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Glossitis can mean soreness of the tongue, or more inflammation with depapillation of the dorsal surface of the tongue, leaving a smooth and erythematous surface. In a wider sense, glossitis can mean inflammation of the tongue generally. Glossitis is caused by nutritional deficiencies and may be painless or cause discomfort. Glossitis responds well to treatment if the cause is identified and corrected. Tongue soreness caused by glossitis is differentiated from burning mouth syndrome, where there is no identifiable change in the appearance of the tongue, there are no identifiable causes. Depending upon what exact meaning of the word glossitis is implied and symptoms might include: Smooth, shiny appearance of the tongue, caused by loss of lingual papillae. Tongue color changes to a darker red color than the normal white-pink color of a healthy tongue. Tongue swelling. Difficulty with chewing, swallowing, or speaking. Burning sensation; some use the term secondary burning mouth syndrome in cases where a detectable cause, such as glossitis, for an oral burning sensation.

Depending upon the underlying cause, there may be additional signs and symptoms such as pallor, oral ulceration and angular cheilitis. Iron-deficiency anemia is caused by blood loss, such as may occur during menses or gastrointestinal hemorrhage; this results in a depapilled, atrophic glossitis, giving the tongue a bald and shiny appearance, along with pallor of the lips and other mucous membranes a tendency towards recurrent oral ulceration, cheilosis. The appearance of the tongue in iron deficiency anemia has been described as diffuse or patchy atrophy with tenderness or burning. One cause of iron deficiency anemia is sideropenic dysphagia, characterized by esophageal webbing and dysphagia. Pernicious anemia is caused by autoimmune destruction of gastric parietal cells. Parietal cells secrete intrinsic factor, required for the absorption of vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 may present as glossitis; the appearance of the tongue in vitamin B12 deficiency is described as "beefy" or "fiery red and sore".

There may be patchy red lesions. Vitamin B1 deficiency can cause glossitis. Vitamin B2 deficiency can cause glossitis, along with angular cheilitis, peripheral neuropathy and other signs and symptoms; the glossitis in vitamin B2 deficiency is described as magenta. Vitamin B3 deficiency can cause glossitis. Vitamin B6 deficiency can cause glossitis, along with angular cheilitis, peripheral neuropathy and seborrheic dermatitis. Folate deficiency can cause glossitis, along with macrocytic anemia, leukopenia, diarrhea and neurological signs. Apart from pernicious anemia discussed above, any other cause of vitamin B12 deficiency can cause glossitis, which tends to be painful and shiny. Bacterial, viral or fungal infections can cause glossitis. Chronic Candida infections of the tongue can cause an atrophic glossitis known as median rhomboid glossitis. Syphilis is now rare, but the tertiary stage can cause diffuse glossitis and atrophy of lingual papillae, termed "syphilitic glossitis", "luetic glossitis" or "atrophic glossitis of tertiary syphilis".

It is a sexually transmitted infection. Many conditions can cause glossitis via malnutrition or malabsorption, which creates the nutritional deficiencies described above, although other mechanisms may be involved in some of those conditions listed. Alcoholism Sprue, secondary to nutritional deficiencies Crohn’s disease Whipple disease Glucagonoma syndrome Cowden disease Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Carcinoid syndrome Kwashiorkor amyloidosis Veganism and other specialized diets, Poor hydration and low saliva in the mouth, which allows bacteria to grow more Mechanical irritation or injury from burns, rough edges of teeth or dental appliances, or other trauma Tongue piercing Glossitis can be caused by the constant irritation by the ornament and by colonization of Candida albicans in site and on the ornament Exposure to irritants such as tobacco, hot foods, or spices Allergic reaction to toothpaste, breath fresheners, dyes in confectionery, plastic in dentures or retainers, or certain blood-pressure medications Administration of ganglion blockers.

Oral lichen planus, erythema multiforme, aphthous ulcer, pemphigus vulgaris Heredity Albuterol A painful tongue may be an indication of an underlying serious medical condition and nearly always merits assessment by a physician or dental surgeon. Glossitis could be classified as a group of gastrointestinal diseases, it may be primary, where there is no underlying cause, or secondary where it is a sign or symptom of another condition. It can be chronic. Speaking, there are several clinical patterns of glossitis, some more common than others. Atrophic glossitis known as bald tongue, smooth tongue, Hunter glossitis, Moeller glossitis, or Möller-Hunter glossitis, is a condition characterized by a smooth glossy tongue, tender/painful, caused by complete atrophy of the lingual papillae; the dorsal tongue surface may be affected or in patches, may be associated with a burning sensation, pain and/or erythema. Atrophic glossitis is a non-specific finding

Hans Daniel Namuhuja

Hans Daniel Namuhuja was a Namibian poet and teacher. He published in Oshindonga, a dialect of Oshiwambo, was the first author to publish poetry in this language for which before only the Catechism and few basic texts had been created. Namuhuja was born on 22 October 1924 in Oniipa in the Oshikoto Region, he grew up at Epale in the household of Ondonga Queen Victoria Nashikwele Kadhikwa and attended primary school at Walvis Bay and the mission school in Oniipa. After completing secondary school education at Ongwediva Boys School he decided to become a teacher, enrolled at Oniipa Training School, he graduated with a Lower Teaching Certificate in 1946. Two years he went to South Africa for the Higher Teaching Diploma. In 1953 he returned to South-West Africa to teach at Oniipa Training School, he became first examiner in Oshindonga, School Inspector for Ovamboland. In 1963 Namuhuja went for further studies to South Africa, he graduated with a BA from the University College of the North, today University of the North in 1965, becoming the first Oshindonga-speaker to obtain a university degree.

Namuhuja is the first author to publish non-fiction in Oshindonga. In the New Era weekly column "Celebrating Namibian Heroes and Heroines" his importance is described as: Simply put, having published his first novel entitled Omahodhi Gaavali in 1959, makes Namuhuja one of the black Namibian pioneers in the field of literature for Oshindonga language. Before the Namuhuja era, African languages in northern Namibia were restricted to the bible, catechisms and to basic numerical and literacy content, and European missionaries, who arguably most harboured a selective appreciation and dogmatic understanding of African cultures and languages, wrote most of these. Namuhuja published more than ten books in his lifetime, his third novel, Uuyuni uukwanampinyuka was translated into Finnish the first African novel to be translated into that language. Apart from novels, he wrote historical fiction and non-fiction, a letter writing guide, a translation of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. Most of his books are used as school books in Namibia.

Hans Daniel Namuhuja died in Windhoek on 23 July 1998. A Junior Secondary School at Oniipa and a literature trust are named after him. Biography in Oshiwambo: Shivute, Oswald. "Ependa mElongo, nakusa tatekulu Namuhuja a dhimbulukiwa". The Namibian. Retrieved 10 April 2011

Voges–Proskauer test

Voges–Proskauer or VP is a test used to detect acetoin in a bacterial broth culture. The test is performed by adding alpha-naphthol and potassium hydroxide to the Voges-Proskauer broth, inoculated with bacteria. A cherry red color indicates a positive result, while a yellow-brown color indicates a negative result; the test depends on the digestion of glucose to acetylmethylcarbinol. In the presence of oxygen and strong base, the acetylmethylcarbinol is oxidized to diacetyl, which reacts with guanidine compounds found in the peptone medium of the broth. Alpha-naphthol acts as a color enhancer. Procedure: First, add the alpha-naphthol. A reversal in the order of the reagents being added may result in a weak-positive or false-negative reaction. VP is one of the four tests of the IMViC series; the other three tests include: the indole test, the methyl red test, the citrate test. VP positive organisms include Enterobacter, Serratia marcescens, Hafnia alvei, Vibrio cholera biotype eltor, Vibrio alginolyticus.

VP negative organisms include Citrobacter sp. Shigella, Edwardsiella, Vibrio furnissii, Vibrio fluvialis, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus; the reaction was developed by Daniel Wilhelm Otto Voges and Bernhard Proskauer, German bacteriologists in 1898 at the Institute for Infectious Diseases. Voges–Proskauer reaction at Merriam–Webster Online

The Order (TV series)

The Order is an American horror drama web television series created by Dennis Heaton and written by Heaton, Shelley Eriksen, Rachel Langer, Jennica Harper, Penny Gummerson and Jason Filiatrault. The series premiered on Netflix on March 7, 2019; the series stars Sarah Grey, Matt Frewer, Sam Trammell and Max Martini. The first season received positive reviews upon its release. In March 2019, it was announced; the Order follows college student Jack Morton as he joins the Hermetic Order of the Blue Rose, a secret society that teaches and practices magic. As Jack goes deeper into the organization's history, he uncovers dark family secrets and an underground battle between werewolves and the magical dark arts. Jake Manley as Jack Morton, a freshman college student at Belgrave University and a new recruit who joins the Hermetic Order of the Blue Rose and the Knights of Saint Christopher Sarah Grey as Alyssa Drake, a college student and university tour guide and a medicum of the Hermetic Order of the Blue Rose Sam Trammell as Eric Clarke, an Ethics professor at Belgrave University Matt Frewer as Pete "Pops" Morton, Jack's grandfather, obssessed with taking down Edward Coventry Max Martini as Edward Coventry, Jack's estranged father and the leader of the Hermetic Order of the Blue Rose Katharine Isabelle as Vera Stone, the chancellor at Belgrave University and a member of the Hermetic Order of the Blue Rose Adam DiMarco as Randall Carpio, one of the resident advisors at Belgrave University and a member of the Knights of Saint Christopher Devery Jacobs as Lilith Bathory, a student at Belgrave University and a member of the Knights of Saint Christopher Thomas Elms as Hamish Duke, a professor at Belgrave University and a member of the Knights of Saint Christopher Louriza Tronco as Gabrielle Dupres, an acolyte in the Hermetic Order of the Blue Rose Andres Collantes as Diego Nunez, a former member of the Order Matt Visser as Weston, one of the neophytes of the Order Ajay Friese as Amir, one of the neophytes of the Order Favour Onwuka as Drea, one of the neophytes of the Order Jedidiah Goodacre as Kyle, a member in the Order Sean Depner as Jonas Jewel Staite as Renee Marand, a necromancer and former member of the Order Aaron Hale as Brandon, an acolyte in the Order Christian Michael Cooper as Maddox Coventry, Edward Coventry's son Ty Wood as Gregory Dylan Playfair as Clayton "Clay" Turner, a golem and Jack's former roommate Drew Ray Tanner as Todd Shutner Hiro Kanagawa as Detective Hayashi Ian Tracey as Jurgen Sawyer The Werewolves: Greybeard – the fearless one.

Tundra – the most cunning. Timber – the loner. Midnight – the reckless and most noble. Silverback – the most powerful. On April 17, 2018, it was announced that Netflix had given the production series order for a first season consisting of ten episodes; the series was created by Dennis Heaton who will act as writer and executive producer. Additional executive producers are set to include Shelley Eriksen, Chad Oakes, Mike Frislev and David Von Ancken. Production companies involved with the series include Nomadic Pictures Entertainment. On March 28, 2019, it was announced. Alongside the initial series announcement, it was confirmed that Jake Manley, Sarah Grey, Matt Frewer, Sam Trammell, Max Martini had been cast as series regulars. Production for the first season began on April 18, 2018, in Vancouver, British Columbia, concluded on July 20. Filming for the second season commenced on August 6, 2019 and ended on November 7, 2019. On February 21, 2019, the official trailer for the series was released; the first season was released on Netflix on March 7, 2019.

The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported a 100% approval rating for the first season with an average rating of 7.33/10, based on 5 reviews. The Order on Netflix The Order on IMDb

The Moondoggies

The Moondoggies is a rock band from Everett, Washington. Formed in 2005 by Kevin Murphy, Caleb Quick, Carl Dahlen, Robert Terreberry, they have been described as "seriously kick-ass" by Austin Scaggs of Rolling Stone. The band has released one EP on Hardly Art, an imprint of Sub Pop Records. While attending Cascade High School in Everett Washington, Kevin Murphy started a punk rock outfit called the Familiars with drummer Jon Pontrello, bassist David Brown, singer Jon Parks; the group gained a small following playing around Seattle while still in their late teens. Shortly before the band dissolved, Murphy began writing with Caleb Quick; the two began performing live while living in Washington. Murphy lived in Ketchikan, Alaska before returning to Everett and starting The Moondoggies with the songs he wrote in Alaska. Drummer Carl Dahlen had no previous drum training before joining the band; the band released their debut album Don't Be A Stranger on August 19, 2008. The album received favorable reviews from NPR Music, KEXP, Aquarium Drunkard.

In November 2009 the band began recording their sophomore album Tidelands with producer Erik Blood. Phil Ek, notable for his albums with the Fleet Foxes, Modest Mouse, Built To Spill, came on board to help mix as well as produce the first single "Empress of the North". In October 2010, the band was featured. On December 7, 2010 their single "What Took So Long" was NPR Music's "Song of the Day". In January 2011, longtime friend and multi-instrumentalist Jon Pontrello joined the group. On August 13, 2013 the band released their third full-length album, "Adiós I'm a Ghost,” Recorded at Bear Creek Studios with Ryan Hadlock. In 2018 shortly after the release of “A love sleeps deep,” Murphy parted ways with founding members Caleb Quick and Robert Terreberry. Mike Gervais was brought in soon after to add vocals; the band is working on their 5th studio album The Moondoggies have toured with such bands as Dawes, Blitzen Trapper, Quiet life,Rose Windows,The Cave Singers,The Dutchess and the Duke, The Romeny Rye and The Head and the Heart.

Don't Be A Stranger Tidelands Adiós I'm a Ghost A Love Sleeps Deep You'll Find No Answers Here

Rare Science Fiction

Rare Science Fiction is an anthology of science fiction short stories edited by Ivan Howard. It was first published in paperback by Belmont Books in January 1963; the collection has been translated into Portuguese. The book collects eight short novelettes by various science fiction authors; the stories were published from 1954-1959 in the Robert A. W. Lowndes-edited science fiction magazines Future Science Fiction, Science Fiction Quarterly, Science Fiction Stories. "Let's Have Fun" "Do It Yourself" "In Human Hands" "Protective Camouflage" "Asylum" "Quick Freeze" "Luck, Inc." "Ripeness" P. Schuyler Miller called the anthology "a good and varied lot of eight stories" with "such gems as Alice Bullock's poignant little'Asylum' or Milton Lesser's wry'Do it Yourself,'" while noting that "the publisher has done his best to handicap the book with nonsensical cover claims," calling them "'prize-winning' stories" and claiming they were "'appearing for the first time in any book.'" He observed that "I can't recall that any of them won a prize, other than an editor's check," and that the de Camp contribution had in fact appeared in his own collection A Gun for Dinosaur and Other Imaginative Tales