George Rowe (printmaker)
George Rowe was a Cheltenham printmaker and businessman who spent some time in Australia prospecting for gold after he experienced business difficulties in Cheltenham. Rowe was born at Exeter in 1796 and was baptised on 8 July 1796 at St Sidwells Parish Church, son of George and he initially worked as a drawing master, being first recorded as such at Hastings in 1823. He produced his first known topographical prints, Twenty-six Views of Picturesque Scenery of Hastings and its Vicinity and he produced many views of Sussex, Exeter, Plymouth and of local seaside resorts, including Sidmouth and Lynton. He was said to have met his wife, Philippa Curtis. She was the daughter of a major in the British Army. Rowe, his wife and two children, moved to Cheltenham in 1832 or 1834, possibly to escape an outbreak in Exeter. With his wife, he gave lessons in drawing and painting and he published two editions of The Illustrated Cheltenham Guide, for which he produced the illustrations, and carried on a printing business.
Rowe became involved in Cheltenham civic life, serving on committees and he was a founder member of the Cheltenham Liberal Association, and was the joint owner and publisher with George Norman of the Cheltenham Examiner newspaper. He became a director of the Bayshill Estate Building Company and joint owner of the Royal Well spa, by 1852 Rowes business activities were in difficulties and he left Cheltenham for the Australian goldfields in June where he spent about seven years. He arrived at the Bendigo gold diggings in 1853 and his eldest son George joined him in November, in 1854 he was joined by his two younger sons Thomas and Sandford. He was not successful as prospector, nor as a shopkeeper at Long Gully and his works were exhibited at Bendigo in 1857, and in 1858 he created a well known panoramic View of the City of Melbourne from the Observatory. He returned to Britain in 1858 or 1859 and settled in Exeter where he prepared a series of views of Australia and Tasmania for which he won a medal at the London 1862 International Exhibition.
Rowe died at Heavitree, Exeter, on 2 September 1864 and he was survived by his wife, five sons and five daughters. Illustrations of Cheltenham and its Vicinity, circa 1840, Rowes Illustrated Cheltenham Guide,1845 &1850. Cheltenham, Cheltenham Art Gallery and Museum,1982, ISBN 0-905157-05-2 The Cheltenham Topographical Print Collection. Works by George Rowe in the Cheltenham Art Gallery & Museum, works by George Rowe in the National Portrait Gallery
The Museum of Gloucester
The Museum of Gloucester in Brunswick Road is the main museum in the City of Gloucester. It has recently been extensively renovated following a large National Heritage Lottery Fund grant, in March 2016, The Museum rebranded itself and used to be called Gloucester City Museum & Art Gallery. The Gloucester Life is a museum in Westgate Street, dealing with the social history of Gloucestershire. The museum opened on 12 March 1860 as a venture in three rooms at The Black Swan, provided rent-free by the poet Sydney Dobell. In 1896 the Corporation of the City of Gloucester took over the venture, the Victorian building, in the early Renaissance style, inspired by the work of T. G. Jackson, is Grade II listed by English Heritage and it was originally the Price Memorial Hall of the Gloucester Science and Art Society, built for Margaret Price as a memorial to her husband William Edwin Price in 1893, and designed by F. S. The Corporation of the City of Gloucester took over the building as the City Museum & Art Gallery in 1902, originally only on the ground floor, a first floor was added in 1958 which was opened by the archaeologist Sir Mortimer Wheeler.
Objects in the include, Dinosaur skeletons. Archaeology, including the Rufus Sita Tombstone and the Iron Age Birdlip Mirror found in 1879, fine and decorative art items, including Delftware, Staffordshire figurines and Arts and Crafts Bowls by Alfred and Louise Powell. Local history items including items relating to the Gloucester Railway Carriage & Wagon Company, the art collection includes about 300 paintings including works by J. M. W. Turner and Thomas Gainsborough as well as a painting of Oliver Cromwell without his famous warts. In 1977, the collection acquired a landscape of Newnham-on-Severn from Dean Hill by William Turner of Oxford with help from The Art Fund, sovereigns Of England Elizabeth I - Elizabeth II an Exhibition Held In The Wheatstone Hall Gloucester 1953. Ten treasures of the City Museums Gloucester, 1860-1960, catalogue Of Romano-British Sculptures In The Gloucester City Museum. Hubert Wellington memorial exhibition, An exhibition of paintings & drawings by Hubert Wellington, Gloucester Besieged, The story of a Roundhead city 1640-1660.
Heighway, Carolyn M. Ancient Gloucester, The story of the Roman and medieval city. ISBN 0-903340-06-2 The Golden Age of Richard III, City Museum & Art Gallery, Brunswick Rd. Gloucester,2 July-1 October 1983, An Exhibition on the Twin Themes of Richard III, ISBN 0-903340-10-0 Watkins, Malcolm J. Gloucester, The Normans and Domesday. ISBN 0-903340-11-9 Watkins, Malcolm J. March of Rome, Roman Soldier AD. 50-150, ISBN 0-903340-13-5 Cox, Nigel G. Gloucester Folk Museum, A Guide to the Buildings. History Under Our Feet, Work of the Gloucester Excavation Unit, list of museums in Gloucestershire Official website
The Westgate area of Gloucester is centred on Westgate Street, one of the four main streets of Gloucester and one of the oldest parts of the city. The population of the Westgate ward in Gloucester was 6687 at the 2011 Census, St. Nicholas Church, a redundant Anglican church and Grade I listed building is situated at the far end of Westgate Street with Gloucester Folk Museum almost opposite. Gloucester Cathedral is not far away and the entrance to the Cathedral precincts is via College Green from Westgate Street. Next to St. Nicholas Church is The Dick Whittington pub in St. Nicholas House, the house was restored by Gloucester Civic Trust and Gloucester Historic Buildings Ltd in the 1980s. Just outside the entrance to the Cathedral precincts is St. Just off Westgate street is the House of the Tailor of Gloucester, the original part of Gloucester Shire Hall, opened 1816 and designed by Sir Robert Smirke, fronts Westgate Street. On the north side of Westgate Street is the site of the Theatre Royal where Charles Dickens, Sir Henry Irving.
The site is now a Poundstretcher discount store, pubs include, The Lower George Inn 121 Westgate Street. The Fountain Inn 53 Westgate Street, the Dick Whittington 100 Westgate Street. The Sword Inn 43/45 Westgate Street, the Golden Fleece The Old Crown 81-83 Westgate Street. The Theatre Vaults 152, 30 Westgate Street, jemmy Wood, the legendary Gloucester Miser ran his Gloucester Old Bank from a medieval timber building at 22 Westgate Street, that remained until the nineteenth century. The building occupied by the bank was replaced by a Victorian Gothic building. It is now occupied by a McDonalds restaurant, the Westgate Bridge over the River Severn was once the longest in England. It has been replaced several times over its history, the original medieval bridge had five great arches. In 1542 Sir Thomas Bell and his wife Joan assigned property on a sale and leaseback arrangement to the City Corporation to be used after their deaths for repairing Westgate Bridge and causeway. In 1816, the bridge was replaced by a single-span bridge designed by Sir Robert Smirke.
Until the first Severn Crossing was opened near Chepstow in 1966, in the 1970s two new wide-span bridges were built, one for each direction of traffic flow, and the current bridge was opened in 2000. There are a number of Segregated Bicycle Paths which use the bridge connecting nearby villages via Alney Island
C. Hoare & Co
Hoare & Co. is an English private bank. It is the oldest bank in the United Kingdom and the fourth oldest bank. Founded in 1672 by Sir Richard Hoare, C, Hoare & Co. remains family-owned and is currently managed by the 10th and 11th generations of Hoares direct descendants. The banks clients typically are high-net-worth individuals and families, Hoare and Co. has two branches, located at 37 Fleet Street and 32 Lowndes Street in London. Richard Hoare, the founder of the bank, began his working life apprenticed to a goldsmith and he was granted the Freedom of the Goldsmiths Company on 5 July 1672. This date marks the foundation of Hoares Bank as it was that Richard Hoare established his goldsmiths business at the sign of the Golden Bottle in Cheapside. In 1690 Richard Hoare moved the business to new premises in Fleet Street and he continued trading at the sign of the Golden Bottle, street numbering was unknown in those days and signs were used to distinguish one business from another. They started to lend their customers money for interest, famous customers of the 17th century, Catherine of Braganza Samuel Pepys John Dryden Sir Godfrey Kneller Richard Beau Nash During the 18th century the bank prospered.
Richard Hoare was knighted by Queen Anne in 1702 and became Lord Mayor of London in 1712, after Richards death, two of his sons continued the business but it was Richards grandson, Henry Hoare, who dominated the family through his wealth and personal charisma. The gardens were admired as a showplace and, although there is no record of his carrying out work there, Capability Brown, Hoare gradually introduced many aspects of modern banking and, in particular, issued printed cheques. Following the Bank Charter Act 1844 many of the 4,000 or so private banks disappeared, in the second half the partners running the bank almost brought it down with unsuccessful speculation and poor management. During the middle of the century there were two partners, both were deeply religious men but with differing views. Henry was Low Church and Peter Richard was High Church, owing to their differences they took it in turns to run the bank, each being in charge for a six-month period. Their sons, who became partners, rebelled against their religious upbringing and proved to be financially unreliable.
Famous customers of the 19th century, Lord Byron Jane Austen A revival of fortunes for the bank took place in the 20th century with the early years seeing the credibility of the bank restored. After the First World War most of the private banks were absorbed by larger banks. Hoares took a decision not to merge and today is the survivor as an independent bank. The bank was a partnership until 1929, when the partners adopted its current structure, during the Second World War the banks employees evacuated their offices, including the headquarters at 37, Fleet Street
The wars resulted from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and the Revolutionary Wars, which had raged on for years before concluding with the Treaty of Amiens in 1802. Napoleon became the First Consul of France in 1799, Emperor five years later, inheriting the political and military struggles of the Revolution, he created a state with stable finances, a strong central bureaucracy, and a well-trained army. The British frequently financed the European coalitions intended to thwart French ambitions, by 1805, they had managed to convince the Austrians and the Russians to wage another war against France. At sea, the Royal Navy destroyed a combined Franco-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar in October 1805, Prussian worries about increasing French power led to the formation of the Fourth Coalition in 1806. France forced the defeated nations of the Fourth Coalition to sign the Treaties of Tilsit in July, although Tilsit signified the high watermark of the French Empire, it did not bring a lasting peace for Europe.
Hoping to extend the Continental System and choke off British trade with the European mainland, Napoleon invaded Iberia, the Spanish and the Portuguese revolted with British support. The Peninsular War lasted six years, featured extensive guerrilla warfare, the Continental System caused recurring diplomatic conflicts between France and its client states, especially Russia. Unwilling to bear the consequences of reduced trade, the Russians routinely violated the Continental System. The French launched an invasion of Russia in the summer of 1812. The resulting campaign witnessed the collapse and retreat of the Grand Army along with the destruction of Russian lands. In 1813, Prussia and Austria joined Russian forces in a Sixth Coalition against France, a lengthy military campaign culminated in a large Allied army defeating Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig in October 1813. The Allies invaded France and captured Paris in the spring of 1814 and he was exiled to the island of Elba near Rome and the Bourbons were restored to power.
However, Napoleon escaped from Elba in February 1815 and took control of France once again, the Allies responded by forming a Seventh Coalition, which defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in June. The Congress of Vienna, which started in 1814 and concluded in 1815, established the new borders of Europe and laid out the terms, Napoleon seized power in 1799, creating a de facto military dictatorship. The Napoleonic Wars began with the War of the Third Coalition, Kagan argues that Britain was irritated in particular by Napoleons assertion of control over Switzerland. Furthermore, Britons felt insulted when Napoleon stated that their country deserved no voice in European affairs, for its part, Russia decided that the intervention in Switzerland indicated that Napoleon was not looking toward a peaceful resolution of his differences with the other European powers. The British quickly enforced a blockade of France to starve it of resources. Napoleon responded with economic embargoes against Britain, and sought to eliminate Britains Continental allies to break the coalitions arrayed against him, the so-called Continental System formed a league of armed neutrality to disrupt the blockade and enforce free trade with France
Child & Co.
Child & Co. is a formerly independent private bank that is now owned by The Royal Bank of Scotland Group. The Royal Bank of Scotland incorporating Child & Co, bankers is based at 1 Fleet Street in the City of London. It is authorised as a brand of The Royal Bank of Scotland by the Prudential Regulation Authority, Child & Co. was one of the oldest independent financial institutions in the UK, and can trace its roots back to a London goldsmith business in the late 17th century. Sir Francis Child established his business as a goldsmith in 1664, Child married Blanchards stepdaughter and inherited the whole business on Blanchards death. Renamed Child and Co, the business thrived, and was appointed the jeweller in ordinary to King William III, after Child died in 1713, his three sons ran the business, and during this time, the business transformed from a goldsmiths to a fully fledged bank. The bank claims it was the first to introduce a pre-printed cheque form, prior to which customers simply wrote a letter to their bank and its first bank note was issued in 1729.
By 1782, Childs grandson Robert Child was the partner in the firm. To prevent the Earls of Westmorland from ever acquiring his wealth and this turned out to be Lady Sarah Sophia Fane, who was born in 1785. She married George Child-Villiers, 5th Earl of Jersey in 1804 and she exercised her rights personally until her death in 1867. At that point the Earl of Jersey & Frederick William Price of Harringay House were appointed as the two leading partners, ownership continued in the Jersey family until the 1920s. In 1923, George, 8th Earl of Jersey sold the bank to Glyn, Williams Deacons Bank acquired Glyns in 1939, retaining Child & Co. as a separate business, as which it continues to this day at No.1 Fleet Street, EC4. Over their 350-year history Child & Co has attracted a client base including The Honourable Societies of Middle Temple and Lincolns Inn. Scholars of the Inns receive their awards by cheques drawn on Child & Co, several universities including The London School of Economics, Oxford University, and Imperial College London are reported to hold accounts.
Until 1979 there was an office at St. Giles Street. When the 308 Royal Bank of Scotland branches in England and Wales are sold as Williams & Glyn, Drummonds Bank, the Royal Bank of Scotland own three other private banks and Company Coutts Drummonds Bank Notes Bibliography Philip Clarke The FIrst House in the City
James Wood was the owner of the Gloucester Old Bank who became nationally known as The Gloucester Miser. His wealth of around £900,000 was stated at the time to have him the richest commoner in His Majestys dominions. Wood was born on 7 October 1756 in Westgate Street, Gloucester and he was the third child and only son of Richard and Elizabeth Wood and he attended either Sir Thomas Richs School or The Kings School. Wood inherited the bank from his grandfather who had founded it in 1716, the bank was said to have been one of the oldest private banks in Britain, having survived the financial consequences of the Napoleonic Wars when many other banks went out of business. It operated from Woods drapery shop in Westgate Street, the whole bank was believed to have consisted of just Wood and two clerks. On the counter were nailed counterfeit coins as a warning to not to try. The bank was taken over by the County of Gloucestershire Banking Company in 1838, Wood owned an undertaking business and extensive land in and around the City of Gloucester.
There are numerous stories of Woods miserliness, but it is unclear how many are true, supposedly, he visited Gloucester Docks to fill his pockets with small pieces of coal that fell off the boats being unloaded there, and wore the same old clothes for years on end. It is said that on a journey to London, a fellow traveller made fun of Woods ragged clothing but Wood bet him £5 that he could withdraw £100,000 from the bank on his arrival in the city. The fellow passenger did not believe him but when Wood was able to show that he could do just that, Wood was renowned for walking everywhere rather than paying the cost of a carriage. One story records that once he travelled back to Gloucester from Tewkesbury in the back of a passing hearse and his miserliness and wealth brought him national fame with Toby Jugs and a Staffordshire figure being created based on him. His profile of protruding chin and nose, and sloping forehead, the accusations of miserliness may have had a basis in fact but from his journals it is evident that Wood was not a recluse and that he took a full part in the activities of the city.
He was not averse to spending other peoples money however, in 1818,47 people dined at the citys expense at a dinner given for the Duke of Gloucester at which they ate a turtle weighing 150 lbs given to the city by Lord Howard. Charles Dickens may have inspired by the stories about the Gloucester Miser to create the character of Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol. A character by the name of Dismal Jemmy appears in The Pickwick Papers, Wood died in 1836 and was buried in St Mary de Crypt Church in Gloucester where there is a gravestone to his memory in the chancel. The crowd at his funeral reportedly. evinced a levity of demeanor inconsistent with the solemnity of the occasion, problems over his will led to a long court case that soaked up much of the funds in the estate. Wood never married and had no children and he left around £900,000 to be shared equally between Sir Matthew Wood, John Chadborn, Jacob Osborne and John S. Surman, who were his executors. Life and Anecdotes of Jemmy Wood, the banker and draper
Lloyds Bank plc is a British retail and commercial bank with branches across England and Wales. It has traditionally been considered one of the Big Four clearing banks, the bank was founded in Birmingham in 1765. It expanded during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and took over a number of smaller banking companies, in 1995 it merged with the Trustee Savings Bank and traded as Lloyds TSB Bank plc between 1999 and 2013. The bank is the subsidiary of Lloyds Banking Group, which was formed in January 2009 by the acquisition of HBOS by the then-Lloyds TSB Group. That year, following the UK bank rescue package, the British Government took a 43. 4% stake in Lloyds Banking Group, the new business began operations on 9 September 2013 under the TSB brand. Lloyds TSB was subsequently renamed Lloyds Bank on 23 September 2013, Lloyds Bank is the largest retail bank in Britain, and has an extensive network of branches and ATM in England and Wales and offers 24-hour telephone and online banking services.
As of 2012 it has 16 million personal customers and small business accounts, Lloyds Bank came 10th out of 12 in the British Bank Awards 2016. It has its operational Headquarters in London and other offices in Wales and it operates a number of office complex, brand headquarters and data centres in Yorkshire including Leeds and Halifax. The origins of Lloyds Bank date from 1765, when button maker John Taylor and Quaker iron producer and dealer Sampson Lloyd II set up a banking business in Dale End. The first branch opened in Oldbury, some six miles west of Birmingham. The symbol adopted by Taylors and Lloyds was the beehive, representing industry, the black horse regardant device dates from 1677, when Humphrey Stokes adopted it as sign for his shop. Stokes was a goldsmith and keeper of the running cashes and the became part of Barnett. When Lloyds took over that bank in 1884, it continued to trade at the sign of the black horse, the association with the Taylor family ended in 1852 and, in 1865, Lloyds & Co.
converted into a joint-stock company known as Lloyds Banking Company Ltd. The first report of the company in 1865 stated, LLOYDS BANKING COMPANY LIMITED – Authorized Capital £2,000,000, FOUNDED ON The Private Banks of Messrs. Moilliet and Sons, with-which have subsequently been amalgamated the Banks of Messrs. P. H. Williams and your Directors have the satisfaction to report that they have concluded an agreement with the well-known and old-established firm of Messrs. It will be submitted to you for final confirmation after the close of the Ordinary General Meeting. Eventually, this became absorbed into the original Lloyds Banking Company, finally, Lloyds Bank Limited in 1889. By 1923, Lloyds Bank had made some 50 takeovers, one of which was the last private firm to issue its own banknotes—Fox and Company of Wellington, the Bank of England has a monopoly of banknote issue in England and Wales