Glitter describes an assortment of small, reflective particles that come in a variety of shapes and colors. Glitter particles reflect light at different angles, causing the surface to shimmer; the size of glitter is somewhat smaller. Since prehistoric times, glitter has been made from many different materials including stones such as malachite, mica, as well as insects and glass. Modern glitter is manufactured from plastic and is recycled leading to calls from scientists for bans on plastic glitter; the first production of modern plastic glitter is credited to the American machinist Henry Ruschmann, who found a way to cut plastic or mylar sheets into glitter in 1934. During World War II, glass glitter became unavailable so Ruschmann found a market for scrap plastics ground into glitter, he founded Meadowbrook Inventions, Inc. in Bernardsville, New Jersey, the company is still a producer of industrial glitter. Decades he filed a patent for a mechanism for cross-cutting films as well as other related inventions.
Today over 20,000 varieties of glitter are manufactured in a vast number of different colors and materials. Over 10 million pounds of glitter were purchased between the years of 2009 alone. Commercial glitter ranges in size from 0.002 to.25 inches a side. First, flat multi-layered sheets are produced combining plastic and reflective material such as aluminium, titanium dioxide, iron oxide, bismuth oxychloride; these sheets are cut into tiny particles of many shapes including squares, triangles and hexagons. Glittering surfaces have been found to be used since prehistoric times and the arts and in cosmetics; the modern English word "glitter" comes from the Middle English word gliteren by way of the Old Norse word glitra. However, as early as 30,000 years ago, mica flakes were used to give cave paintings a glittering appearance. Prehistoric humans are believed to have used cosmetics, made of powdered hematite, a sparkling mineral.8,000 years ago people of the Americas were using powdered galena, a form of lead, to produce a bright greyish-white glittering paint used for objects of adornment.
The collecting and surface mining of galena was prevalent in the Upper Mississippi Valley region by the Cahokia native peoples, for regional trade both raw and crafted into beads or other objects. From 40,000 BCE to 200 BCE, ancient Egyptians, produced "glitter-like substances from crushed beetles" as well as finely ground green malachite crystal. Researchers believe Mayan temples were sometimes painted with red and grey glitter paint made from mica dust, based on infrared scans of the remnants of paint still found on the structures in present-day Guatemala. Prior to fabrics made with modern glitter, sequins were sewn or woven on to fabric to give it a glittering appearance. Edible glitter made from gum arabic and other ingredients is used by culinary artists. Glitter is used in cosmetics to make the face and nails sparkly. Additionally, it is used in children's crafts to color and texture items; the small, brightly colored particles stick to clothing and furniture, can be difficult to remove.
Glitter coatings or finishes are used on fishing lures to draw attention by simulating the scales of prey fish. Due to its unique characteristics, glitter has proven to be useful forensic evidence; because of the tens of thousands of different commercial glitters, identical glitter particles can be compelling evidence that a suspect has been at a crime scene. Forensic scientist Edwin Jones has one of the largest collections of glitter consisting of over 1,000 different samples used in comparison of samples taken from crime scenes. Glitter particles are transferred through the air or by touch, yet cling to bodies and clothing unnoticed by suspects. Glitter can be seen as a tool of fashion used various subcultures, as it allows for a visible statement to be worn and seen on the body; this is because it has been theorized to be a "flickering signifier", or something that destabilizes known notions of popular culture and society. Glitter is associated with "fringe cultures", which use excessive glam and glamor such as glitter to evoke a deeper understanding between the relationships of commercialized popular culture and "high" culture, or "high-brow" art.
Used by glam rockers, such as David Bowie, Gary Glitter, Iggy Pop glitter is used as a tool to help blur gender lines. This helped to create the more extreme "Glitter Rock" – an more heightened version of glam rock. Glitter is used by nail artists and make-up artists to make statements about femininity and beauty standards; the flashy, sparkling nature of glitter allows users to push standard ideas of beauty and what is and isn't considered "excessive" in terms of make-up. Glitter is associated with nightlife and not professionalism, but wearing it in different settings can push these boundaries. Glitter is used for glitter bombing, an act of protest in which activists throw glitter on people at public events. Glitter bombers have been motivated by, though not limited to, their targets' opposition to same-sex marriage; some legal officials argue glitter bombing is technically battery. It is possible for glitter to enter the eyes or nose and cause damage to the cornea or other soft tissues irritating them or leading to infection, depending on the size of the glitter.
Whether a prosecutor would pursue the charges depends on a number of factors. Trisia Farrelly, an environmental anthropologist at Massey University, has called for a ban on glitter made of polyethylene terephthalate and aluminium, as it is a m
Glitter (Gary Glitter album)
Glitter is the debut album released in 1972 by British glam rock singer Gary Glitter, produced by Bell Records. Two tracks, "I Didn't Know I Loved You" and "Rock and Roll", the latter a song in two parts, achieved success as singles; the album featured, in addition to including the two singles, other original songs that generated fan support, including "Rock On!", "Shakey Sue" and "The Famous Instigator", as well as Glitter's versions of "Baby, Please Don't Go" and "The Wanderer". The disc was a best-seller; the album presaged his 1973 Touch Me. The album was reissued in 1996 as a picture disc, limited to 5,000 copies, which had a differing track list than the album (included four added tracks: "I'm the Leader of the Gang", "It's Not a Lot", "Just Fancy That" and "Thank You Baby for Myself"; the album was reissued in 2009 under Airmail Records including five bonus tracks: "I'm the Leader of the Gang", "Just Fancy That", "I Love You Love Me Love", "Hands Up! It's a Stick-Up", "Remember Me This Way".
"Rock and Roll Part 1" 3:01 "Baby, Please Don't Go" 2.53 "The Wanderer" 2:44 "I Didn't Know I Loved You" 3:22 "Ain't That a Shame" 2:39 "School Day" 3:07 "Rock On!" 3:32 "Donna" 4:18 "The Famous Instigator" 3:24 "The Clapping Song" 3:13 "Shaky Sue" 2:21 "Rock and Roll Part 2" 3:01 "I'm the Leader of the Gang" "It's Not a Lot" "Just Fancy That" "Thank You Baby for Myself" "I'm the Leader of the Gang" "Just Fancy That" "I Love You Love Me Love" "Hands Up! It's a Stick-Up" "Remember Me This Way"
"Glitter"/"Fated" is the forty-first single by Japanese pop singer Ayumi Hamasaki, released on July 18, 2007. "Glitter"/"Fated" was Hamasaki's first single of 2007 and first single in over a year, since the release of "Blue Bird" in June 2006. The first signs of a new single emerged when Hamasaki stated on her Team Ayu fanclub blog on April 26, 2007 that she had just finished writing a new song and was preparing to go record it. On May 17, 2007 the title was revealed on Tower Records' website. On the same date, it was announced that like last year's summer song Blue Bird, glitter would be used as a tie-up to promote Zespri's golden kiwi once again. On May 18, the single was announced on Hamasaki's official website, it was stated that this single would be the opening of her "third chapter." Upon availability for preorder on May 19, "Glitter"/"Fated" topped the CD sales chart on Japanese music vendor "Neowing" and its English counterpart "CDJapan" because of the amount of pre-orders that it received.
On May 22, several Japanese news websites and vendors reported that "Fated" would be the theme song of the Japanese film Kaidan. It was reported that the theme song would not only be used for the film's release in Japan, but it would accompany the film's release in over 50 countries. On May 30, 2007, Hamasaki reported on her Team Ayu fanclub blog that she would be flying to Hong Kong after her Asia tour performances in Osaka to film a new short film alongside actor Shawn Yue; the film will feature both "Glitter" and "Fated" and is a short movie that runs 18 minutes. She would share her first onscreen kiss in this video. On June 12, the songs "Glitter" and "Fated" were both leaked in their entirety. Rather than having two conventional music videos, both songs are featured in one short film starring Hamasaki herself alongside Hong Kong actor Shawn Yue. Hamasaki flew to Hong Kong on June 1, 2007 to begin filming the short film which took a total of eight days of filming to complete; this was the first time Hamasaki had worked with a Chinese actor.
Hamasaki had three translators with her at all times and Shawn Yue had two. Despite the large number of translators present, Yue stated that it was hard to get close to Hamasaki on a personal level because of the number of people around them as well as the language barrier. Although this was difficult for Yue, he stated in phone interview with On.cc that he and Hamasaki are now, in fact, friends. During the filming one scene towards the ending of the film, Hamasaki wore a beautiful yet heavy wedding dress and ran around frantically for at least ten takes. Despite the 30 °C weather and several rain showers, Hamasaki continued filming relentlessly. Distance Love depicts Hamasaki as herself, on a tour of Hong Kong, with Yue as her bodyguard, whom Hamasaki falls in love with. In the half of Distance Love, Yue is injured while riding his motorcycle, leaving behind a ring, which Hamasaki finds. CD Maxi Single "Glitter" "Fated" "Secret" "Glitter" "Fated" The single contains the track "Secret", the title track of her most recent studio album.
This marks the first time she released a track on a single in its original form after it was featured on an album. DVD Kyo Ai ～Distance Love～ Ayumi promoted Glitter/Fated by live performances on the following networks: July 13, 2007 – Music Station – "Glitter" July 13, 2007 – Music Fighter – "Fated" July 14, 2007 – CDTV – "Glitter" July 16, 2007 – Hey! Hey! Hey! – "Glitter" July 20, 2007 – Music Japan – "Glitter" July 20, 2007 – Music Station – "Fated" "Glitter"/"Fated" debuted in Oricon as #1, where it remained until the end of the week and reached #1 weekly chart with sales of 110,000 copies. This is Hamasaki's 16th consecutive number one 28th # 1 single in total. Beginning in the second week, the single fell down to #6 and climbed back to #4 on the weekly chart with sales around 22,000 copies. By the end of 2007 Avex reported that "Glitter"/"Fated" had sold 244,000 copies
Glitter bombing is an act of protest in which activists throw glitter on people at public events. Glitter bombers have been motivated by, though not limited to, their targets' rape apologism or opposition to same-sex marriage; some legal officials argue glitter bombing is technically battery. It is possible for glitter to enter the eyes or nose and cause damage to the cornea or other soft tissues irritating them or leading to infection, depending on the size of the glitter. Whether a prosecutor would pursue the charges depends on a number of factors. Glitter bombs can be sent through the post, so that glitter falls from an envelope or is forcefully ejected from a larger, spring-loaded package when opened. There are services where an envelope containing loose glitter or spring-loaded glitter bombs could be sent anonymously to a victim. Former NASA engineer Mark Rober, built a glitter bomb combined with regular emissions of aerosolized fart odor upon package thieves… He used 4 phones with cameras and GPS device so he could record the thief, upload the data, recover the package.
In the Season 3 premiere of Glee, William McKinley High School teacher and Glee Club director Will Schuester glitter bombs cheerleading coach and candidate for the United States House of Representatives Sue Sylvester as a protest against her support for cutting federal funding for the arts in public schools. The tactic backfires. Egging Flour bomb List of practical joke topics Pieing Shoeing Tactical frivolity Zap
Glitter is a 2001 American romantic musical drama film starring Mariah Carey and rapper Da Brat, written by Kate Lanier, directed by Vondie Curtis Hall. Set in 1982, Carey plays Billie Frank, an aspiring singer who, along with her friends Louise and Roxanne, is a club dancer. Timothy Walker offers them a contract as backup singers/dancers to another singer. In the premiere of the song they recorded, Billie meets Julian "Dice" Black, a DJ in a night club, helps her in her solo career. In the process and Dice fall in love with each other. Carey began working on a film and soundtrack project titled All That Glitters in 1997. However, during that period, her label Columbia Records pressured her to release a compilation album in time for the holiday season in November 1998. Carey put All That Glitters on hold. Following this, she aimed to complete the film and album project for the summer of 2001. Shooting began in Toronto and New York at the end of September 2000. Carey utilized the time to work on the soundtrack of the film, along with Eric Benét and Da Brat, who appeared on the film.
The film was released on September 21, 2001, ten days after the release of the accompanying soundtrack on September 11, 2001. Before its release, Carey was hospitalized, citing "extreme exhaustion" and a "physical and emotional breakdown". Due to this, the film and its soundtrack were postponed for three weeks. Glitter was critical flop. Reviewers were disappointed with the film, Carey's performance as an actress was considered by many to be amateur; this caused the film to receive negative commentary along social media sites, with Carey herself admitting that she regretted being part of the film. Some went on to call it one of the worst films to be released. Glitter opened in 1,996 American theatres, grossed $2.5 million in its first week, with a worldwide total of $5.3 million. The soundtrack of the film had some commercial success and went on to sell three million copies worldwide less compared with Carey's previous releases. In the 1970s, Lillian Frank is a performer at a nightclub. Lillian tries to rouse the crowd with her torch song, "Lillie's Blues", with her daughter Billie Frank accompanying her on vocals.
The plot fails and Lillian is fired. Lillian feels defeated and lights a cigarette, accidentally falls asleep with it and starts a fire, causing the building to be evacuated. Due to her mother's actions, Billie is fostered. Years in 1983, the adult Billie is a club dancer along with her foster-care friends Louise and Roxanne, they meet Timothy Walker, who offers a contract as backup singers and dancers to the singer Sylk and the three are contracted. At a nightclub hosted by Julian "Dice" Black, Sylk debuts "All My Life". Dice discovers that Billie is the real singer of the song, as a means to cover up Sylk's abysmal singing ability. Impressed, he wishes to produce her but Billie raises concerns about her contract with Timothy and he agrees on the provision that Dice pays him $100,000. Billie and Dice start working on songs, they sign with Guy Richardson of a major record label. With success in their hands, he asks her up to his apartment and they sleep together. Billie's first major single, "Loverboy", is a success.
Billie is called to perform at an awards. Billie gets a threat from Timothy concerning the debt. Billie, upset about how Dice lied about her contract and his arrest, leaves him. Following the break-up, Billie collaborates with several songwriters, including Rafael, with whom she makes another hit single, "Want You", her debut album becomes a massive success. Billie begins writing a song on her own, due to her emotional pain. Dice misses Billie, begins writing a song. Billie discovers he is not home. Billie discovers that the music he has written, realizes they wrote the same song: "Never Too Far", kisses his music sheet. Dice, upon seeing her lipstick prints on the sheet, plans a reconciliation, but is shot dead by Timothy. Before playing at Madison Square Garden, Billie sees the news report of Dice's death, onstage after, commands the band to stop playing "Loverboy", she tells the audience not to take the ones they love for granted, she starts to sing "Never Too Far". Afterwords, Billie reads a note Dice had left her, where he tells her that he loves her and that he has found Lillian.
Billie's limo takes her to the secluded rural property where she is reunited with her mother once again. In 1997, American singer Mariah Carey began working on a film and soundtrack project titled All That Glitters. However, during that period, her record company Columbia Records pressured Carey to release a compilation album, in time for the favorable holiday season in November. Carey put All That Glitters on hold, released the compilation in November 1998. Following an additional studio album in 1999, titled Rainbow, the project was delayed, she published some of the material on Rainbow, in which she exerted creative control over the album and its sound, Carey completed her contract with Columbia Records. She signed a US$100 million record deal with Virgin Records. Carey was given full creative control over the project, she opted to record an album mixed with 1980s influenced disco and other similar genres, in order to go hand-in-hand with the film's setting. As the release date grew nearer, the movie and album title were changed from All That Glitters to Glitter.
Carey developed the film's concept, expanded by Kate Lanier She said they r
Glitter (TV series)
Glitter is an American television drama series broadcast by the ABC network during the 1984-1985 season. The series was produced by Aaron Spelling and was set behind the scenes of a top entertainment magazine titled "Glitter" and attempted to combine the urgency of journalism and business politics with the glamorous lifestyles of the rich and famous featured in the pages of the magazine; the leading cast members were Morgan Brittany and Arthur Hill. The format of the series was similar to two other popular ABC shows which were produced by Aaron Spelling. Unlike the other shows, Glitter was not a ratings success, it was scheduled on Thursday nights against Simon & Simon and Night Court which were all among the Top 20 most-watched programs at that time. The first three episodes aired in September 1984, the show was taken off the air until December 1984 when three more episodes were shown. Ratings did not improve and the series was cancelled; the remaining eight episodes were shown during December 1985 as part of ABC's late-night line-up.
Despite its lack of success in the US, Glitter was sold internationally. It was shown in the UK on BBC1 in the summer of 1985. Glitter on IMDb Glitter on IMDb Glitter at The Classic TV Archive
Glitter (070 Shake EP)
Glitter is the debut EP by American hip hop artist 070 Shake. It was released by GOOD Music and Island Def Jam on March 23, 2018, it was promoted by the lead single "Stranger". 070 Shake began making music with her 070 collective in late 2015 and was soon picked up by social media promoter YesJulz. GOOD Music president Pusha T found out about 070 Shake's music and signed her to the label in 2016. Glitter was slated for a January 26 release and was to include 12 tracks. At the time of Glitter's release, media outlets noted that her lyrical content concentrated on her self esteem issues, drug use, sexuality. Shake described Glitter as finding yourself and figuring it out. It's about being in the lowest of lows type of shit." The EP was released on March 23, 2018. All tracks produced by The Kompetition except "Somebody Like Me", produced by Razsy Beats and B Hall