Buderscheid is a village in the commune of Goesdorf, in north-western Luxembourg. As of 2001, the village had a population of 120. Media related to Buderscheid at Wikimedia Commons
Luxembourg the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a small landlocked country in western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, France to the south, its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the three official capitals of the European Union and the seat of the European Court of Justice, the highest judicial authority in the EU. Its culture and languages are intertwined with its neighbours, making it a mixture of French and German cultures, as evident by the nation's three official languages: French and the national language, Luxembourgish; the repeated invasions by Germany in World War II, resulted in the country's strong will for mediation between France and Germany and, among other things, led to the foundation of the European Union. With an area of 2,586 square kilometres, it is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe. In 2018, Luxembourg had a population of 602,005, which makes it one of the least-populous countries in Europe, but by far the one with the highest population growth rate.
Foreigners account for nearly half of Luxembourg's population. As a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is headed by Grand Duke Henri and is the world's only remaining grand duchy. Luxembourg is a developed country, with an advanced economy and one of the world's highest GDP per capita; the City of Luxembourg with its old quarters and fortifications was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 due to the exceptional preservation of the vast fortifications and the old city. The history of Luxembourg is considered to begin in 963, when count Siegfried I acquired a rocky promontory and its Roman-era fortifications known as Lucilinburhuc, ′little castle′, the surrounding area from the Imperial Abbey of St. Maximin in nearby Trier. Siegfried's descendants increased their territory through marriage and vassal relations. At the end of the 13th century, the Counts of Luxembourg reigned over a considerable territory. In 1308, Henry VII, Count of Luxembourg became King of the Germans and Holy Roman Emperor.
The House of Luxembourg produced four Holy Roman Emperors during the high Middle Ages. In 1354, Charles IV elevated the County to the Duchy of Luxembourg. Since Sigismund had no male heir, the Duchy became part of the Burgundian Circle and one of the Seventeen Provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands. Over the centuries, the City and Fortress of Luxembourg, of great strategic importance situated between the Kingdom of France and the Habsburg territories, was built up to be one of the most reputed fortifications in Europe. After belonging to both the France of Louis XIV and the Austria of Maria Theresia, Luxembourg became part of the First French Republic and Empire under Napoleon; the present-day state of Luxembourg first emerged at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. The Grand-Duchy, with its powerful fortress, became an independent state under the personal possession of William I of the Netherlands with a Prussian garrison to guard the city against another invasion from France. In 1839, following the turmoil of the Belgian Revolution, the purely French-speaking part of Luxembourg was ceded to Belgium and the Luxembourgish-speaking part became what is the present state of Luxembourg.
Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union, OECD, United Nations, NATO, Benelux. The city of Luxembourg, the country's capital and largest city, is the seat of several institutions and agencies of the EU. Luxembourg served on the United Nations Security Council for the years 2013 and 2014, a first in the country's history; as of 2018, Luxembourgish citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 186 countries and territories, ranking the Luxembourgish passport 5th in the world, tied with Austria, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States. The recorded history of Luxembourg begins with the acquisition of Lucilinburhuc situated on the Bock rock by Siegfried, Count of Ardennes, in 963 through an exchange act with St. Maximin's Abbey, Trier. Around this fort, a town developed, which became the centre of a state of great strategic value. In the 14th and early 15th centuries, three members of the House of Luxembourg reigned as Holy Roman Emperors. In 1437, the House of Luxembourg suffered a succession crisis, precipitated by the lack of a male heir to assume the throne, which led to the territories being sold by Duchess Elisabeth to Philip the Good of Burgundy.
In the following centuries, Luxembourg's fortress was enlarged and strengthened by its successive occupants, the Bourbons, Habsburgs and the French. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, Luxembourg was disputed between Prussia and the Netherlands; the Congress of Vienna formed Luxembourg as a Grand Duchy within the German Confederation. The Dutch king became, in the grand duke. Although he was supposed to rule the grand duchy as an independent country with an administration of its own, in reality he treated it to a Dutch province; the Fortress of Luxembourg was manned by Prussian troops for the German Confederation. This arrangement was revised by the 1839 First Treaty of London, from which date Luxembourg's full independence is reckoned. At the time of the Belgian Revolution of 1830–1839, by the 1839 Treaty establishing full independence, Luxembourg's territory was reduced by more than half, as the predominantly francophone western part of the country was transferred to Belgium. In 1842 Luxembourg joined the German Customs Union (Zoll
Kiischpelt is a commune in northern Luxembourg, in the canton of Wiltz. The commune's administrative centre is Wilwerwiltz. Towns within the commune are: Alscheid, Kautenbach, Merkholz and Wilwerwiltz. Kiischpelt was formed on 1 January 2006 from the former communes of Kautenbach and Wilwerwiltz, both in Wiltz canton; the law creating Kiischpelt was passed on 14 July 2005. Media related to Kiischpelt at Wikimedia Commons
Boulaide is a commune and small town in north-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Wiltz, part of the district of Diekirch; as of 2009, it has a total population of 926. The commune is composed of three villages: Boulaide and Surré. In 1976 the township has erected a monument in honor of the 35th Infantry Division, who liberated the town during World War II. Boulaide is a part of the European Road of Freedom; this project was initiated by the Jewish Painter and Sculptor Otto Freundlich, killed in a German concentration camp during World War II. Together with his friend Jeanne Kosnick-Kloss he had planned to create two sculpture roads; the first one was supposed to go from North to South and they had called it "The road of human fraternity". The second one was supposed to go from West to East and its name was "the road of human solidarity and the memory of the liberation" At the intersection of the two roads in Auvers-sur-Oise in France they had planned to erect a high tower called "the Lighttower of peace by means of the seven arts".
But Otto Freundlich could not carry out his plans and so some 35 years ago, the German artist Leo Kornbrust took over the project and now the plans are to create a road of sculptures from the landing coast in France to Moscow in Russia. In Boulaide this Road of Freedom is present through a group of wooden sculptures, created by the luxemburgish artist Marie Josée Kerschen. Media related to Boulaide at Wikimedia Commons
Winseler is a commune and village in north-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Wiltz; as of 2005, the village of Winseler, which lies in the east of the commune, has a population of 120. The of Winseler has a population of 1116. Following the last Luxembourg communal elections in 2017, Romain Schroeder was returned as Mayor, Charles Pauly as Alderman. Other members of the Council include, Roland Esch, Christophe Hansen, Paul Kayser, Fernand Majerus, Marc Schmitz, Will Toex. Other towns within the commune include Berlé, Noertrange, Grummelscheid and Sonlez. Like Lasauvage in the south of Luxembourg and Sonlez, were known as French-speaking villages. Doncols#Historical and linguistic backgrounds Media related to Winseler at Wikimedia Commons
Nocher is a village in the commune of Goesdorf, in north-western Luxembourg. As of 2005, the village had a population of 221
Esch-sur-Sûre is a commune and small town in north-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Wiltz, part of the district of Diekirch. At one point it was the second smallest commune by area in Luxembourg, until Neunhausen and Heiderscheid were merged into it in 2011; as of 2005, the town of Esch-sur-Sûre, which lies in the north of the commune, has a population of 314. Esch-sur-Sûre is situated by the river Sauer, just east and downstream of the artificial Upper Sauer Lake; the town's prominent castle, the main part of the town below, sit on a spur of a land within a sharp meander of the river. The suffix to its name distinguishes Esch-sur-Sûre from the city of Esch-sur-Alzette, known just as Esch. Above the town, the river has been dammed to form a hydroelectric reservoir extending some 6 miles up the valley; the Upper Sauer dam was built in the 1960s to meet the country's drinking water needs. Media related to Esch-sur-Sûre at Wikimedia Commons www.petitbourg.lu Le Paradis des Ardennes Luxembourgoises