Vitamin Cottage Natural Grocers
Vitamin Cottage Natural Food Markets, Inc is a Colorado based health food chain. The business was founded in 1955 as a door-to-door sales operation by Philip Isely, they opened the first Vitamin Cottage store in Lakewood, Colorado in 1963. After Margaret Isely's death in 1997, the Iselys' children took over the business the following year. Beginning in 2008, Vitamin Cottage Natural Grocers phased in a name change to Natural Grocers by Vitamin Cottage, to emphasize that groceries, rather than nutritional supplements, formed a majority of its sales; the company made its initial public offering on the New York Stock Exchange in July 2012, raising $107 million. Products include vitamins, dietary supplements and organic food, organic produce and natural body care products; the company has a manifesto entitled "What We Won't Sell and Why" which includes artificial colors and flavors, artificial preservatives, irradiated food and meat raised using artificial hormones and antibiotics among others. The company operated around 140 retail grocery stores in around 19 states west of the Mississippi River, had 3,000 employees in 2008.
Sonic Corp. more known as Sonic, is the operator of an American drive-in fast-food restaurant chain based in Oklahoma City, owned by Inspire Brands, the parent company of Arby's and Buffalo Wild Wings. As of September 5, 2018, there are 3,606 Sonic restaurants in 45 U. S. states. In 2011, it was ranked 10th in QSR Magazine's rankings of the top 50 quick-service and fast-casual restaurant brands in the nation. Known for its use of carhops on roller skates, the company annually hosts a competition to determine the top skating carhop in its system. Although Sonic has operated since the early 1950s, Sonic Corp. incorporated in Delaware in 1978. It has its corporate headquarters in Oklahoma City. Prior to its acquisition by Inspire Brands, its stock traded on NASDAQ with the symbol SONC. Company restaurants are operated by Sonic Restaurants, Inc. a wholly owned subsidiary. Total 2016 revenues were around $100 million with net income of $18 million. Sonic's menu consists of hamburgers and French fries, as well as onion rings, corn dogs, chili dogs and breakfast toaster sandwiches.
Drink options include soft drinks and milkshakes. Customers can combine various flavors to create thousands of possible drink combinations. Ice cream desserts floats. At a standard Sonic Drive-In, a customer drives into a covered drive-in stall, orders through an intercom speaker system, has the food delivered by a carhop. Most drive-ins have patio seating, many have drive-thru lanes. Following World War II, Sonic founder Troy N. Smith Sr. returned to his hometown of Seminole, where he became employed as a milkman. He decided to work delivering bread. Soon afterwards, Smith purchased a little diner in Shawnee, Oklahoma. Before long, he sold it and opened a fast food restaurant, Troy's Pan Full of Chicken, on the edge of town. In 1953, Smith went in with a business partner to purchase a five-acre parcel of land that had a log house and a walk-up root beer stand named the Top Hat; the two men continued with the operation of the root beer stand and converted the log house into a steak restaurant. After realizing that the stand was averaging $700 a week in the sale of root beer and hot dogs, Smith decided to focus on the more-profitable root beer stand.
He bought out his business partner. Top Hat customers would park their automobiles anywhere on the gravel parking lot and walk up to place their orders. However, on a trip to Louisiana, Smith saw a drive-in, he suspected that he could increase his sales by controlling the parking and having the customers order from speakers at their cars, with carhops delivering the food to the cars. Smith borrowed several automobiles from a friend who owned a used-car lot to establish a layout for controlled parking, he had some so-called "jukebox boys" come in and wire an intercom system in the parking lot. Sales tripled. Charles Woodrow Pappe, an entrepreneur, was impressed, he and Smith negotiated the first franchise location in Woodward, Oklahoma, in 1956, based on nothing more than a handshake. By 1958, two more drive-ins were built, in Stillwater. Upon learning that the Top Hat name was trademarked and Pappe changed the name to Sonic in 1959; the new name worked with their existing slogan, "Service with the Speed of Sound".
After the name change, the first Sonic sign was installed at the Stillwater Top-Hat Drive-In. The original Sonic to carry the first sign was demolished and renovated in May 2015. Although Smith and Pappe were being asked to help open new franchise locations, no real royalty plan was in place; the pair decided to have their paper company charge an extra penny for each Sonic-label hamburger bag it sold. The proceeds would be split between Smith and Pappe; the first franchise contracts under this plan were drawn up, but still no joint marketing plan, standardized menu, or detailed operating requirements were in place. Sonic's founders formed Sonic Supply as a distribution division in the 1960s. Under Smith, longtime franchise holders Marvin Jirous and Matt Kinslow were hired to run the division. In 1973, Sonic Supply was restructured as a franchise company, named Sonic Systems of America, which provided franchisees with equipment, building plans, basic operational instructions; as the company grew into a regionally known operation during the 1960s and 1970s, the drive-ins were in small towns in Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico and Arkansas.
In 1967, the year Pappe died, there were 41 drive-ins. By 1972, this number had risen to 165, by 1978, 1,000. In 1968, Sonic introduced. In 1977, the company established the Sonic School for manager training. Franchisees operated most of the drive-ins and made the store manager a business partner to this day. In 1983, the company's board of directors hired C. Stephen Lynn as president, and, in 1984, Lynn hired J. Clifford Hudson, an attorney, to head the legal department. Under Lynn and its major franchisees began to encourage the development of local-advertising cooperatives, developed with the leadership of Keith Sutterfield as Advertising Manager and as V. P. of Marketing in which Sutterfield developed a field structure to work with the franchisees. New franchises began to expand the company into new areas and redevelop markets, unsuccessful in the past; these develop
Hopewell Baptist Church
The Hopewell Baptist Church in northwestern Oklahoma County, Oklahoma known as the Teepee Church, was designed by architect Bruce Goff in the modernist style. It was listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 2002, it was deemed "an excellent example of the architecture of Bruce Goff during the time he was Director of the School of Architecture at the University of Oklahoma." The teepee-shaped design was intended to be imaginative on a frugal budget, using surplus pipe and corrugated aluminum from oil fields, volunteer labor to weld the pipes and build the church, local supplies like rock from quarries in nearby Calumet, Oklahoma. The peak, about 80 feet high, is an open metal bellfry containing no bell and 12 triangular windows that always leaked when it rained; the shingles were the color of the red soil, characteristic to the area, but were replaced by gray shingles. The base was finished with native sheet metal; the nave of the church was arranged in the round. The lower level held classrooms.
The exterior support structure features 12 exposed tapered trusses made of welded steel drill-stem pipes and painted russet color and secured by a compression ring. The 12 supports were nicknamed after the Twelve Apostles; the building was constructed by members of the church, who worked on evenings and weekends from 1947 to 1951 to build it. Construction used 1,000 tons of steel pipes; the building cost $20,000, Goff reduced his fee for the design and for supervising the construction to $1,200. The building was used as a church until it closed in 1989, due to water leaks, due to the high cost of heating and cooling a building with no insulation; the church owning the property was first known as Hopewell Baptist Church. After that, it was the Church at Edmond. A non-denominational church, meeting in a separate building, was called God's TP Tabernacle or God's Tabernacle of Praise. Asbestos was removed in 1999; the Hopewell Heritage Foundation was formed in 2005 to raise $1.25 million to restore the church, plus money to pay for maintenance.
The restoration effort is being led by Associates Architects of Oklahoma. The roof was replaced in late 2013 by Jenco Roofing Company to prevent further decay; as of 2015, the roof and doors had been fixed, but structural work was needed on the inside, to support the upstairs floor. Hopewell Heritiage Foundation website with information about the restoration Photos of the damaged interior by Abandoned Oklahoma
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States federal government's official list of districts, buildings and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property; the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually; the remainder are contributing resources within historic districts. For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service, an agency within the United States Department of the Interior, its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate and protect historic sites in the United States.
While National Register listings are symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places; the application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians. Historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States are listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, multiple property submissions; the Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties; some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service.
These include National Historic Landmarks, National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Military Parks, National Memorials, some National Monuments. On October 15, 1966, the Historic Preservation Act created the National Register of Historic Places and the corresponding State Historic Preservation Offices; the National Register consisted of the National Historic Landmarks designated before the Register's creation, as well as any other historic sites in the National Park system. Approval of the act, amended in 1980 and 1992, represented the first time the United States had a broad-based historic preservation policy; the 1966 act required those agencies to work in conjunction with the SHPO and an independent federal agency, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, to confront adverse effects of federal activities on historic preservation. To administer the newly created National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, with director George B.
Hartzog Jr. established an administrative division named the Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation. Hartzog charged OAHP with creating the National Register program mandated by the 1966 law. Ernest Connally was the Office's first director. Within OAHP new divisions were created to deal with the National Register; the division administered several existing programs, including the Historic Sites Survey and the Historic American Buildings Survey, as well as the new National Register and Historic Preservation Fund. The first official Keeper of the Register was an architectural historian. During the Register's earliest years in the late 1960s and early 1970s, organization was lax and SHPOs were small and underfunded. However, funds were still being supplied for the Historic Preservation Fund to provide matching grants-in-aid to listed property owners, first for house museums and institutional buildings, but for commercial structures as well. A few years in 1979, the NPS history programs affiliated with both the U.
S. National Parks system and the National Register were categorized formally into two "Assistant Directorates." Established were the Assistant Directorate for Archeology and Historic Preservation and the Assistant Directorate for Park Historic Preservation. From 1978 until 1981, the main agency for the National Register was the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service of the United States Department of the Interior. In February 1983, the two assistant directorates were merged to promote efficiency and recognize the interdependency of their programs. Jerry L. Rogers was selected to direct this newly merged associate directorate, he was described as a skilled administrator, sensitive to the need for the NPS to work with SHPOs, local governments. Although not described in detail in the 1966 act, SHPOs became integral to the process of listing properties on the National Register; the 1980 amendments of the 1966 law further defined the responsibilities of SHPOs concerning the National Register.
Several 1992 amendments of the NHPA added a category to the National Register, known as Traditional Cultural Properties: those properties associated with Native American or Hawaiian groups
Threatt Filling Station
The Threatt Filling Station, at the southwestern corner of the former U. S. Route 66 and Pottawatomi Rd. about 3 miles east of Luther, Oklahoma, is a filling station built around 1915. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995, it is "an example of a'house' type of station, designed in the Bungalow/Craftsman style of architecture."Its original c.1915 gas pumps had glass globes on top so that the amount of gasoline to be dispensed could be determined, but those were replaced by two c.1940 pumps
Nichols Hills, Oklahoma
Nichols Hills is a city in Oklahoma County, United States, a part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. The population was 3,710 as of the 2010 census, it is considered the most affluent city based on per capita income. The 1,280 acres now known as Nichols Hills were developed as an exclusive residential area by Dr. G. A. Nichols in 1929. Between 1907 and 1929, Dr. Nichols, an Oklahoma City real estate pioneer, developed the University, Paseo Arts District, Military Park, Central Park, University Place, Harndale, Nichols University Place and Lincoln Terrace neighborhoods of Oklahoma City and designed the city of Nicoma Park, Oklahoma. By 1928, Dr. Nichols saw many Oklahoma City residential neighborhoods being encroached by the Oklahoma City Oil Field and industrial districts. Recognizing the importance of protecting home owners, Dr. Nichols developed Nichols Hills by placing restrictions on undesirable commercial activity while at the same time comprehending the need for commercial shopping districts within the city.
Dr. Nichols hired Hare and Hare, a Kansas City, Missouri landscape architecture firm known for its landscape designs for Kansas City's Country Club Plaza and Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, to design the city in such a way as to follow the natural terrain of the country side; the distinctive curving streets, named after English towns, were punctuated by small and large parks, two golf courses, bridle paths, a polo field, a club house, tennis courts located throughout the city. Commercial districts were located by Dr. Nichols on the perimeter of the city. Nichols Hills was founded as a municipality in September 1929 and grew when Dr. Nichols dedicated additional property to the city. During the early 1930s, The Great Depression took its toll on Nichols Hills’ finances and large investors in Nichols Hills' property became delinquent on their taxes. Nichols Hills was refused; the refusal awakened the citizens of Nichols Hills, who thereafter embarked on a capital and beautification campaign that led to significant manor and upscale residential development after World War II.
By 1950, after its failure to annex Nichols Hills, Oklahoma City began annexing the land surrounding Nichols Hills including some property, platted by Dr. Nichols as part of Nichols Hills. Nichols Hills is now surrounded by Oklahoma City on the south and west, The Village on the north. In 1959, thwarting a potential annexation from Oklahoma City, the first city charter was formed. Since its inception, Nichols Hills has maintained strict land use restrictions and zoning ordinances. Known for its quality housing, Nichols Hills and its citizens maintain parks running throughout the city; the city is home to the Oklahoma City Golf and Country Club, designed by Perry Maxwell. Nichols Hills is known to have some of the highest housing prices in the state of Oklahoma, its citizens have the highest average household income in Oklahoma. Nichols Hills has a full-service city government, which includes water and fire services. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles, of which, 2.0 square miles of it is land and 0.50% is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,710 people, 1,729 households, 1,167 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,880.9 people per square mile. There were 1,858 housing units at an average density of 928.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.66% White, 0.42% African American, 1.38% Native American, 1.95% Asian, 0.59% from other races, 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.36% of the population. Nichols Hills is Oklahoma's best educated city, with 71.3% of adult residents holding an associate degree or higher, 68.7% of adults possessing a baccalaureate degree or higher. There were 1,729 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.5% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families. Of all households, 29.3% were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $139,375 and the median income for a family was $197,917; the per capita income for the city was $99,366 ranking it first on Oklahoma locations by per capita income list. About 2.8% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over. The home ownership rate is 91.2%. Nichols Hills is zoned to Oklahoma City Public Schools, its public high school is John Marshall High School located in Oklahoma City. It is located near the Oklahoma City private schools Casady School, Heritage Hall School, Bishop McGuinness Catholic High School. Nichols Hills is part of the Metropolitan Library System and is served by The Village Library located in The Village.
Old North Tower, University of Central Oklahoma
Old North Tower is the oldest building on the University of Central Oklahoma campus in Edmond and the oldest building of higher education in the state of Oklahoma. Built in 1892, it was the first permanent building on the Territorial Normal School campus; the construction of Old North, designed by J. G. Haskell began in the summer of 1892, classes began in January 1893. Early in Old North's history the building was deemed unsafe. In 1911, the structure instead was renovated; the most major milestone for Old North was when the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. The university closed Old North in 2001 because of structural and safety issues. Old North was left dormant; the $11,000,000 of renovations include the addition of an east wing, an amphitheater, additional maintenance space, elevators to make the building ADA compliant. The building was the centerpiece of UCO's Always Central campaign to raise $40,000,000. In 2017, the building reopened. University of Central Oklahoma facilities profile