Golden Hinde (1973)

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Golden Hinde, Londres, Inglaterra, 2014-08-11, DD 107.JPG
Golden Hinde (replica of the Golden Hind) docked in St Mary Overie Dock, London

The Golden Hinde (launched 1973) is a full-size replica of the Golden Hind (launched 1577). She was built by traditional handcraft in Appledore, Torridge.[1] She has travelled more than 140,000 mi (230,000 km), a distance equal to more than five times around the globe. Like the original ship, she has circumnavigated the globe.

Voyages[edit]

She sailed from Plymouth on her maiden voyage in late 1974, arriving on 8 May 1975 [2] in San Francisco, to commemorate Sir Francis Drake's claiming of New Albion,[1] believed to be somewhere in California. Having completed the filming of the TV series Shogun the vessel lay moored in Taura Harbour, Yokohama for over six months. Starting in late 1979 she was sailed back to England[1] via Hong Kong, Singapore, then across the Indian Ocean and through the Red Sea and Mediterranean in time to join the celebrations commemorating the 400th anniversary of Drake's triumphant return to England. Between 1981 and 1984, she was berthed in England and was established as an educational museum, but in 1984–1985 she sailed around the British Isles and then crossed the Atlantic to the Caribbean. In 1986, she passed through the Panama Canal to sail on to British Columbia for the World's Fair in Vancouver. In 1987, she began a tour of the US Pacific coast, visiting ports in the states of Washington, Oregon, and California. In 1988, she passed back through the Panama Canal to visit Texas. In 1989, she visited ports on the Gulf of Mexico. In 1990–1991 she entered a series of seaports on the east coast of the US, in 1992 returning home to tour the British Isles again.

Use in films[edit]

She has been featured in four films: Swashbuckler (1976), Shogun (1979),[1] Drake's Venture (1980) and St Trinian's 2: The Legend of Fritton's Gold (2009).

Use as a museum[edit]

Since 1996 she has been berthed at St Mary Overie Dock on Cathedral Street, in Bankside, Southwark, London, between Southwark Cathedral and Clink Street (51°30′25″N 0°5′25″W / 51.50694°N 0.09028°W / 51.50694; -0.09028). She hosts visits from schools in which children can dress up as Tudor sailors and receive living history lessons about Elizabethan maritime history.

Details of the replica[edit]

Replica's front view, cramped in between tall buildings in a small dock on the River Thames
The figurehead of the replica

Designed by Loring Christian Norgaard and built by J Hinks & Son, the build took two years, and launched in 1973 it has the following specifications:[3][1]

  • Masts: 3
    • Sails 6, 5 square sails and lateen
  • Hull: wooden
  • Hull dimensions:
    • Length:
      • Overall: 121 ft 4 in (37.0 m)
      • Hull: 102 ft (31.1 m)
      • Waterline: 75 ft 1 in (22.89 m)
    • Breadth: 22 ft (6.7 m)
    • Draft (max): 14 ft (4.3 m)
    • Displacement: 290 long tons (290 t)
  • Beam: 22 ft 11 in (6.99 m)
  • Height of mainmast: 92 feet (28 m)
  • Sail area: 4,150 square feet (386 m2)
  • Speed (sail): 8 knots (15 km/h)
  • Steering: Drake used a pole attached to the rudder called a "whipstaff". For safety, a conventional wheel is used in the replica.
  • Capstan: used for hauling up the anchor, located in the armoury and gun deck
  • Crew complement: 80–85
  • Armaments: 22 guns
    • 2 Peteras (small guns) on poop deck
    • 2 Peteras on fore deck
    • 2 Falcons (long range guns using two pound shot) in forecastle
    • 2 Falcons in stern
    • 14 Minions (guns using four pound shot) on gun deck
  • Load: ca. 100–150 tons (100–150 tonnes)
  • Maximum crew complement: 95

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Jenkins, Philippa (4 April 2013). "Replica Golden Hinde Celebrates 40th Anniversary". www.highbeam.com. North Devon Journal. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  2. ^ (AP) (10 May 1975). "S.F. Hails Golden Hinde". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "Golden Hinde II". www.boatinternational.com. Boat International Media. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 

External links[edit]