Gloria Gaynor is an American singer, best known for the disco era hits "I Will Survive", "Never Can Say Goodbye", "Let Me Know" and "I Am What I Am". Gaynor was born Gloria Fowles in Newark, New Jersey, to Queenie Mae Proctor, her grandmother was involved in her upbringing. "There was always music in our house", Gaynor wrote in her autobiography, I Will Survive. She enjoyed listening to the radio, to records by Nat King Cole and Sarah Vaughan, her father played the ukulele and guitar and sang professionally in nightclubs with a group called Step'n' Fetchit. Gloria grew up a tomboy: she had five brothers, but no sister, her brothers formed a quartet with a friend. Gaynor was not allowed to sing with the all-male group, nor was her younger brother Arthur, because Gloria was a girl and he was too young. Arthur acted as a tour manager for Gaynor; the family was poor, but Gaynor recalls the house being filled with laughter and happiness, the dinner table being open to neighborhood friends. They moved to a housing project in 1960.
"All through my young life I wanted to sing, although nobody in my family knew it", Gaynor wrote in her autobiography. Gaynor began singing in a night club in Newark, where she was recommended to a local band by a neighbor. After several years of performing in local clubs and along the east coast, Gaynor began her recording career in 1971 at Columbia Records. Gaynor was a singer with a jazz/R & B music band, in the 1960s, she recorded "She'll Be Sorry/Let Me Go Baby" in 1965, for Johnny Nash's Jocida label. Her first real success came in 1973; the fruit of, the release of the flop single "Honey Bee." Moving on to MGM Records she hit with the album Never Can Say Goodbye on MGM. The first side of the album consisted of three songs with no break between the songs; this 19-minute dance marathon proved to be enormously popular at dance clubs. All three songs were released as singles via radio edits and all of them became hits; the album was instrumental in introducing disco music to the public, "Never Can Say Goodbye" becoming the first song to top Billboard magazine's dance chart.
It was a hit on the mainstream Pop Charts, peaking at #9, on the R&B Charts, reaching #34. It marked her first significant chart success internationally, making it into the Top 5 in Australia, Canada and the UK; the song would go on to be certified silver by the British Phonographic Industry, subsequently gold in the US. Capitalizing on the success of her first album, she released her second album, Experience Gloria Gaynor that same year; some of her lesser-known singles, due to lack of recurrent airplay — including "Honey Bee", "Casanova Brown", "Let's Make A Deal", as well as her cover of The Four Tops' "Reach Out, I'll Be There" — became hits in the clubs and reached the Top 5 on Billboard's disco charts. Many charted on the Hot 100 and R&B charts as well, with songs like " Do It Yourself" - a #1 disco hit - peaking at #98 on the Pop Charts and #24 on the R&B Charts, her cover of "How High The Moon" topped the US Dance Charts, made the lower parts of both the Pop and R&B charts, as well as achieving some international chart success.
After her 1976 album, I've Got You, she shifted from her hit production team, to work with other productions. Gaynor has recorded some 16 albums since, including one in England, one in Germany, two in Italy. In the next few years, Gaynor released the albums Glorious and Gloria Gaynor's Park Avenue Sound, but would only enjoy a few more moderate hits. However, in late 1978, with the release of her album Love Tracks, she climbed the pop charts again with her smash hit single "I Will Survive"; the lyrics of this song are written from the point of view of a woman dumped, telling her former lover that she can cope without the person and does not want anything more to do with the person. The song has become something of an anthem of female emancipation. Interestingly, the song "I Will Survive" was the B-side when Polydor Records released it in late 1978; the A-side, a song called "Substitute" a recent worldwide hit for South African girl-group Clout, was considered more "radio friendly". Legendary Boston Disco Radio DJ Jack King, turned the record over and recalls being stunned by what he heard.
"I couldn't believe they were burying this monster hit on the B-side", says DJ King. "I played it and played it and my listeners went nuts!" This massive audience response forced the record company to flip the songs, so that subsequent copies of the single listed the more popular song on the A-side. King was honored at New York's "Disco Masters Awards Show" for 3 consecutive years in recognition of his relentless push of the song; the song received the Grammy Award for Best Disco Recording in 1980, the only year that award was given. It is ranked #492 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of "the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time", ranked at #97 on Billboard magazine's "All-Time Hot 100". In 2000, the song was ranked #1 in VH1's list of the'100 greatest dance songs' of all time and remains there to this day; as a disco number, t
Charles Beare is a British violin expert and dealer. In 2001, the New York Times described Beare as "the most esteemed authenticator in the world." In 2002, CNN characterized him as the "world's most respected violin dealer" and "king of all violin dealers." Fourth of five generations of a family of violin experts, he was the Director of the London-based John & Arthur Beare Ltd, before resigning in 2012. He is now a Director of the family firm Beare Violins Ltd; the step-son of William Beare, Beare was born in 1937. He attended National Service before he began studying violin making in 1958. Beare studied first in Germany at the Mittenwald School before travelling to the United States at the invitation of Rembert Wurlitzer, training under Simone Fernando Sacconi. In 1961, he returned to the United Kingdom, where his family had been in the trade for three generations as Beare, Goodwin & Co. from 1892 incorporated as J & A Beare Ltd. in 1954. During his time at the head of the family's business he became an authority on authenticating and identifying violins as well as being one of the only tradesman entrusted to repair and maintain instruments by such artists as Yehudi Menuhin, Isaac Stern, Nathan Milstein, Jacqueline du Pré, Pinchas Zukerman, Mstislav Rostropovich and Yo-Yo Ma.
In 1998 J & A Beare Ltd changed its name to Beare Violins Ltd and gave its old name to a new venture formed jointly with another London-based firm. Beare was a director of both companies but resigned as a director of J & A Beare in November 2012, from his subsequent role as consultant in September 2013, he returned to work in November 2014 through the original family company, Beare Violins Ltd, now concentrates on writing certificates of authenticity for instruments of the violin family. It is estimated that Beare has signed more than 5,000 certificates of authenticity throughout his career. Beare is an honorary member of the EILA, a member of the BADA, an honorary fellow of the Royal Academy of Music and was made an honorary citizen of Cremona, following the successful 1987 Stradivari exhibition, he was awarded an OBE in 2004 for services to the Music Industry. Beare's eldest son, Peter, is the fifth generation in the Beare family to take up the trade
This List of prehistoric bony fish is an attempt to create a comprehensive listing of all genera from the fossil record that have been considered to be bony fish, excluding purely vernacular terms. The list includes all accepted genera, but genera that are now considered invalid, doubtful, or were not formally published, as well as junior synonyms of more established names, genera that are no longer considered members of osteichthyes; this list includes 1,386 generic names. Extinct genera are marked with a dagger. Extant genera are bolded. Naming conventions and terminology follow the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Technical terms used include: Junior synonym: A name which describes the same taxon as a published name. If two or more genera are formally designated and the type specimens are assigned to the same genus, the first to be published is the senior synonym, all other instances are junior synonyms. Senior synonyms are used, except by special decision of the ICZN, but junior synonyms cannot be used again if deprecated.
Junior synonymy is subjective, unless the genera described were both based on the same type specimen. Nomen nudum: A name that has appeared in print but has not yet been formally published by the standards of the ICZN. Nomina nuda are invalid, are therefore not italicized as a proper generic name would be. If the name is formally published, that name is no longer a nomen nudum and will be italicized on this list; the formally published name will differ from any nomina nuda that describe the same specimen. Nomen oblitum: A name that has not been used in the scientific community for more than fifty years after its original proposal. Preoccupied name: A name, formally published, but, used for another taxon; this second use is invalid and the name must be replaced. As preoccupied names are not valid generic names, they will go unitalicized on this list. Nomen dubium: A name describing a fossil with no unique diagnostic features; as this can be an subjective and controversial designation, this term is not used on this list.
†Quisque Bony fish Prehistoric fish List of sarcopterygians List of prehistoric cartilaginous fish List of prehistoric jawless fish Uncited genera can be attributed to the following: Sepkoski, Jack. "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 364: 560. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2009-02-23. Paleobiology Database entry on Osteichthyes
Saint Padarn's Church, Llanberis is a parish church of the Church in Wales in Llanberis. The original church of St Peris was 4 kilometres to the south-east of Llanberis and as the town expanded a new church was required; the foundation stone was laid on 3 January 1884 by Captain N. P. Stewart of Bryntirion; the building was funded by the Assheton Smith family, which owned the rights to the slate quarried at nearby Dinorwig. It was designed by Arthur Baker of 14 Warwick Gardens, London, a pupil of Sir George Gilbert Scott; the medieval font from St Peris was transferred here. The walls were built of local stone, with dressings of red stone from the quarries of Guest and Son, Runcorn; the construction cost was £5,455. The building was dedicated on 24 June 1885. Harold Hughes enlarged the church in 1914 with the addition of the Lady Chapel, on the church’s north side, the completion of the nave; the church is in the parish of Bro Eryri, which encompasses: Christ Church, Deiniolen St Deiniol's Church, Llanddeiniolen St Helen's Church, Penisarwaun St Michael's Church, Llanrug St Peris' Church, Nant Peris The church contains a two manual and pedal, 7-stop pipe organ dating from 1921 by J. W. Walker & Sons Ltd.
A specification can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register
The Clinton House is an 18th-century Georgian stone building in the city of Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York, United States. It is a New York State Historic Site and has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places as a historic place of local significance since 1982; the house was named for George Clinton, who served as the first Governor of New York and fourth Vice-President of the United States. He was believed to have lived there after the American Revolutionary War, but it is now known that it was never his residence; the house served as a meeting place for legislators during the time Poughkeepsie was capital of New York in 1777. Clinton House was built around 1765 by Clear Everitt, sheriff of the county from 1754 to 1761, on land that had belonged to Hugh van Kleeck who owned about 20 hectares of land south of Main Street where the house stands. In 1780, the house was purchased by Udney Hay, who belonged to Quartermaster Corp of the Continental Army. In 1783, the house was destroyed by Hay rented the nearby Glebe House.
When his house was damaged by fire, Hay petitioned George Washington for craftsmen from the army to assist in its repair. However, Hay lost the house in 1786. In 1900, the house had fallen into disrepair and it was purchased by the Daughters of the American Revolution, who presented it to the Governor of New York Theodore Roosevelt for the citizens of the State of New York, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Today, the Clinton house is used for the offices and library of the Dutchess County Historical Society, with one room still set aside for use by the Mahwenawasigh Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. List of New York State Historic Sites "Clinton House State Historic Site". New York State Office of Parks and Historic Preservation. "Dutchess County Historical Society". "Mahwenawasigh Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution"
The Joseon Industrial Exhibition was a colonial fair held to mark the 5th anniversary of the establishment of Japanese Korea, was the first official event of the new government held in Gyeongseong. The exhibition was held in the grounds of the Gyeongbokgung palace and took place in both existing buildings, newly constructed ones; the layout was designed to contrast old/Korean architecture with modern/Japanese architecture, for example, visitors entering through the existing Gwanghwamun gate seeing the new Illhogwan, which stood in front of the Geunjeongjeon throne room. There were over 40,000 exhibits Japanese and Korean, with some Taiwanese exhibits. There were agricultural objects in Illhogwan, further objects in the Kigyegwan and the Ch'amgogwan halls. Over 1 million people attended the exhibition before it closed on 31 October 1915. Japan–British Exhibition Park, Young-Sin. 2019. The Chosŏn Industrial Exposition of 1915. PhD thesis: State University of New York