Live at the Isle of Wight Festival 1970 (The Who album)
Live at the Isle of Wight Festival is a double live album by The Who, recorded at the Isle of Wight Festival on 29 August 1970, released in 1996. A DVD of the concert was released for the first time in 1996; the Who were one year and three months into their Tommy tour when they played their second engagement at the Isle of Wight Festival. As in 1969, they played most of their famous rock opera, which by this time was quite familiar to the festival crowd. Huge spotlights bathed the audience of some 600,000 attendees, as The Who's tour manager John Woolf recalls, attracted "every moth and flying nocturnal animal on the island"; the Who started this famous concert at 2:00 A. M. By August 1970, Pete Townshend was introducing new songs to the setlist including "Water", "I Don't Even Know Myself" and "Naked Eye"; these songs, which were being recorded at the time of the festival, were intended for an upcoming project known as Lifehouse. Although Lifehouse was abandoned, the sessions paved the way to the Who's classic album Who's Next.
The Who performed some live staples such as "Substitute", "My Generation", "Magic Bus", "I Can't Explain", the perennial covers of "Shakin' All Over" and "Summertime Blues". All songs were written by Pete Townshend except. Disc oneDisc two Roger Daltrey: Lead vocals and harmonica. John Entwistle: Bass guitar and vocals. Keith Moon: Drums and vocals Pete Townshend: Lead guitar and vocals
I'm Free (The Who song)
"I'm Free" is a song written by Pete Townshend and performed by the Who on the album Tommy. The song has since been released as a single. Pete Townshend has claimed that the song was inspired by the song "Street Fighting Man" by the Rolling Stones.'I'm Free' came from'Street Fighting Man.' This has a weird time/shape and when I discovered how it went, I thought'well blimey, it can't be that simple,' but it was and it was a gas and I wanted to do it myself. On "I'm Free," drummer Keith Moon only played on the breaks of the song. According to bassist John Entwistle, Moon was unable to perform the intro the way Townshend wanted, resulting in Townshend and Entwistle having to perform part of the drums. During live performances and Entwistle were forced to signal Moon to play the song by making giant steps. On'I'm Free', me and Pete had to play the drums and Keith played the breaks because he couldn't get the intro, he was hearing it differently from how we were, he couldn't shake it off. So we put down the snare, the hi-hat and the tambourine part and he came in and added all the breaks.
When we did it live, the only way to bring him in was for Pete and I to go like this, which must have looked nuts. Within the plot of the album, "I'm Free" tells of Tommy's vision to spiritually enlighten others due to his sudden and immense popularity; the "Pinball Wizard" riff appears at the end of the song during the "How can we follow?" part. Townshend has since noted "I'm Free" and "Pinball Wizard" as "songs of the quiet explosion of divinity, they just rolled off the pen.""I'm Free" was released as a single in most of Europe as well as America. The single reached number 37 in the US on the Billboard Hot 100, it reached number 20 in the Netherlands. This song was used in the 1969-1970 concert classic set list, it is switched with "Sensation" on setlists, including in the movie and in the Broadway musical as Tommy rejoices at regaining his sight and hearing after the shock provided by his mother. In 1975-1976, the song was reintegrated into The; the version played at these shows featured a reworked guitar riff.
In 2002, The Who played this for a stretch on their 2002 UK Tour, with a similar arrangement to the versions played on the 1975-1976 tour. However, it was dropped again by the time bassist. In 1973, a single version sung by Roger Daltrey from the London Symphony Orchestra reached #13 in Britain. In 1997, the Christian rock band Geoff Moore and the Distance covered this song, on the album Threads. In 2004, a cover version was recorded by Neal Morse with the participation of Randy George and Mike Portnoy, it was released as the last track on the special edition of Neal's One album, it was re-released on the 2006 album Cover to Cover. In 2009, The Smithereens included the song on The Smithereens Play Tommy; the song has been used in a Saab commercial. Roger Daltrey – lead vocals Pete Townshend – backing vocals, electric guitar, drums John Entwistle – bass guitar, drums Keith Moon – drums Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Keith John Moon was an English drummer for the rock band the Who. He was noted for his unique style and his eccentric self-destructive behaviour, his drumming continues to be praised by musicians. He was posthumously inducted into the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 1982, becoming only the second rock drummer to be chosen, in 2011, Moon was voted the second-greatest drummer in history by a Rolling Stone readers' poll. Moon grew up in Alperton, a suburb of Wembley, in Middlesex, took up the drums during the early 1960s. After playing with a local band, the Beachcombers, he joined the Who in 1964 before they recorded their first single. Moon remained with the band during their rise to fame, was recognised for his drumming style, which emphasised tom-toms, cymbal crashes, drum fills. Throughout Moon's tenure with the Who his drum kit grew in size, along with Ginger Baker, Moon has been credited as one of the earliest rock drummers to employ double bass drums in his setup, he collaborated with other musicians and appeared in films, but considered playing in the Who his primary occupation and remained a member of the band until his death.
In addition to his talent as a drummer, Moon developed a reputation for smashing his kit on stage and destroying hotel rooms on tour. He was fascinated by blowing up toilets with cherry bombs or dynamite, by destroying television sets. Moon enjoyed touring and socialising, became bored and restless when the Who were inactive, his 21st birthday party in Flint, has been cited as a notorious example of decadent behaviour by rock groups. Moon suffered a number of setbacks during the 1970s, most notably the accidental death of chauffeur Neil Boland and the breakdown of his marriage, he became addicted to alcohol brandy and champagne, acquired a reputation for decadence and dark humour. After moving to Los Angeles with personal assistant Peter "Dougal" Butler during the mid-1970s, Moon recorded his only solo album, the poorly received Two Sides of the Moon. While touring with the Who, on several occasions he was hospitalised. By their final tour with him in 1976, during production of The Kids Are Alright and Who Are You, the drummer's deterioration was evident.
Moon moved back to London in 1978, dying in September of that year from an overdose of Heminevrin, a drug intended to treat or prevent symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. Keith John Moon was born to Alfred Charles and Kathleen Winifred Moon on 23 August 1946 at Central Middlesex Hospital in northwest London, grew up in Wembley, he was hyperactive as a boy, with a restless imagination and a particular fondness for The Goon Show and music. Moon attended Alperton Secondary Modern School after failing his eleven plus exam, which precluded his attending a grammar school, his art teacher said in a report: "Retarded artistically. Idiotic in other respects", his music teacher wrote that Moon "has great ability, but must guard against a tendency to show off."Moon joined his local Sea Cadet Corps band at the age of twelve on the bugle, but found the instrument too difficult to learn and decided to take up drums instead. He was interested in practical jokes and home science kits, with a particular fondness for explosions.
On his way home from school, Moon would go to Macari's Music Studio on Ealing Road to practise on the drums there, learning his basic skills on the instrument. He left school at age fourteen, around Easter in 1961. Moon enrolled at Harrow Technical College. Moon took lessons from one of the loudest contemporary drummers, Screaming Lord Sutch's Carlo Little, at 10 shillings per lesson. Moon's early style was influenced by jazz, American surf music and rhythm and blues, exemplified by noted Los Angeles studio drummer Hal Blaine, his favourite musicians were jazz artists Gene Krupa. Moon admired Elvis Presley's original drummer DJ Fontana, the Shadows' original drummer Tony Meehan and the Pretty Things' Viv Prince, he enjoyed singing, with a particular interest in Motown. Moon idolised the Beach Boys. During this time Moon joined his first serious band: the Escorts, replacing his best friend Gerry Evans. In December 1962 he joined the Beachcombers, a semi-professional London cover band playing hits by groups such as the Shadows.
During his time in the group Moon incorporated theatrical tricks into his act, including "shooting" the group's lead singer with a starter pistol. The Beachcombers all had day jobs. In April 1964, at age 17, he auditioned for the as a replacement for Doug Sandom; the Beachcombers continued as a local cover band after his departure. A cited story of how Moon joined the Who is that he appeared at a show shortly after Sandom's departure, where a session drummer was used. Dressed in ginger clothes and with his hair dyed ginger, he claimed to his would-be bandmates that he could play better. In the words of the drummer, "they said go ahead, I got behind this other guy's drums and did one song-'Road Runner.' I'd several drinks to get me courage up and when I got onstage I went arrgggGhhhh on the drums, broke the bass drum pedal and two skins, got off. I f
John Alec Entwistle was an English bass guitarist, singer and film and music producer. In a music career that spanned more than 40 years, Entwistle was best known as the original bass guitarist for the English rock band The Who, he was the only member of the band to have formal musical training. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Who in 1990. Entwistle's instrumental approach used pentatonic lead lines, a then-unusual treble-rich sound created by roundwound RotoSound steel bass strings, he was nicknamed "The Ox" and "Thunderfingers". In 2011, he was voted as the greatest bass guitarist of all time in a Rolling Stone magazine reader's poll, in its special "100 Greatest Bass Players" issue in 2017, Bass Player magazine named Entwistle at number seven. John Alec Entwistle was born on 9 October 1944 in a suburb of London, he was an only child. His father, played the trumpet and his mother, played the piano, his parents' marriage failed soon after he was born, he was raised by his mother at his grandparents' house in South Acton.
Divorce was uncommon in the 1940s, this contributed to Entwistle becoming reserved and socialising little. His musical career began aged seven, he did not enjoy the experience and after joining Acton County Grammar School aged 11, switched to the trumpet, moving to the French horn when he joined the Middlesex Schools Symphony Orchestra. He met Pete Townshend in the second year of school, the two formed a trad jazz band, the Confederates; the group only played one gig together, before they decided that rock'n' roll was a more attractive prospect. Entwistle, in particular, was having difficulty hearing his trumpet with rock bands, decided to switch to playing guitar, but due to his large fingers, his fondness for the low guitar tones of Duane Eddy, he decided to take up the bass guitar instead, he made his own instrument at home, soon attracted the attention of Roger Daltrey, the year above Entwistle at Acton County, but had since left to work in sheet metal. Daltrey was aware of Entwistle from school, asked him to join as a bass guitarist for his band, the Detours.
After joining the Detours, Entwistle played a major role in encouraging Pete Townshend's budding talent on the guitar, insisting that Townshend be admitted into the band as well. Roger Daltrey fired all the members of his band with the exception of Entwistle and the drummer, Doug Sandom, a semi-pro player, several years older than the others. Roger Daltrey relinquished the role of guitarist to Pete Townshend in 1963, instead becoming frontman and lead singer; the band considered several changes of name settling on the name The Who while Entwistle was still working as a tax clerk. When the band decided that the blond Roger Daltrey needed to stand out more from the others, Entwistle dyed his light brown hair black, it remained so until the early 1980s. Around 1963, Entwistle played in a London band called the Initials for a short while. In 1967, Entwistle married his childhood sweetheart Alison Wise and bought a large semi-detached home in Stanmore Middlesex filling it with all sorts of extraordinary artefacts, ranging from suits of armour to a tarantula spider.
His eccentricity and taste for the bizarre was to remain with him throughout his life, when he moved out of the city in 1978, to Stow-on-the-Wold in Gloucestershire, his 17-bedroom mansion, resembled a museum. It housed one of the largest guitar collections belonging to any rock musician. Entwistle picked up two nicknames during his career as a musician, he was nicknamed "The Ox" because of his strong constitution and seeming ability to "Eat, drink or do more than the rest of them." He was later nicknamed "Thunderfingers". Bill Wyman, bass guitarist for the Rolling Stones, described him as "the quietest man in private but the loudest man on stage". Entwistle was one of the first to make use of Marshall stacks in an attempt to hear himself over the noise of his band members, who famously leapt and moved about on the stage, with Pete Townshend and Keith Moon smashing their instruments on numerous occasions. Townshend remarked that Entwistle started using Marshall amplification to hear himself over drummer Keith Moon's rapid-fire drumming style, Townshend himself had to use them just to be heard over Entwistle.
They both continued expanding and experimenting with their rigs, until they were both using twin stacks with new experimental prototype 200 watt amps, at a time when most bands used 50–100 watt amplifiers with single cabinets. All of this gained the Who a reputation for being "the loudest band on the planet", a point well proven when they famously reached 126 decibels at a 1976 concert in London, listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the loudest rock concert in history; the band had a strong influence at the time on their contemporaries' choice of equipment, with Cream and the Jimi Hendrix Experience both following suit. Although they pioneered and directly contributed to the development of the "classic" Marshall sound, they only used Marshall equipment for a couple of years. Entwistle switched to using a Sound City rig, with Pete Townshend following suit as well. Townshend points out that Jimi
Tommy is a soundtrack album by The Who with contributions from numerous artists. The soundtrack was used in the 1975 Tommy film, based on the original album, released by The Who in 1969. Pete Townshend oversaw the production of this double-LP recording that returned the music to its rock roots, on which the unrecorded orchestral arrangements he had envisaged for the original Tommy LP were realised by the extensive use of synthesiser; the soundtrack LP employed many leading sessions musicians including Caleb Quaye, Phil Chen and Nicky Hopkins as well as members of The Faces' Ronnie Wood and future Keith Moon replacement Kenney Jones. The song "Pinball Wizard", performed by Elton John, was a major hit. Although the music for this song is performed by "The Elton John Band", as he was calling his musical team, the film depicts John being backed by The Who. Townshend guitar on all tracks. Credits to "The Who" indicate performances by Townshend, John Entwistle and Moon jointly, regardless of vocalist.
All songs are composed by Pete Townshend, except where noted. The Who comprises the skeleton band for most of the songs. All instrumentation on each song is by them, except for additional or alternate musicians indicated below for individual songs in which the lineup is wholly or different. Lead vocals are as indicated in track listing above; the Who: Roger Daltrey – vocals for "Tommy" John Entwistle – bass, brass overdubs Keith Moon – drums, vocals for "Uncle Ernie" Pete Townshend – guitar, vocals for "Narrator" John Entwistle – brass overdubs Pete Townshend – all other instruments Pete Townshend – all instruments Nicky Hopkins – piano Mike Kellie – drums Mick Ralphs, Caleb Quaye – guitar Chris Stainton – organ Phil Chen – bass Nicky Hopkins – piano Tony Newman – drums Nicky Hopkins – piano Vocal chorus – backing vocals Eric Clapton – vocals and guitar Kenney Jones – drums Arthur Brown -- vocals Kenney Jones – drums Nicky Hopkins – piano Ronnie Wood – guitar Phil Chen – bass Graham Deakin – drums Nicky Hopkins – piano Alan Ross – acoustic guitar Tony Newman – drums Dave Wintour – bass Kenney Jones – drums Alan Ross – acoustic guitar Tony Stevens – bass Elton John – lead vocals and piano Davey Johnstone – guitar Dee Murray – bass Nigel Olsson – drums Ray Cooper – percussion Kenney Jones – drums Alan Ross – acoustic guitar Chris Stainton – piano Ronnie Wood – guitar Richard Bailey – drums Phil Chen – bass Nicky Hopkins – piano Caleb Quaye – guitar Nicky Hopkins – piano Alan Ross, Chris Stainton – acoustic guitar Kenney Jones – drums Alan Ross – acoustic guitar Nicky Hopkins – piano Kenney Jones – drums Pete Townshend – all instruments Phil Chen – bass Nicky Hopkins – piano Alan Ross – acoustic guitar Kenney Jones – drums Alan Ross – acoustic guitar Tony Stevens – bass Phil Chen – bass Eric Clapton – guitar Graham Deakin – drums Nicky Hopkins – piano Pete Townshend – all instruments Pete Townshend – all instruments Gerald Shaw – organ Nicky Hopkins – piano Mike Kelly – drums Alan Ross – acoustic guitar Fuzzy Samuels – bass Chris Stainton – organ Caleb Quaye – guitar Vocal chorus – backing vocals Nicky Hopkins – piano Chris Stainton – organ Vocal chorus – backing vocals
Tommy (1975 film)
Tommy is a 1975 British independent rock musical fantasy drama film based upon The Who's 1969 rock opera album Tommy about a "seemingly disabled" boy who becomes a pinball champion and religious leader. Directed by Ken Russell, the film featured a star-studded ensemble cast, including the band members themselves, Ann-Margret, Oliver Reed, Eric Clapton, Tina Turner, Elton John, Jack Nicholson. Tommy was released by Columbia Pictures in the US on 19 March 1975 while in the UK it was released on 26 March 1975. Ann-Margret received a Golden Globe Award for her performance and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Pete Townshend was nominated for an Oscar for his work in scoring and adapting the music for the film; the film was not entered into the main competition. In 1975, the film won the award for Rock Movie of the Year in the First Annual Rock Music Awards. In the prologue, set in 1945, a montage displays his wife, Nora. After his leave ends, Walker goes off to fight in World War II as a bomber pilot, but is shot down during a mission.
"Captain Walker" is listed as missing in action and is presumed dead, although—unknown to his family—the badly burnt Walker is in fact alive. Back in England, Nora gives birth to a son, Tommy, on V-E Day. Five years Nora has begun a new relationship with Frank, a worker she and Tommy meet on vacation. Tommy expresses his desires to run his own holiday camp some day. In the 1950s, Nora and Frank dream of their future, late that evening, encounter the returning Captain Walker, he surprises Nora in bed, leading to a struggle where Frank kills the Captain. The heat of the moment panics Tommy into a psychedelia-like "Amazing Journey", where he outwardly appears "deaf, blind"; as time passes and Frank make several fruitless attempts to bring the now older Tommy out of his state and keeps him in the company of some questionable babysitters. They become more and more lethargic at the lack of effect and leave Tommy standing at the mirror one night, allowing him to wander off, he follows a vision of himself to a junkyard pinball machine.
Tommy is recognized by Frank and the media as a pinball prodigy, made more impressive with his catatonic state. During a championship game, Tommy faces the "Pinball Wizard" with The as the backing band. Nora watches her son's televised victory and celebrates his success and luxury, but finds she can't enjoy it due to the extremity's of Tommy's condition. Frank finds a Specialist for Tommy who comes to the conclusion that Tommy's state is triggered rather than physically; the only hope, says, is to continue putting Tommy in front of his reflection. Nora's growing frustration prompts her to throw Tommy through the mirror, causing him to snap to full consciousness and run away momentarily. Tommy reveals that his experiences have transformed him and decides that he wants to transform the world. Tommy goes on lecture tours which resemble glam rock gospel shows and spreads a message of enlightenment by hang glider, gaining friends and followers everywhere he goes. Tommy and a more enlightened and elated Nora and Frank welcome converts to their house, which becomes too crowded to accommodate everyone.
Tommy opens an extension for his religious campus. The converts, confused about Tommy's odd practices and his family's commercial exploitation of the compound, wrathfully demand Tommy teach them something useful. Tommy does so, deliberately deafening and blinding everyone, only to inadvertently invoke a riot; the followers destroy the camp in a fire. Tommy finds his parents in the debris and mourns before escaping into the mountains from the beginning of the film, he ascends the same peak. In his commentary for the 2004 DVD release of the film, Ken Russell stated that the opening and closing outdoor scenes were shot in the Borrowdale valley of the English Lake District, near his own home, the same area that he had used to double for rural Austria and Bohemia in his earlier film Mahler, in which Robert Powell had starred. Much of the film was shot on locations around Portsmouth, including the scene near the end of the film featuring the giant'pinballs', which were, in fact, obsolete buoys found in a British Navy yard, which were sprayed silver and filmed in situ.
The Bernie's Holiday Camp ballroom sequence was shot inside the Gaiety Theatre on South Parade Pier. Exterior shots were filmed at Hilsea Lido; the Sally Simpson interior sequence was filmed in the Wesley Hall in Portsmouth. The exterior intro sequence to the scene, shows Sally Simpson buying a badge and entering South Parade Pier. On 11 June 1974, the pier was badly damaged while the production was filming there.
John Joseph Nicholson is an American actor and filmmaker who has performed for over sixty years. He is known for playing a wide range of starring or supporting roles, including satirical comedy and dark portrayals of anti-heroes and villainous characters. In many of his films, he has played the "eternal outsider, the sardonic drifter", someone who rebels against the social structure, his most known and celebrated films include the road drama Easy Rider. Nicholson has not acted in a film since How Do You Know in 2010, but does not consider himself to be retired, he has directed three films, including The Two Jakes, the sequel to Chinatown. Nicholson's 12 Academy Award nominations make him the most nominated male actor in the Academy's history. Nicholson has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice – one for the drama One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, the other for the romantic comedy As Good as It Gets, he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the comedy-drama Terms of Endearment.
Nicholson is one of three male actors to win three Academy Awards. Nicholson is one of only two actors to be nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to the 2000s, he has won six Golden Globe Awards, received the Kennedy Center Honor in 2001. In 1994, at 57, he became one of the youngest actors to be awarded the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award, he has had a number of high-profile relationships, most notably with Anjelica Huston and Rebecca Broussard, was married to Sandra Knight from 1962 until their divorce in 1968. Nicholson has five children – one with Knight, two with Broussard, one each with Susan Anspach and Winnie Hollman. Nicholson was born on April 22, 1937, in Neptune City, New Jersey, the son of a showgirl, June Frances Nicholson. Nicholson's mother was of Irish and German descent, she married Italian-American showman Donald Furcillo in 1936, before realizing that he was married. Biographer Patrick McGilligan stated in his book Jack's Life that Latvian-born Eddie King, June's manager, may have been Nicholson's biological father, rather than Furcillo.
Other sources suggest. As June was only seventeen years old and unmarried, her parents agreed to raise Nicholson as their own child without revealing his true parentage, June would act as his sister. In 1974, Time magazine researchers learned, informed Nicholson, that his "sister", was his mother, his other "sister", was his aunt. By this time, both his mother and grandmother had died. On finding out, Nicholson said it was "a pretty dramatic event, but it wasn't what I'd call traumatizing... I was pretty well psychologically formed". Nicholson grew up in New Jersey, he was raised in his mother's Roman Catholic religion. Before starting high school, his family moved to an apartment in New Jersey. "When Jack was ready for high school, the family moved once more—this time two miles farther south to old-money Spring Lake, New Jersey's so-called Irish Riviera, where Ethel May set up her beauty parlor in a rambling duplex at 505 Mercer Avenue." "Nick", as he was known to his high school friends, attended nearby Manasquan High School, where he was voted "Class Clown" by the Class of 1954.
He was in detention every day for a whole school year. A theatre and a drama award at the school are named in his honor. In 2004, Nicholson attended his 50-year high school reunion accompanied by his aunt Lorraine. In 1957, Nicholson joined the California Air National Guard, a move he sometimes characterized as an effort to "dodge the draft". After completing the Air Force's basic training at Lackland Air Force Base, Nicholson performed weekend drills and two-week annual training as a fire fighter assigned to the unit based at the Van Nuys Airport. During the Berlin Crisis of 1961, Nicholson was called up for several months of extended active duty, he was discharged at the end of his enlistment in 1962. Nicholson first came to Hollywood in 1954, he took a job as an office worker for animators William Hanna and Joseph Barbera at the MGM cartoon studio. They offered him a starting-level job as an animator, but he declined, citing his desire to become an actor, he trained to be an actor with a group called the Players Ring Theater, after which time he found small parts performing on the stage and in TV soap operas.
He made his film debut in a low-budget teen drama The Cry Baby Killer. For the following decade, Nicholson was a frequent collaborator with the film's producer, Roger Corman. Corman directed Nicholson on several occasions, most notably in The Little Shop of Horrors, as masochistic dental patient and undertaker Wil