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Glossary of nautical terms

This is a partial glossary of nautical terms. See Wiktionary's nautical terms, Category:Nautical terms, Nautical metaphors in English. See the Further reading section for additional words and references. AbackA sail is aback when the wind fills it from the opposite side to the one used to move the vessel forward. On a square rigged ship, any of the square sails can be braced round to be aback; the purpose may be to reduce speed, to heave to or to assist moving the ship's head through the eye of the wind when tacking. A sudden wind shift can cause a square rigged vessel to be "caught aback" with all sails aback; this is a dangerous situation. In a fore and aft rigged vessel, a headsail is backed either by hauling it across with the weather sheet or by tacking without releasing the sheet, it is used to assist with tacking. AbaftToward the stern, relative to some object Abaft the beamFarther aft than the beam: a relative bearing of greater than 90 degrees from the bow: "two points abaft the beam, starboard side".

That would describe "an object lying 22.5 degrees toward the rear of the ship, as measured clockwise from a perpendicular line from the right side, center, of the ship, toward the horizon." Abandon shipAn imperative to leave the vessel usually in the face of some imminent overwhelming danger It is an order issued by the Master or a delegated person in command.. It is the last resort after all other mitigating actions have failed or become impossible, destruction or loss of the ship is imminent. AbeamOn the beam, a relative bearing at right angles to the ship's keel Able seaman. A merchant seaman qualified to perform a junior rank in some navies. AboardOn or in a vessel. Synonymous with "on board." AboutTo change the course of a ship by tacking. "Ready about" is the order to prepare for tacking. Above boardOn or above the deck, in plain view, not hiding anything. Pirates would hide their crews below decks, thereby creating the false impression that an encounter with another ship was a casual matter of chance.

Above-water hullThe hull section of a vessel above the visible part of a ship. Topsides. Absentee pennantSpecial pennant flown to indicate absence of commanding officer, his chief of staff, or officer whose flag is flying Absolute bearingThe bearing of an object in relation to north. Either true bearing, using the geographical or true north, or magnetic bearing, using magnetic north. See bearing and relative bearing. Accommodation ladderA portable flight of steps down a ship's side Accommodation ship A ship or hulk used as housing when there is a lack of quarters available ashore. An operational ship can be used, but more a hulk modified for accommodation is used. Act of Pardon or Act of Grace A letter from a state or power authorising action by a privateer. See Letter of marque. Action stationsSee battle stations. AdmiralSenior naval officer of flag rank. In ascending order of seniority, rear admiral, vice admiral and admiral of the fleet. Derivation Arabic, from Amir al-Bahr. Admiralty1. A high naval authority in charge of a state's navy or a major territorial component.

In the Royal Navy the Board of Admiralty, executing the office of the Lord High Admiral, promulgates naval law in the form of queen's regulations and admiralty instructions.2. Admiralty law Admiralty lawBody of law that deals with maritime cases. In the UK, administered by the Admiralty Court a special court within the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice; the Admiralty Court is now in the Rolls Building. Adrift 1. Afloat and unattached in any way to the shore or seabed, but not under way; when referring to a vessel, it implies that the vessel is not under control and therefore goes where the wind and current take her. 2. Any gear not fastened down or put away properly 3. Any person or thing, misplaced or missing; when applied to a member of the navy or marine corps, such a person is "absent without leave" or, in US Navy and US Marine Corps terminology, is guilty of an "unauthorized absence". Advance noteA note for one month's wages issued to sailors on their signing a ship's articles AdvisoSee aviso AfloatOf a vessel, floating freely.

More of vessels in service. Afore 1. In, on, or toward the front of a vessel 2. In front of a vessel Aft 1; the portion of the vessel behind the middle area of the vessel 2. Towards the stern Afterbrow 1. On larger ships, a secondary gangway rigged in the area aft of midship. On some military vessels, such as US naval vessels, enlisted personnel below E-7 board the ship at the afterbrow. AftercastleA stern structure behind the mizzenmast and above the transom on large sailing ships, much larger but less common than a forecastle; the aftercastle houses the captain′s cabin and sometimes other cabins and is topped by the poop deck. Called a sterncastle. Afternoon watchThe 1200–1600 watch AgroundResting on or touching the ground or bottom AheadForward of the bow AhoyA cry to draw attention. Term use

Nicolas Šumský

Nicolas Šumský is a Czech professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for ŠKF Sereď. Šumský played for the youth teams of clubs including Monaco, River Plate and Argentinos Juniors. He subsequently played for Bohemians 1905, Parma and Gorica before heading to Vysoké Mýto of the Czech Fourth Division in January 2014. Following a period with Slovak side Dukla Banská Bystrica, Šumský joined Scottish side Hamilton Academical on a one-year contract in February 2015. In July 2015, he was loaned out to Scottish League One side Airdrieonians. Following the end of his loan period, Šumský was released by Hamilton in January 2016.Šumský returned to the Czech Republic in February 2016, signing for Dukla Prague and heading to their farm team in the third tier of Czech football, SK Benešov. Nicolas Šumský at Soccerway Nicolas Šumský at Soccerbase

Kevin Sandwith

Kevin Sandwith is an English retired professional footballer who played as a defender and midfielder for Northern Premier League Premier Division side Buxton. He has played for Carlisle United, Telford United, Doncaster Rovers, Halifax Town, Lincoln City, Macclesfield Town, Chester City, Oxford United, Mansfield Town and Gainsborough Trinity. Sandwith began his career as a Youth Trainee at Carlisle United and went on to sign professional terms with them, making his league debut in October 1997. However, after only three further appearances, he was released by the Cumbrians in May 1998 and joined non-league Barrow, he made 14 appearances for scoring three times, before moving to join Telford United. Comfortable either at left-back or in midfield, Sandwith stayed at Telford until the summer of 2001 without every fully establishling himself, he moved on to Doncaster Rovers but, after starting the season as the regular left-back, a broken foot kept him on the sidelines for three months and he found it hard to regain a regular starting position.

In November 2002, he cemented a regular starting berth. A series of impressive performances began to draw attention and, having scored against them in the Football League Trophy earlier in the season, Lincoln City paid £10,000 for his services in March 2004, he spent a season and a half at Sincil Bank before a move to Macclesfield Town where he spent a season before joining Chester City. His first Chester goal came against Macclesfield in September 2006. Ex-Chester manager Mark Wright was a big admirer of Sandwith, stating that he is "undoubtedly one of the best players in this league at delivering a ball with his left foot, from free-kicks and corners". On 28 December 2007, it was announced Sandwith was no longer in the club's plans and was available for sale. However, he returned to the starting line-up against Notts County on 19 January 2008 and he figured in the first–team in the closing months of the season, leading to him being offered a new contract at the end of the campaign, but he left the club.

Sandwith signed for Weymouth on 1 July 2008, before moving to Oxford United in February 2009. Sandwith joined Mansfield Town by signing a one-year deal on 28 May 2010 after his release from Oxford United. Sandwith was released on 31 May 2011. After spending the pre-season training with Eastwood Town, Sandwith joined Gainsborough Trinity in August 2011, debuting in the club's 3–1 Conference North victory at home to Solihull Moors on 13 August 2011. Sandwith was not amongst those players retained at the end of the 2011–12 season and thus left the club. In June 2012 he joined Worcester City on trial but opted not to sign a new deal because of the distance the city is from his home. On 17 July he joined Buxton. On 30 March 2013 Sandwith Played his last game for Buxton losing 3-2 to Hendesford at Keys Park. In September 2014 he played once for AFC Wulfrunians. Kevin Sandwith at Soccerbase

Sonia Chocrón

Sonia Chocrón is a Venezuelan poet, novelist and playwright of Sephardic origin. She is related to the Venezuelan dramatist Isaac Chocrón. Born in a Spanish Jewish family, she completed her Social Communication degree at the Andrés Bello Catholic University. In 1982 she entered the Workshop of Poetry of the Rómulo Gallegos Center for Latin American Studies. In 1988 she was selected to participate in the Workshop "The Argument of Fiction" taught by Gabriel García Márquez at the School of Cinema located in San Antonio de los Baños, Cuba. After that, she traveled to Mexico invited by the Nobel Prize Academy to found the Gabriel García Márquez Cinematographic Bureau, her literary work, as well as her scripts for cinema and television, have awarded her prizes and accolades at a local and international level. Her literary works have been published in diverse essays and anthologies in Europe, Latin America, United States, among others. Bruxa/Toledana.. Poetry Muela/Molar.. Tale. Mary Poppins y otros poemas.

Poetry La Dama Oscura. Novel Säbanas Negras. Novel Las Mujeres de Houdini. Novel Poesía Re-Unida. Poetry La virgen del baño turco y otros cuentos falaces. Tale Falsas apariencias. Tale La buena hora. Poetry Púrpura. Poetry Toledana. Poetry Original script for the feature film "Oro Diablo". 2000. Co-Writer for the documentary film "The Lost Key". 2014. Ni un Pelo de Tontas. 2015 La Reina y yo. 2015 First finalist, Fundarte Prize of Poetry, 1991. First finalist, José Antonio Pérez Bonalde International Prize of Poetry, 1996. Mention of Honour for the collection of poems La Buena Hora, Literary Biennial José Rafael Pocaterra, 1996. Winner, Annual Tales Contest of the newspaper El Nacional for the tale La Señora Hyde, 2000

Liberty House Group

Liberty House Group is an industrial and metals company founded in the United Kingdom in 1992 by industrialist Sanjeev Gupta. It is headquartered in Mayfair and has global hubs in Dubai and Hong Kong; the company focuses on ferrous and non-ferrous metal trading, metals recycling and aluminium production, engineering products and services. The company, together with the SIMEC Group, part of the GFG Alliance, purchased the Lochaber aluminium smelter plant from Rio Tinto Group in November 2016. In February 2017, the company agreed to purchase the speciality steel division of Tata Steel Europe for £100 million; the purchase included the division's facilities in Rotherham and Brinsworth in South Yorkshire and Wednesbury in the West Midlands. In July 2017, Liberty purchased South Australian steelmaker Arrium, rebadged "LibertyOneSteel" for the first year of ownership and is now Liberty Steel. See history of Liberty House Group since 1992. Official website

Galina Shubina

Galina Konstantinovna Shubina, 1902–1980, was a Russian poster and graphics artist. Galina Shubina was born in Voronezh in 1902. From the age of 13 she studied in the watercolour class at the local art school. After graduating from the Academy Galina moved to Moscow in 1929; the same year she becomes a member of the Artists' Union. Galina's husband Soslanbek Tavasiev was a sculptor and her daughter Galina Dmitrieva is a Moscow graphic artist, she was attracted by the art of Bakst. During her summer holidays she could spend long hours in her private "studio" - the garret of a big barn – drawing and modeling figures in red clay, she moved to Leningrad to study sculpture, but after two years in the faculty of sculpture at the Leningrad Academy of Arts, she transferred to the Academy's graphics faculty. Here she studied under the prominent artists Dmitry Mitrokhin and Kruglikova specializing in posters. Other teachers were Konashevich, Radlov and Petrov-Vodkin. Thematically, her drawings of the 1920s and early 1930s revolve around the theatre.

Her works are characterised by a strong sense of melancholy, a not subtle eroticism. After graduating from the Academy and moving to Moscow in the late 1920s, Galina began to work in the field of political posters and portraits, she drew inspiration in Deineka's works. Her posters of the early 1930s and the pre-war years are all optimistic. In Moskaus Kunstlerkolonie, A-T-Z, Berlin, 37, 1932 Soviet Woman in Art, catalogue from exhibition, Paris, 1948 The Soviet Political Poster. Demosfenova, Shantyko, 1962 Catalogue from Joint Exhibition: Galina Shubina, Vasilii Elkin, Nikolai Yakovlev, Moscow, 1975 Catalogue from personal exhibition, Moscow, 1990 Postcards in Arts, M. Chapkina, 1993 Catalogue from exhibition with daughter Galina Dmitrieva, Germany, 1995 The Russian Poster. 20th Century Masterpieces, Kontakt-Kultura, Moscow, 2000 Women in the Russian Poster, Kontakt-Kultura, 2001 600 Posters, Kontakt-Kultura, 2004 Reality of the Utopia, Klaus Bashik, Nina Baburina, 2005 "Galina Shubina" — Masters of Soviet Art, volume 1.

Gamborg Gallery, 2008 Examples of Galina Shubina's Art