American Graffiti is a 1973 American coming-of-age comedy film directed and co-written by George Lucas starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, Harrison Ford, Charles Martin Smith, Cindy Williams, Candy Clark, Mackenzie Phillips, Bo Hopkins, Wolfman Jack. Suzanne Somers and Joe Spano appear in the film. Set in Modesto, California, in 1962, the film is a study of the cruising and rock'n' roll cultures popular among the post–World War II baby boom generation. Through a series of vignettes, the film tells the story of a group of teenagers and their adventures over the course of a single night; the genesis of American Graffiti was in Lucas' own teenage years in early 1960s Modesto. He was unsuccessful in pitching the concept to financiers and distributors, but found favor at Universal Pictures after United Artists, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Warner Bros. and Paramount Pictures turned him down. Filming was set to take place in San Rafael, but the production crew was denied permission to shoot beyond a second day.
American Graffiti premiered August 2, 1973, at the Locarno International Film Festival in Switzerland, was released August 11, 1973 in the United States. The film received widespread critical acclaim and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. Produced on a $777,000 budget, it has become one of the most profitable films of all time. Since its initial release, American Graffiti has garnered an estimated return of well over $200 million in box office gross and home video sales, not including merchandising. In 1995, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry. A sequel, More American Graffiti, was released in 1979. In early September 1962 in Modesto, California, on the last evening of summer vacation, recent high school graduates and longtime friends Curt Henderson and Steve Bolander meet John Milner, the drag-racing king of the town, Terry "The Toad" Fields in the parking lot of the local Mel's Drive-In diner.
Curt and Steve are scheduled to travel the next morning to the Northeastern United States to start college. Despite receiving a $2,000 scholarship from the local Moose Lodge, Curt has second thoughts about leaving Modesto. Steve gives Toad his 1958 Chevrolet Impala to watch while he's away at college until he returns at Christmas. Steve's girlfriend, Curt's sister, arrives in her car. Steve suggests to Laurie, glum about him going to college, that they see other people while he is away in order to "strengthen" their relationship. Though not upset, she is displeased with his proposal, which affects their interactions the rest of the evening. Curt accompanies Steve, last year's high school student class president, Laurie, the current head cheerleader, to the back-to-high-school sock hop. In one story line, Curt is desperate to find a beautiful blonde girl driving a white 1956 Ford Thunderbird that he sees en route to the dance: at a stoplight, she appears to say "I love you" before disappearing around the corner.
After leaving the hop, Curt is coerced by a group of greasers to participate in an initiation rite that involves hooking a chain to a police car and ripping out its back axle. The Pharaohs tell Curt that "The Blonde" is a trophy wife or prostitute, but he refuses to believe either. Determined to get a message to the blonde girl, Curt drives to the local radio station to ask DJ Wolfman Jack, omnipresent on the car radios, to announce a message for the blonde girl. Inside the radio station, Curt encounters a bearded man who tells him that the voice of The Wolfman is pre-taped from afar; the man still accepts the message from Curt to see. As he’s leaving the station, Curt sees the man talking into the microphone and hears the voice of The Wolfman, realizes the man is the actual DJ himself. Sure enough, The Wolfman reads the message on the radio for "The Blonde" to meet Curt or call him at a number which happens to be a telephone booth. Curt waits by the telephone booth and early the next morning, he is awakened by the phone ringing.
It turns out to be "The Blonde" who says she knows him and maybe she would see him cruising the coming night. Curt replies not, intimating that he decided to go to college and will be leaving that morning; the Toad, in Steve's car, John, in his yellow 1932 Ford Deuce Coupé hot rod, cruise the strip of Modesto. Toad, socially inept with girls picks up a flirtatious, somewhat rebellious, girl named Debbie. John inadvertently picks up an annoying 16-year-old who seems fond of him. Another drag racer, the handsome and arrogant Bob Falfa, is searching out John in order to challenge him to a race. Steve and Laurie have a series of make-ups through the evening, they split and, as the story lines intertwine, Bob Falfa picks up Laurie in his black 1955 Chevrolet One-Fifty Coupé. Bob finds John and goads him into racing. A parade of cars follows them to "Paradise Road" to watch the race. Laurie rides shotgun with Bob; as Bob begins taking a lead in the race, he loses control of the car when a front tire blows, the car plunges into a ditch and rolls over.
Steve and John leap out of their cars and rush to the wreck as a dazed Bob and Laurie stagger out of the car before it explodes. Distraught, Laurie grips Steve and begs him not to leave her, he assures her. At the airfield in the morning, Curt says goodbye to his parents, his sister Laurie, Steve and The Toad; as the plane takes off, gazing out of the window, sees the white Ford Thunderbird belonging to the mysterious blo
Golden Raspberry Awards
The Golden Raspberry Awards is a parody booby prize award in recognition of the worst in film. Co-founded by UCLA film graduates and film industry veterans John J. B. Wilson and Mo Murphy, the annual Razzie Awards ceremony in Los Angeles precedes the corresponding Academy Awards ceremony by one day; the term raspberry in the name is used in its irreverent sense, as in "blowing a raspberry". The awards themselves are in the form of a "golf ball-sized raspberry" atop a Super 8 mm film reel, all spray painted gold; the first Golden Raspberry Awards ceremony was held on March 31, 1981, at John J. B. Wilson's living-room alcove in Los Angeles, to honor the worst in film of the 1980 film season; the 39th ceremony was held on February 23, 2019. American publicist John J. B. Wilson traditionally held potluck parties at his house in Los Angeles on the night of the Academy Awards. In 1981, after the 53rd Academy Awards had completed for the evening, Wilson invited friends to give random award presentations in his living room.
Wilson decided to formalize the event, after watching a double feature of Can't Stop the Music and Xanadu. He gave them ballots to vote on worst in film. Wilson stood at a podium made of cardboard in a tacky tuxedo, with a foam ball attached to a broomstick as a fake microphone, announced Can't Stop the Music as the first Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture; the impromptu ceremony was a success and the following week a press release about his event released by Wilson was picked up by a few local newspapers, including a mention in the Los Angeles Daily News with the headline: "Take These Envelopes, Please". Three dozen people came to the 1st Golden Raspberry Awards; the 2nd Golden Raspberry Awards had double the attendance as the first, the 3rd awards ceremony in turn, had double this number. By the 4th Golden Raspberry Awards ceremony, CNN and two major wire services covered the event. Wilson realized that by scheduling the Golden Raspberry Awards before the Academy Awards, the ceremony would get more press coverage: "We figured out you couldn't compete with the Oscars on Oscar night, but if you went the night before, when the press from all over the world are here and they are looking for something to do, it could well catch on," he said to BBC News.
The term raspberry is used in its irreverent sense, as in "blowing a raspberry". Wilson commented to the author of Blame It on the Dog: "When I registered the term with the Library of Congress in 1980, they asked me,'Why raspberry? What's the significance of that?' But since razz has pretty much permeated the culture. We couldn't have done it without Hollywood's help." Wilson is referred to as "Ye Olde Head Razzberry". Paying members of the Golden Raspberry Award Foundation vote to determine the recipients. For the 29th Golden Raspberry Awards in 2009, award results were based on votes from 650 journalists, cinema fans and professionals from the film industry. Voters hailed from 45 states in the United States and 19 other countries; the ceremony held one day before the Academy Awards, is modeled after the latter but "deliberately low-end and tacky". Most winners do not attend the ceremony to collect their awards. Notable exceptions include Tom Green, Halle Berry and Sandra Bullock, Michael Ferris, J. D. Shapiro, Paul Verhoeven.
Three people won both the Razzies and Oscars the same weekend: Alan Menken in 1993, Brian Helgeland in 1998, Sandra Bullock in 2010, although all three for different films. Two actors had performances in the same movie scoring Oscar and Razzie nominations, James Coco and Amy Irving. Neil Diamond, winner of the inaugural Worst Actor Razzie for 1980’s The Jazz Singer, was nominated for the Golden Globe in the same role; the Aerosmith song "I Don't Want to Miss a Thing", as part of the original soundtrack to the 1998 film Armageddon, was nominated for both an Academy Award for Best Original Song and a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Original Song, as was the Trisha Yearwood song "How Do I Live" from the 1997 film Con Air and the Tony Bennett song "Life in a Looking Glass" from the 1986 film That's Life!. In 1981, Stanley Kubrick was nominated both for a Razzie Award as Worst Director at the 1st Golden Raspberry Awards as well as for a Saturn Award for Best Director at the 8th Saturn Awards for the same film: The Shining.
In 2002, Natalie Portman was nominated for Worst Supporting Actress and for the Saturn Award for Best Actress for the same role in Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones. In 2017, Darren Aronofsky was nominated for both the Golden Lion and the Worst Director Razzie for Mother!. Wall Street is the only film to date to win both a Razzie. Michael Douglas won the Academy Award for Best Actor, however Daryl Hannah's performance was not as well received and earned her a Razzie for Worst Supporting Actress. Current Awards Worst Picture: 1980 to present Worst Director: 1980 to present Worst Actor: 1980 to present Worst Actress: 1980 to present Worst Supporting Actor: 1980 to present Worst Supporting Actress: 1980 to present Worst Screenplay: 1980 to present Worst Prequel, Rip-off or Sequel: 1994 to present, except 1996 and 1999 Worst Screen Combo: 2013 to present The Razzie Redeemer Award: 2014 to presentRetired Worst Original Song: 1980 to 1999, 2002 Worst New Star: 1981 to 1998, except 1989 Worst Musical Score: 1981 to 1985 Worst Visual Effects: 1986 to 1987 Worst Screen Couple: 1994 to 2009, 2011 to 2012 Worst Screen Couple/Worst Screen Ensemble: 2010 Worst Screen Ensemble: 2011 to 2012 Special categories have been introduced for specific years.
Such special awards include: Every decade-closing ceremony includes an award
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Messiah of Evil
Messiah of Evil is a 1973 American horror film co-written, co-produced, co-directed by Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz, starring Marianna Hill, Michael Greer, Anitra Ford, Royal Dano, Elisha Cook Jr.. Its plot follows a woman who travels to a remote coastal town in California to find her missing artist father. Released theatrically in the spring of 1973, it would be re-released in 1983 under the alternate title Dead People. Directors Huyck and Katz are the husband-and-wife team who would subsequently direct Howard the Duck, as well as produce screenplays for American Graffiti and Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom. A young woman named Arletty drives to the beach town of Point Dume, California, to visit her estranged father, an artist, she finds his beachfront house, abandoned. He left a diary. In it he complains about darkness consuming the town, horrible nightmares he is having, implores Arletty to never look for him, his letter tells her to talk to the owner of the art gallery. The gallery owner says he has none of her father's paintings, does not sell them, no one comes in looking to buy his works, says he doesn't know where he went.
He says Point Dune is "an artist colony" and he only vaguely remembers her father. It is never clear. Arletty meets a visiting Portuguese-American aristocrat Thom and his two provocative, groupie-like female companions and Laura. Back at his motel, Thom interviews Charlie. Charlie speaks at length about "the blood moon" and "the dark stranger" and how he has lived through both, he says soon it will be the 100 year anniversary of the first appearance of the "dark stranger." He will return, the moon will turn red, the town will be overrun with evil. Charlie warns Arletty about her father, he says. Moments he is murdered off screen. Thom and Laura are kicked out of their hotel after interviewing Charlie, stay at Arletty's father's house. Arletty reads through her father's bizarre journal entries, in which he reveals his body temperature is 85 degrees, he mentions fighting his "condition." Meanwhile, each night, creatures gather on the beach in front of bonfires, staring straight up at the moon. The locals call it "The Waiting."
Late one evening before making a trip to San Francisco, Laura goes into the local Ralphs supermarket, is devoured by a hoard of vampires who are feasting on raw meat. That evening, the "blood moon" rises, the town's residents turn into vampires, the titular "Messiah of Evil" returns. Through voice-over of Charlie's taped interviews, we learn that this "Messiah" was a former minister and a Donner Party survivor from the late 19th century turned vampire/cannibal, who has come to spread his new "religion" and lead his people up the coast and inland. While Thom hides, two policemen in riot gear fire their guns into a swarm of vampires. Undaunted, the undead cop shoots his former ally, he and the other vampires go to feast on his flesh. Thom returns to the house, she finds a bug crawling around in her mouth and vomits up various beetles, mealworms and an anole. While Thom was gone, Arletty was visited by her father, who had warned her not to follow him and begs her to leave to tell the world about Point Dune.
He attacks her, reluctantly giving in to his "vampire" urges, after she stabs him with garden shears before burning him alive. Startled by Thom, she stabs him in the arm with the shears; the two of them flee to the beach, but the ersatz vampires follow them in broad daylight. They swim out to the breakers. Arletty is captured by the townspeople. Instead of killing her, she is let free under the condition that she spread word of the religious movement throughout California and the world; this causes her to be locked up in an insane asylum. Each day, all day, she sits in the sun painting, dreading the day the Messiah and his followers come to take her away. Marianna Hill as Arletty Anitra Ford as Laura Royal Dano as Narrator / Joseph Long Elisha Cook Jr. as Charlie Michael Greer as Thom Joy Bang as Toni Dyanne Simon Charles Dierkop as Gas attendant Bennie Robinson as Albino trucker Morgan Fisher Emma Truckman Katz said the film "was a real bowwow," though Huyck claimed in 1984 that "it appeared on a marquee in a Woody Allen film, Film Comment called it'one of the top 10 classic, overlooked horror films of all time.'"Kim Newman considers this film to be a "neglected" and "surreal" horror film, which has both a convoluted narrative and a peculiar atmosphere.
He draws attention to details such as the vanished father being a death-obsessed painter, the daughter falling in with a group of hedonists, the town people turning into ghouls. He notes that the "dark stranger" was a sinister preacher, whose awaited return comes from the sea, he find all these details to point to the influence of H. P. Lovecraft on the film, while the depiction of the undead derives
The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter is an American digital and print magazine, website, which focuses on the Hollywood film and entertainment industries. It was founded in 1930 as a daily trade paper, in 2010 switched to a weekly large-format print magazine with a revamped website. Headquartered in Los Angeles, THR is part of the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a group of properties that includes Billboard and SpinMedia, it is owned by Valence Media, a holding company co-founded by Todd Boehly, an executive of its previous owners, Guggenheim Partners and Eldridge Industries. THR was founded in 1930 by William R. "Billy" Wilkerson as Hollywood's first daily entertainment trade newspaper. The first edition appeared on September 3, 1930 and featured Wilkerson's front-page "Tradeviews" column, which became influential; the newspaper appeared Monday to Saturday for the first 10 years, except for a brief period Monday to Friday from 1940. Wilkerson ran the THR until his death in September 1962, although his final column appeared 18 months prior.
Wilkerson's wife, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel, took over as publisher and editor-in-chief when her husband died. From the late 1930s, Wilkerson used THR to push the view that the industry was a communist stronghold. In particular, he opposed the screenplay writers' trade union, the Screen Writers Guild, which he called the "Red Beachhead." In 1946 the Guild considered creating an American Authors' Authority to hold copyright for writers, instead of ownership passing to the studios. Wilkerson devoted his "Tradeviews" column to the issue on July 29, 1946, headlined "A Vote for Joe Stalin." He went to confession before publishing it, knowing the damage it would cause, but was encouraged by the priest to go ahead with it. The column contained the first industry names, including Dalton Trumbo and Howard Koch, on what became the Hollywood blacklist, known as "Billy's list." Eight of the 11 people Wilkerson named were among the "Hollywood Ten" who were blacklisted after hearings in 1947 by the House Un-American Activities Committee.
When Wilkerson died, his THR obituary said that he had "named names and card numbers and was credited with being chiefly responsible for preventing communists from becoming entrenched in Hollywood production."In 1997, THR reporter David Robb wrote a story about the newspaper's involvement, but the editor, Robert J. Dowling, declined to run it. For the blacklist's 65th anniversary in 2012, the THR published a lengthy investigative piece about Wilkerson's role, by reporters Gary Baum and Daniel Miller; the same edition carried an apology from Wilkerson's son W. R. Wilkerson III, he wrote. On April 11, 1988, Tichi Wilkerson Kassel sold the paper to BPI Communications, owned by Affiliated Publications, for $26.7 million. Robert J. Dowling became THR president in 1988, editor-in-chief and publisher in 1991. Dowling hired Alex Ben Block as editor in 1990. Block and Teri Ritzer dampened much of the sensationalism and cronyism, prominent in the paper under the Wilkersons. In 1994, BPI Communications was sold to Verenigde Nederlandse Uitgeverijen for $220 million.
After Block left, former Variety film editor, Anita Busch, became editor between 1999 and 2001. Busch was credited with making the paper competitive with Variety. Tony Uphoff assumed the publisher position in November 2005. In March 2006, a private equity consortium led by Blackstone and KKR, both with ties to the conservative movement in the United States, acquired THR along with the other assets of VNU, it joined those publications with AdWeek and A. C. Nielsen to form The Nielsen Company. In December 2009, Prometheus Global Media, a newly formed company formed by Pluribus Capital Management and Guggenheim Partners, chaired by Jimmy Finkelstein, CEO of News Communications, parent of political journal The Hill, acquired THR from Nielsen Business Media, it pledged to grow the company. Richard Beckman of Condé Nast, was appointed as CEO. In 2010, Beckman purchased THR from Guggenheim Partners and Pluribus Capital, recruited Janice Min, the former editor-in-chief of Us Weekly, to "eviscerate" the existing daily trade paper and reinvent it as a glossy, large-format weekly magazine.
The Hollywood Reporter relaunched with a weekly print edition and a revamped website that enabled it to break news. Eight months after its initial report, The New York Times took note of the many scoops THR had generated, adding that the new glossy format seemed to be succeeding with its "rarefied demographic", stating, "They managed to change the subject by going weekly... The large photos, lush paper stock and great design are a kind of narcotic here."By February 2013, the Times returned to THR, filing a report on a party for Academy Award nominees the magazine had hosted at the Los Angeles restaurant Spago. Noting the crowd of top celebrities in attendance, the Times alluded to the fact that many Hollywood insiders were now referring to THR as "the new Vanity Fair". Ad sales since Min's hiring were up more than 50%, while traffic to the magazine's website had grown by 800%. Since January 2014, The Hollywood Reporter has been led by co-presidents Janice John Amato. John Kilcullen replaced Uphoff in October 2006, as publisher of Billboard.
Kilcullen was a defendant in Billboard's infamous "dildo" lawsuit, in which he was accused of race discrimination and sexual harassment. VNU settled the suit on the courthouse steps. Kilcullen "exited" Nielsen in February 2008 "to pursue his passion as an entrepreneur." Matthew King, vice president for content and audience, editorial director Howard Burns, executive editor Peter Pryor left the paper in a wave of layoffs in December 2006.
French Postcards is a 1979 American romantic comedy film starring Miles Chapin, Blanche Baker, David Marshall Grant, Valérie Quennessen, Debra Winger, Mandy Patinkin, Marie-France Pisier and Jean Rochefort about a group of American exchange students who spend a year studying in Paris. Madame Catherine Tessier, who with her husband, Monsieur Tessier and teaches at "The Institute", takes special interest in Alex, whose real ambition is to experience Parisian life. Debra Winger and Mandy Patinkin co-star in this comic coming-of-age tale co-written by American Graffiti scripters Gloria Katz and Willard Huyck, who directs; the story line follows three American students as they feel their ways through a year of studies at The Institute in Paris: Laura, who ostensibly narrates the goings-on of the film with the postcards she sends to her boyfriend back home. Alex becomes ensnared in a tryst with his instructor (and the Institute's co-director Madam Tessier, while Joel falls in love with a local bookstore employee, Toni.
Real American students were used as extras in the movie. Miles Chapin as Joel Blanche Baker as Laura David Marshall Grant as Alex Valérie Quennessen as Toni Debra Winger as Melanie Mandy Patinkin as Sayyid Marie-France Pisier as Madame Catherine Tessier Jean Rochefort as Monsieur Tessier Lynn Carlin as Mrs. Weber George Coe as Mr. Weber Christophe Bourseiller as Pascal Francois Lalande as Monsieur Levert Anémone as Christine Veronique Jannot as Malsy Marie-Anne Chazel as Cecile Laurence Ligneres as Madame Levert Andre Penvern as Jean-Louis French Postcards on IMDb French Postcards at Rotten Tomatoes
Allan Carr was an American producer and manager of stage for the screen. Carr was nominated for numerous awards, winning a Tony Award and two People's Choice Awards, was named Producer of the Year by the National Association of Theatre Owners. Carr was born Allan Solomon to an American Jewish family in Illinois, he attended Lake Forest College and Northwestern University, but his interest was always in show business. While at Northwestern, he invested $750 in the Broadway musical Ziegfeld Follies, starring Tallulah Bankhead. Though the show was not a hit, he had invested $1,250 in 1967's The Happiest Millionaire, which gave him the success he needed to leave school and embark upon a career in entertainment. In Chicago in the 1960s, he opened the Civic Theater and financed The World of Carl Sandburg starring Bette Davis and Gary Merrill, as well as Eva Le Gallienne in Mary Stuart, directed by Sir Tyrone Guthrie, Tennessee Williams's Garden District, featuring Cathleen Nesbitt and Diana Barrymore.
Carr worked behind the scenes at Playboy with Hugh Hefner and was a co-creator of the Playboy Penthouse television series, which in turn launched the Playboy Clubs. Through the years, he became known as a great planner of promotional parties. One such event, a black-tie affair for Truman Capote, took place in an abandoned Los Angeles jail. In 1966, Carr founded the talent agency Allan Carr Enterprises, managing the actors Tony Curtis, Peter Sellers, Rosalind Russell, Dyan Cannon, Melina Mercouri, Marlo Thomas; some of the other entertainment figures whose careers he managed were Ann-Margret, a string of whose television specials he produced, Nancy Walker, Marvin Hamlisch, Joan Rivers, Peggy Lee, "Mama" Cass Elliot, Paul Anka, Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons, George Maharis, Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass. Carr is credited for having discovered numerous celebrities, including some such, who became his clients, as Olivia Newton-John, Mark Hamill, Michelle Pfeiffer, Steve Guttenberg, Lisa Hartman.
Producer Robert Stigwood hired him in 1975 as marketing and promotion consultant, with his first project being for the film version of the rock opera Tommy. The film was a hit and he expanded his involvement for his next film, re-editing and overdubbing a low-budget foreign film about a real-life disaster; the result was Survive! The surprise box office success of Survive! in 1976 made Carr a wealthy man and gave him clout at Paramount Pictures. In 1977, Stigwood asked him to produce the ad campaign for Saturday Night Fever, he turned the film's premiere into a star-studded television special, it worked so well. Carr not only helmed the ad campaign and produced the premiere party and television special for Grease, but wrote the screenplay and co-produced the film for six million dollars, casting his client Olivia Newton-John, it became the highest-grossing film of the year, one of the highest-grossing films up until that time, at just under $100 million. The film was nominated for five Golden Globe Awards and won two People's Choice Awards, for Best Picture and Best Musical Picture.
That year he appeared in a role on the final season of the Angie Dickinson television series Police Woman. Stigwood and Carr would work including 1978 Oscar-winner The Deer Hunter; the following year, 1979, he produced the Village People film musical Can't Stop The Music, a production which, while campy, steered clear of addressing the band members' presumed homosexuality in the script. Again he orchestrated a lavish series of premieres and a television special that co-starred his friends Hefner and Cher, but the film was released in 1980, after the crash of the disco craze, as a result, it was a major flop. Because of this, Carr "won" the first annual Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Film, in 1981. Undaunted, he went on to produce Grease 2 which, while nowhere near the hit of its predecessor, was not the financial loss that Can't Stop The Music had been; when Carr was in Paris for the premiere of Grease, a friend took him to see a play about a gay couple, La Cage aux Folles. By this time in his career, Carr was ready to face the gay theme head on.
Returning to Broadway he produced a musical version of the 1973 play, which had since been made into a French film, would be remade as an American film called The Birdcage. With a book by Harvey Fierstein and music and lyrics by Jerry Herman, the show opened in 1983 and was a huge success, running for five years and 1,761 performances. Nominated in 1984 for eight Drama Desk Awards and eight Tony Awards, the show won three Drama Desks and an impressive six Tonys, including a "Best Musical" win for Carr. Carr's reputation for hosting expensive and lavish parties and creating spectacular production numbers led AMPAS to hire him to produce the 61st Academy Awards and create the show based on his promise that he would turn it around from the dry, dull show it had been in previous years. Promising "the antithesis of tacky," it proved to be a disaster culminating in the infamous pairing of Snow White and Rob Lowe singing a parody of "Proud Mary." Before that, when Snow White first entered the theater from the rear, she seemed to surprise and put-off the movie stars she was singing to, using a high-pitched imitation of the Disney cartoon.
During the main number, before Rob Lowe's entrance, a crooning Merv Griffin introduced a procession of once famous Hollywood stars ranging from Alice Faye to Roy Rogers and Dale Evans to Vincent Price, which seemed more forced than natural as the elders were guided across the stage by male dance