The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film, both American and International, the American television. The annual ceremony at which the awards are presented is held every January, is a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year in the Academy Awards; the eligibility period for the Golden Globes corresponds to the calendar year. The 77th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television in 2019, were held on January 5, 2020; the 1st Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1943 filmmaking, were held in January 1944, at the 20th Century-Fox studios. Subsequent ceremonies were held at various venues throughout the next decade, including the Beverly Hills Hotel and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special honorary award to recognize outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry.
Recognizing its subject as an international figure within the entertainment industry, the first award was presented to director and producer, Cecil B. DeMille; the official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award. Beginning in 1963, the trophies commenced to be handed out by one or more persons referred to as "Miss Golden Globe", a title renamed on January 5, 2018 to "Golden Globe Ambassador"; the holders of the position were, the daughters or sometimes the sons of a celebrity, as a point of pride, these continued to be contested among celebrity parents. In 2009, the Golden Globe statuette was redesigned; the New York firm Society Awards collaborated for a year with the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to produce a statuette that included a unique marble and enhanced the statuette's quality and gold content. It was unveiled at a press conference at the Beverly Hilton prior to the show. Revenues generated from the annual ceremony have enabled the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to donate millions of dollars to entertainment-related charities, as well as funding scholarships and other programs for future film and television professionals.
The most prominent beneficiary is the Young Artist Awards, presented annually by the Young Artist Foundation, established in 1978 by Hollywood Foreign Press member Maureen Dragone, to recognize and award excellence of young Hollywood performers under the age of 21 and to provide scholarships for young artists who may be physically or financially challenged. The qualifying eligibility period for all nominations is the calendar year from January 1 through December 31. Voice-over performances and cameo appearances in which persons play themselves are disqualified from all of the film and TV acting categories. Films must be at least 70 minutes and released for at least a seven-day run in the Greater Los Angeles area, starting prior to midnight on December 31. Films can be released on pay-per-view, or by digital delivery. For the Best Foreign Language Film category, films do not need to be released in the United States. At least 51 percent of the dialogue must be in a language other than English, they must first be released in their country of origin during a 14-month period from November 1 to December 31 prior to the Awards.
However, if a film was not released in its country of origin due to censorship, it can still qualify if it had a one-week release in the United States during the qualifying calendar year. There is no limit to the number of submitted films from a given country. A TV program must air in the United States between the prime time hours of 11:00 p.m.. A show can air on basic or premium cable, or by digital delivery. A TV show must either be made in the United States or be a co-production financially and creatively between an American and a foreign production company. Furthermore and non-scripted shows are disqualified. For a television film, it cannot be entered in both the film and TV categories, instead should be entered based on its original release format. If it was first aired on American television it can be entered into the TV categories. If it was released in theaters or on pay-per-view it should instead be entered into the film categories. A film festival showing does not count towards disqualifying.
Actors in a TV series must appear in at least six episodes during the qualifying calendar year. Actors in a TV film or miniseries must appear in at least five percent of the time in that TV film or miniseries. Active HFPA members need to be invited to an official screening of each eligible film directly by its respective distributor or publicist; the screening must take place in the Greater Los Angeles area, either before the film's release or up to one week afterwards. The screening can be a regular screening in a theater with a press screening; the screening must be cleared with the Motion Picture Association of America so there are not scheduling conflicts with other official screenings. For TV programs, they must be available to be seen by HFPA members in any common format, including the original TV broadcast. Entry forms for films need to be received by the HFPA within ten days of the official screening. TV programs should be submitted "as early as possible" before the deadline; as part of their regular journalistic jobs, active HFPA members will participate in covering the press conferences, interviewing cast mem
USS Picuda, a Balao-class submarine, was named Obispo, making her the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for the obispo, a spotted sting ray. Her keel was laid down by the Portsmouth Navy Yard in Kittery, Maine, on 15 March 1943, she was launched on 12 July 1943 sponsored by Mrs. Robert H. English. On 24 September 1942, SS-382 was renamed, making her the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for the picuda, a great barracuda, up to seven feet long, of the Caribbean Sea and the tropical western Atlantic Ocean, known for its ferocious voracity, she was commissioned on 16 October 1943 with Lieutenant Commander Albert Raborn in command. Picuda remained in the Portsmouth Navy Yard to complete fitting out until 18 November when she commenced underway trials. Torpedo tube trials were completed off Newport, Rhode Island on 14 December through 16 December, she shifted to the submarine base at New London, Connecticut for final training exercises, she put to sea from New London 1 January 1944, reported for duty with the Pacific Fleet at Balboa, Canal Zone on 13 January, arrived at Pearl Harbor on 27 January, joined the Pacific Fleet Submarine Force as a unit of Submarine Division 201, Submarine Squadron 20.
Picuda got underway from Pearl Harbor for her first war patrol on 17 February, setting course for waters off the Caroline Islands, entering her designated patrol area on 29 February. In an area not far from Truk, she sank 2672-ton ex-gunboat Shinyo Maru on 2 March, going deep to evade a string of 15 depth charges dropped by searching corvettes. On 18 March, Picuda changed course to patrol along the Saipan-Palau shipping lanes, she scored hits on a large enemy tanker that afternoon but was held down by two destroyers while the target escaped. She was off Yap Island a few minutes after midnight of 19 March, sent 1504-ton freighter Hoko Maru to the bottom with two torpedo hits. Eleven days she closed two freighters under escort of two destroyers off the western coast of Yap Island and let go five torpedoes at the largest merchantman; the first hit stopped the target dead in the water and a second torpedo tore off the port quarter capsized the 5873-ton cargo ship Atlantic Maru. Two destroyers came down the torpedo tracks to hover over Picuda and she was shaken by 26 exploding depth charges before she escaped.
With only one torpedo worth firing she returned to Midway Island on 5 April. Upon completion of her refit, she took aboard student officers and men for indoctrination training exercises off Midway, from 28 April to 30 April. Three days she formed a wolf-pack with submarines Perch and Peto. Picuda put to sea from Midway with the wolf-pack 4 May to conduct her second war patrol in waters off Formosa. On 22 May, she sent four bow shots streaking to sink 1200-ton river gunboat Hashidate, she severely damaged 3172-ton cargo ship Tsukauba Maru with the same salvo. The latter enemy was polished off by land-based aircraft from the United States Army Air Corps the following day. On 2 June, Picuda closed a convoy of twelve ships hugging the coast of Formosa. After sending her contact report to the other submarines of her wolf-pack, she slipped between two of the three leading escorts and pressed home an attack on a large tanker. Three hits were heard, she skillfully maneuvered clear and sustained no damage from the many depth charges which exploded on all sides and above from eight enemy vessels during the next hour.
She continued to patrol the Formosa coast until 4 June passed off Batan Island and eastward of the Nansei Shoto to a point northward of Chichi Jima by 14 June. Two days she pointed her bow for Midway where she arrived 22 June, she put to sea the next day to arrive at Pearl Harbor 27 June. After the end of the second war patrol, Raborn was replaced as skipper of Picuda by Commander Glynn R. Donaho. Picuda, in wolf-pack with sister ships Spadefish and Redfish, departed Pearl Harbor for her third war patrol 23 July in waters of the Luzon Strait between Formosa and Luzon. On 25 August, Picuda spotted ten ships hugging the coast some 4,000 yards off the beach of Luzon. Slipping past five escorts, with three enemy patrol planes overhead, she sent six torpedoes streaking to sink 1943-ton cargo ship Kotoku Maru skillfully maneuvered for a down-the-throat shot that spelled the doom of 1270 ton pursuing Japanese destroyer Yūnagi. Picuda probed deeper in the interior of Luzon Strait on 16 September, for a bold daylight attack on an eight-ship convoy, guarded by three destroyers and air cover.
She sank 5975-ton cargo ship Tokushima Maru and scored hits for unknown damage to two other freighters. Searching the southern border of her assigned patrol area, Picuda found another convoy hugging the north coast of Luzon on 21 September and sent 1948-ton freighter Awaji Maru to the bottom. Picuda made rendezvous with Barb and Queenfish set course in company with these two submarines to terminate her third war patrol in the lagoon of Majuro Atoll on 3 October. At Majuro, now under the command of Evan T. Shepard, her final wartime skipper, formed a new wolf-pack with Queenfish and Barb, departed 27 October. Topping off with fuel at Saipan, 1 November and 2 November, the wolf pack set course to range over the northern waters of the East China Sea, westward of Kyūshū. Picuda sent 9433-ton passenger-cargo vessel Mayasan Maru to the bottom of the sea 17 November in the area southwest of Nagasaki. On 23 November, closing a convoy off the Korean Archipelago and stealing between two lead escorts, Picuda sank 6933-ton freighter Shuyo Maru and 5296-ton passenger-cargo ship Fukuju Maru.
She departed her patrol area six days and returned from her fourth patrol to moor in Apra Harbor, Guam, on 2 December. On 29 December, Picuda put to sea for her fifth war patrol i
Thomas McInally was a Scottish footballer, who played for Celtic from 1919 to 1922 and 1925–1928. He scored 127 goals, his career was a disappointment because of his inability to accept discipline, yet he was reckoned to have been one of the most gifted players to have worn the green and white of Celtic. He remains popular with the Celtic fans. In recent years a sympathetic biography of Tommy has appeared – "Tommy McInally – Celtic's Bad Bhoy?" by David Potter. After leaving Celtic for the second time, he played in England for a season with Sunderland. McIally played twice for the Scotland national team in 1926, his birth name was Bernard McInally, but his first name had been changed to Thomas by the time of the 1901 census. Tommy McInally at the Scottish Football Association