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Gnathostomulids, or jaw worms, are a small phylum of nearly microscopic marine animals. They inhabit sand and mud beneath shallow coastal waters and can survive in anoxic environments, they were first recognised and described in 1956. Most gnathostomulids measure 0.5 to 1 millimetre in length. They are slender to thread-like worms, with a transparent body. In many Bursovaginoidea, one of the major group of gnathostomulids, the neck region is narrower than the rest of the body, giving them a distinct head. Like flatworms they have a ciliated epidermis, but in contrast to flatworms, they have one cilium per cell; the cilia allow the worms to glide along in the water between sand grains, although they use muscles, allowing the body to twist or contract, for movement. They have no body cavity, no circulatory or respiratory system; the nervous system is simple, restricted to the outer layers of the body wall. The only sense organs are modified cilia, which are common in the head region; the mouth is located just after a rostrum, on the underside of the body.

It has a pair of cuticular jaws, supplied by strong muscles, bearing minute teeth. A "basal plate" on the lower surface that bears a comb-like structure is present; the basal plate is used to scrape smaller organisms off of the grains of sand that make up their anoxic seabed mud habitat. This bilaterally symmetrical pharynx with its complex cuticular mouth parts make them appear related to rotifers and their allies, together making up the Gnathifera; the ultrastructure of the jaws made of rods with electron dense core in transmission electron microscopy sections support their close relation with Rotifera and Micrognathozoa. The mouth opens into a blind-ending tube. However, there is tissue connecting the intestine to the epidermis. Gnathostomulids are simultaneous hermaphrodites; each individual possesses one or two testes. After fertilization, the single egg ruptures through the body wall and adheres to nearby sand particles; the egg hatches without a larval stage. There are 100 described species and many more as yet undescribed.

The known species are grouped in two orders. The filospermoids are long and are characterized by an elongate rostrum; the bursovaginoids have paired sensory organs and are characterized by the presence of a penis and a sperm-storage organ called a bursa. Gnathostomulids have no known fossil record, though there are similarities between the jaws of modern gnathostomulids and certain conodont elements, they appear to be a sister clade to the Syndermata. "Gnatostomulida". Integrated Taxonomic Information System

Luciano Coutinho

Luciano Galvão Coutinho is a Brazilian economist and since 2007, the President of the Brazilian Development Bank. Under his direction, BNDES holds over 500 billion dollars in assets. In 2009, Dr. Coutinho has been featured in Epoca's 100 Most Influential Brazilians and in 2010 considered the Financier of the Year by Latin Trade, he is a guest lecturer at Unicamp University. After earning his PhD in Economics at Cornell University, Dr. Coutinho returned to Brazil to pursue a career in academia, teaching Economics at Unicamp from 1974 to 1986. At Unicamp, he was a professor of Brazil's president Dilma Rousseff. Between 1985 and 1988, he became the Executive Secretary of Brazil's Ministry of Science and Technology, participating in the structuring of the Ministry and designing policies aimed at areas of high complexity, such as biotechnology, computer science, fine chemistry, precision mechanics and new materials. After leaving the ministry, Dr. Coutinho co-founded and became a partner at LCA Consulting, where he provided advisory in International Trade, Competition Law and provided expertise in economic studies.

In 1994, he coordinated the Competitiveness Study on Brazilian Industry, the work of one hundred specialists who mapped with unprecedented extent the Brazilian industrial sector. In 2007, he left behind a successful business at LCA to run the Brazilian Development Bank. Since the bank has ventured into three new areas: environment, information technology and small-and-medium-sized companies. Dr. Coutinho has been a visiting professor at the University of Paris XIII, the University of Texas, the Institute Ortega y Gasset in Spain, as well as at the University of São Paulo. A specialist in industrial and international economics, he has written and organized several books, in addition to an extensive production of articles, published in Brazil and abroad, his academic studies focus on industrial policy and the implications of the Brazilian currency Real in the country's economy. Dr. Coutinho has a PhD in Economics from Cornell University, a Master's degree in Economics from the Institute of Economic Research of the University of São Paulo and a bachelor's in Economics from USP.

While studying Economics at USP, he has been awarded the Gastão Vidigal prize for being the university's best student of Economics

Gendarmerie Nationale (Algeria)

The Gendarmerie Nationale, is the national rural police force of Algeria. As part of the Algerian Armed Forces is commanded by a major general who reports directly to the Minister of National Defense. In 2007 the gendarmerie consists of 60,000. Although regarded as a versatile and competent paramilitary force, the gendarmerie has been tested in dealing with civil disorder since 1988, it has lacked sufficient manpower at the scene of disorder and its units have been inadequately trained and equipped for riot control. The gendarmerie, has demonstrated the ability to root out terrorist groups operating from mountain hideouts; the current commander is General Ghali Belkcir, succeeding Major-General Menad Nouba who himself had succeeded Major-General Ahmed Boustila. The gendarmerie is responsible for maintaining law and order in villages and rural areas; the gendarmerie is organized in battalions, whose component companies and platoons are dispersed to individual communities and desert outposts. Its regional headquarters are in the same cities as the six military regional headquarters with subdivisions in the forty-eight wilayat.

It consists of a General Headquarters in Algiers and 6 subordinate Regional Commands, plus 4 commands for Recruitment & Training, Intelligence and Detection. The 6 Regional Commands each command 3 to 4 "Brigades"; the special forces unit of the Algerian gendarmerie, the Special Intervention Detachment, was created on August 27, 1989, by a presidential decree. It was established to confront the increase in criminals. A mobile force, the gendarmerie possesses a modern communications system connecting its various units with one another and with the army. Equipment includes transport and patrol vehicles; the force in 1993 had 44 Panhard M3 armored personnel carriers. 50 Fahd armored personnel carriers, 28 Mi-2 light helicopters and 10 AgustaWestland AW109, In addition to AS355 Ecureuil 2 helicopters. In addition to utilizing training provided by the French since independence, the gendarmerie operates its own schools for introductory and advanced studies; the gendarmerie's main training center is at Sidi Bel Abbes, The officers school is at Isser, about 80 kilometers east of Algiers.

This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website

Gallant Garden

Gallant Garden, in Wo Hop Shek Public Cemetery at Wo Hop Shek, Hong Kong, was established in November 1996 for civil servants who lost their lives on duty. In 2000, permanent earth burial was extended to both civil servants and non-civil servants who died with exceptional bravery while on duty, it has an area of 1,600 m² and is maintained by Food and Environmental Hygiene Department. It has 110 land burial spaces, 165 urn spaces, a columbarium of 120 niches. There is a large Buddhist-Taoist monastery built near the cemetery; the majority of those interred are police officers and firefighters fallen on duties, but several medical personnel who contracted and died from SARS while treating sufferers from the disease are buried in the cemetery. 1983 關耀煇: Royal Hong Kong Police Force traffic police officer killed in a traffic accident while on duty 1987 陳潤良: Hong Kong Fire Services firefighter captain who fell during a blaze in Tsuen Wan 1989 陳政瑜: Hong Kong Fire Services firefighter captain killed by a blaze in Mongkok Sun Hing Building 1990 岑凱傑: Royal Hong Kong Police Force officer killed by a suspect in Mei Foo Sun Chuen 1996 廖熾鴻: Hong Kong Fire Services firefighter who died during a fire in the Garley Building 1997 吳禮光: Hong Kong Fire Services firefighter who died during training 1998 王永基: Hong Kong Police Chief Inspector who died during annual physical training examination 1998 陳阿文: A staff member from the Marine Department who died from an accidental fall during work at Stonecutters Island 1998 黃英才: Acting senior Customs officer who died from an accidental fall while inspecting a container truck at Lok Ma Chau on 12 April 1998 1998 蔡孝濂: Hong Kong Fire Services medic who died while on duty in a traffic accident on Lamma Island 1998 林錦榮: A Water Supplies Department staff member who died in a traffic accident 1999 江榮發: Hong Kong Police marine police officer stationed at the Sai Kung marine police east headquarters, killed when a truck tipped over 1999 黃生根: A worker of the Regional Council who died from a traffic accident while on duty 2000 梁錦光: An Immigration Department senior officer who died from a fire started by an arsonist at Immigration Tower.

He was the first civil servant permitted to be buried permanently in Gallant Garden. 2000 吳栢明: Hong Kong Police traffic police officer hit by a vehicle while on duty 2001 梁成恩: Hong Kong Police constable killed by an off-duty constable in Tsuen Wan Shek Wai Kok Estate 2001 趙順安: An off-duty Hong Kong Fire Services firefighter who drowned while attempting to rescue a distressed teenager out in the sea in Sai Kung District 2002 馬樂民: Hong Kong Police Constable who died during annual physical training examination 2003 劉永佳: A nurse contracted the SARS virus from a patient he was taking care of at Tuen Mun Hospital. He died as a result of SARS 2003 梁寶明: An on-duty Hong Kong Police senior inspector of police who drowned attempting to save a person during a flood at Ta Kwu Ling 2003 謝婉雯: A doctor who died from contracting SARS at Tuen Mun Hospital on 13 May 2003 2003 鄧香美: A hospital assistant who died from contracting SARS at Union Hospital 2003 劉錦蓉: A hospital assistant who died from contracting SARS at Union Hospital 2003 王庚娣: A Prince of Wales Hospital assistant who died from contracting SARS 2003 鄭夏恩: A doctor from Tai Po Hospital died from contracting SARS 2003 陳文狄: An officer from the Government Flying Service who died during the B-HRX crash at Pak Kung Au 2003 黃傑康: A Hong Kong Police traffic police officer who died from a traffic accident while on duty 2003 彭富國: A pilot from the Government Flying Service who died in the B-HRX crash at Pak Kung Au 2003 吳峻山: A Hong Kong Police police constable who died while in training 2004 陳業升: A Hong Kong Police traffic police officer who died from a traffic accident at Gascoigne Road flyover while he was responding to a traffic accident report 2004 張振威: A Hong Kong Fire Services firefighter captain who lost his life while on a mission to rescue people trapped in a plaza's manhole at Shau Kei Wan 2006 曾國恒: A Hong Kong Police constable killed by an off-duty constable in Tsim Sha Tsui.

He was buried on 4 April 2006 2006 黃少鵬: A Hong Kong Police police sergeant who died from previous gunshot wounds he suffered at Aberdeen while on duty 2007 黃家熙: Hong Kong Fire Services firefighter killed by a flashover in Texaco Road, Tsuen Wan. He was buried on 15 June 2007. - Hong Kong Fire Services 2008 蘇志豪: A Hong Kong Police traffic police officer was driving a police motorcycle to escort VIPs to Sheung Yue River for 2008 Olympic Equestrian events and died en route when he encountered a traffic accident. 2008 陳兆龍: A Hong Kong Fire Services firefighter killed in Cornwall Court Fire. Along with 蕭永方, they found two survivors trapped on the top of the building. Both gave their oxygen breathing apparatus to those survivors when they continue to battle the blaze. Both died due to smoke inhalation - Hong Kong Fire Services 2008 蕭永方: A Hong Kong Fire Services firefighter killed in Cornwall Court Fire. Along with 陳兆龍, they found two survivors trapped on the t

Milos Kostic

Milos Kostic from Regina, Saskatchewan is the current world record holder of the Ironman World Championship in the Men's 65-69 age group with a time of 11 hours 29 minutes 45 seconds set in 2006. He has won his age group there in Kona every time he has raced there, in 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, he won his age group at the Ironman 70.3 World Championship in 2011 and 2012. In 2011 he set the world record of the Ironman World Championship in the Men's 70-74 age group with a time of 11 hours 14 minutes. In 2006, 2007, 2008 he was awarded the Canadian Grand Master Athlete of the Year by Triathlon Canada, he was selected as Triathlon Magazine Canada's athlete of the year for 2012. Kostic attended the University of British Columbia as a foreign student from Yugoslavia. After obtaining a degree in engineering, he remained in Canada. 2006 Saskatchewan Sport, Masters Athlete of the Year 2006 Triathlon Canada, Masters Long Distance Triathlon Athlete of the Year 2007 Triathlon Canada Grand Master Male Athlete of the Year 2007 Triathlon Magazine Canada, Masters Athlete of the Year 2008 Triathlon Canada Grand Master Male Athlete of the Year Ironman Canada Iron Spirit Award, August 30, 2009 2009 Triathlon Magazine Canada, Age Group Triathlete of the Year 2012 Triathlon Magazine Canada, Triathlete of the YearIn June 2015 was inducted into the Saskatchewan Sports Hall of Fame

1967 Tour de France, Stage 1a to Stage 11

The 1967 Tour de France was the 54th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour began in Angers with an individual time trial on 29 June, Stage 11 occurred on 11 July with a mountainous stage to Digne; the race finished in Paris on 23 July. 29 June 1967 - Angers to Angers, 5.775 km 30 June 1967 - Angers to Saint-Malo, 185 km 1 July 1967 - Saint Malo to Caen, 180 km 2 July 1967 - Caen to Amiens, 248 km 3 July 1967 - Amiens to Roubaix, 191 km 4 July 1967 - Roubaix to Jambes, 172 km 4 July 1967 - Jambes to Jambes, 17 km 5 July 1967 - Jambes to Metz, 238 km 6 July 1967 - Metz to Strasbourg, 205.5 km 6 July 1967 - Strasbourg to Belfort/Ballon d’Alsace, 215 km 8 July 1967 - Belfort 9 July 1967 - Belfort to Divonne-les-Bains, 238.5 km 10 July 1967 - Divonne les Bains to Briançon, 243 km 11 July 1967 - Briançon to Digne, 197 km