María Isabel Verdú Rollán, better known as Maribel Verdú is a Spanish actress. She played Luisa in Alfonso Cuarón's 2001 film Y tu mamá también and Mercedes in Guillermo del Toro's 2006 film Pan's Labyrinth, she has appeared in Lovers, Belle Époque, The Blind Sunflowers and Blancanieves. Verdú was born in Spain, she began appearing in various commercials. She left school at the age of 15 so she could devote herself to her acting career. Verdú has appeared in more than 60 movies since 1984, the majority of them in Spanish, she has been in numerous TV shows. Her first experience was as a model in spots and fashion magazines by known commercial firms, her first television opportunity was given to her at the age of 13 by Vicente Aranda in The Crime of Captain Sánchez. It was 27 Hours, by Montxo Armendáriz, about a girl, a drug addict, one of the most powerful experiences in her life up to that point, it was the film. A little after this film other more important films started coming her way, which included La Estanquera de Vallecas by Eloy de la Iglesia and El Año de las Luces by Fernando Trueba.
Verdú said that her role in Amantes by Vicente Aranda marked a turning point in her screen career and has brought about a maturity as a performer. Thereafter she has worked with some of the best Spanish directors: José Luis Garci in Canción de Cuna. On the international stage, her career hit a highpoint when she starred in Y Tu Mamá También by Alfonso Cuarón, followed by Pan's Labyrinth by Guillermo del Toro. Following the movie Pan's Labyrinth Verdú has been invited to be a part of the Academy in Hollywood. Maribel stars in a music video named Lola Soledad, by 16 time Latin Grammy Awards winner, Alejandro Sanz in 2010, she made her theater debut in 1986 starring as the character of Julieta and has since combined theater with cinema. She has intertwined the two in television shows such as Turno de Oficio and Segunda Enseñanza. Verdú has been nominated for the Goya Award on eleven occasions, becoming the most nominated actress in the history of these awards, her first nomination came with the film Amantes by Vicente Aranda losing to Sílvia Munt for her role in Alas de Mariposa.
Her second nomination came for The Celestine by Gerardo Vera but lost again to Mari Carrillo for Más Alla del Jardín. In La Buena Estrella by Ricardo Franco she achieved her third nomination losing to Cecilia Roth in Martín Hache. In 2006 she received her fourth nomination with Pan's Labyrinth by Guillermo del Toro, losing yet again to Penélope Cruz. On her fifth nomination, she won the Goya Award for Seven Billiard Tables by Gracia Querejeta; the sixth nomination came in 2008 for The Blind Sunflowers by José Luis Cuerda. The following year she would be nominated again for the film Tetro by Francis Ford Coppola. In 2011, she would be nominated as a supporting actress for Chrysalis|De tu ventana a la mía, by Paula Ortiz. In 2013 she was got her second Goya for Blancanieves from Pablo Berger. In 2014, she gets a new nomination, in this case as a supporting actress, for 15 years and one day|15 años y un día from Gracia Querejeta losing to Terele Pavez for Las brujas de Zugarramurdi, she received her eleventh Goya nomination for another film by Pablo Berger.
Apart from her Goya Award, Verdú possesses two Ondas Awards and two Silver Frame awards as Best Television Actress for the series Canguros and as Best Actress for'Los Girasoles Ciegos'. Maribel Verdú is the only Spanish actress to win the Ariel Award in Mexico as Best Actress for Pan's Labyrinth, her film career has been rewarded with the Gold Medal of the Spanish Film Academy and with the Spain National Cinematography Award, becoming the sixth actress to achieve it after Carmen Maura, Rafaela Aparicio, Maria Luisa Ponte, Marisa Paredes and Mercedes Sampietro. Verdú has been close to awards in category A film festivals, such as the Berlin International Film Festival. In 1991 Verdú's casting partner, Victoria Abril, raised the Silver Bear for Best Actress in Amantes. In 2007, in the San Sebastián International Film Festival another casting partner of Verdú, Blanca Portillo, took the award for Best Actress in Seven Billiard Tables. In 2006, at the Gijón International Film Festival, she received the Nacho Martinez award.
Verdú is married to Pedro Larrañaga on 2 September 1999, son of actors Carlos Larrañaga and María Luisa Merlo. She is the stockholder of the clinic Premium in Estepona. Maribel Verdú on IMDb
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Lumière and Company
Lumière and Company is a 1995 anthology film made in collaboration between forty-one international film directors. The project consists in each of the filmmakers making a short film using the original Cinématographe camera invented by the Lumière brothers. Shorts were edited in-camera and constrained by three rules: A short may be no longer than 52 seconds No synchronized sound No more than three takes Lumière and Company on IMDb Lumière and Company at Rotten Tomatoes
My Name Is Juani
My Name Is Juani is a 2006 Spanish drama film written and directed by Bigas Luna. Juani comes from a poor background, having grown up in a poor suburban village of Spain, she has problems at home and argues incessantly with her boyfriend, with whom she has been since she was 15. Soon his infidelity and overall uselessness, as well as the limitations of her poor and small town, become unbearable for Juani, a girl with big dreams and aspirations, she and her best friend leave for Madrid in search of a better life. At first the big city, a complete opposite of their hometown, couldn't seem to be a better place for their adolescent expectations of life, but their naïve dreams are soon shattered by the ruthlessness of their dream city. In a visit home Juani decides she will not return to Madrid, will instead come back to old relationships and live again in her parents' house, she expresses these sentiments to her mother who tells her that she loves Juani's father, but always asks herself what her life would have been like had she left, like Juani.
After speaking to her mother Juani realizes that she can not give up just because she has been having a hard time in Madrid. In a tearful finale, she decides to return to Madrid with less naïve expectations, hoping to escape the abusive relationship she has with her boyfriend and the future she would have were she to stay in her town; the moral of the story becomes clear: never forget what you set out to get, despite the struggles that come your way, never give up on your dreams. Sant Jordi Awards Best Spanish Actress Goya Awards Best New Actress Spanish Actors Union Newcomer Award – Female My Name Is Juani on IMDb
Anguish (1987 film)
Anguish is a 1987 Spanish-produced horror film starring Zelda Rubinstein, Michael Lerner, Talia Paul, Angel Jove and Clara Pastor. The film begins with a written disclaimer: During the film you are about to see, you will be subject to subliminal messages and mild hypnosis; this will cause you no physical harm or lasting effect, but if for any reason you lose control or feel that your mind is leaving your body -- leave the auditorium immediately. The disclaimer is accompanied by a narrator, who advises viewers to take caution regarding their surroundings once the film has begun, not to engage in conversation with any unknown individuals for the duration of the running time. In the Los Angeles theater The Rex, moviegoers watch the film within The Mommy; the Mommy tells the story of John Pressman, an myopic, uncontrolled diabetic who works as an ophthalmologist's assistant and is progressively growing blind. For unstated reasons, his overbearing mother Alice hypnotizes him and induces him to murder people so that he can remove their eyes and bring them back to her.
One evening, John—against his mother's wishes—barricades himself inside of a movie theater playing The Lost World, where he sets about killing the patrons one by one with a scalpel. Once John's rampage becomes apparent, the surviving moviegoers attempt to flee the now sealed-off theater; the police bring Alice to the theater in an attempt to end the siege. The last scenes of The Mommy show John being placed into police custody and a detective looking upon Alice's corpse one more time; as The Mommy wears on, patrons of The Rex begin to experience anxiety attacks and disorientation in response to the events onscreen. In particular, one man grows progressively agitated checking his watch. At a key point in the film, the man exits the theater and approaches the concession stand, where he's recognized by an employee as a frequent patron of The Mommy. Patty's friend, goes to use the bathroom moments and witnesses The Man removing a gun from his jacket and killing the concession worker and another theater employee.
The Man drags their bodies to the bathroom—an act synchronized with John killing a woman in the bathroom of a movie theater in The Mommy. Linda stops a man passing on the street, whom she asks to call the police. In The Rex, the man barricades the projectionist in the projector booth and slips back into the theater, where he holds Patty at gunpoint and begins reciting dialogue from The Mommy; when John Pressman begins his theater rampage onscreen, the man begins indiscriminately shooting patrons of The Rex, using Patty as a human shield. Outside The Rex, a SWAT team arrives, in synchronicity with the police's arrival at the theater in The Mommy; the police send in a sniper. The man holds Patty hostage in front of the theater, addressing Alice onscreen and asking her to come save him. Attempts by the police to engage the man fail. Patty, looking up at the screen, has a vision of John gouging out her eye with a scalpel. Outside and Linda are reunited and Patty is taken to the hospital for an evaluation.
Doctors assure her. As Linda leaves, she is attacked on an elevator by an unseen orderly who aims a scalpel for her throat; the orderly proceeds to Patty's room and is revealed to be John, who assures Patty that he's only a figment of her imagination. Patty screams; as the screen cuts to black, the camera pulls back to show a movie theater of patrons watching the events onscreen, revealing that Patty's story was in fact a film within a film within a film. The credits for Anguish roll. Zelda Rubinstein as Alice Pressman, the Mother Michael Lerner as John Pressman Talia Paul as Patty Ángel Jovè as The Killer Clara Pastor as Linda Isabel García Lorca as Caroline Nat Baker as Teaching Doctor Edward Ledden as Doctor Gustavo Gili as Student #1 On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 60% based on 5 reviews, with a weighted average rating of 6.8/10. Author and film critic Leonard Maltin awarded the film 2.5 out of 4 stars, calling it "Imaginative but overly violent". Goya Awards Best Special Effects Sant Jordi Awards Best Film Goya Awards Best Director Anguish on IMDb Anguish at AllMovie Anguish at Rotten Tomatoes
Jamón Jamón is a 1992 Spanish comedy/drama film directed by Bigas Luna and starring Javier Bardem, Jordi Mollá and Penélope Cruz in her debut film. It centers on a young woman named Silvia played by Cruz; the film is an allegory for Spain itself and the director engages in word play and pun. It rhapsodises on the juxtaposition of old and new in Spain and many other emotional contrasts such as erotic desire and food. In a lone building on a busy road going through an arid desert in Spain, the beautiful Silvia spends her evenings making potato omelettes to sell at the factory where she works sewing men's underwear, her mother Carmen works as a prostitute in a roadside brothel nearby. José Luis, pampered son of the factory owners, has been seeing Silvia on the side and when she tells him she has missed two periods, he picks up a soda can tab from the ground to serve as an engagement ring and promises he will stand by her, he cannot promise marriage until he can convince his wealthy parents that she will be a suitable bride.
Appalled, his mother Conchita refuses his father Manuel refuses to intervene. Conchita decides to get rid of Silvia, who she considers worthless, by having somebody seduce her, she picks Raúl, a swaggering aspiring bullfighter who models part-time, but after being repulsed a few times Raúl becomes genuinely smitten by Silvia and he starts to enjoy her attention. Alarmed at the failure of her ploy, now desiring the virile Raúl for herself, Conchita gives him a motorcycle so that he will be her lover instead. Enraged by all this, José Luis nearly rapes Silvia because he seeks revenge on Raúl, she lets him have his way with her. Desperate to keep Raúl, Conchita has sex with him at the isolated ham warehouse that she supervises when a furious José Luis arrives; the two young men engage in a duel with legs of ham as weapons, at the end of which José Luis is killed and Raúl badly wounded. As Conchita is weeping over her injured lover, her husband Manuel arrives with Silvia and the two comfort each other, he having lost his son and she her fiancé.
Silvia's mother Carmen turns up to embrace the corpse of José Luis, her lost son-in-law and client. In a timeless moment, across the desert a shepherd herds a flock of sheep. Penélope Cruz as Silvia Javier Bardem as Raúl Gonzales Jordi Mollà as José Luis Stefania Sandrelli as Conchita, José Luis' mother Anna Galiena as Carmen, Silvia's mother Juan Diego as Manuel, José Luis' father Tomás Penco as Jose Gabrieles, Raúl's friend The film was shot on the Monegros desert near Zaragoza. In Spanish, jamón means "ham." In one scene José comments. Bigas Luna won the Silver Lion at the 1992 Venice Film Festival. "Házmelo otra vez" Jamón, jamón on IMDb Jamón Jamón at Rotten Tomatoes
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquis of Dalí de Púbol, known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Spain. Dalí was a skilled draftsman, best known for the bizarre images in his surrealist work, his painterly skills are attributed to the influence of Renaissance masters. His best-known work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in August 1931. Dalí's expansive artistic repertoire included film and photography, at times in collaboration with a range of artists in a variety of media. Dalí attributed his "love of everything, gilded and excessive, my passion for luxury and my love of oriental clothes" to an "Arab lineage", claiming that his ancestors were descendants of the Moors. Dalí was imaginative, enjoyed indulging in unusual and grandiose behavior. To the dismay of those who held his work in high regard, to the irritation of his critics, his eccentric manner and attention-grabbing public actions sometimes drew more attention than his artwork.
Salvador Dalí was born on 11 May 1904, at 8:45 am GMT, on the first floor of Carrer Monturiol, 20, in the town of Figueres, in the Empordà region, close to the French border in Catalonia, Spain. Dalí's older brother, named Salvador, had died of gastroenteritis nine months earlier, on 1 August 1903, his father, Salvador Rafael Aniceto Dalí Cusí was a middle-class lawyer and notary, an anti-clerical atheist and Catalan federalist, whose strict disciplinary approach was tempered by his wife, Felipa Domènech Ferrés, who encouraged her son's artistic endeavors. In the summer of 1912, the family moved to the top floor of Carrer Monturiol 24; as a child Dalí was taken to his brother's grave and told by his parents that he was his brother's reincarnation, a concept which he came to believe. Of his brother, Dalí said, " resembled each other like two drops of water, but we had different reflections." He "was a first version of myself but conceived too much in the absolute." Images of his long-dead brother would reappear embedded in his works, including Portrait of My Dead Brother.
Dalí had a sister, Anna Maria, three years younger. In 1949, she published a book about her brother, his childhood friends included Josep Samitier. During holidays at the Catalan resort of Cadaqués, the trio played football together. Dalí attended drawing school. In 1916, he discovered modern painting on a summer vacation trip to Cadaqués with the family of Ramon Pichot, a local artist who made regular trips to Paris; the next year, Dalí's father organized an exhibition of his charcoal drawings in their family home. He had his first public exhibition at the Municipal Theatre in Figueres in 1918, a site he would return to decades later. On 6 February 1921, Dalí's mother died of uterus cancer. Dalí was 16 years old. I worshipped her... I could not resign myself to the loss of a being on whom I counted to make invisible the unavoidable blemishes of my soul." After her death, Dalí's father married his deceased wife's sister. Dalí did not resent this marriage, because he had great respect for his aunt. In 1922, Dalí moved into the Residencia de Estudiantes in Madrid and studied at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando.
A lean 1.72 metres tall, Dalí drew attention as an eccentric and dandy. He had long hair and sideburns, coat and knee-breeches in the style of English aesthetes of the late 19th century. At the Residencia, he became close friends with Pepín Bello, Luis Buñuel, Federico García Lorca; the friendship with Lorca had a strong element of mutual passion, but Dalí rejected the poet's sexual advances. It was his paintings in which he experimented with Cubism, that earned him the most attention from his fellow students. Since there were no Cubist artists in Madrid at the time, his knowledge of Cubist art had come from magazine articles and a catalog given to him by Pichot. Dalí, still unknown to the public, illustrated a book for the first time in 1924, it was a publication of the Catalan poem Les bruixes de Llers by his friend and schoolmate, poet Carles Fages de Climent. Dalí experimented with Dada, which influenced his work throughout his life. Dalí held his first solo exhibition at Galeries Dalmau in Barcelona, from 14 to 27 November 1925.
At the time Dalí was not yet immersed in the Surrealist style for which he would become famous. The exhibition was well received by critics; the following year he exhibited again at Galeries Dalmau, from 31 December 1926 to 14 January 1927, with the support of the art critic Sebastià Gasch. Dalí left the Academy in 1926, shortly before his final exams, his mastery of painting skills at that time was evidenced by his realistic The Basket of Bread, painted in 1926. That same year, he made his first visit to Paris, where he met Pablo Picasso, whom the young Dalí revered. Picasso had heard favorable reports about Dalí from Joan Miró, a fellow Catalan who introduced him to many Surrealist friends; as he developed his own style over the next few years, Dalí made a number of works influenced by Picasso and Miró. Some trends in Dalí's work that would continue throughout his life were evident in the 1920s. Dalí was influenced by many styles of art, ranging from the most academically classic, to the most cutting-edge avant-garde.
His classical influences i