California State Military Reserve
The California State Military Reserve is the one of three branches of the Active Militia of the State. The military reserve was formed to provide California a trained and organized military force in the event of a state security or natural disaster emergency to augment the California National Guard or when the National Guard is deployed, its current mission is articulated in CA Military & Veteran's Code § 550:"... as the Governor may deem necessary to defend and for the security of this State..." For the 2012–2013 fiscal year, the CSMR had 1400 volunteers and its expenditures were $620,000. The California State Military Reserve is authorized as a state defense force under the provisions of the Title 32, United States Code, Section 109 and the California State Military Reserve Act, it is one of five components of the California Military Department and has legal standing as part of California's Active Militia. The force consists of citizens or individuals who have begun their naturalization process, who possess a variety of skills, many members are veterans of other branches of the United States Armed Forces as well as former members of the California Army and Air National Guard.
All citizens over the age of 18 who are not felons and possess a high school diploma or GED are eligible to apply for membership, although military veterans and those with special skills which materially contribute to the CSMR's mission are preferred. Members are considered uncompensated State employees, although when called to Emergency State Active Duty, they become compensated employees at the same rate as National Guard members of the same rank. Reimbursement may be provided in limited circumstances for travel and meals when directly supporting a National Guard mission. Unlike the Civil Air Patrol or the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary, the CSMR is a statutory military entity of the State with each CSMR member subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice per CMVC § 560. Prior service soldiers are to have a smooth transition into the CSMR. If the break in service is long, the soldier may need an adjustment period while going through IET to come up to speed with modern Army and National Guard practices.
Any MOS qualifications, medals, badges, or awards earned in federal or state national guard service transfer directly. Depending on the rank earned and length of time since separation, previously-held rank in those services transfers. CSMR Regulations require all soldiers to attend the Basic Orientation Course which consists of basic military customs and courtesies and a general overview of the CSMR; this is just a basic course spanning a few days at most. In addition to this, any soldier entering the CSMR in the southern region must attend an Initial Entry Training course through the 223d Training Support Regiment, Southern Detachment; this is a five-month course where soldiers report to a student chain of command that changes every month. They are given weekly homework and accountability tasks to strengthen unit cohesion and train soldiers on how to interact with the chain of command; every month roles are switched around and new soldiers are assigned as squad leaders while soldiers completing Echo track graduate and are released to their gaining units.
During this five-month course they report for UTA at the Training Company IEP. They are taught courtesies in depth and practice drill and ceremony; this is as physical. Soldiers are required to maintain Army height and weight standards, but, done on the soldier's own time. There is no CSMR equivalent to Advanced Individual Training: This is done on the unit level once the soldier arrives from IET. Other schools are available to soldiers; these include NCOA which has three levels of courses: BLC, ALC, SLC. These courses are broken into 5 live-in phases at Camp San Luis Obispo for 3 days each. On the officer's side is OCS, an intense, year-long course meeting 6 times at Camp San Luis Obispo for live-in phases of 4 days each. In both courses, work is done on-site and during the interim. While prior service soldiers retain any MOSq obtained non-prior-service soldiers have no MOS qualification; when Army Knowledge Online accounts were available, CSMR soldiers could take courses and become MOSq in select MOS's however at the moment there is no AKO replacement for non-prior soldiers to obtain an MOS.
Most of the time the soldier has civilian qualifications that meet or exceed Army standard for a particular MOS and they are used as Subject Matter Experts to train their national guard counterparts. An example of this is the Small Arms Training Team, responsible for small arms training for the California National Guard; as of 1 AUG 2016, the California State Military Reserve has been reorganized. Most units have now been directly embedded with and placed under the operational control of National Guard units throughout the state; the current organization is as follows: Headquarters, California State Military Reserve Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment J1 J3 J4 J5 J6 J9 Provost Marshal Recruiting Trial Defense Band 40th Support Command 79th Support Brigade 100th Support Command 224th Support Brigade Special Operations Support Detach
Indiana Guard Reserve
The Indiana Guard Reserve the Liberty Guard and the Indiana Legion, is the state defense force of the state of Indiana. The Indiana Guard Reserve serves under the exclusive authority of the governor of the State of Indiana through his executive agent for military matters, The Adjutant General of Indiana; the Guard Reserve is a unique military organization designed to supplement the Indiana National Guard and to defend Indiana if any part of the Indiana National Guard is in active federal service. The Indiana Guard Reserve provides MEMS qualified soldiers who can augment Indiana Homeland Security missions and County Emergency Operations activities; the Indiana Guard Reserve is organized pursuant to Indiana Code IC 10-16-8. It is subdivided into the following seven major subordinate units: Headquarters – Headquarters consists of the following: General Staff – Consists of the Adjutant General of Indiana, the commanding general of the Indiana Guard Reserve, the deputy commander of logistics/support, the deputy commander of operations/training, the chief of staff, the deputy chief of staff, the secretary of general staff.
Commander's Personal Staff – Consists of the command sergeant major of the Indiana Guard Reserve division and the STARC liaison. Commander's Special Staff – Consists of the inspector general, staff surgeon, staff chaplain, staff judge advocate general, assistant staff judge advocate, provost marshal, the public affairs officer. Coordinating Staff Group – Consists of the following departments: G-1 Personnel and Administration – Consists of the assistant chief of staff G-1/ director of personnel, personnel management officer, the EEO/mobilization officer. G-2 Intelligence – Consists of the assistant chief of staff G-2/director of intelligence. G-3 Operations and Training – Consists of the assistant chief of staff G-3/director of operations, plans officer, training officer, the operations sergeant major. G-4 Logistics – Consists of the assistant chief of staff G-4/director of logistics, deputy director logistics, procurement officer, general supply technician, the logistics sergeant major. G-5 Civil Affairs – Consists of the assistant chief of staff G-5/director of civil affairs, director of recruiting/retention, recruiting sergeant major, the civil affairs sergeant.
G-6 Information Systems – Consists of the assistant chief of staff G-6/director of information systems, deputy assistant chief of staff g-6/chief information officer, cyber security officer, database management officer, infrastructure management officer, the website management officer. Headquarters – Consists of the commandant and the sergeant major. Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment – Serves as headquarters for the Indiana Guard Reserve general staff and support personnel and Rescue Detachment, the Chaplains Corps. Consists of the commander, first sergeant, the supply sergeant. Office Management – Consists of the IGR administrative assistant. 1st Brigade – Headquartered in Fort Wayne and encompasses the northeast quarter of the state. The 1st Brigade consists of the following subordinate units: 1st Battalion – Headquartered in Kokomo, Indiana. 2nd Battalion – Headquartered in Marion, Indiana. 3rd Battalion – Headquartered in South Bend, Indiana. 2nd Brigade – Headquartered in Lafayette and encompasses the northwest quarter of the state.
3rd Brigade – Headquartered in Bedford and encompasses the southwest quarter of the state. The 3rd Brigade consists of the following subordinate units: 1st Battalion – Headquartered in Bloomington, Indiana. 2nd Battalion – Headquartered in Evansville, Indiana. 3rd Battalion – Headquartered in Jasper, Indiana. 4th Battalion – Headquartered in Terre Haute, Indiana. 4th Brigade – Headquartered in Shelbyville and encompasses the southeast quarter of the state. The 4th Brigade consists of the following subordinate units: 1st Battalion – Headquartered in Anderson, Indiana. 2nd Battalion – Headquartered in Columbus, Indiana. 3rd Battalion – Headquartered in New Albany, Indiana. Training Command – Headquartered at Camp Atterbury Joint Maneuver Training Center, holds most training at the Indiana Regional Training Institute. Support Command – Headquartered in Indianapolis and serves as a supporting unit; the command consists of the following units: Headquarters Company. Military Police Company. Signal Company.
Medical Company. The Indiana Guard Reserve contains the following four specialized units: Chaplains Corps – Headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana within the Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment; the Chaplains Corps provides religious services and counseling to Indiana Guard Reserve members. Medical Command – Headquartered in Indianapolis and provides medical support for IGR members and during large-scale emergency situations. Search and Rescue Detachment – Headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana within the Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment; the Search and Rescue Detachment carries out Search and Rescue missions and trains Search and Rescue teams. Ceremonial Unit – Provides an honor guard for community events and military funerals; the purpose of any state defense force is to provide the governor of a state with a viable military force in the event that National Guard forces for that state have been mobilized into federal active service. The Indiana Guard Reserve has prepared for several missions in the event that the Indiana National Guard is federalized.
Some of the missions performed by IGR include: Soldier Support – Provides support to deploying or returning military personnel and civilian contractors during the deployment mobilization/demobilization process at Camp Atterbury, hosting an annual, week-long Army JROTC leadership course.
Mississippi State Guard
The Mississippi State Guard is the state defense force of Mississippi. It operates under the authority of the Mississippi Military Department alongside the Mississippi Army National Guard and the Mississippi Air National Guard; the MSSG was established by executive order during World War II, after Mississippi National Guard units were called to federal active duty. In 1986, the United States Army adopted the "Total Force Concept" in which the National Guard of all states are trained as, considered an integral part of the active duty forces of the United States military, though remaining under state control unless activated to federal service; the MSSG was re-activated and reorganized as a cadre force to augment the state's National Guard forces as necessary in the event of their federal deployment. The MSSG open to citizens of Mississippi and female, age 17 to 62. All applicants are subject to rigid background checks. An oath of office is required; the MSSG is an all-volunteer organization tasked with supplementing the forces of the MSARNG or MSANG when ordered by the Governor and/or Adjutant General of the State of Mississippi.
While its primary mission is to assist in coping with man-made or natural disaster, the MSSG trains to be ready to meet any assignment. All new state guardsmen receive military training in the wear and appearance of their uniform, military structure and ranking system, military chain of command, rendering proper honors and respect to those appointed over them. Guardsmen are required to train in emergency management, by taking courses provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Completion of the FEMA training is necessary to earn the Military Emergency Management Specialist Badge. Members receive specialized training in the military police occupational specialty; the Commanding General of the MSSG is appointed by the Adjutant General and Governor of the State of Mississippi, reports directly to them. All commissioned officer appointments and or promotions must be approved by the Adjutant General and the Governor of Mississippi; the Mississippi State Guard is organized into each with two Battalions.
The units include: 1st Security Brigade 110th Battalion 120th Battalion 2nd Security Brigade 210th Battalion 220th Battalion 3rd Security Brigade 310th Battalion 320th Battalion Ribbons and decorations authorized for wear on the MSSG uniforms may be those that have been awarded by competent authority: Federally authorized ribbons and decorations awarded by the branches of the U. S. Armed Forces: Army, Air Force, Marines, or Coast Guard, active or reserve components. State authorized decorations awarded by the Air or Army National Guard of any state. Ribbons representing awards by the Mississippi State Guard. United States recognized foreign ribbons. State Guard Association of the United States, Military Emergency Management Academy. Ribbons, decorations medals or badges awarded by the Civil Air Patrol, college or high school ROTC, or any other quasi-military organizations are not authorized for wear on the MSSG uniform. MSSG Distinguished Service Ribbon MSSG Meritorious Service Ribbon MSSG Commendation Ribbon MSSG Achievement Ribbon MSSG Award of Merit MSSG Longevity Service Ribbon MSSG Operation Desert Shield/Storm Service Ribbon MSSG Recruitment Ribbon MSSG Training Ribbon MSSG Association Membership Ribbon MSSG Outstanding Unit Citation Mississippi Military Department Mississippi Army National Guard Mississippi Air National Guard Mississippi Wing Civil Air Patrol Mississippi State Guard Official Website History Site, State of Mississippi
Awards and decorations of the National Guard
Awards and decorations of the National Guard are presented to members of the United States National Guard and sometimes to members of the state defense forces in addition to regular United States military decorations. Each of the state governments of the United States maintains a series of military decorations for issuance to members of the National Guard, with such awards presented under the authority of the various state adjutants general; those National Guard soldiers and airmen who subsequently serve in the active or reserve federal forces of the United States Army, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or United States Air Force may not continue to wear and display such decorations on a military uniform, unless such activation is under Title 32 status. Active duty regulations allow federal soldiers, airmen and marines to accept but not to wear state awards. Most states authorize the wear of other states' awards if a soldier or airman has earned awards from a state or territory to which he or she is not presently assigned.
The order of precedence is the presently assigned state, followed by awards from the District of Columbia other states by their order of admission. The following is a list of National Guard decorations. S. Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia. Alabama National Guard State Awards: Arizona National Guard State Awards: Arizona Medal of Valor Arizona Adjutant General's Medal Arizona Distinguished Service Medal Arizona Meritorious Service Medal Arizona Exceptionally Long Service Medal Arizona Long Service Medal Arizona Service Ribbon Arizona Military Academy Ribbon Arizona Military Academy Ribbon Arizona Southwest Asia Service Support Ribbon Arizona State Active Duty Service Ribbon Arizona Re-enlistment Ribbon Arizona Community Service Ribbon Arizona Initial Active Duty for Training Ribbon Arizona Recruiting Ribbon Arizona Honor Attendance Ribbon Arkansas National Guard State Awards: Arkansas Medal of Honor Arkansas Military Medal Arkansas Distinguished Service Medal Arkansas Exceptional Service Medal Arkansas Commendation Medal Arkansas Federal Service Ribbon Arkansas Service Ribbon Arkansas Emergency Service Ribbon Arkansas Homeland Defense Ribbon Arkansas Recruiting Ribbon California National Guard State Awards: California Medal of Valor California Military Cross Order of California CA Legion of Merit.
California Medal of Merit California Commendation Medal CA Achievement Medal California Good Conduct Medal California Service Medal California Enlisted Trainers Excellence Ribbon California Enlisted Excellence Ribbon California Recruiting Achievement Ribbon California National Guard Federal Service Ribbon California State Service Ribbon California Senior Enlisted Leadership Ribbon California Counterdrug Service Ribbon California Drill Attendance Ribbon California Memorial Medal California Governor's Outstanding Unit Citation California Commanding General's Meritorious Unit Citation Colorado National Guard State Awards: Colorado Meritorious Conduct Medal Colorado Meritorious Service Medal Colorado Soldier/Airman of the Year Award Colorado Commendation Ribbon Colorado Achievement Ribbon Colorado NCO Command Tour Ribbon Colorado Active Service Medal Colorado Long Service Medal Colorado TAG Outstanding Unit Citation Colorado State Emergency Service Ribbon Colorado State Foreign Deployment Service Ribbon Colorado State Mobilization Support Ribbon Colorado Recruiting Ribbon Connecticut National Guard State Awards: Connecticut Medal of Valor - "The Adjutant General and two officers of field grade or above, detailed by the Adjutant General, shall act as a board to receive recommendations through military channels for the award of the medal of valor to any member of the armed forces of the state who, by reason of conspicuous gallantry, at the risk of his life and beyond the call of duty, while on military service, is recommended for the award of such medal of valor, to make such awards as the board finds suitable."
Connecticut Medal of Merit - "The Adjutant General and two officers of field grade or above, appointed by the Adjutant General, shall constitute a board of officers to receive recommendations, through military channels, for the award of the medal of merit to any member of the armed forces of the state who has distinguished himself by exceptionally meritorious conduct in performing outstanding service while a member of the armed forces of the state and to make such awards as the board finds suitable." Connecticut Medal of Achievement - "The Adjutant General and two officers of field grade or above, appointed by the Adjutant General, shall constitute a board of officers to receive recommendations, through military channels, for the award, within available appropriations, of the medal of achievement to any member of the armed forces of the state, as defined in section 27-2, the armed forces of the United States or the armed forces of any other state, who has distinguished himself or herself through outstanding achievement or meritorious service during the performance of any state military service.
A bronze oak leaf cluster shall be issued in lieu of succeeding awards and a silver oak leaf cluster shall be worn in lieu of five bronze oak leaf clusters." Connecticut Veteran Wartime Service Medal - "The Commissioner of Veterans Affairs in conjunction with the Adjutant General shall award a ribbon and medal to each veteran who served in time of war, as defined in subsection of section 27-103, who either was a resident of this state at the time he or she was called to active duty for such service, or is domiciled in
United States Air Force
The United States Air Force is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, one of the seven American uniformed services. Formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U. S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947, it is the youngest branch of the U. S. Armed Forces, the fourth in order of precedence; the USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, command and control; the U. S. Air Force is a military service branch organized within the Department of the Air Force, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense; the Air Force, through the Department of the Air Force, is headed by the civilian Secretary of the Air Force, who reports to the Secretary of Defense, is appointed by the President with Senate confirmation.
The highest-ranking military officer in the Air Force is the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, who exercises supervision over Air Force units and serves as one of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Air Force components are assigned, as directed by the Secretary of Defense, to the combatant commands, neither the Secretary of the Air Force nor the Chief of Staff of the Air Force have operational command authority over them. Along with conducting independent air and space operations, the U. S. Air Force provides air support for land and naval forces and aids in the recovery of troops in the field; as of 2017, the service operates more than 5,369 military aircraft, 406 ICBMs and 170 military satellites. It has a $161 billion budget and is the second largest service branch, with 318,415 active duty airmen, 140,169 civilian personnel, 69,200 reserve airmen, 105,700 Air National Guard airmen. According to the National Security Act of 1947, which created the USAF: In general, the United States Air Force shall include aviation forces both combat and service not otherwise assigned.
It shall be organized and equipped for prompt and sustained offensive and defensive air operations. The Air Force shall be responsible for the preparation of the air forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war except as otherwise assigned and, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of the peacetime components of the Air Force to meet the needs of war. §8062 of Title 10 US Code defines the purpose of the USAF as: to preserve the peace and security, provide for the defense, of the United States, the Territories and possessions, any areas occupied by the United States. The stated mission of the USAF today is to "fly and win...in air and cyberspace". "The United States Air Force will be a trusted and reliable joint partner with our sister services known for integrity in all of our activities, including supporting the joint mission first and foremost. We will provide compelling air and cyber capabilities for use by the combatant commanders. We will excel as stewards of all Air Force resources in service to the American people, while providing precise and reliable Global Vigilance and Power for the nation".
The five core missions of the Air Force have not changed since the Air Force became independent in 1947, but they have evolved, are now articulated as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, command and control. The purpose of all of these core missions is to provide, what the Air Force states as, global vigilance, global reach, global power. Air superiority is "that degree of dominance in the air battle of one force over another which permits the conduct of operations by the former and its related land, sea and special operations forces at a given time and place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force". Offensive Counterair is defined as "offensive operations to destroy, disrupt, or neutralize enemy aircraft, launch platforms, their supporting structures and systems both before and after launch, but as close to their source as possible". OCA is the preferred method of countering air and missile threats since it attempts to defeat the enemy closer to its source and enjoys the initiative.
OCA comprises attack operations, sweep and suppression/destruction of enemy air defense. Defensive Counter air is defined as "all the defensive measures designed to detect, identify and destroy or negate enemy forces attempting to penetrate or attack through friendly airspace". A major goal of DCA operations, in concert with OCA operations, is to provide an area from which forces can operate, secure from air and missile threats; the DCA mission comprises both passive defense measures. Active defense is "the employment of limited offensive action and counterattacks to deny a contested area or position to the enemy", it includes both ballistic missile defense and air-breathing threat defense, encompasses point defense, area defense, high-value airborne asset defense. Passive defense is "measures taken to reduce the probability of and to minimize the effects of damage caused by hostile action without the intention of taking the initiative", it includes warning.
State Guard Association of the United States
The State Guard Association of the United States is a non-profit organization advocating for the advancement and support of regulated state military forces, as established by state governments under the authority of federal law. The SGAUS encourages the establishment and advancement of regulated state forces through lobbying and affiliation with independent state associations. There were twenty-two independent SGAUS recognized state associations in 2008. State associations are separate entities--typically 501 corporations--and are not components of the SGAUS corporation, the SGAUS Foundation, or the respective states; when petitioned, the SGAUS recognizes lawful, state-level associations with twenty-five or more members who are seeking to establish state defense forces. From its founding until the early 1900s, the United States maintained only a minimal army and relied on state militias to supply the majority of its troops. In 1903, the predecessor to the modern-day National Guard was formed to augment the militia and Regular Army with a federally controlled reserve force.
In 1933, Congress finalized the split between the National Guard and the state defense forces by mandating that all federally funded soldiers take a dual enlistment/commission and thus enter both the state National Guard and the National Guard of the United States. This division forced states to maintain both a National Guard and a state defense force if they desired to have non-federal soldiers. During World War II, much of the National Guard was deployed on federal duty. Many states continued to maintain distinct state militias to defend their own territories and shorelines. In the 1980s, many state defense forces began to be activated; as a result, the State Defense Force Association of the United States was formed in 1985. The name was changed in 1993 to the State Guard Association of the United States; as of 2008, the SGAUS had grown to members from thirty-three states and territories, consisted of twenty-two separate state associations. In 2006, the SGAUS Board of Directors created the SGAUS Foundation as an independent 501 non-profit organization to focus on education, public awareness, outreach programs that support the advancement and support of regulated state defense forces.
A current list of SGAUS foundation officers can be found on the SGAUS website's Leadership page. The SGAUS offers various certification programs for its members. Military Emergency Management Specialist program The SGAUS Military Emergency Management Specialist program was created in 1998; the program is structured around the Federal Emergency Management Agency's National Incident Management System and Incident Command System. The MEMS program curriculum includes online Federal Emergency Management Agency NIMS and ICS courses offered free of charge through FEMA's Emergency Management Institute's Independent Study Program. In addition to online FEMA courses, students are required to complete operational practicums that incorporate the learning objectives of the online FEMA courses; the MEMS Academy curricula are based on the idea of developing areas of common knowledge required at different levels of responsibility in emergency response and use accepted, validated courses available throughout the nation.
The principle behind the several MEMS curricula is that individuals with Basic MEMS qualification will have operational understanding of the principles of emergency management, including mitigation, emergency response and recovery and have knowledge and abilities needed to work within a comprehensive emergency management operation. Those with Senior and Master level qualification will be able to lead and plan incident response efforts of increasing complexity. Certification in the MEMS program consists of three levels: basic and master, with traditional military style badges awarded to students upon completion of each level. In addition to the badges, those students who participate in operational missions may be awarded a distinctive flash, worn behind the badge. For a short time, there was a MEMS Command and Staff College operated by the SGAUS. Students who completed this program were awarded the MEMS Command and Staff College Unit Citation. Chaplain’s School and College The SGAUS Chaplain School and College provides materials of study, discussion forums, classroom training related to field of military chaplaincy for state defense force chaplains and chaplain assistants.
Engineer Specialty Qualification Identification Designation The SGAUS Engineer Specialty Qualification Identification Program was created in 2015, to provide state guard forces with a means of identifying soldiers as qualified in those engineering skills needed during state emergencies. The program was structured with the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s National Incident Management Structure and included online Federal Emergency Management Agency NIMS and Independent Course Study Courses offered free of charge through FEMA’s Emergency Management Institute Independent Study Program. Prerequisites for entry into the ESQiD Program include active membership in a sponsoring state defense force, medical clearance, completion of SDF Basic Military Training, completion of the Military Emergency Management Specialist-Basic program. Engineer Common Skills Training includes Land Navigation, Field Sanitation, Job Site Safety Courses, field communications with SDF utilized communications equipment, Hazardous materials awareness.
Engineer Specific Skill Training includes completion of several FEMA training courses and SDF training courses based upon the SDF Engineer Unit Mission Essent
Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon
The Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon is a military award of the United States Air Force, first created in June 2003. The ribbon is awarded to any member of the Air Force who completes a standard contingency deployment; the regulations of the Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon define a deployment as either forty-five consecutive days or ninety non-consecutive days in a deployed status. Temporary duty orders qualify towards the ninety-day time requirement. For deployments exceeding 45–90 days, a single Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon will be awarded for the entire time frame rather than issuing multiple awards for the same period of deployed service. For those service members who serve in designated combat zones while deployed, a gold frame, which the Air Force refers to as a gold border, may be attached to the AFESR basic ribbon; the gold border is issued as a one-time award only, regardless of the number of combat operations in which a service member is involved. The Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon with gold border may be awarded to certain "over-the horizon" combat assignments, such as remotely piloted vehicle operators for employing a long-range weapon into a combat zone.
It is therefore possible to earn the gold border when stationed at a secure military installation in the United States geographically separated from the battlefield by thousands of miles. Such personnel, must have first earned the Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon before the ribbon can be upgraded with a gold border. Additional awards of the Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon are denoted by oak leaf clusters and the award is retroactive to October 1, 1999; the center stripe is light blue and stands for Air Force capability. From this center stripe outward on each side, the narrow white stripe stands for integrity. Air Force Expeditionary Service Ribbon Air Force Personnel Center New ribbon recognizes deployed airmen, Air Force Personnel Center Public Affairs, 9/26/2003