Gone with the Wind is a 1939 American epic historical romance film adapted from the 1936 novel by Margaret Mitchell. The film was produced by David O. Selznick of Selznick International Pictures and directed by Victor Fleming. Set in the American South against the backdrop of the American Civil War and the Reconstruction era, the film tells the story of Scarlett O'Hara, the strong-willed daughter of a Georgia plantation owner, it follows her romantic pursuit of Ashley Wilkes, married to his cousin, Melanie Hamilton, her subsequent marriage to Rhett Butler. The leading roles are played by Vivien Leigh, Clark Gable, Leslie Howard, Olivia de Havilland. Production was difficult from the start. Filming was delayed for two years because of Selznick's determination to secure Gable for the role of Rhett Butler, the "search for Scarlett" led to 1,400 women being interviewed for the part; the original screenplay was written by Sidney Howard and underwent many revisions by several writers in an attempt to get it down to a suitable length.
The original director, George Cukor, was fired shortly after filming began and was replaced by Fleming, who in turn was replaced by Sam Wood while Fleming took some time off due to exhaustion. The film received positive reviews upon its release in December 1939, although some reviewers found it overlong; the casting was praised, many reviewers found Leigh suited to her role as Scarlett. At the 12th Academy Awards, it received ten Academy Awards from thirteen nominations, including wins for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actress, it set records for the total number of nominations at the time. Gone with the Wind was immensely popular when first released, it became the highest-earning film made up to that point, held the record for over a quarter of a century. When adjusted for monetary inflation, it is still the highest-grossing film in history, it became ingrained in popular culture. The film is regarded as one of the greatest films of all time.
In 1989, the United States Library of Congress selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry. In 1861, on the eve of the American Civil War, Scarlett O'Hara lives at Tara, her family's cotton plantation in Georgia, with her parents and two sisters and their many slaves. Scarlett learns that Ashley Wilkes, whom she secretly loves, is to be married to his cousin, Melanie Hamilton, the engagement is to be announced the next day at a barbecue at Ashley's home, the nearby plantation Twelve Oaks. At the Twelve Oaks party, Scarlett makes an advance on Ashley, but instead catches the attention of another guest, Rhett Butler; the barbecue is disrupted by news of the declaration of war, the men rush to enlist. In a bid to arouse jealousy in Ashley, Scarlett marries Melanie's younger brother Charles before he leaves to fight. Following Charles's death while serving in the Confederate Army, Scarlett's mother sends her to the Hamilton home in Atlanta, where she creates a scene by attending a charity bazaar in her mourning attire and waltzing with Rhett, now a blockade runner for the Confederacy.
The tide of war turns against the Confederacy after the Battle of Gettysburg, in which many of the men of Scarlett's town are killed. Eight months as the city is besieged by the Union Army in the Atlanta Campaign, Melanie gives birth with Scarlett's aid, Rhett helps them flee the city. Once out of the city, Rhett chooses to go off to fight, leaving Scarlett to make her own way back to Tara. Upon her return home, Scarlett finds Tara deserted, except for her father, her sisters, two former slaves: Mammy and Pork. Scarlett learns that her mother has just died of typhoid fever and her father has become senile. With Tara pillaged by Union troops and the fields untended, Scarlett vows she will do anything for the survival of her family and herself; as the O'Haras work in the cotton fields, Scarlett's father attempts to chase away a scalawag from his land, but is thrown from his horse and killed. With the defeat of the Confederacy, Ashley returns, but finds he is of little help at Tara; when Scarlett begs him to run away with her, he confesses his desire for her and kisses her passionately, but says he cannot leave Melanie.
Unable to pay the Reconstructionists' taxes imposed on Tara, Scarlett dupes her younger sister Suellen's fiancé, the middle-aged and wealthy general store owner Frank Kennedy, into marrying her, by saying Suellen got tired of waiting and married another suitor. Frank, Ashley and several other accomplices make a night raid on a shanty town after Scarlett is attacked while driving through it alone, resulting in Frank's death. With Frank's funeral over, Rhett proposes to Scarlett and she accepts. Rhett and Scarlett have a daughter whom Rhett names Bonnie Blue, but Scarlett, still pining for Ashley and chagrined at the perceived ruin of her figure, lets Rhett know that she wants no more children and that they will no longer share a bed. One day at Frank's mill and Ashley are seen embracing by Ashley's sister and harboring an intense dislike of Scarlett she eagerly spreads rumors; that evening, having heard the rumors, forces Scarlett to attend a birthday party for Ashley. Incapable of believing anything bad of her, Melanie stands by Scarlett's side so that all know that she believes the gossip to be false.
After returning home from the part
Douglas "Doug" Griffiths is the president and chief executive officer of 13 Ways, Inc. a company he founded to provide consultation to struggling North American communities. He is a public speaker and co-author of the book 13 Ways to Kill Your Community, now in its second edition, is an instructor with the Executive Education program at the University of Alberta School of Business. Griffiths is a former Canadian politician and Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta representing the constituency of Battle River-Wainwright as a Progressive Conservative, he was a candidate for the leadership of the PC Party in the 2011 leadership election. He has since taken a step back from provincial politics, in favour of his role with 13 Ways and his teaching duties. 13 Ways began as a book, has since developed into a consulting company and a speaking tour series delivered across North America. The book is written in a satirical style, with a "straight-shooting, no-punches-pulled approach" detailing the various ways in which one might kill a community.
The concept has since branched out and now incorporates a speaking series, syndicated columns and newsletter, in addition to offering consultation to struggling communities. Griffiths attended the University of Alberta, where he earned an honours degree in philosophy and an education degree. After university, he taught for three years at Byemoor School], in the County of Stettler No. 6. He was nominated for a teaching award each year, including two nominations for the PanCanadian Students' Choice Award. Griffiths received 79 per cent of the vote in Battle River-Wainwright during the 2008 provincial election, sending him to the Legislature for his third term. In addition to his duties as an MLA, he has served as Parliamentary Assistant for the Department of Finance and Enterprise and is a member of the Public Accounts Committee and Health Committee. Griffiths was first elected in a by-election for the Wainwright constituency on April 8, 2002, after former incumbent Robert Fischer resigned amidst a conflict-of-interest investigation by the Ethics Commissioner.
29, Griffiths was the youngest MLA in office at the time. The Wainwright boundaries changed for the 2004 provincial election, creating the current Battle River-Wainwright constituency, which Griffiths won with support from 65 per cent of the voters. During his tenure as MLA, Griffiths was the parliamentary assistant to the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, has been involved in numerous committees and has chaired the Standing Committee on Energy and Sustainable Development, Rural Development Strategies Task Force, MLA Steering Committee for Rural Development, was vice-chair of the Standing Committee on Public Accounts. On October 12, 2011 Griffiths was appointed Minister of Alberta Municipal Affairs by Premier Alison Redford. Griffiths was reelected in the April 2012 provincial election as an incumbent PC candidate. On December 13, 2013, Griffiths was sworn in as Minister of Service Alberta. On January 26, 2015, he resigned from his position as a MLA
The 25th Division the Grand Ducal Hessian Division, was a unit of the Prussian/German Army. It was headquartered in the capital of the Grand Duchy of Hesse; the division was subordinated in peacetime to XVIII Army Corps when that corps was formed in 1899. The division was disbanded in 1919, during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I; as the formal name indicates, the division was recruited in the Grand Duchy of Hesse. The Grand Ducal Hessian Division was formed on December 20, 1842, as the Infantry Division Command, but the division-strength Hessian Army had been around before that date. During the Napoleonic Wars, Hesse fielded a division-strength troop corps. In 1820, as part of the Hessian troop contribution to the German Confederation's Federal Army, Hesse reorganized its army into two brigades of infantry, 1/2 company of horse artillery, two companies of foot artillery, one light horse regiment, one trains company and one sapper company; this force was placed under the Infantry Division Command in 1842.
On February 5, 1849, this force was redesignated the Grand Ducal Army Division. The organization of the Grand Ducal Army Division in 1858 was as follows: Army Division Staff Guard NCO Company General Quartermaster Staff with Pioneer Company Guard Light Horse Regiment Grand Ducal Artillery Corps Two infantry brigades of two regiments of two battalions each. In 1860, the cavalry was expanded to brigade strength. In 1867, Hesse, on the losing side of the Austro-Prussian War, entered into a convention with Prussia on military matters and reorganized its division along Prussian lines; the division was redesignated the Grand Ducal Hessian Division. It formally became a part of the Prussian Army in 1872, in accordance with the military convention of June 13, 1871; the organization of the division at the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 was as follows: 49. Infanterie-Brigade Hessisches Leib-Garde-Regiment Nr. 1 Hessisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 2 Hessisches Gardejäger-Bataillon Nr. 1 50.
Infanterie-Brigade Hessisches Leib-Regiment Nr. 3 Hessisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 4 Hessisches Leibjäger-Bataillon Nr. 2 Hessische 25. Kavallerie-Brigade Hessisches 1. Reiter-Regiment Hessisches 2. Reiter-Regiment During the Franco-Prussian War, the Grand Ducal Hesse Division was subordinated to the Prussian IX Army Corps, along with the 18th Infantry Division; the Hessians fought in the battles of Mars-la-Tour and Gravelotte, participated in the Metz. It fought in the Noiseville and the Second Battle of Orléans. During World War I, the Grand Ducal Hesse Infantry Division served on the Western Front, it fought in the opening campaigns, including the Allied Great Retreat that culminated in the First Battle of the Marne, the subsequent Race to the Sea. After a period in the trenches, the division was engaged in 1916 in the Battle of Verdun and the Battle of the Somme. In 1917, it fought in the battle of Passchendaele known as the Third Battle of Ypres. In 1918 it participated in the German Spring Offensive and ended the war resisting the subsequent Allied counteroffensives.
Allied intelligence rated the division as first class. German divisions underwent various organizational changes after the Franco-Prussian War; the division was subordinated to the newly created XVIII Army Corps in 1899 and in the same year the division's 25th Field Artillery Brigade was created. The organization of the 25th Division in 1914, shortly before the outbreak of World War I, was as follows: 49. Infanterie-Brigade Leibgarde-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 115 Infanterie-Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm Nr. 116 Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 168 50. Infanterie-Brigade Infanterie-Leibregiment Großherzogin Nr. 117 Infanterie-Regiment Prinz Carl Nr. 118 25. Kavallerie-Brigade Garde-Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 23 Leib-Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 24 25. Feldartillerie-Brigade Großherzogliches Artilleriekorps, 1. Großherzoglich Hessisches Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 25 2. Großherzoglich Hessisches Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 61 Großherzoglich Hessische Train-Abteilung Nr. 18 Großherzoglich Hessische Garde-Unteroffizier Kompanie On mobilization in August 1914, at the beginning of World War I, most divisional cavalry, including brigade headquarters, was withdrawn to form cavalry divisions or split up among divisions as reconnaissance units.
Divisions received engineer companies and other support units from their higher headquarters. The 25th Cavalry Brigade was sent to help form the 3rd Cavalry Division and the 25th Division received cavalry support from the cavalry brigade of the 21st Division, its sister division in the XVIII Army Corps; the 25th Division was renamed the 25th Infantry Division and its initial wartime organization was as follows: 49. Infanterie-Brigade Leibgarde-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 115 Infanterie-Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm Nr. 116 50. Infanterie-Brigade Infanterie-Leibregiment Großherzogin Nr. 117 Infanterie-Regiment Prinz Carl Nr. 118 Magdeburgisches Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 6 25. Feldartillerie-Brigade Großherzogliches Artilleriekorps, 1. Großherzoglich Hess