The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy is an award presented annually by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role in a musical or comedy film. There was a single award for "Best Actor in a Motion Picture", but the creation of the category in 1951 allowed for recognition of it and the Best Actor – Drama; the formal title has varied since its inception. In 2006, it was called: "Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy"; as of 2013, the wording is "Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy". Academy Award for Best Actor Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actor Independent Spirit Award for Best Male Lead BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actor in a Comedy Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
Manilal Premchand Chandaria OBE CBS EBS is a Kenyan businessman of Indian descent born in Nairobi on 1 March 1929. Along with being a senior member of the Comcraft Group of Companies, a billion dollar enterprise that has a presence in over 40 countries, he is on the boards of several prominent East African companies, he has won several awards in East Africa and internationally in recognition of his entrepreneurial endeavours and is a noted philanthropist. In 2003, Chandaria was awarded the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II. In December of the same year, he was awarded the Elder of the Burning Spear by former president Mwai Kibaki, one of the highest civilian honours in Kenya, he has been hailed as "one of Kenya's leading industrialists". Chandaria's father, an Indian merchant from Saurashtra, moved to Kenya in 1915 to start a provisions shop along Biashara street in Nairobi. He, grew up in the Ngara area of Nairobi in a house, home to three other families, where he assisted his father in the shop.
Chandaria has conceded that while he, "wasn't born with a silver spoon in my mouth, there were at least spoons in the house" an attestation to his humble beginnings. However, his father, a semi-literate, was determined on giving the young Chandaria the best education available. Chandaria attended various schools in Nairobi and Mombasa in Kenya from where he proceeded to India for his undergraduate studies, he graduated from Jamnagar India University, Bombay in 1949 with a Bachelor of Science from whence he proceeded to Oklahoma in the US. He graduated in 1950 with a bachelor in engineering and continued with his masters, which he obtained in 1951 from the University of Oklahoma, it was from here he returned to Kenya to find a prospering family enterprise and thus a platform where he would apply his swift business acumen to wrest a multinational conglomerate from the provisional shop that had once been. Shortly before Chandaria and his brother's return to Kenya, their family had amassed substantial holdings that made it possible for their entry into the lucrative steel and aluminium industry.
Chandaria's future father-in-law had organised a group of ten individuals to acquire saucepan manufacturer Kenya Aluminium, an enterprise that had folded during the depression, from an Indian merchant in 1929, although this group broke up to pursue different ventures some twenty years later. Such were the earnest beginnings of the future $2.5 billion Comcraft Group. With the onset of the 1950s and 60s came the expansion of Comcraft to other countries such as Ethiopia, Congo, India and elsewhere with Chandaria being charged with business affairs in Uganda, Congo, he is today a senior member of Comcraft Group, Chairman of Bank of India Advisory Committee in Nairobi among others. His personal business interests are extensive and span the vast of the Kenyan economy and as well as 50 other countries. In a recent interview for the Creating Emerging Markets project at the Harvard Business School, he defends the notion that businesses should look at profit as the means, not the end. Chandaria is a committed Jain, in fulfilment of the principles of Jainism his family set up the Chandaria Foundation to further this belief.
As Comcraft operates in more than 11 African countries, the Chandaria family has set up charitable trusts in each country to assist in their philanthropic exploits. As the chairman of the Chandaria Foundation he is at the forefront of the charitable work of the family, he is the benefactor of numerous schools and clinics in Kenya and is or has been with involved with more than 25 organisations. Chandaria cites John D. Rockefeller and Henry Ford as the inspiration for his philanthropic streak due to their establishing the Rockefeller Foundation and Ford Foundation respectively. Chandaria is a member of the Global Leadership Council and the patron and chairman of the Global Peace Foundation in Africa, he has spoken in all Global Peace Festival Conventions since 2010 and played a crucial role in Kenya's hosting of the Global Peace Convention 2010, patronised and opened by the 3rd President of the Republic of Kenya Hon. Mwai Kibaki. In 2013, the Global Peace Foundation in Kenya under his chairmanship was nominated for the UN Person of the Year Award for its role in empowering the youth through entrepreneurship and a culture of service.
On 7 December 2013, Dr. Chandaria addressed the Global Peace Convention 2013 held at the Shangrilla Hotel in Kuala Lumpur alongside Dr. Hyun Jin Moon who blamed religious fanatics for inter-faith conflicts. Chandaria is married to Aruna with whom he has two children: daughter Priti and son Neal, who works in the family business, three grandchildren, he lives in the Muthaiga suburb of Kenya. Indian diaspora in East Africa List of African millionaires List of wealthiest people in Kenya
Yrjö Erik Mikael Saarela was a Finnish wrestler, who won an Olympic gold and a world championship. Saarela began wrestling in 1906, coached by Carl Allén. By 1908 he was a well-established wrestler and was nominated into the Finnish Olympic team without trials, he won silver at the 1908 Olympics, a single-elimination tournament: According to rumours, Weckman bribed Saarela to throw the final. Modern sportswriters Arto Teronen and Jouko Vuolle consider that there is plenty of circumstantial evidence in favour, he won the Finnish national heavyweight championship in 1908 and 1909. He won the over 83 kg class at the 1911 World Wrestling Championships, he won the Olympic gold at the 1912 Games, a double-elimination tournament: The fifth round loss was a favour to Olin, who would've been eliminated otherwise. Saarela withdrew faking a knee injury. Olin returned the favour by letting him win the gold medal match though Saarela was exhausted after a three-hour bout against Jensen, he began a brief professional career after the 1912 games, wrestling in international circuses touring in Finland.
His amateur status was reinstated in 1924. He returned to form at the age of 44, when he won Finnish national heavyweight championship bronze in 1929, he was a regional coaching consultant in the Finnish Wrestling Federation in the 1930s. He received the Cross of Merit, in gold, of the Finnish Sports from the Ministry of Education in 1948, his Olympic medals are in the collection of the Sports Museum of Finland. His parents were Jaakko Sarkkinen and Maria Sunila, he was born Yrjö Sarkkinen, they switched the last name after moving to a farm named Saarela. He inherited two thirds of the farm, he married Ester Elisabeth Markuksela in 1910. They had children: Aino Kyllikki Ahti Johannes Erkko Olavi Marja-Liisa Yrjö Eino Mikael Pentti Johannes Pirkko Kaarina, she married economist Kaarlo Larna. His personal economy suffered when had acted as a surety to loans that defaulted during the Great Depression, his farm bankrupted in 1931. However, thanks to an inheritance, he recovered and returned to farming.
He was paralyzed. After he died, he was buried in his family plot, his name on the gravestone has an engraving of the Olympic rings. Saarela is the only Olympic winner from North Ostrobothnia. Lintala, Esko. Yrjö Saarela — painimattojen aristokraatti. Oulu: Lions Club Oulu-Oulujoki. ISBN 951-99570-3-0