Gold Diggers of Broadway
Gold Diggers of Broadway is a 1929 American Pre-Code musical comedy film directed by Roy Del Ruth and starring Winnie Lightner and Nick Lucas. Distributed by Warner Bros. the film is the second two-color Technicolor all-talking feature-length movie. Gold Diggers of Broadway was the third movie released by Warner Bros. to be shot in color. Gold Diggers of Broadway became a box office sensation, making Winnie Lightner a worldwide star and boosting guitarist crooner Nick Lucas to further fame as he sang two songs that became 20th-century standards: "Tiptoe Through the Tulips" and "Painting the Clouds with Sunshine." Based on the 1919 play The Gold Diggers –, turned into a silent film of the same name in 1923 — now lost, Gold Diggers of Broadway utilized Technicolor and sound as its main selling points. It earned a domestic gross of $3.5 million, extending to over $5 million worldwide. The original production cost was $500,000, it was chosen as one of the ten best films of 1929 by Film Daily. As with many early Technicolor films, no complete print survives, although the last twenty minutes do, but are missing a bridging sequence and the last minute of the film.
Contemporary reviews, the soundtrack and the surviving footage suggest that the film was a fast-moving comedy, enhanced by Technicolor and a set of lively and popular songs. It encapsulates the spirit of the flapper era, giving us a glimpse of a world about to be changed by the Great Depression; because the film is considered a lost film since 1970s, the loose remake, Gold Diggers of 1933, is the most seen version of the story. The film opens on an audience watching a lavish 1929 Broadway show, featuring a giant gold mine production number. Famous guitarist Nick Lucas sings "Painting the Clouds with Sunshine", which climaxes on stage with a huge art deco revolving sun. Backstage, the star of the show fights over Nick with another girl. Introduced are a group of chorus girls who are'man hungry', they are all looking for love and money, but are not sure, the more important. They are visited by a faded star, reduced to selling cosmetic soap, they gossip about how they all want a man with plenty of money, so they do not end up the same way.
Businessman Stephen Lee angrily forbids his nephew Wally to marry one of the showgirls. A corpulent lawyer friend, advises him to befriend the showgirl first before making a decision; the showgirls are friends who stick together, the most raucous girl called Mabel takes a fancy to Blake, calling him'sweetie' and showing her appreciation by singing him a song. That evening, they all visit a huge nightclub. Mabel ends up on a table singing another song to Blake, "Wolf from the Door", before jumping into his lap. Showgirl Jerry moves the party to her apartment. Everyone gets drunk and after seeing Ann Pennington dance on the kitchen table, Lee decides he is'getting to like these showgirls'. Blake says he is'losing his mind or just plain mad'. Keeping the fun going, Lucas sings "Tiptoe Through the Tulips". Complications come thick and fast after a balloon game, with both Blake and Lee falling under the spell of Mabel and Jerry; the party ends with Lucas singing "Go to Bed" and Jerry contriving to get Lee back after everyone has left.
She gets him more drunk. Her aim is to get Lee to agree to allow Wally to marry. To do this, she is shown up by her own mother, who accidentally finds them together. Next morning, Jerry feels disgraced. Mabel has been given an extra line for the show "I am the spirit of the ages and the progress of civilisation", but cannot get the words right. Lucas is told off for singing poor songs and sings another "What will I do without you". Ann Pennington hurts her eye. Jerry is asked to take her place as the star of the evening performance. Mabel worries about her extra line; the show starts with Nick Lucas reprising "Tiptoe Through the Tulips"' with full orchestra in a huge stage set that shows girl tulips in a huge greenhouse. Backstage, Uncle Steve comes back to give his consent to his nephew and to tell Jerry he wants to marry her; the finale starts with Jerry leading the "Song of the Gold Diggers" against a huge art deco backdrop of Paris at night. Various acrobats and girls litter the stage as all the songs are reprised in a fast moving, lavish production number.
This ends with Jerry sweeping through the middle. Mabel says her line, but forgets the end. Nancy Welford as Jerry Lamar Conway Tearle as Stephen Lee Winnie Lightner as Mabel Munroe Ann Pennington as Ann Collins Gertrude Short as Topsy St Clair Lilyan Tashman as Eleanor William Bakewell as Wally Saunders Nick Lucas as Nick Helen Foster as Violet Dayne Albert Gran as Blake Julia Swayne Gordon as Cissy Gray Lee Moran as Dance Director Armand Kaliz as Barney BarnettCast notes: Winnie Lightner became one of Warner Bros. biggest stars in 1930. She starred in two lavish Technicolor features in that year: Hold Everything and The Life of the Party. Winnie Lightner's first appearance as the title character in the 1931 Olsen & Johnson comedy Gold Dust Gertie pays homage to her success in Gold Diggers of Broadway by utilizing "Song of the Gold Diggers" as the musical underscoring during this sequence, her flapperish care-free demeanor became decidedly dated as the conservatism of the 1930s took its course and this pro
The Academy Awards known as the Oscars, are a set of awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. Given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the awards are an international recognition of excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership; the various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more referred to by its nickname "Oscar". The award was sculpted by George Stanley from a design sketch by Cedric Gibbons. AMPAS first presented it in 1929 at a private dinner hosted by Douglas Fairbanks in the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel; the Academy Awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the first time in 1953. It is now seen live worldwide, its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Tony Awards for theater, the Grammy Awards for music – are modeled after the Academy Awards. The 91st Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best films of 2018, was held on February 24, 2019, at the Dolby Theatre, in Los Angeles, California.
The ceremony was broadcast on ABC. A total of 3,072 Oscar statuettes have been awarded from the inception of the award through the 90th ceremony, it was the first ceremony since 1988 without a host. The first Academy Awards presentation was held on 16 May 1929, at a private dinner function at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about 270 people; the post-awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel. The cost of guest tickets for that night's ceremony was $5. Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists and other participants in the film-making industry of the time, for their works during the 1927–28 period; the ceremony ran for 15 minutes. Winners were announced to media three months earlier; that was changed for the second ceremony in 1930. Since for the rest of the first decade, the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11:00 pm on the night of the awards; this method was used until an occasion when the Los Angeles Times announced the winners before the ceremony began.
The first Best Actor awarded was Emil Jannings, for his performances in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh. He had to return to Europe before the ceremony, so the Academy agreed to give him the prize earlier. At that time, the winners were recognized for all of their work done in a certain category during the qualifying period. With the fourth ceremony, the system changed, professionals were honored for a specific performance in a single film. For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. At the 29th ceremony, held on 27 March 1957, the Best Foreign Language Film category was introduced; until foreign-language films had been honored with the Special Achievement Award. The 74th Academy Awards, held in 2002, presented the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. Since 1973, all Academy Awards ceremonies have ended with the Academy Award for Best Picture. Traditionally, the previous year's winner for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor present the awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress, while the previous year's winner for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress present the awards for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor.
See § Awards of Merit categories The best known award is the Academy Award of Merit, more popularly known as the Oscar statuette. Made of gold-plated bronze on a black metal base, it is 13.5 in tall, weighs 8.5 lb, depicts a knight rendered in Art Deco style holding a crusader's sword standing on a reel of film with five spokes. The five spokes represent the original branches of the Academy: Actors, Directors and Technicians; the model for the statuette is said to be Mexican actor Emilio "El Indio" Fernández. Sculptor George Stanley sculpted Cedric Gibbons' design; the statuettes presented at the initial ceremonies were gold-plated solid bronze. Within a few years the bronze was abandoned in favor of Britannia metal, a pewter-like alloy, plated in copper, nickel silver, 24-karat gold. Due to a metal shortage during World War II, Oscars were made of painted plaster for three years. Following the war, the Academy invited recipients to redeem the plaster figures for gold-plated metal ones; the only addition to the Oscar since it was created is a minor streamlining of the base.
The original Oscar mold was cast in 1928 at the C. W. Shumway & Sons Foundry in Batavia, which contributed to casting the molds for the Vince Lombardi Trophy and Emmy Award's statuettes. From 1983 to 2015 50 Oscars in a tin alloy with gold plating were made each year in Chicago by Illinois manufacturer R. S. Owens & Company, it would take between four weeks to manufacture 50 statuettes. In 2016, the Academy returned to bronze as the core metal of the statuettes, handing manufacturing duties to Walden, New York-based Polich Tallix Fine Art Foundry. While based on a digital scan of an original 1929 Oscar, the statuettes retain their modern-era dimensions and black pedestal. Cast in liquid bronze from 3D-printed ceramic molds and polished, they are electroplated in 24-karat gold by Brooklyn, New York–based Epner Technology; the time required to produce 50 such statuettes is three months. R. S. Owens i
Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. referred to as Warner Bros. and abbreviated as WB, is an American entertainment company headquartered in Burbank, California and a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Founded in 1923, it has operations in film and video games and is one of the "Big Five" major American film studios, as well as a member of the Motion Picture Association of America; the company's name originated from the four founding Warner brothers: Harry, Albert and Jack Warner. Harry and Sam emigrated as young children with their parents to Canada from Krasnosielc, Poland. Jack, the youngest brother, was born in Ontario; the three elder brothers began in the movie theater business, having acquired a movie projector with which they showed films in the mining towns of Pennsylvania and Ohio. In the beginning and Albert Warner invested $150 to present Life of an American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery, they opened their first theater, the Cascade, in New Castle, Pennsylvania, in 1903. When the original building was in danger of being demolished, the modern Warner Bros. called the current building owners, arranged to save it.
The owners noted people across the country had asked them to protect it for its historical significance. In 1904, the Warners founded the Pittsburgh-based Duquesne Amusement & Supply Company, to distribute films. In 1912, Harry Warner hired. By the time of World War I they had begun producing films. In 1918 they opened the first Warner Brothers Studio on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood. Sam and Jack produced the pictures, while Harry and Albert, along with their auditor and now controller Chase, handled finance and distribution in New York City. During World War I their first nationally syndicated film, My Four Years in Germany, based on a popular book by former ambassador James W. Gerard, was released. On April 4, 1923, with help from money loaned to Harry by his banker Motley Flint, they formally incorporated as Warner Bros. Pictures, Incorporated; the first important deal was the acquisition of the rights to Avery Hopwood's 1919 Broadway play, The Gold Diggers, from theatrical impresario David Belasco.
However, Rin Tin Tin, a dog brought from France after World War I by an American soldier, established their reputation. Rin Tin Tin debuted in the feature; the movie was so successful. Rin Tin Tin became the studio's top star. Jack nicknamed him "The Mortgage Lifter" and the success boosted Darryl F. Zanuck's career. Zanuck became a top producer and between 1928 and 1933 served as Jack's right-hand man and executive producer, with responsibilities including day-to-day film production. More success came. Lubitsch's film The Marriage Circle was the studio's most successful film of 1924, was on The New York Times best list for that year. Despite the success of Rin Tin Tin and Lubitsch, Warner's remained a lesser studio. Sam and Jack decided to offer Broadway actor John Barrymore the lead role in Beau Brummel; the film was so successful. By the end of 1924, Warner Bros. was arguably Hollywood's most successful independent studio, where it competed with "The Big Three" Studios. As a result, Harry Warner—while speaking at a convention of 1,500 independent exhibitors in Milwaukee, Wisconsin—was able to convince the filmmakers to spend $500,000 in newspaper advertising, Harry saw this as an opportunity to establish theaters in cities such as New York and Los Angeles.
As the studio prospered, it gained backing from Wall Street, in 1924 Goldman Sachs arranged a major loan. With this new money, the Warners bought the pioneer Vitagraph Company which had a nationwide distribution system. In 1925, Warners' experimented in radio, establishing a successful radio station, KFWB, in Los Angeles. Warner Bros. was a pioneer of films with synchronized sound. In 1925, at Sam's urging, Warner's agreed to add this feature to their productions. By February 1926, the studio reported a net loss of $333,413. After a long period denying Sam's request for sound, Harry agreed to change, as long as the studio's use of synchronized sound was for background music purposes only; the Warners signed a contract with the sound engineer company Western Electric and established Vitaphone. In 1926, Vitaphone began making films with music and effects tracks, most notably, in the feature Don Juan starring John Barrymore; the film was silent. To hype Don Juan's release, Harry acquired the large Piccadilly Theater in Manhattan, New York City, renamed it Warners' Theatre.
Don Juan premiered at the Warners' Theatre in New York on August 6, 1926. Throughout the early history of film distribution, theater owners hired orchestras to attend film showings, where they provided soundtracks. Through Vitaphone, Warner Bros. produced eight shorts in 1926. Many film production companies questioned the necessity. Don Juan did not recoup its production cost and Lubitsch left for MGM. By April 1927, the Big Five studios had ruined Warner's, Western Electric renewed Warner's Vit
Joseph Cawthorn was an American stage and film comic actor. Cawthorn started out in show business as a child, debuting at Robinson's Music Hall in his hometown of New York in 1872, he appeared in minstrel shows and vaudeville as a "Dutch" comic. He worked in British music halls and American touring companies. Cawthorn made his Broadway debut in 1895, 1897 or 1898, embarked on a long career lasting over two decades, his first success was playing Boris in Victor Herbert's 1898 operetta The Fortune Teller. Other notable Broadway roles included the title character in Mother Goose and inventor Dr. Pill in the fantasy musical Little Nemo. In the latter, he was called upon to ad lib to buy time during one performance; as "the scene called for him to describe imaginary animals he had hunted", he invented the "whiffenpoof" on the spot. Yale students in the audience appropriated it for the name of their glee club; when his Broadway stardom waned, Cawthorn moved to Hollywood in 1927 and started a second prolific career, appearing in over 50 films, the last in 1942.
He played Gremio in the first sound adaptation of The Taming of the Shrew in 1929, starring Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks. Cawthorn died peacefully on January 21, 1949, he was survived by actress Queenie Vassar. Joseph Cawthorn on IMDb Joseph Cawthorn at the Internet Broadway Database Joseph Cawthorn at Find a Grave
Gloria Frances Stuart was an American actress, visual artist, activist. She was known for her roles as a contract player in the 1930s and 1940s, though she would garner widespread fame in life for her critically acclaimed role in James Cameron's Titanic, her accolades include a Screen Actors Guild Award, one Academy Award nomination, one Golden Globe nomination. A native of Santa Monica, Stuart began acting while in high school. After attending the University of California, she embarked on a career in theater, performing in local productions and summer stock in Los Angeles and New York City, she signed a film contract with Universal Pictures in 1932, acted in numerous films for the studio, including the horror films The Old Dark House and The Invisible Man, the musical comedy The Three Musketeers. In 1945, after a tenure as a contract player for Twentieth Century Fox, Stuart abandoned her acting career and shifted to a career as an artist, working as a fine printer and making paintings, miniature books, découpage for the next three decades.
She returned to acting in the late 1970s, appearing in several bit parts, including in Richard Benjamin's My Favorite Year and Wildcats. Stuart made a prominent return to cinema when she was cast as the 101-year-old elder Rose Dawson Calvert in Titanic, earning her numerous accolades, including an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress; as of 2019, she remains the oldest nominee for the category. Her final film performance was a minor part in Wim Wenders' Land of Plenty. In addition to her acting and art career, Stuart was an environmental and political activist, who served as a co-founding member of the Screen Actors Guild and the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League, she died of respiratory failure in September 2010, aged 100. Stuart was born Gloria Stewart at 11:00 p.m. on the Fourth of July, 1910 on the family's kitchen table in Santa Monica, the first child of Alice and Frank Stewart. Through her mother, Stuart was a third-generation Californian. Stuart's father, a native of The Dalles, was of Scottish descent, studied law in San Francisco.
At the time of her birth, he was an attorney representing The Six Companies. Stuart had one younger brother, Frank Jr. born eleven months and another younger brother Thomas, however he died due to spinal meningitis at age three. As a child, Stuart attended a Church of Christ with her mother, subsequently attended a Catholic school, her father a Presbyterian, converted to Christian Science during her childhood. When Stuart was nine years old, her father died as the result of an infection from an injury sustained when an automobile grazed his leg, she was expelled from grade school after kicking her teacher. Hard-pressed to support two small children, her mother soon accepted the proposal of local businessman Fred J. Finch. Stuart attended her schooling using the name Gloria Fae Finch, she had not been given a middle name by her parents and so adopted one, the feminine of Frank, her father's name. Stuart attended Santa Monica High School where she was active in theater, performed the lead role in her senior class play, The Swan.
She loved writing as much as acting, spent her last two summers in high school taking short story and poetry writing classes and working as a cub reporter for the Santa Monica Outlook. While a teenager, she had a tumultuous relationship with her stepfather, sought to attend college in order to leave home. After high school, Stuart enrolled at the University of California at Berkeley, majoring in philosophy and drama. In college, she appeared in plays, worked on the Daily Californian, contributed to the campus literary journal and posed as an artist's model, it was at Berkeley. While a student at UC Berkeley, Stuart wanted to join the Young Communist League, she wrote, "I was told it was for the oppressed. That appealed to me, but membership wasn't open to anyone under eighteen, so I couldn't join." In Carmel, she notes that her friendship with muckraker Lincoln Steffens gave her "... much deeper insight into the abuses of laborers and blue-collar workers and made me ready to work for liberal causes when I got to Hollywood a few years later."At the end of her junior year, in June 1930, Stuart married Blair Gordon Newell, a young sculptor who apprenticed with Ralph Stackpole on the facade of the San Francisco Stock Exchange building.
The Newells moved to Carmel-by-the-Sea where there was a stimulating community of artists such as Ansel Adams, Edward Weston, Robinson Jeffers and Lincoln Steffens and his wife Ella Winter. In Carmel-by-the-Sea, Stuart performed in productions at the Theatre of the Golden Bough and worked as a staff member on The Carmelite newspaper, she meanwhile made hand-sewn aprons, patchwork pillows and tea linens, created bouquets of dried flowers for a tea shop, in which she worked as a waitress. Newell laid brick and stacked wood, taught sculpture and woodworking, managed a miniature golf course, they lived in a shack in the middle of a wood yard as night watchmen. Stuart would reflect on this period of her life as "wonderfully bohemian." Stuart's performance in the theatre in Carmel brought her to the attention of Gilmor Brown's private theater, The Playbox, in Pasadena. She was invited there to appear as Masha in Anton Chekhov's Th
Alexander Dubin was an American lyricist. He is best known for his collaborations with the composer Harry Warren. Al Dubin came from a Russian Jewish family that emigrated to the United States from Switzerland when he was two years old, he grew up in Philadelphia. Between ages of thirteen and sixteen, Dubin played hookey from school in order to travel into New York City to see Broadway musical shows. At age 14 he began writing special material for a vaudeville entertainer on 28th Street between 5th and Broadway in New York City, otherwise known as Tin Pan Alley. Dubin was accepted and enrolled at Perkiomen Seminary in September 1909, but was expelled in 1911, after writing their Alma Mater. After leaving Perkiomen, Dubin got himself a job as a singing waiter at a Philadelphia restaurant, he tried selling them to area publishing firms. During this time, Dubin met composer Joe Burke. Together they wrote the song "Oh, Mister Moon", published by M. Witmark & Sons. In 1917, Dubin was drafted at Camp Upton in Yaphank, Long Island, served as a private in the 305th Field Artillery of the 77th Division, known as New York's own.
During his service, he wrote the song "They Didn’t Think We'd Do it, But We Did" with composer Fred Rath and published by the 77th Division. On his first weekend pass, Dubin went to see a show at the Majestic Theater in New York City. There he met Broadway singer Helen McClay, they were married on March 19, 1921, at the Church of St. Elizabeth in New York City, after Dubin converted to the Catholic faith and McClay was granted an annulment of her first marriage; the year they married, Dubin was accepted in ASCAP in 1921. Known for his larger-than-life persona, Dubin struggled with alcohol and drugs, fell on hard times in the 1940s. Estranged from his wife, Dubin struggled to find work both in New York; the last show Dubin was contracted to work on was Laffing Room Only, with composer Burton Lane. Dubin provided only a title for this production, "Feudin' and a Fightin'", for which he received 25 percent credit. Dubin spent the remainder of the last few years of his life at the Empire Hotel, alone and in ill-health.
On February 8, 1945, he collapsed on the street after having taken a large quantity of doctor-prescribed barbiturates. He was admitted to the Roosevelt Hospital for barbiturate poisoning and pneumonia, died on February 11, 1945. Famed newspaper personality Walter Winchell made the announcement of his death on the radio. On his passing, Dubin was interred in the Holy Cross Cemetery in California. Dubin sold his first set of lyrics for two songs "Prairie Rose" and "Sunray", in 1909 to the Whitmark Music Publishing Firm. In 1925, Dubin met the composer Harry Warren, to become his future collaborator at Warner Bros. studio in Hollywood. The first song they collaborated on was titled, "Too Many Kisses in the Summer Bring Too Many Tears in the Fall", but it was another song written with Joseph Meyer that same year that became Dubin's first big hit, "A Cup of Coffee, a Sandwich and You". Warner Bros. purchased the publishing firms of Witmark and Harms, since Dubin was under contract to Harms, Warner Bros. inherited his services.
In 1929 Dubin wrote "Tiptoe through the Tulips" with composer Joe Burke for the film Gold Diggers of Broadway. In 1932, Dubin teamed with composer Harry Warren on the movie musical 42nd Street, starring Ruby Keeler, Dick Powell, Warner Baxter and Bebe Daniels, with dance routines sequenced by legendary choreographer Busby Berkeley; the songwriting team of Warren and Dubin contributed four songs: "42nd Street", "You're Getting to Be a Habit with Me", "Young and Healthy" and "Shuffle Off to Buffalo". Between 1932 and 1939, Dubin and Warren wrote 60 hit songs for several Warner Bros. movie musicals, including Gold Diggers of 1933, Footlight Parade starring James Cagney, Roman Scandals starring Eddie Cantor, Dames, Go Into Your Dance and Wonder Bar, both starring Al Jolson. The song "Lullaby of Broadway", written by Warren and Dubin for the musical film, Gold Diggers of 1935, won the 1936 Academy Award for Best Original Song. In 1980, producer David Merrick and director Gower Champion adapted the 1933 film 42nd Street into a Broadway musical that won The Tony Award for Best Musical in 1981.
The book for the show was written by Michael Stewart and Mark Bramble and featured a score that incorporated Warren and Dubin songs from various movie musicals including 42nd Street, Dames, Go Into Your Dance, Gold Diggers of 1933 and Gold Diggers of 1935. Dubin was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970. Charlot Revue – revue – featured co-lyricist for "A Cup of Coffee, a Sandwich and You" White Lights – musical – co-lyricist Streets of Paris – revue – lyricist Keep Off the Grass – revue – co-lyricist Star and Garter – revue – featured lyricist for "Robert the Roue" Sugar Babies – revue – co-lyricist 42nd Street – musical – lyricist The Show of Shows Gold Diggers of Broadway Sally Oh Sailor Beware Hold Everything She Couldn't Say No 42nd Street Footlight Parade Roman Scandals Gold Diggers of 1933 Moulin Rouge Wonder Bar Dames Twenty Million Sweethearts Go Into Your Dance Gold Diggers of 1935 Broadway Gondolier Stars Over Broadway Shipmates Forever Gold Diggers of 1937 Mr. Dodd Takes the Air Gold Diggers in Paris Garden of the Moon Streets of Paris Stage Door Canteen "A Cup of Coffee, a Sandwich, You" – lyrics by Al Dubin and Billy Rose, music by Joseph Meyer.
"Tiptoe through the Tulips" – Joe Burke. "Forty-Second Street" – 42nd Stre
Gold Diggers of 1933
Gold Diggers of 1933 is a pre-Code Warner Bros. musical film directed by Mervyn LeRoy with songs by Harry Warren and Al Dubin and choreographed by Busby Berkeley. It stars Warren William, Joan Blondell, Aline MacMahon, Ruby Keeler, Dick Powell, features Guy Kibbee, Ned Sparks and Ginger Rogers; the story is based on the play The Gold Diggers by Avery Hopwood, which ran for 282 performances on Broadway in 1919 and 1920. The play was made into a silent film in 1923 by David Belasco, the producer of the Broadway play, as The Gold Diggers, starring Hope Hampton and Wyndham Standing, again as a talkie in 1929, directed by Roy Del Ruth; that film, Gold Diggers of Broadway, which starred Nancy Welford and Conway Tearle, was the biggest box office hit of that year, Gold Diggers of 1933 was one of the top-grossing films of 1933. This version of Hopwood's play was written by James Seymour and Erwin S. Gelsey, with additional dialogue by David Boehm and Ben Markson. In 2003, Gold Diggers of 1933 was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant".
The "gold diggers" are four aspiring actresses: an ingenue. The film was made in 1933, during the Great Depression and contains numerous direct references to it, it begins with a rehearsal for a stage show, interrupted by the producer's creditors who close down the show because of unpaid bills. At the unglamorous apartment shared by three of the four actresses, the producer, Barney Hopkins, is in despair because he has everything he needs to put on a show, except money, he hears the girls' neighbor and Polly's boyfriend, playing the piano. Brad is a brilliant songwriter and singer who not only has written the music for a show, but offers Hopkins $15,000 in cash to back the production. Of course, they all think he is kidding, but he insists that he is serious – he offers to back the show, but refuses to perform in it, despite his talent and voice. Brad comes through with the money and the show goes into production, but the girls are suspicious that he must be a criminal since he is cagey about his past and will not appear in the show though he is more talented than the aging juvenile lead they have hired.
It turns out, that Brad is in fact a millionaire's son whose family does not want him associating with the theatre. On opening night, in order to save the show when the juvenile cannot perform, Brad is forced to play the lead role. With the resulting publicity, Brad's brother J. Lawrence Bradford and family lawyer Fanuel H. Peabody discover what he is doing and go to New York to save him from being seduced by a "gold digger". Lawrence mistakes Carol for Polly, his heavy-handed effort to dissuade the "cheap and vulgar" showgirl from marrying Brad by buying her off annoys her so much that she plays along, but the two fall in love. Meanwhile, Trixie targets "Fanny" the lawyer as the perfect rich sap ripe for exploitation; when Lawrence finds out that Brad and Polly have wed, he threatens to have the marriage annulled, but relents when Carol refuses to marry him if he does. Trixie marries Fanuel. All the "gold diggers" end up with wealthy men. Warren William as Lawrence Bradford Joan Blondell as Carol King Aline MacMahon as Trixie Lorraine Ruby Keeler as Polly Parker Dick Powell as "Brad Roberts" Guy Kibbee as Faneuil H. Peabody Ned Sparks as Barney Hopkins Ginger Rogers as Fay Fortune Etta Moten as soloist in "Remember My Forgotten Man" Billy Barty as The Baby in "Pettin' in the Park" Cast notes: Character actors Sterling Holloway and Hobart Cavanaugh appear in small roles, as does choreographer Busby Berkeley, as a backstage call boy who yells "Everybody on stage for the'Forgotten Man' number".
Other uncredited cast members include: Robert Agnew, Joan Barclay, Ferdinand Gottschalk, Ann Hovey, Fred Kelsey, Charles Lane, Wallace MacDonald, Wilbur Mack, Dennis O'Keefe, Fred Toones, Dorothy Wellman, Jane Wyman, Lynn Browning and Tammany Young. Gold Diggers of 1933 was to be called High Life, George Brent was an early casting idea for the role played by Warren William; the film was made for an estimated $433,000 at Warner Bros. studios in Burbank, went into general release on May 27, 1933. It was the joint second most popular movie at the US box office in 1933. According to Warner Bros. records the film earned $2,202,000 domestically and $1,029,000 foreign. The film made a profit of $1,602,530. In 1934, the film was nominated for an Oscar for Best Sound Recording for Nathan Levinson, the film's sound director; the film was nominated for the following American Film Institute lists: 2004: AFI's 100 Years... 100 Songs: "We're in the Money" 2006: AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals The film contains four song and dance sequences designed and choreographed by Busby Berkeley.
All the songs were written by Al Dubin. "We're in the Money" is sung by Ginger Rogers accompanied by scantily-clad showgirls dancing with giant coins. Rogers sings one verse in Pig Latin. "Pettin' in the Park" is sung by Dick Powell. It includes a tap dance from Keeler and a surreal sequence featuring dwarf actor Billy Barty as a baby who escapes from his stroller. During the number, the women get caught in a rainstorm and go behind a backlit screen to rem