sale Library; the council headquarters are located over the road at 18 Desailly Street, the location of the council's administrative activities.
It provides customer services at its service centres in Maffra, Stratford and Yarram. Central Gippsland East Gippsland List of localities Wellington Shire Council official website Metlink local public transport map Link to Land Victoria interactive maps
Heyfield is a town in Victoria, with a population of 1,993. It is 206 kilometres east of Melbourne, in the Shire of Wellington local government area. Located on the Thomson River, Heyfield is a gateway to the Victorian High Country. In 1841 an early settler, James McFarlane, described the district as resembling "a field of waving corn", called it "Hayfield". By 1866, the spelling had changed to "Heyfield", but when and why this happened is unclear, it may have been renamed to reflect the spelling of the nearby Heyfield Station. In 1866, McFarlane's property was taken over by James Tyson, a former member of the Queensland Legislative Council, a pastoralist, considered Australia's first self-made millionaire; the town grew up as a stopping point for diggers on their way to the Gippsland goldfields, the Post Office opened on 24 September 1870. It is today known for its timber production, it is the principal source of hardwood in Victoria, the largest timber mill in the Southern Hemisphere, Australian Sustainable Hardwoods, is located there.
The district's irrigation water comes from Lake Glenmaggie. During the Gippsland bushfires in December 2006 and January 2007, the town was used as a staging area by the networked fire agencies, the Department of Sustainability and Environment, Country Fire Authority, Victoria Police, the Victorian State Emergency Service. A skatepark was built in Heyfield in December 2005. Heyfield and its surroundings were victims of severe flash floods twice during winter and spring in 2007; the Thomson River rendered the road out of Heyfield impassable. The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the North Gippsland Football League. Golfers play at the course of the Heyfield Golf Club on Golflinks Road; the author Mary Grant Bruce started writing her Billabong series of books in 1910 while staying at James Tyson's former house. The poet Shaw Neilson spent some time in the Heyfield area in the 1920s, where he wrote several poems and helped in the construction of the Lake Glenmaggie weir wall.
Wil Anderson - Australian stand-up comedian and TV and radio personality David Wojcinski - Geelong FC Player. Leigh Brown - Retired Collingwood FC Player. Melbourne FC assistant coach. Brent Macaffer - Collingwood FC Player. Heyfield Sydney Morning Herald - Heyfield
The Gippsland Lakes are a network of lakes and lagoons in east Gippsland, Australia covering an area of about 354 square kilometres. The largest of the lakes are Lake King and Lake Victoria; the lakes are collectively fed by the Avon, Latrobe, Mitchell and Tambo rivers. The Gippsland Lakes were formed by two principal processes; the first is river delta alluvial deposition of sediment brought in by the rivers which flow into the lakes. Silt deposited by this process forms into long jetties which can run many kilometres into a lake, as exemplified by the Mitchell River silt jetties that run into Lake King; the second process is the action of sea current in Bass Strait which created the Ninety Mile Beach and cut off the river deltas from the sea. Once the lakes were closed off a new cycle started, whereby the water level of the lakes would rise until the waters broke through the barrier beach and the level would drop down until it equalised with sea-level; the beach would close-off the lakes and the cycle would begin anew.
Sometimes it would take many years before a new channel to the sea was formed and not in the same place as the last one. In 1889, a wall was built to fix the position of a occurring channel between the lakes and the ocean at Lakes Entrance, to stabilise the water level, create a harbour for fishing boats and open up the lakes to shipping; this entrance needs to be dredged or the same process that created the Gippsland Lakes would render the entrance too shallow for seagoing vessels to pass through. Due to flooding in 2011, Gippsland Lakes experienced blooms of bioluminescent Noctiluca scintillans; the Gippsland Lakes provide a major hub for tourism for recreational boating and fishing enthusiasts. The lakes network can be explored by water taxi, or boat and kayak hire. On the fringes of the lakes are several tourist towns that swell to support the tourist trade in the summer months. Lakes Entrance is the largest of the towns on the lakes with a population of 4,500; the town is well serviced with resorts and facilities.
It is located with easy access to both the lakes network and the surf beach on Ninety Mile Beach, patrolled each summer. Metung is a small village located on the tip of a peninsula sitting in the Gippsland Lakes, surrounded completely by water, it is an upmarket tourist destination with many dining options and artisan galleries. Much of Paynesville’s accommodation and infrastructure are located on the network of canals. One of the key attractions is Raymond Island, known for its koala population; the diversity of the brine waters of the lakes, surf beaches along Ninety Mile Beach and fresh water streams that feed the lakes, make the Gippsland Lakes a popular fishing destination. Local fish varieties include bream, flathead and trevally. Paynesville, Lakes Entrance and Metung all offer a number of jetties, boat ramps and berthing facilities; the lakes support numerous species of wildlife and there exist two protected areas within: The Lakes National Park and Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park. The Gippsland Lakes wetlands are protected by the international Ramsar Convention on wetlands.
There are approximately 400 indigenous flora species and 300 native fauna species. Three plants, two of them being orchid species, are listed as endangered; the numbers of southern right whales and humpback whales using the Lake Entrance area show increases in recent years, as the populations have started to recover from illegal hunts by the Soviet Union with help from Japan in 1960s-1970s. The lakes are home to about 50 of the described species of bottlenose dolphin, the Burrunan dolphin; the other 150 or so of this rare species are to be found in Port Phillip. The wetlands provide habitat for about 20,000 waterbirds – including birds from as far afield as Siberia and Alaska; the lakes have been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because they support over 1% of the global populations of black swans, chestnut teals and musk ducks, as well as many fairy terns. The Gippsland Lakes are, in order of size: Lake Wellington, 150 square kilometres Lake Victoria, 150 square kilometres Lake Reeve, 52 square kilometres Lake King, 44 square kilometres Lake Coleman, 13 square kilometres Lake Tyers, 9.5 square kilometres Banksia Swamp Gippsland's official tourism website - Gippsland Lakes Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park Media related to East Gippsland at Wikimedia Commons Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park webpage at Parks Victoria Gippsland Coastal Board The Lakes National Park & Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park Plan Gippsland Ports Authority website Gippsland Lakes Ministerial Advisory Committee website East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority.
East Gippsland regional catchment strategy 2013 -2019. Bairnsdale: East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. ISBN 978-0-9758164-6-2
Rosedale is a pastoral and agricultural town 184 kilometres east of Melbourne via the Princes Highway. It is situated on the southern side of the LaTrobe River. Once a staging post on the Port Albert to Sale and Port Albert to Walhalla coach runs, it was the administrative centre of the Shire of Rosedale which extended to the east and included the Ninety Mile Beach, it is now part of the Wellington Shire centred in Sale. At the 2006 census, Rosedale had a population of 1,077; the town is in the area of Gippsland explored separately by the Scotsman, Angus McMillan, the Polish aristocrat, Count Paul von Strzelecki, in 1840. A memorial to McMillan is located in Rosedale, one to Strzelecki near Traralgon to the west. McMillan named the region Gippsland after Governor Gipps; the earliest European inhabitant in the district is thought to have been a man named Blind Joe who lived in a hut on the Latrobe River and the first sale of'town lots' in Rosedale, on 20 May 1855, took place there. The town is named after and built upon the site of a station owned by David Parry-Okedon, who, in 1843, called his run Rosedale after his wife, Rosalie.
The earliest known plan of the township is dated March 27, 1855. It remains the central layout of the township. For two decades, Gippsland was sparsely populated, relying on the supply of livestock to Tasmania for its prosperity. With discovery of gold at Stringer's Creek in 1863, the region was to change. Within a decade, the Long Tunnel mine at Walhalla had become one of the richest in the world, as prospectors and miners converged on the mountain. Transport hubs like Rosedale and Port Albert expanded as farmers found a ready market for their produce; the first brick construction was the Rosedale Hotel in 1858, built by William Allen, who emigrated from London in 1854. He was responsible for the construction of the Mechanic's Institute, the original school house, the Exchange Hotel, the three churches and Nambrok Homestead; the Rosedale Post Office opened on 8 February 1859. A Police Station followed in 1862; the first bridge over the LaTrobe River was constructed in 1862. Following disastrous floods in 1934 and 1935, two raised concrete bridges, joined by a central causeway, were constructed over the flood plain in 1937–38.
This structure was duplicated as part of the subsequent upgrade of the Princes Highway. The first school was opened in 1863 and became a Common School in 1865. During the school centenary year, Dr H. C Disher, of'Strathfieldsaye', born at Rosedale and attended the school from 1901–1904, established an annual secondary scholarship for a deserving boy and girl; the school was moved to a new location on the western side of the town 1989. St Mark's Anglican Church was built in 1866, followed by St Andrew's Presbyterian Church in 1869. St Rose of Lima Catholic Church was constructed in 1875. In 1866, a site was selected for a Mechanic's Institute; the building was opened in 1875. Rosedale was proclaimed a Road District in February 1869. Two years it became the Rosedale Shire Council, it had four areas – Rosedale, Toongabbie and Traralgon. In 1879, Traralgon became a separate shire; the Rosedale Railway Station was opened on June 1877, as part of the Morwell to Sale line. It was not until 1879; the area was once part of the Holey Plain grazing run, owned by the Curlewis brothers.
Edward Crooke, who emigrated to Australia in 1837 and purchased a station at Omeo in the early 1840s, used the run as a holding station for the livestock which he drove to Port Albert for shipment to Van Diemen's Land. He leased the property and his son built an impressive homestead with a four-tiered tower on the site in 1889. Crooke's descendants still live in the district. Other notable homesteads are Snake's Ridge on the northern bank of the LaTrobe River, Nambrok about eight kilometres to the east along the Princes Highway. A pyneboard factory was opened in 1964 by the Premier of Mr Henry Bolte, it operated for some 15 years. The plant was used subsequently; the town has a football club in the North Gippsland Football Netball League the North Gippsland Football League. The Club won the Firsts Premiership in 1965, 2001 and 2015; the club played the Sale Cowwarr Football League, where the Firsts were Premiers in 1958, 1961 and 1962. The Rosedale Recreation Reserve comprises two netball courts.
It is the home of the Rosedale Football Club, the Rosedale Netball Club, the Rosedale Kilmany Cricket Club, the Rosedale Junior Football Club and the Rosedale Badminton Club. The town has a bowls club, a golf club, a tennis club and a rifle range. Thoroughbred horse racing was conducted at Rosedale for over a century, with the first-known event held on April 13, 1868. A Rosedale Turf Club was established in 1878, it became the Rosedale Racing Club, which conducted races until 1969. Patrobas, the three-year-old winner of the 1915 Caulfield Guineas, Victoria Derby and Melbourne Cup finished second in his first race at Rosedale. Patrobus was raced by the owner of the nearby Nambrok station, she was the first woman to own a Melbourne Cup winner. Patrobus is the only Gippsland horse to win the Melbourne Cup. A statue of the horse is located in the main street. Following the closure of the Rosedale Racing Club, the racecourse was developed as a golf course and a speedway; the first speedway meeting was conducted in 1972.
In February 1973, the speedway attracted some of the best drivers throughout Australia to the inaugural Coca-Cola Bottlers 2000 meeting. The race was won by the reigning Australian champion, David House, from Canberra, driving a Torana GTR XU1. Neil Cordy, Graeme Cordy an
Port Albert is a coastal town in Victoria, Australia, on the coast of Corner Inlet on the Yarram - Port Albert Road, 82 kilometres south-east of Morwell, 236 kilometres south-east of Melbourne, in the Shire of Wellington. At the 2016 census, Port Albert had a population of 245. Port Albert was one of the earliest ports established in Victoria. In 1841 the Gippsland Company investigated the area following favourable reports from explorer Angus McMillan. In May of that year the first settlers arrived; the area was known as Seabank or Old Port, but was changed to New Leith when the town started developing, changed to Alberton and Port Albert in honour of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the husband of Queen Victoria. The Post Office opened on 1 November 1842 as Alberton and was the fourth to open in the Port Phillip District, it became the administrative centre of Gippsland and a transport hub for cargo between Melbourne and Van Diemen's Land, thanks to its 250-metre timber jetty. As the Victorian Gold Rush began in the 1850s, traffic through Port Albert increased, bringing prospectors from Europe and China, many of whom were headed for the Dargo goldfields.
This further added to Port Albert's prosperity. During the 1870s and 1880s, Gippsland was settled, connected to the railway network; this reduced Port Albert's role as an important transport hub, the population subsequently decreased. Today the town acts as a commercial fishing port, is popular with fishers and surfers; the town hosts a fishing competition each March. Drum Island, around 110 hectares in size, lies off the coast
Royal Australian Air Force
The Royal Australian Air Force, formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force. It operates the majority of the ADF's fixed wing aircraft, although both the Australian Army and Royal Australian Navy operate aircraft in various roles, it directly continues the traditions of the Australian Flying Corps, formed on 22 October 1912. The RAAF provides support across a spectrum of operations such as air superiority, precision strikes, intelligence and reconnaissance, air mobility, space surveillance, humanitarian support; the RAAF took part in many of the 20th century's major conflicts. During the early years of the Second World War a number of RAAF bomber, fighter and other squadrons served in Britain, with the Desert Air Force located in North Africa and the Mediterranean. From 1942, a large number of RAAF units were formed in Australia, fought in South West Pacific Area. Thousands of Australians served with other Commonwealth air forces in Europe, including during the bomber offensive against Germany.
By the time the war ended, a total of 216,900 men and women served in the RAAF, of whom 10,562 were killed in action. The RAAF served in the Berlin Airlift, Korean War, Malayan Emergency, Indonesia–Malaysia Confrontation and Vietnam War. More the RAAF has participated in operations in East Timor, the Iraq War, the War in Afghanistan, the military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant; the RAAF has 259 aircraft. The RAAF traces its history back to the Imperial Conference held in London in 1911, where it was decided aviation should be developed within the armed forces of the British Empire. Australia implemented this decision, the first dominion to do so, by approving the establishment of the "Australian Aviation Corps"; this consisted of the Central Flying School at Point Cook, opening on 22 October 1912. By 1914 the corps was known as the "Australian Flying Corps". Soon after the outbreak of war in 1914, the Australian Flying Corps sent aircraft to assist in capturing German colonies in what is now north-east New Guinea.
However, these colonies surrendered before the planes were unpacked. The first operational flights did not occur until 27 May 1915, when the Mesopotamian Half Flight was called upon to assist the Indian Army in protecting British oil interests in what is now Iraq; the corps saw action in Egypt, Palestine and on the Western Front throughout the remainder of the First World War. By the end of the war, four squadrons—Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 -- had seen operational service. 5, 6, 7 and 8—had been established. A total of 460 officers and 2,234 other ranks served in the AFC, whilst another 200 men served as aircrew in the British flying services. Casualties included 111 wounded, 6 gassed and 40 captured; the Australian Flying Corps remained part of the Australian Army until 1919, when it was disbanded along with the First Australian Imperial Force. Although the Central Flying School continued to operate at Point Cook, military flying ceased until 1920, when the Australian Air Corps was formed; the Australian Air Force was formed on 31 March 1921.
King George V approved the prefix "Royal" in June 1921 and became effective on 31 August 1921. The RAAF became the second Royal air arm to be formed in the British Commonwealth, following the British Royal Air Force; when formed the RAAF had more aircraft than personnel, with 21 officers and 128 other ranks and 153 aircraft. In September 1939, the Australian Air Board directly controlled the Air Force via RAAF Station Laverton, RAAF Station Richmond, RAAF Station Pearce, No. 1 Flying Training School RAAF at Point Cook, RAAF Station Rathmines and five smaller units. In 1939, just after the outbreak of the Second World War, Australia joined the Empire Air Training Scheme, under which flight crews received basic training in Australia before travelling to Canada for advanced training. A total of 17 RAAF bomber, fighter and other squadrons served in Britain and with the Desert Air Force located in North Africa and the Mediterranean. Thousands of Australians served with other Commonwealth air forces in Europe during the Second World War.
About nine percent of the personnel who served under British RAF commands in Europe and the Mediterranean were RAAF personnel. With British manufacturing targeted by the German Luftwaffe, in 1941 the Australian government created the Department of Aircraft Production to supply Commonwealth air forces, the RAAF was provided with large numbers of locally built versions of British designs such as the DAP Beaufort torpedo bomber and Mosquitos, as well as other types such as Wirraways and Mustangs. In the European theatre of the war, RAAF personnel were notable in RAF Bomber Command: although they represented just two percent of all Australian enlistments during the war, they accounted for twenty percent of those killed in action; this statistic is further illustrated by the fact that No. 460 Squadron RAAF flying Avro Lancasters, had an official establishment of about 200 aircrew and yet had 1,018 combat deaths. The squadron was therefore wiped out five times over. Total RAAF casualties in Europe were 5,488 killed or missing.
The beginning of the Pacific War—and the rapid advance of Japanese forces—threatened the Australian mainland for the first time in its history. The RAAF was quite unprepared for the emergency, had negligible forces available for service in the Pacific. In 1941 and early 1942, many RAAF airmen, including Nos. 1, 8, 21 and 453
Bushy Park, Victoria
Bushy Park is a town in Victoria, located on Briagolong Road, north of Maffra, in the Shire of Wellington. Bushy Park Post Office opened on 1 November 1889 and closed in 1938