Gombak River

The Gombak River is a river which flows through Selangor and Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. It is a tributary of the Klang River; the point where it meets the Klang River is the origin of Kuala Lumpur's name. Gombak River was used to be called Sungai Lumpur. Kuala Lumpur's name was taken as it was located in Sungai Lumpur's confluence or "Kuala Lumpur". Gombak Setapak Padang Balang Batu Wangsa Maju Sentul Titiwangsa Downtown Kuala Lumpur PWTC Bandaraya Jalan Kuching Jalan TAR Masjid Jamek List of rivers of Malaysia


Arnoglossum is a North American genus of plants in the sunflower family, described as a genus in 1817. Common name Indian plantain despite not being related to the common plantain nor to the cooking plantain Arnoglossum is a member of the tribe Senecioneae, undergoing extensive revisions in recent years. Many of the species now in the genus were classified in other genera such as Cacalia and Senecio; the remaining species are all native to North America. The name Arnoglossum is from the Greek word "arnos" meaning lamb, "glossum" meaning tongue and is the ancient name for some species of Plantago. SpeciesArnoglossum album L. C. Anderson - Florida Arnoglossum atriplicifolium H. Rob. - Pale Indian Plantain - much of eastern + central USA Arnoglossum diversifolium H. Rob. - Variable-leaved Indian Plantain - Georgia, Alabama Arnoglossum floridanum H. Rob. - Florida cacalia - Florida Arnoglossum ovatum H. Rob. - Ovateleaf cacalia - from eastern Texas to North Carolina Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf. - Tuberous Indian-plantain or Groovestem Indian plaintain - from Ontario south as far as Texas and Alabama Arnoglossum reniforme H.

E. Robins. - eastern USA Arnoglossum sulcatum H. Rob - Georgia Indian plaintain - Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi Media related to Arnoglossum at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Arnoglossum at Wikispecies

Indian summer

An Indian summer is a period of unseasonably warm, dry weather that sometimes occurs in autumn in Northern America and other temperate regions of the world during late September to November. In an article on the US National Weather Service's web site, weather historian William R. Deedler writes that Indian Summer can be defined as "any spell of warm, hazy weather that may occur in October or November." It is described as occurring after a killing frost. Late-19th century Boston lexicographer Albert Matthews made an exhaustive search of early American literature in an attempt to discover who coined the expression; the earliest reference he found dated from 1851. He found the phrase in a letter written in England in 1778, but discounted that as a coincidental use of the phrase. Research showed that the earliest known reference to Indian summer in its current sense occurs in an essay written in the United States in the late 1770s by J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur; the letter was first published in French.

The essay remained unavailable in the United States until the 1920s. Although the exact origins of the term are uncertain, it was so-called because it was first noted in regions inhabited by American Indians, or because the Indians first described it to Europeans, or it had been based on the warm and hazy conditions in autumn when American Indians hunted. In addition to such conjectures, a great depth of Native American folklore is attributed to describing this phenomenon. In literature and history, the term is sometimes used metaphorically; the title of Van Wyck Brooks' New England: Indian Summer suggests an era of inconsistency and depleted capabilities, a period of robust strength, only an imitation of an earlier season of actual strength. William Dean Howells' 1886 novel Indian Summer uses the term to mean a time when one may recover some of the happiness of youth; the main character, jilted as a young man, leads a solitary life until he rediscovers romance in early middle age. In British English, the term is used in the same way as in North America.

In the UK, observers knew of the American usage from the mid-19th century onwards, The Indian Summer of a Forsyte is the metaphorical title of the 1918 second volume of The Forsyte Saga by John Galsworthy. However, early 20th-century climatologists Gordon Manley and Hubert Lamb used it only when referring to the American phenomenon, the expression did not gain wide currency in Great Britain until the 1950s. In former times such a period was associated with the autumn feast days of St. Martin and Saint Luke. In the English translation of Boris Pasternak's Doctor Zhivago, the term is used to describe the unseasonably warm weather leading up to the Great October Socialist Revolution. Similar weather conditions, with local variations exist. A warm period in autumn is called "Altweibersommer" in Germany, Switzerland, Hungary, Finland, in a number of Slavic-language countries—for example, in Czech republic, Poland, Russia and Croatia—it is known as "old woman's summer". In Bulgaria, it is known as "gypsy summer" or "poor man's summer".

In Sweden, there's "Brittsommar". In Gaelic Ireland, the phenomenon is called "fómhar beag na ngéanna". In temperate parts of South America—such as southernmost Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay—the phenomenon is known as "Veranico", "Veranito" or "Veranillo", occurs in early autumn between late April and mid-May, when it is known as "Veranico de Maio" or as "Veranito de San Juan", its onset and duration are directly associated with the occurrence of El Niño. In other countries it is associated with autumnal name days or saint days such as Teresa of Ávila, St. Martin's Summer, St. Michael's summer, St. Martin's Day, St. Demetrius, Bridget of Sweden in Sweden, Saint Michael the Archangel in Wales. In Turkey it is called pastirma yazı, meaning pastrami summer, since the month of November was considered to be the best time to make pastrami. Indian Summer, designed by Uwe Rosenberg, is named and themed after the event, involves players placing leaf-filled tiles on the forest floor. Indian Summer was written by Adalbert Stifter in 1857.

Indian Summer was written by William Dean Howells in 1886. The Indian Summer Of English Chivalry written by Arthur Ferguson in 1960. Indian Summer by John Knowles, published in 1966. An Indian Summer: A Personal Experience of India was written by James Cameron in 1974. Engine Summer written by John Crowley in 1979, is named after and refers to the event, with the spelling changed to reflect the post-apocalyptic setting of the book; the graphic novel Indian Summer was written by Hugo Pratt and illustrated by Milo Manara in 1983. Indian Summer: The Secret History of the End of an Empire was written by Alex von Tunzelmann in 2007. Indian Summer: The Tragic Story of Louis Francis Sockalexis, the First Native American in Major League Baseball was written by Brian McDonald in 2003. Injun Summer, John T. McCutcheon, Chicago Tribune, September 30, 1907. Indian Summer, Hugo Pratt, Nantier Beall Minoustchine, October 1, 1993. Victor Herbert composed the song "Indian Summer" in 1919 for classical orchestra and Al Dubin wr