The Golden Lion is the highest prize given to a film at the Venice Film Festival. The prize was introduced in 1949 by the organizing committee and is now regarded as one of the film industry's most prestigious and distinguished prizes. In 1970, a second Golden Lion was introduced; the prize was introduced in 1949 as the Golden Lion of Saint Mark. The equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia, awarded in 1947 and 1948. Before that, from 1934 until 1942, the highest awards were the Coppa Mussolini for Best Italian Film and Best Foreign Film; the prize was first awarded in 1949. The equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia, awarded in 1947 and 1948. No Golden Lions were awarded between 1969 and 1979. According to the Biennale's official website, this hiatus was a result of the 1968 Lion being awarded to the radically experimental Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos. Sixty-eight produced a dramatic fracture with the past". Fourteen French films have been awarded the Golden Lion, more than that of any other nation.
However, there is considerable geographical diversity in the winners. Six American filmmakers have won the Golden Lion, with awards for John Cassavetes and Robert Altman, as well as Ang Lee, Darren Aronofsky, Sofia Coppola, Todd Phillips. Although prior to 1980, only three of 21 winners were of non-European origin, since the 1980s, the Golden Lion has been presented to a number of Asian filmmakers in comparison to the Cannes Film Festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, which has only been awarded to five Asian filmmakers since 1980; the Golden Lion, by contrast, has been awarded to ten Asians during the same time period, with two of these filmmakers winning it twice. Ang Lee won the Golden Lion twice within three years during the 2000s, once for an American film and once for a Chinese-language film. Zhang Yimou has won twice. Other Asians to win the Golden Lion since 1980 include Jia Zhangke, Hou Hsiao-hsien, Tsai Ming-liang, Trần Anh Hùng, Takeshi Kitano, Kim Ki-duk, Jafar Panahi, Mira Nair, Lav Diaz.
Russian filmmakers have won the Golden Lion several times, including since the end of the USSR. Still, to date 33 of the 54 winners were European men. Since 1949, only four women have won the Golden Lion for directing: Mira Nair, Sofia Coppola, German Margarethe von Trotta and France's Agnès Varda. In 2019, Joker became the first movie based on original comic book characters to win the prize; the following films received the Golden Lions or the major awards of the Venice Film Festival: 1950 & 1960 André Cayatte 1980 & 1987 Louis Malle 1992 & 1999 Zhang Yimou 2005 & 2007 Ang Lee Leone d’Argento Palme d’Or, the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival Golden Bear, the highest prize awarded at the Berlin Film Festival La Biennale di Venezia official website / Cinema history
Ellen Annette McArthur was a British economic historian. Born on 19 June 1862 in Duffield, Derbyshire, McArthur was educated at Girton College, where she became the tutor in history. In 1893 she became the first female lecturer at the University of Cambridge Local Examinations & Lectures Syndicate, she was the first woman to receive the degree of Doctor of Letters from the University of Dublin, under ad eundem arrangements. Among the publications she contributed to were Outlines of English Industrial History, Dictionary of Political Economy, the English Historical Review. McArthur died of illness on 4 September 1927, she never had no children. A monetary endowment created by her will at the University of Cambridge, the Ellen McArthur Fund, has supported lectures, research studentships, other awards relating to economic history. In 2017, she featured in a conference, London's Women Historians, held at the Institute of Historical Research. Annie Abram Steamboat ladies The Ellen McArthur Lectures
Crazy Paradise is a 1962 Danish comedy film directed by Gabriel Axel and starring Dirch Passer. Dirch Passer as Angelus Bukke Ove Sprogøe as Simon Hans W. Petersen as Thor Bukke Ghita Nørby as Edith Ibenholdt Paul Hagen as Vicar Poul Ibenholdt Bodil Steen as Minister Bertha Viginius Karl Stegger as Per Mortensen Kjeld Petersen as Ove Biermann Lily Broberg as Anne-Sofie Lone Hertz as Grete Judy Gringer as Ursula Kai Holm as Prime Minister Staldhybel Jørgen Ryg as Von Adel Axel Strøbye as Hjalmar Gunnar Lemvigh as Trommesen Poul Müller as Thomas Asmussen Valsø Holm as Janus Keld Markuslund as Disk Arthur Jensen as Trefrans Hugo Herrestrup as Frederik Gunnar Strømvad as Laurids Helge Scheuer as Jens Erik Paaske as Børge Lotte Tarp as Karen Elsebeth Larsen as Maren-Balle Henning Moritzen as Narrator / fortælleren Ebbe Villadsen: Danish Erotic Film Classics Crazy Paradise on IMDb Crazy Paradise at the Danish National Filmography