Dania Beach, Florida
Dania Beach is a city in Broward County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 29,639, it is part of the South Florida metropolitan area, home to 5,564,635 people at the 2010 census. Dania Beach is the location of one of the largest jai alai frontons in the United States, The Casino at Dania Beach, it was the location for two amusement centers. It is former home to the IGFA Fishing Hall of Fame & Museum; the area was started. In November 1904, the area was incorporated as the town of Dania, because most of the 35 residents were farmers of Danish ancestry. On January 4, 1926, Dania voted to annex itself to the City of Hollywood. After the September 1926 Miami hurricane decimated Hollywood’s fortunes, most of Dania seceded from the City of Hollywood and reincorporated as a city; the areas that chose to remain part of the City of Hollywood caused Dania's current noncontinuous city boundaries. On November 1998, Dania formally changed its name to Dania Beach; the name Dania is still used to refer to the city.
In 2001, the city annexed several unincorporated areas of Broward County increasing the population by about 3,600 people. Known as the "Tomato Capital of the World," once the city went from a farming settlement to an urban city, it soon took on the name "The Antique Capital of the South," due to its many antique shops in downtown Dania Beach along Federal Highway, known as the city's "Antique Row". Dania Beach is located at 26°03′18″N 80°09′11″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.3 square miles, of which 8.1 square miles is land and 0.27 square miles is water. Dania Beach's boundaries are Fort Lauderdale to the north, Hollywood to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Davie along with the Hollywood Seminole Indian Reservation to the west of the city. Dania Beach is adjacent to Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport; as of 2010, there were 15,671 households out of which 17.8% were vacant. In 2000, 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 46.0% were non-families.
35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.85. In 2000, the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males. In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $34,125, the median income for a family was $37,405. Males had a median income of $35,081 versus $26,535 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,795. About 14.6% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.6% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over. As of 2000, English as a first language was spoken by 76.85%, while Spanish accounted for 12.38%, French at 4.88%, French Creole at 1.94%, Italian at 1.36%, Arabic was spoken by 0.80% of the population.
As of 2000, Dania Beach had the 127th highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, at 1.69% of the city's population The airline Sun Air International has its headquarters in Dania Beach. American Maritime Officers is headquartered in Dania Beach, as is the Alec Bradley Cigar Co. a maker of hand-rolled cigars. Carnival Air Lines was headquartered in Dania Beach. Gulfstream International Airlines was headquartered in Dania Beach. Rustic Inn Crabhouse, a popular restaurant frequented by many famous entertainment and sports celebrities, is located in Dania Beach. Chewy.com is headquartered in the town as well. Dania Beach's public schools are operated by the Broward County Public Schools. Public elementary schools include Dania Elementary School. Olsen Middle School is a local public middle school, South Broward High School serves the area from neighboring Hollywood, Florida. Dania Beach is a part of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood media market, the 12th largest radio market and the 17th largest television market in the United States.
Its primary daily newspapers are the South Florida-Sun Sentinel and The Miami Herald, their Spanish-language counterparts El Sentinel and El Nuevo Herald. Dania Beach is served by the Fort Lauderdale Airport station on the Tri-Rail, it is served by several Broward County Transit buses. City of Dania Beach official website
Hialeah is a city in Miami-Dade County, United States. With the population of 239,673 at the 2018 United States Census, Hialeah is the sixth-largest city in Florida, it is a principal city of the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,012,331 people at the 2015 census. It is located west-northwest of Miami, is the only place in the county, other than Homestead, Florida, to have its own street grid numbered separately from the rest of the county. Hialeah has the highest percentage of Cuban and Cuban American residents of any city in the United States, at 73.37% of the population, making them a typical and prominent feature of the city's culture. All Hispanics make up 94.7% of the city's population, the second-highest percentage of a Hispanic population in a U. S. city with over 100,000 citizens. Hialeah has one of the largest Spanish-speaking communities in the country. In 2016, 96.3% of residents reported speaking Spanish at home, the language is an important part of daily life in the city.
Hialeah is served by the Miami Metrorail at Okeechobee and Tri-Rail/Metrorail Transfer stations. The Okeechobee and Hialeah stations serve as park-and-ride commuter stations to commuters and residents going into Downtown Miami, Tri-Rail station to Miami International Airport and north to West Palm Beach; the city's name is most attributed to Muskogee origin, "Haiyakpo" and "hili" combining in "Hialeah" to mean "pretty prairie". Alternatively, the word is of Seminole origin meaning "Upland Prairie"; the city is located upon a large prairie between the Everglades. The Seminole interpretation of its name, "High Prairie", evokes a picture of the grassy plains used by the native Indians coming from the everglades to dock their canoes and display their wares for the newcomers of Miami; this "high prairie" caught the eye of pioneer aviator Glenn Curtiss and Missouri cattleman James H. Bright in 1921. Together, they developed not only the town of Hialeah but Hialeah Park Race Track. In the early "Roaring'20s", Hialeah produced significant entertainment contributions.
Sporting included the Spanish sport of jai alai and greyhound racing, media included silent movies like D. W. Griffith's The White Rose, made at the Miami Movie Studios located in Hialeah. However, the 1926 Miami hurricane brought many of these things to an end. In the years since its incorporation in 1925, many historical events and people have been associated with Hialeah; the opening of the horse racing course at Hialeah Park Race Track in 1925 received more coverage in the Miami media than any other sporting event in the history of Dade County up to that time and since there have been countless horse racing histories played out at the world-famous 220-acre park. It was considered one of the most grand of thoroughbred horse racing parks with its majestic Mediterranean style architecture and was considered the Jewel of Hialeah at the time; the park's grandeur has attracted millions, included among them are names known around the world such as the Kennedy family, Harry Truman, General Omar Bradley, Winston Churchill, J.
P. Morgan; the Hialeah Park Race Track holds the dual distinction of being an Audubon Bird Sanctuary due to its famous pink flamingos and being listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The famous aviator Amelia Earhart in 1937 said her final good-byes to the continental U. S. from Hialeah as she left on her ill-fated flight around the world in 1937. While Hialeah was once envisioned as a playground for the elite, Cuban exiles, fleeing Fidel Castro's 1959 revolution as well as World War II veterans and city planners transformed the city into a working-class community. Hialeah historian Patricia Fernández-Kelly explained "It became an affordable Eden." She further describes the city as "a place where different groups have left their imprint while trying to create a sample of what life should be like." Several waves of Cuban exiles, starting after the Cuban Revolution in 1959 and continuing through to the Freedom Flights from 1965 to 1973, the Mariel boatlift in 1980, the Balseros or boat people of the late 1990s, created what at least one expert has considered the most economically successful immigrant enclave in U.
S. history as Hialeah is the only American industrial city. From a population of 1,500 in 1925, Hialeah has grown at a rate faster than most of the 10 larger cities in the state of Florida since the 1960s and holds the rank of Florida's fifth-largest city, with more than 224,000 residents; the city is one of the largest employers in Dade County. In January 2009, Forbes magazine listed Hialeah as one of the most boring cities in the United States citing the city's large population and anonymity in the national media. Hialeah is located at 25°51′38″N 80°17′38″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.7 square miles. 19.2 square miles of it is land and 0.5 square miles of it is water. Unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Miami Lakes, Opa-locka Unincorporated Miami-Dade County Westview Hialeah Gardens, Miami Springs Westview, West Little River, Brownsville, Miami Miami Springs Miami Hialeah Gardens, Miami Springs Hialeah is the tenth-largest city in the United States among cities with a population density of more than 10,000 people per square mile.
As of 2010, there were 74,067 households, with 3.9% being vacant. As of 2000, 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no hus
Broward County, Florida
Broward County is a county in the southeastern part of the U. S. state of Florida. According to a 2017 census report, the county had a population of 1,935,878, making it the second-most populous county in Florida and the 15th-most populous county in the United States; the county seat is Fort Lauderdale. Broward County is one of the three counties in South Florida that make up the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,158,824 people in 2017; the county is home to 31 municipalities, which consist of 24 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas. It is Florida's seventh-largest county in terms of land area, with 1,322.8 square miles. Broward County's urbanized area occupies 427.8 square miles of land. The largest portion of the county is the Conservation Area that extends west to border Collier County; the conservation area is 796.9 square miles and consists of wetlands, much of which are part of the Everglades National Park. At its widest points, the County stretches 50.3 miles east to west and 27.4 miles from north to south, averaging 5 to 25 feet in elevation.
The earliest evidence of Native American settlement in the Miami region came from about 12,000 years ago. The first inhabitants settled on the banks of the Miami River, with the main villages on the northern banks; the inhabitants at the time of first European contact were the Tequesta people, who controlled much of southeastern Florida, including what is now Miami-Dade County, Broward County, the southern part of Palm Beach County. The Tequesta Indians fished and gathered the fruit and roots of plants for food, but did not practice any form of agriculture, they buried the small bones of the deceased with the rest of the body, put the larger bones in a box for the village people to see. The Tequesta are credited with making the Miami Circle. Although the area has been settled since about 1400 B. C. Broward County was founded on April 30, 1915, it was intended to be named Everglades County, but then-Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to name it in honor of Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909.
Throughout his term as governor, Broward championed Everglades drainage and was remembered for his campaign to turn the Everglades into “useful land”. This opened up much of today's urban Broward County for development, first as agricultural land and as residential. A year before Broward became governor, Dania became the first incorporated community of what is now Broward County, followed by Pompano in 1908, Fort Lauderdale in 1911. In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County. Dixie Highway was completed through Broward County in 1915. In 1916, the settlement of "Zona" was renamed Davie in recognition of Robert P. Davie, a land developer who purchased a great deal of reclaimed Everglades land. Broward County began a huge development boom after its incorporation, with the first "tourist hotel", in Fort Lauderdale, opening in 1919. A year developers began dredging wetlands in the county to create island communities. 1925 was considered the peak of the Florida land boom with Davie, Deerfield and Hollywood all being incorporated.
By 1925, the boom was considered to have reached its peak, but a 1926 hurricane caused economic depression in the county. In 1926, the Hollywood Seminole Indian Reservation (formerly "Dania Reservation" was opened. In 1927, Lauderdale-by-the-Sea was incorporated. In 1928, the Bay Mabel Harbor was opened. In 1929, Merle Fogg Airport was dedicated. In 1939, Hillsboro Beach was incorporated. Gulfstream Park opened in Hallandale in 1939; the county saw another population and development boom post-World War II when the transformation from agricultural to urbanized residential area began. In 1947, Pompano merges with beach area to form the present day City of Pompano Beach. There was another boom between the late 1960s. In 1953, Lazy Lake, Florida|Lazy Lake]], Fern Crest Village were incorporated. In 1955, Margate and Miramar were incorporated. In 1956, Lighthouse Point was incorporated and the Florida Turnpike was completed through Broward County. In 1957, Pembroke Park was incorporated. In 1959, Cooper City and Sea Ranch Lakes were incorporated.
In 1960, the City of Pembroke Pines was incorporated. This same year marked the opening of Broward College. In 1961, Lauderdale Lakes and Sunrise were incorporated. In 1963, the cities of Coral Springs, North Lauderdale and Tamarac were all incorporated. In 1967, Coconut Creek was incorporated; the effects of a national recession hit the county in 1974 and the population growth slowed. This is from a peak growth percentage change of 297.9% which saw the population of Broward grow from 83,933 as of 1950 to 333,946 in 1960. The population subsequently experienced an 85.7% population growth which brought the population to a total of 620,100 in 1970. The structure of the Broward County government was signed into law in 1975 with the passage of the Broward County charter. In the same year, the Seminole Tribe of Florida incorporated as a governing entity and began organizing cigarette sales and land leases that will bring millions of dollars in annual revenue in years. In 1976, Interstate 95 was completed through Broward County.
On January 19, 1977, snow fell in South Florida for the first time in recorded history. Snow was seen across all of South Florida as far south as Homestead and on Miami Beach. Snow was reported by weather observers in West Palm Beach, LaBelle and Royal P
Jupiter is the northernmost town in Palm Beach County, United States. According to a 2017 Census Bureau estimate, the town had a population of 64,976, it is 87 miles north of Miami, the northernmost community in the Miami metropolitan area, home to 6,012,331 people in a 2015 Census Bureau estimate. Jupiter was rated as the 12th Best Beach Town in America by WalletHub in 2018, as the 9th Happiest Seaside Town in America by Coastal Living in 2012; the area where the town now sits was named for the Hobe Indian tribe which lived at the mouth of the Loxahatchee River and whose name is preserved in the name of nearby Hobe Sound. A mapmaker misunderstood the Spanish spelling Jobe of the native people name Hobe and recorded it as Jove. Subsequent mapmakers further misunderstood this to be the name of the Roman god known as Jupiter, they adopted the more familiar name of Jupiter; the god Jupiter is the chief Roman god, god of light, of the sky and weather, of the state and its welfare and its laws. Jupiter's consort was Juno, inspiring a neighboring town to name itself Juno Beach.
The most notable landmark is the Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse, completed in 1860. Made of brick, it was painted red in 1910 to cover discoloration caused by humidity. Hurricane Jeanne in 2004 sandblasted the paint from the upper portion of the tower, the tower was repainted using a potassium silicate mineral coating; the lighthouse is used as the symbol for Jupiter. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.1 square miles, of which 20.0 square miles is land and 1.1 square miles is water. Jupiter has a Tropical rainforest climate. Much of the year is warm to hot in Jupiter, frost is rare; as is typical in South Florida, there are two basic seasons in Jupiter, a mild and dry winter, a hot and wet summer. Daily thundershowers are common in the hot season; the city of Jupiter is home to many tropical trees, the town is known for its lush landscaping around private homes and public parks. As of 2010, there were 29,825 households out of which 19.8% were vacant. In 2000, 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% are married couples living together, 8.4% have a female householder with no husband present, 32.7% are non-families.
25.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.4% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 3.15 In 2000, the town's population consisted of 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, 18.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 42 years. For every 100 females, there are 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.2 males. In 2017, the median income for a household in the town is $76,687, the median income for a family is $71,233. Males have a median income of $44,883 versus $33,514 for females; the per capita income for the town is $48,563. 4.8% of the population and 3.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 4.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. As of 2000, those who spoke only English at home accounted for 88.5% of all residents, while those who reported speaking Spanish were 7.2%, Italian 1.7% of the population.
The School District of Palm Beach County provides public education. Jupiter is home to several private and religious schools. Jupiter's population is served by two public high schools, Jupiter Community High School in Jupiter, William T. Dwyer High School in Palm Beach Gardens. Jupiter Christian School is a private school in the town. Universities and Colleges Harriet L. Wilkes Honors College Florida Atlantic University – John D. MacArthur campus Since 1984, Palm Beach County Fire Rescue provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the citizens of the Town of Jupiter. There are three fire stations assigned to the town: Station 16 – Engine 16, Rescue 16 and Brush 16. Station 19 is the headquarters for Battalion 1, which covers Jupiter, Juno Beach, Lake Park and unincorporated areas of Palm Beach County such as Jupiter Farms and Palm Beach Country Estates; the Jupiter Police Department consists of 118 sworn officers and 25 civilian support staff personnel, maintains its headquarters in Town Hall.
Its operational divisions include Road Patrol, Criminal Investigations, Traffic, K-9, Beach Patrol, Crime Scene Investigation, SWAT and Hostage Negotiation. The department has a volunteer Community Emergency Response Team, sponsors a Police Explorer Post. Companies based in Jupiter include G4S Secure Solutions; the following list includes persons who were born in Jupiter lived in Jupiter, or reside in Jupiter. Robert Allenby – Australian professional golfer on PGA Tour Rick Ankiel – professional baseball player Briny Baird – professional golfer on PGA Tour Daniel Berger – professional golfer on PGA Tour Matt Bosher – professional football player Don Brewer – drummer, original member of Grand Funk Railroad Philip J. Corso – U. S. Army lieutenant colonel and author of The Day After Roswell Ernie Els – South African professional golfer on PGA Tour Rickie Fowler – professional golfer on PGA Tour Hermes Franca – Brazilian mixed martial artist and UFC fighter Drew Garrett – actor Rob Grill – singer, The Grass Roots Matt Holliday – professional baseball player Hugh Howey – writer Michael Jordan – Hall of Fame NBA basketball player, majority owner of Charlotte Hornets Brook
Miami-Dade County, Florida
Miami-Dade County is a county in the southeastern part of the U. S. state of Florida. It is the southeasternmost county on the U. S. mainland. According to a 2017 census report, the county had a population of 2,751,796, making it the most populous county in Florida and the seventh-most populous county in the United States, it is Florida's third largest county in terms of land area, with 1,946 square miles. The county seat is the principal city in South Florida. Miami-Dade County is one of the three counties in South Florida that make up the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,158,824 people in 2017; the county is home to 34 incorporated many unincorporated areas. The northern and eastern portions of the county are urbanized with many high-rise buildings along the coastline, including South Florida's central business district, Downtown Miami. Southern Miami-Dade County includes the Redland and Homestead areas, which make up the agricultural economy of the region. Agricultural Redland makes up one third of Miami-Dade County's inhabited land area, is sparsely populated, a stark contrast to the densely populated, urban northern portion of the county.
The county includes portions of two national parks. To the west it extends into the Everglades National Park and is populated only by a Miccosukee tribal village. East of the mainland, in Biscayne Bay, is Biscayne National Park and the Biscayne Bay Aquatic Preserves; the earliest evidence of Native American settlement in the Miami region came from about 12,000 years ago. The first inhabitants settled on the banks of the Miami River, with the main villages on the northern banks; the inhabitants at the time of first European contact were the Tequesta people, who controlled much of southeastern Florida, including what is now Miami-Dade County, Broward County, the southern part of Palm Beach County. The Tequesta Indians fished and gathered the fruit and roots of plants for food, but did not practice agriculture, they buried the small bones of the deceased with the rest of the body, put the larger bones in a box for the village people to see. The Tequesta are credited with making the Miami Circle. Juan Ponce de León was the first European to visit the area in 1513 by sailing into Biscayne Bay.
His journal records he reached Chequescha, a variant of Tequesta, Miami's first recorded name. It is unknown whether he made contact with the natives. Pedro Menéndez de Avilés and his men made the first recorded landing when they visited the Tequesta settlement in 1566 while looking for Avilés' missing son, shipwrecked a year earlier. Spanish soldiers led by Father Francisco Villarreal built a Jesuit mission at the mouth of the Miami River a year but it was short-lived. After the Spaniards left, the Tequesta Indians were left to fend themselves from European-introduced diseases like smallpox. By 1711, the Tequesta sent a couple of local chiefs to Havana, Cuba, to ask if they could migrate there; the Cubans sent two ships to help them. The first permanent European settlers arrived in the early 19th century. People came from the Bahamas to South Florida and the Keys to hunt for treasure from the ships that ran aground on the treacherous Great Florida Reef; some accepted Spanish land offers along the Miami River.
At about the same time, the Seminole Indians arrived, along with a group of runaway slaves. The area was affected by the Second Seminole War, during which Major William S. Harney led several raids against the Indians. Most non-Indian residents were soldiers stationed at Fort Dallas, it was the most devastating Indian war in American history, causing a total loss of population in Miami. After the Second Seminole War ended in 1842, William English re-established a plantation started by his uncle on the Miami River, he charted the "Village of Miami" on the south bank of the Miami River and sold several plots of land. In 1844, Miami became the county seat, six years a census reported there were ninety-six residents in the area; the Third Seminole War was not as destructive as the second, but it slowed the settlement of southeast Florida. At the end of the war, a few of the soldiers stayed. Dade County was created on January 1836, under the Territorial Act of the United States; the county was named after Major Francis L. Dade, a soldier killed in 1835 in the Second Seminole War, at what has since been named the Dade Battlefield.
At the time of its creation, Dade County included the land that now contains Palm Beach and Broward counties, together with the Florida Keys from Bahia Honda Key north and the land of present-day Miami-Dade County. The county seat was at Indian Key in the Florida Keys; the Florida Keys from Key Largo to Bahia Honda were returned to Monroe County in 1866. In 1888 the county seat was moved to Juno, near present-day Juno Beach, returning to Miami in 1899. In 1909, Palm Beach County was formed from the northern portion of what was Dade County, in 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create what is now Broward County. There have been no significant boundary changes to the county since 1915; the third-costliest natural disaster to occur in the United States was Hurricane Andrew, which hit Miami in the early morning of Monday, August 24, 1992. It struck the southern part of the county from due east, south of Miami and near Homestead and Cutler Ridge. Damages numbered over US$25 billion in the county alone, recovery has taken years in these areas where the destruction was greatest.
This was the costliest natural disaster in US history until Hurricane Katrina st
Palm Beach County, Florida
Palm Beach County is a county in the state of Florida, directly north of Broward County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,320,134, making it the third-most populous county in Florida; the largest city and county seat is West Palm Beach. Named after one of its oldest settlements, Palm Beach, the county was established in 1909, after being split from Dade County; the county's modern-day boundaries were established in 1963. Palm Beach County is one of the three counties in South Florida that make up the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,158,824 people in 2017; the area had been increasing in population since the late 19th century, with the incorporation of West Palm Beach in 1894 and after Henry Flagler extended the Florida East Coast Railway and built the Royal Poinciana Hotel, The Breakers, Whitehall. In 1928, the Okeechobee hurricane caused thousands of deaths. More the county acquired national attention during the 2000 presidential election, when a controversial recount occurred.
As of 2004, Palm Beach County is Florida's wealthiest county, with a per capita personal income of $44,518. It leads the state in agricultural productivity. Around 10,200 years ago, Native Americans began migrating into Florida. An estimated 20,000 Native Americans lived in South Florida, their population diminished by the 18th century, due to warfare and diseases from Europe. In 1513, Juan Ponce de León, who led a European expedition to Florida earlier that year, became the first non-Native American to reach Palm Beach County, after landing in the modern-day Jupiter area. Among the first non-Native American residents were African Americans, many of whom were former slaves or immediate descendants of former slaves. Runaway African slaves started coming to what was Spanish Florida in the late 17th century and they found refuge among the Seminoles. During the Seminole Wars, these African-American slaves fought with the Seminoles against White settlers and bounty hunters. Portions of the Second Seminole War occurred in Palm Beach County, including the Battle of Jupiter Inlet in 1838.
The oldest surviving structure, the Jupiter Lighthouse, was built in 1860, after receiving authorization to the land from President Franklin Pierce in 1854. During the American Civil War, Florida was a member of the Confederate States of America. Two Confederate adherents removed the lighting mechanism from the lighthouse. One of the men who removed the light, Augustus O. Lang, was the first White settler in Palm Beach County, he built a palmetto shack along the eastern shore of Lake Worth in 1863 after abandoning the cause of the Confederacy. After the Civil War ended, the Jupiter Lighthouse was relit in 1866. Thirteen years a National Weather Service office was established at the lighthouse complex. However, the office was moved to Miami in 1911 after that city's population began to grow. In October 1873, a hurricane caused a shipwreck between the New River; the crew nearly died due to starvation because of the desolation of the area. In response, five Houses of Refuge were built along the east coast of Florida from the Fort Pierce Inlet southward to Biscayne Bay.
Orange Grove House of Refuge No. 3 was built near Delray Beach in 1876. Henry Flagler, instrumental in the county's development in the late 19th century and early 20th century, first visited in 1892, he subsequently purchased land on both sides of Lake Worth. Other investors followed suit, causing a small boom and bringing in existing businesses and resulting in the establishment of many new businesses; the Royal Poinciana Hotel, constructed by Flagler to accommodate wealthy tourists, opened for business in February 1894. About a month the Florida East Coast Railway, owned by Flagler, reached West Palm Beach. On November 5, 1894, Palm Beach County's oldest city, West Palm Beach, was incorporated. In 1896, another hotel built by Flagler was opened, the Palm Beach Inn renamed The Breakers, he constructed his own winter home beginning in 1900. Flagler died there after falling down a flight of marble stairs; the Florida Legislature voted to establish Palm Beach County in 1909, carving it out of what was the northern portion of Dade County and including all of Lake Okeechobee.
The southernmost part of Palm Beach County was separated to create the northern portion of Broward County in 1915, the northwestern portion became part of Okeechobee County in 1917, southern Martin County was created from northernmost Palm Beach County in 1925. The boundaries remained the same until 1963, when about three-quarters of Lake Okeechobee was removed from Palm Beach County and divided among Glades, Hendry and Okeechobee Counties; this was the final change to the county's boundaries. Early on September 17, 1928, the Okeechobee hurricane made landfall near West Palm Beach as a category-4 storm and crossed Lake Okeechobee shortly thereafter. Coastal cities were devastated West Palm Beach, where more than 1,711 homes were destroyed. Further inland, wind-driven storm surge in Lake Okeechobee inundated adjacent communities Belle Glade and South Bay. Hundreds of square miles were flooded, including some areas with up to 20 feet of water. Numerous houses were damaged after crashing into other obstacles.
At least 2,500 deaths occurred. Damage in South Florida totaled $25 million. In response to the storm, the Herbert Hoover Dike was constructed to prevent a similar disaster; as a result of this hurrican
Coral Gables, Florida
Coral Gables the City of Coral Gables, is a city in Miami-Dade County, United States, located southwest of Downtown Miami. The United States Census Bureau estimates conducted in 2017 yielded the city had a population of 51,095. Coral Gables is home to the University of Miami. Coral Gables was one of the first planned communities, its planning was based on the popular early twentieth century City Beautiful Movement, it is infamous for its strict zoning regulations. The city was developed by George Merrick during the Florida land boom of the 1920s; the city's architecture is entirely Mediterranean Revival style, mandated in the original plan, including the Coral Gables Congregational Church, donated by Merrick. The domed Catholic Church of the Little Flower was built somewhat in a similar Spanish Renaissance style. By 1926, the city covered 10,000 acres and had netted $150 million in sales, with over $100 million spent on development. Merrick meticulously designed the downtown commercial district to be only four blocks wide and more than two miles long.
The main artery bisected the business district. Merrick could boast; the city used to have an electric trolley system, replaced by the popularity of modern automobiles, but now a new free circulator trolley system, initiated in November 2003, runs down Ponce de León Boulevard. In 1925 simultaneous to the founding of Coral Gables, the city was selected as the home to the University of Miami, constructed that year on 240 acres of land just west of U. S. Route 1 two miles south of downtown Coral Gables. During World War II many Navy pilots and mechanics were housed in Coral Gables. Today, Coral Gables is known as the Fine Dining Capital of South Florida. Coral Gables is located at 25°43′42″N 80°16′16″W, it is bordered on the west by Red Road north of Sunset Drive and West 49th Avenue and Old Cutler Roads south of Sunset Drive. It is bordered on the north by Tamiami Trail/U. S. Route 41, except for a small section that extends north of 8th Street for eight blocks between Ponce de Leon Boulevard and Douglas Road.
On the east, it is bordered by Douglas Road north of South 26th Street, Monegro Street south of South 26th Street to Cadima Avenue, Ponce De Leon Boulevard south of Cadima Avenue to South Dixie Highway, LeJeune Road south of U. S. 1 to Battersea Road, by Biscayne Bay south of Battersea Road. On the south, it is bordered by the Charles Deering Estate. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.2 square miles. 13.1 square miles of it is land and 24.0 square miles of it is water. Unincorporated Miami-Dade county, Miami Unincorporated Miami-Dade county, Flagami Miami West Miami, Coral Terrace, South Miami, Palmetto Bay Coconut Grove, Coral Way, Biscayne Bay Palmetto Bay Biscayne Bay Palmetto Bay, Biscayne Bay As of 2010, there were 20,266 households, of which 11.4% were vacant. In 2000, 24.45% had children under the age of 18 living with them. In Coral Gables, 61.11% were family households, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.89% were non-families.
The average household size was 2.36, the average household had 1.68 vehicles. In 2000, the city population was spread out with 17.4% under the age of 18, 14.58% from 18 to 24, 25.02% from 25 to 44, 27.01% from 45 to 64, 16% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.44 years. The population consisted of 48.69 % males. In 2015, estimated income figures for the city were as follows: median household income, $93,934. About 7.6% of citizens were estimated to be living below the poverty line. As of 2000, Spanish was spoken at home by 51.06% of residents, while English was the only language spoken at home by 43.83%. Other languages spoken by the population were French 1.09%, Portuguese 0.80%, Italian 0.72%, German speakers made up 0.53% of the populace. As of 2000, Coral Gables had the eighteenth highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 28.72% of the populace. It had the sixty-fourth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 2.27% of the city's population, the sixteenth highest percentage of Venezuelan residents in the US, at 1.17% of its population.
Coral Gables is a pedestrian-friendly destination. Located four miles from Miami International Airport, the "City Beautiful" has around 140 dining establishments and gourmet shops, many notable international retailers. Among the landmarks in Coral Gables are the Venetian Pool, Douglas Entrance and the Miami Biltmore hotel; the city of Coral Gables has its own newspaper, Coral Gables News, published bi-weekly and Coral Gables is covered by several local and regional radio and television stations, several Coral-Gables-focused websites, one weekly printed newspaper, part of Miami Community Newspapers. The Gables' one remaining printed newspaper, The Coral Gables News Tribune, is still published twice monthly and is part of Miami's Community Newspapers, now online. At the University of Miami in Coral Gables, The Miami Hurricane, the official student newspaper, is published twice weekly. Portions of the 1995 film Fair Game were filmed in Coral Gables; the University of Miami has been the largest employer in Coral Gables since the city's beginning.
Baptist Hospital of Miami is the second largest employer in Coral Gables. Bacardi has its headquarters with 300 employees at 2701 Le Jeune Road. Capital Bank Financial has its headquarters in C