The Toronto Sun is an English-language daily newspaper published in Toronto, Canada. The Sun was first published on November 1, 1971, the Monday after the demise of the Toronto Telegram, a conservative broadsheet; as there was no publishing gap between the two papers and many of the Tely's writers and employees moved to the new paper, it is today considered as a direct continuation of the Telegram. The Sun is the holder of the Telegram archives; the Toronto Sun is modeled on British tabloid journalism borrowing the name of The Sun newspaper published in London, sharing some similar features of that paper. As of the end of 2007, the Sun had a Monday through Saturday circulation of 180,000 papers and Sunday circulation of 310,000; the Sun is owned by Postmedia following the 2015 purchase of Sun Media from Quebecor. Torstar, the parent company of the Toronto Star, once attempted to purchase the Sun; the paper, which boasts the slogan "Toronto's Other Voice" acquired a television station from Craig Media in 2005, renamed SUN TV and was transformed into the Sun News Network until its demise in 2015.
By the mid-2000s, the word "The" was dropped from the paper's name and the newspaper adopted its current logo. The Toronto Sun's first editor was Peter Worthington, he assumed the title "editor-in-chief" in 1976, resigned in 1982 to protest the newspaper's takeover by Maclean-Hunter but remained a columnist for the paper until his death in 2013. He was succeeded by Barbara Amiel. Other senior editors have included Lorrie Goldstein, Linda Williamson, Rob Granatstein, as editors-in-chief: Peter O'Sullivan, Mike Strobel, Jim Jennings, Glenn Garnett, Lou Clancy, James Wallace and Wendy Metcalfe; the current editor-in-chief is Adrienne Batra. The Toronto Sun was published out of leased space at the Eclipse White Wear Company Building at 322 King Street West. In 1975, the newspaper moved into the Toronto Sun Building at 333 King Street East, expanded to six storeys to house all of the newspaper's operations. In 2010, the building was sold to property development company First Gulf, the Sun consolidated its operations onto the second floor and remained in the building until 2016.
Following the acquisition of the Sun newspaper chain by PostMedia in 2015, it was announced that the Toronto Sun staff and operations will move to 365 Bloor Street East, the same building that houses the National Post, but that the two newspapers will maintain separate newsrooms. The move occurred in March 2016. Editorially, the paper follows the positions of traditional Canadian/British conservatism and neo-conservatism in the United States on economic issues. Editorials promote individualism, self-reliance, the police, a strong military and support for troops. Editorials condemn high taxes and, most of all, perceived government waste. In 2004, the Sun began its annual George Gross/Toronto Sun Sportsperson of the Year award; the Toronto Sun has seen—like most Canadian daily newspapers—a decline in circulation. Its total circulation dropped by 36 percent to 121,304 copies daily from 2009 to 2015. Daily average The Toronto Sun's format has given rise to sister Sun newspapers in major markets across Canada, namely the Edmonton Sun, the Calgary Sun and the Ottawa Sun.
The Winnipeg Sun was launched by independent interests, only coming under common ownership to the Toronto Sun, which subsequently elicited a redesign in Sun Media style. The Vancouver Sun was never a Sun Media newspaper. Due to the acquisition of Sun Media by the Postmedia Network, the Vancouver Sun now shares the same owner as the other Sun newspapers; the Toronto Sun had several editors with various responsibilities, none with the title "editor-in-chief". Peter Worthington Barbara Amiel John Downing editor, no editor-in-chief until 1995 Peter O'Sullivan Mike Strobel Mike Therien Jim Jennings Glenn Garnett Lou Clancy James Wallace Wendy Metcalfe Adrienne Batra
Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area, of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area, held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. Toronto is the anchor of an urban agglomeration, known as the Golden Horseshoe in Southern Ontario, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance and culture, is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world. People have travelled through and inhabited the Toronto area, situated on a broad sloping plateau interspersed with rivers, deep ravines, urban forest, for more than 10,000 years. After the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase, when the Mississauga surrendered the area to the British Crown, the British established the town of York in 1793 and designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. During the War of 1812, the town was the site of the Battle of York and suffered heavy damage by United States troops.
York was incorporated in 1834 as the city of Toronto. It was designated as the capital of the province of Ontario in 1867 during Canadian Confederation; the city proper has since expanded past its original borders through both annexation and amalgamation to its current area of 630.2 km2. The diverse population of Toronto reflects its current and historical role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. More than 50 percent of residents belong to a visible minority population group, over 200 distinct ethnic origins are represented among its inhabitants. While the majority of Torontonians speak English as their primary language, over 160 languages are spoken in the city. Toronto is a prominent centre for music, motion picture production, television production, is home to the headquarters of Canada's major national broadcast networks and media outlets, its varied cultural institutions, which include numerous museums and galleries and public events, entertainment districts, national historic sites, sports activities, attract over 25 million tourists each year.
Toronto is known for its many skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, the CN Tower. The city is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the headquarters of Canada's five largest banks, the headquarters of many large Canadian and multinational corporations, its economy is diversified with strengths in technology, financial services, life sciences, arts, business services, environmental innovation, food services, tourism. When Europeans first arrived at the site of present-day Toronto, the vicinity was inhabited by the Iroquois, who had displaced the Wyandot people, occupants of the region for centuries before c. 1500. The name Toronto is derived from the Iroquoian word tkaronto, meaning "place where trees stand in the water"; this refers to the northern end of what is now Lake Simcoe, where the Huron had planted tree saplings to corral fish. However, the word "Toronto", meaning "plenty" appears in a 1632 French lexicon of the Huron language, an Iroquoian language.
It appears on French maps referring to various locations, including Georgian Bay, Lake Simcoe, several rivers. A portage route from Lake Ontario to Lake Huron running through this point, known as the Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, led to widespread use of the name. In the 1660s, the Iroquois established two villages within what is today Toronto, Ganatsekwyagon on the banks of the Rouge River and Teiaiagon on the banks of the Humber River. By 1701, the Mississauga had displaced the Iroquois, who abandoned the Toronto area at the end of the Beaver Wars, with most returning to their base in present-day New York. French traders abandoned it in 1759 during the Seven Years' War; the British defeated the French and their indigenous allies in the war, the area became part of the British colony of Quebec in 1763. During the American Revolutionary War, an influx of British settlers came here as United Empire Loyalists fled for the British-controlled lands north of Lake Ontario; the Crown granted them land to compensate for their losses in the Thirteen Colonies.
The new province of Upper Canada was being needed a capital. In 1787, the British Lord Dorchester arranged for the Toronto Purchase with the Mississauga of the New Credit First Nation, thereby securing more than a quarter of a million acres of land in the Toronto area. Dorchester intended the location to be named Toronto. In 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York on the Toronto Purchase lands, naming it after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Simcoe decided to move the Upper Canada capital from Newark to York, believing that the new site would be less vulnerable to attack by the United States; the York garrison was constructed at the entrance of the town's natural harbour, sheltered by a long sand-bar peninsula. The town's settlement formed at the eastern end of the harbour behind the peninsula, near the present-day intersection of Parliament Street and Front Street. In 1813, as part of the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended in the town's capture and plunder by United States forces.
The surrender of the town was negotiated by John Strachan. American soldiers destroyed much of the garrison and set fire to the parliament buildings during their five-day occupation; because of the sacking of York, British troops retaliated in the war with the Burning of Wa
The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada. With a weekly readership of 2,018,923 in 2015, it is Canada's most read newspaper on weekdays and Saturdays, although it falls behind the Toronto Star in overall weekly circulation because the Star publishes a Sunday edition while the Globe does not; the Globe and Mail is regarded by some as Canada's "newspaper of record". The newspaper is owned based in Toronto; the predecessor to The Globe and Mail was called The Globe. Brown's liberal politics led him to court the support of the Clear Grits, precursor to the modern Liberal Party of Canada; the Globe began in Toronto as a weekly party organ for Brown's Reform Party, but seeing the economic gains that he could make in the newspaper business, Brown soon targeted a wide audience of liberal minded freeholders. He selected as the motto for the editorial page a quotation from Junius, "The subject, loyal to the Chief Magistrate will neither advise nor submit to arbitrary measures."
The quotation is carried on the editorial page to this day. By the 1850s, The Globe had become an well-regarded daily newspaper, it began distribution by railway to other cities in Ontario shortly after Confederation. At the dawn of the twentieth century, The Globe added photography, a women's section, the slogan "Canada's National Newspaper", which remains on its front-page banner, it began opening bureaus and offering subscriptions across Canada. On 23 November 1936, The Globe merged with The Mail and Empire, itself formed through the 1895 merger of two conservative newspapers, The Toronto Mail and Toronto Empire. Press reports at the time stated, "the minnow swallowed the whale" because The Globe's circulation was smaller than The Mail and Empire's; the merger was arranged by George McCullagh, who fronted for mining magnate William Henry Wright and became the first publisher of The Globe and Mail. McCullagh committed suicide in 1952, the newspaper was sold to the Webster family of Montreal.
As the paper lost ground to The Toronto Star in the local Toronto market, it began to expand its national circulation. The newspaper was unionised under the banner of the American Newspaper Guild. From 1937 until 1974, the newspaper was produced at the William H. Wright Building, located at 140 King Street West on the northeast corner of King Street and York Street, close to the homes of the Toronto Daily Star at Old Toronto Star Building at 80 King West and the Old Toronto Telegram Building at Bay and Melinda; the building at 130 King Street West was demolished in 1974 to make way for First Canadian Place, the newspaper moved to 444 Front Street West, the headquarters of the Toronto Telegram newspaper, built in 1963. In 1965, the paper was bought by Winnipeg-based FP Publications, controlled by Bryan Maheswary, which owned a chain of local Canadian newspapers. FP put a strong emphasis on the Report on Business section, launched in 1962, thereby building the paper's reputation as the voice of Toronto's business community.
FP Publications and The Globe and Mail were sold in 1980 to The Thomson Corporation, a company run by the family of Kenneth Thomson. After the acquisition there were few changes made in news policy. However, there was more attention paid to national and international news on the editorial, op-ed, front pages in contrast to its previous policy of stressing Toronto and Ontario material; the Globe and Mail has always been a morning newspaper. Since the 1980s, it has been printed in separate editions in six Canadian cities: Montreal, Winnipeg and Vancouver. Southern Ontario Newspaper Guild employees took their first strike vote at The Globe in 1982 marking a new era in relations with the company; those negotiations ended without a strike, the Globe unit of SONG still has a strike-free record. SONG members voted in 1994 to sever ties with the American-focused Newspaper Guild. Shortly afterwards, SONG affiliated with the Communications and Paperworkers Union of Canada. Under the editorship of William Thorsell in the 1980s and 1990s, the paper endorsed the free trade policies of Progressive Conservative Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
The paper became an outspoken proponent of the Meech Lake Accord and the Charlottetown Accord, with their editorial the day of the 1995 Quebec Referendum quoting a Mulroney speech in favour of the Accord. During this period, the paper continued to favour such liberal policies as decriminalizing drugs and expanding gay rights. In 1995, the paper launched globeandmail.com. Since the launch of the National Post as another English-language national paper in 1998, some industry analysts had proclaimed a "national newspaper war" between The Globe and Mail and the National Post; as a response to this threat, in 2001, The Globe and Mail was combined with broadcast assets held by Bell Canada to form the joint venture Bell Globemedia. In 2004, access to some features of globeandmail.com became restricted to paid subscribers only. The subscription service was reduced a few years to include an electronic edition of the newspaper, access to its archives, membership to a premium investment site
Berkeley House, York, Upper Canada
Berkeley House was a prominent house in York, Upper Canada. It was the home of two Clerks of Upper Canada's Privy Council, John Small, his son Charles Coxwell Small. Upper Canada's first small Parliament buildings were built next door to Berkeley House. Small is reported to have hosted meetings of the Province's Executive Committee in his home. John Small bought a one acre parcel of land with a large log cabin on it in 1795, which he covered in stucco, expanded; the original log cabin had been built by George Porter, a former sergeant. Small paid Porter $50 for the property. Charles Coxwell Small further expanded the house as an Italianate villa that became the centre of 1820s social life in York, it included multiple large rooms, including one 18x45 feet. The building was demolished in 1925 and now site of the Mail Centre. Media related to Berkeley House at Wikimedia Commons
King Street (Toronto)
King Street is a major east–west commercial thoroughfare in Toronto, Canada. It was one of the first streets laid out in the 1793 plan of the town of York, which became Toronto in 1834. After the construction of the Market Square in 1803 at King and Jarvis streets, to house the first St. Lawrence Market farmer's market, the street became the primary commercial street of York and early Toronto; this original core was subsequently rebuilt. The original street extended from George to Berkeley Street and was extended by 1901 to its present terminuses at Roncesvalles Avenue in the west and the Don River in the east. King Street's western terminus is at an intersection with The Queensway to the west, Roncesvalles Avenue to the north, Queen Street West to the east. King runs to the south-east before curving to the east until just west of Parliament Street. There, it curves north-east until terminates at a merge with Queen Street East just west of the Don River and north of the Corktown Common. Prior to a realignment, Eastern Avenue was the East end of King Street and crossed the Don at the King Street Bridge.
Yonge Street, the north–south divider of many Toronto east–west streets, divides King Street into King Street East and King Street West. Canada's Walk of Fame runs along King Street from John Street to Simcoe Street and south on Simcoe, it is a tribute in granite to Canadians who have gained fame in the fields of music, journalism, sports, acting and broadcasting. King Street West is considered Toronto's Fashion District and is known for trendy restaurants, design shops and boutique condo developments. Industrial, this neighborhood has undergone considerable urban development since the early 2000s. King Street East is predominantly known as the high-end, luxury furniture district of downtown Toronto, with dozens of stores on King Street and in the surrounding area. King Street is served along its entire length by the Toronto Transit Commission's 504 King streetcar route, the busiest line in the fleet with an average of 65,000 passengers per day, it connects with the Yonge–University–Spadina subway line at St. Andrew Station at University Avenue, at King Station at Yonge Street.
It connects with the Bloor -- Danforth subway line at Dundas Broadview stations. The street was served by the 508 Lake Shore route until it was terminated in June 2015, it was subsequently replaced by the 514 Cherry route in June 2016. In the original 1793 plan of the Town of York, King Street was the original name of the section of today's Front Street from George Street east to Parliament Street; this was changed in 1797. The original King Street became Palace Street, Duke Street was renamed King Street; the new King Street was extended west to York Street. In 1798, King Street was extended further west, to Peter Street. In the 1837 westerly extension of Toronto, King Street was extended west to Garrison Creek. By this time, King Street was the main commercial east–west street of Toronto, having St. Lawrence Market at the intersection of King and New streets, an commercial core extending around the Market. In the 1849 Great Fire, much of the business core at King and Jarvis was destroyed. New commercial buildings were built.
By 1901, King Street West was completed to its present-day intersection at Roncesvalles and Queen Streets. In recent years there has been a proliferation of chic restaurants and galleries in the area as King Street West becomes more oriented to Toronto's nightlife crowd, is near major attractions such as the Rogers Centre, Air Canada Centre, the Distillery District, Hockey Hall of Fame, Roy Thomson Hall, Sony Centre for the Performing Arts, St. Lawrence Market and the historic King Edward Hotel. Popular attractions along King Street include Canada's Walk of Fame Princess of Wales Theatre - owned by theatre giant Ed and David Mirvish Royal Alexandra Theatre - owned by theatre giant Ed and David Mirvish Roy Thomson HallOffice towers on King Toronto Stock Exchange Toronto-Dominion Centre First Canadian Place Scotia Plaza Commerce Court, including the historic Commerce Court NorthOther notable buildings on King Street King Edward Hotel St. James' Cathedral St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church Toronto Sun BuildingNeighbourhoodsCorktown Entertainment District Fashion District Financial District Liberty Village Parkdale Roncesvalles Old Town of York St. Lawrence Trinity Niagara Royal eponyms in Canada