Gonzo journalism is a style of journalism, written without claims of objectivity including the reporter as part of the story via a first-person narrative. The word "gonzo" is believed to have been first used in 1970 to describe an article by Hunter S. Thompson, who popularized the style, it is an energetic first-person participatory writing style in which the author is a protagonist, it draws its power from a combination of social critique and self-satire. It has since been applied to other subjective artistic endeavors. Gonzo journalism involves an approach to accuracy that concerns the reporting of personal experiences and emotions, in contrast to traditional journalism, which favors a detached style and relies on facts or quotations that can be verified by third parties. Gonzo journalism disregards the strictly-edited product favored by newspaper media and strives for a more personal approach. Use of sarcasm, humor and profanity is common. Thompson, among the forefathers of the new journalism movement, said in the February 15, 1973, issue of Rolling Stone, "If I'd written the truth I knew for the past ten years, about 600 people—including me—would be rotting in prison cells from Rio to Seattle today.
Absolute truth is a rare and dangerous commodity in the context of professional journalism." The term "gonzo" was first used in connection with Hunter S. Thompson by The Boston Globe magazine editor Bill Cardoso in 1970, he described Thompson's article "The Kentucky Derby Is Decadent and Depraved", written for the June 1970 edition of Scanlan's Monthly, as "pure Gonzo journalism". Cardoso claimed that "gonzo" was South Boston Irish slang describing the last man standing after an all-night drinking marathon, he claimed that it was a corruption of the French Canadian word "gonzeaux", which means "shining path", although this is disputed. Another speculation is that the word may have been inspired by the 1960 hit song "Gonzo" by New Orleans rhythm and blues pianist James Booker; this possibility is supported by a 2007 oral biography of Thompson, which states that the term is taken from a song by Booker but does not explain why Thompson or Cardoso would have chosen the term to describe Thompson's journalism.
The 2013 documentary Bayou Maharaja: The Tragic Genius of James Booker quotes Thompson's literary executor as saying that the song was the origin of the term. According to a Greg Johnson biographical note on Booker, the song title "Gonzo" comes from a character in a movie called The Pusher, which in turn may have been inspired by a 1956 Evan Hunter novel of the same title. Thompson himself first used the term referring to his own work on page 12 of the counterculture classic Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, he wrote, "But what was the story? Nobody had bothered to say. So we would have to drum it up on our own. Free Enterprise; the American Dream. Horatio Alger gone mad on drugs in Las Vegas. Do it now: pure Gonzo journalism." Thompson based his style on William Faulkner's notion that "fiction is the best fact". While the things that Thompson wrote about are true, he used satirical devices to drive his points home, he wrote about recreational drugs and alcohol use, which added subjective flair to his reporting.
The term "gonzo" has come into use to describe journalism in Thompson's style, characterized by a drug-fueled stream of consciousness writing technique. Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas followed the Mint 400 piece in 1971 and included a main character by the name of Raoul Duke, accompanied by his attorney, Dr. Gonzo, with defining art by Ralph Steadman. Although this book is considered a prime example of gonzo journalism, Thompson regarded it as a failed experiment, he had intended it to be an unedited record of everything he did as it happened, but he edited the book five times before publication. Thompson would instigate events himself in a prankish or belligerent manner, document both his actions and those of others. Notoriously neglectful of deadlines, Thompson annoyed his editors because he submitted articles late, "too late to be edited, yet still in time for the printer". Thompson wanted his work to be read. Historian Douglas Brinkley said gonzo journalism requires no rewriting and uses transcribed interviews and verbatim telephone conversations."I don't get any satisfaction out of the old traditional journalist's view:'I just covered the story.
I just gave it a balanced view,'" Thompson said in an interview for the online edition of The Atlantic. "Objective journalism is one of the main reasons American politics has been allowed to be so corrupt for so long. You can't be objective about Nixon." Thompson felt. Gonzo journalism has now become a bona fide style of writing that concerns itself with "telling it like it is", similar to the New Journalism of the 1960s, led by Tom Wolfe and championed by Lester Bangs, George Plimpton, Terry Southern, John Birmingham, is considered a subgenre of New Journalism; when asked whether there was a difference between the two, Thompson answered, "Yeah, I think so. Unlike Tom Wolfe or Gay Talese, for instance, I never try to reconstruct a story. They're both much better reporters than I am, but I don't think of myself as a reporter."In 1998, Christopher Locke asserted that the webzine genre is descended from gonzo journalism, a claim that has since been extended to social media. Creative nonfiction Embedded journalism Gonzo pornography Immersion journalism New Games Journalism New Journalism Nonfiction novel Reportage Transmetropolitan totallygonzo.org Totally Gonzo – The Hunter
Clinton is a village in Rock County in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 2,154 at the 2010 census; the village is located within the town of Clinton. The Norwegian-American Jefferson Prairie Settlement was located near the village. Clinton is located at 42°33′23″N 88°51′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.40 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 2,154 people, 801 households, 546 families living in the village; the population density was 1,538.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 872 housing units at an average density of 622.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 92.9% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 4.3% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.0% of the population. There were 801 households of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 31.8% were non-families.
27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age in the village was 36.6 years. 27.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 51.5 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,162 people, 771 households, 541 families living in the village; the population density was 1,652.0 people per square mile. There were 815 housing units at an average density of 622.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the village was 96.48% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 1.85% from other races, 0.83% from two or more races. 3.19 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 771 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.8% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.27. In the village, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males. The median income for a household in the village was $45,987, the median income for a family was $54,514. Males had a median income of $38,167 versus $25,189 for females; the per capita income for the village was $18,015. About 4.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 13.7% of those aged 65 or over. Clinton was served by the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, better known as the Milwaukee Road, the Chicago and North Western Railroad, it was on the Racine & Southwestern branch line of the Milwaukee Road and on the C&NW line between Harvard and Janesville, Wisconsin.
In its 1980 bankruptcy, the Milwaukee Road disposed of the Southwestern Line. The Union Pacific Railroad, which took over the C&NW, operates today in Clinton on former C&NW tracks and on a remnant of the former Milwaukee Road west to Beloit, where it provides a rail connection to Fairbanks-Morse; the Clinton Community School District provides K-12 public education. Clinton is the home of the annual Stoopball League of America championship in July. "Taste of Clinton" held each year Father's Day weekend. Realf Ottesen Brandt, Lutheran minister William H. Hurlbut, Wisconsin State Representative Joe Shear, stock car racer Peter Shorts, former NFL player Village of Clinton website Clinton Community Historical Society website Sanborn fire insurance maps: 1894 1899 1914
This article lists home video releases of the original My Little Pony “Generation One” cartoons produced by Sunbow Entertainment. These include the 1984 special My Little Pony released as Rescue from Midnight Castle. All episodes of My Little Pony were released by Kid Rhino Entertainment in North America between 2004-2006; these DVDs are encoded for Region 1 in NTSC format. As of 2012, My Little Pony: The Movie is available on North American DVD; these releases are now out of print. The first series and the two previous specials are available in My Little Pony: The Complete First Season, a four-disc box set; these episodes were supposed to be uncut, but however, these are the versions repeated on The Disney Channel’s unnamed pre-Playhouse Disney-era pre-school programming block, with several differences from the original transmission: All cliffhangers have been edited and narrated recaps removed Rescue from Midnight Castle and Escape from Catrina are the two-part versions, with songs removed and other changes.
The Glass Princess Part 4 has its song removed, has been noticeably slowed down. Credits vary between those used on those used for VHS releases; the second series is available in two volumes, are sourced from the Disney Channel repeats. The End of Flutter Valley is available on a separate DVD; the Glass Princess and The Magic Coins are available on a DVD called Two Great Pony Tales. Pony Puppy, Bright Lights, Sweet Stuff and the Treasure Hunt, Baby, It's Cold Outside are available on Pony Puppy and Other Stories. On June 9, 2014, it was announced that Shout! Factory had acquired the rights to the series and released My Little Pony – The Complete Series on DVD on September 30, 2014; the four-disc set contains all 65 episodes of the series spanning from the first to the third seasons. As with the Rhino releases however, the episodes are once again based on the Disney Channel repeats, with the two specials again being the two-part episode versions. 12 My Little Pony DVDs have released in Australia by MRA Entertainment, including all episodes and the movie.
They have no region encoding, are presented in PAL format. My Little Pony: The Movie The End Of Flutter Valley The Ghost of Paradise Estate & Fugitive Flowers Bright Lights & Crunch the Rockdog The Magic Coins and The Revolt of Paradise Estate Woe Is Me & Little Piece of Magic & Flight to Cloud Castle Through the Door & Sweet Stuff and the Treasure Hunt & Pony Puppy & Would Be Dragonslayer The Quest of the Princess Ponies & Baby, It's Cold Outside Spike's Search & Somnambula & The Golden Horseshoes The Ice Cream Wars & Mish Mash Melee & The Return of Tambelon The Prince and the Ponies & Rescue from Midnight Castle & Escape from Catrina; the Glass Princess & The Great Rainbow CaperThese episodes are sourced from the 1980s Australian transmissions. All cliffhangers and narrated recaps are intact. Rescue from Midnight Castle and Escape from Catrina are the two-part versions, with songs removed and other changes; the Glass Princess 4 is edited, with its song removed. Selecting an individual episode of Somnambula or The Golden Horseshoes from the menu gives an easter egg featuring Baby Ribbon.
Two box sets have been released. Each collecting three of the DVDs Three My Little Pony titles have been released on MiniDVD in Australia; the Ghost of Paradise Estate Bright Lights The Magic Coins A few volumes have been released in the UK by Metrodome Distribution Limited. They are encoded for Region 2 in PAL format. My Little Pony: The Movie The End of Flutter Valley The Magic Coins & Bright Lights The Glass Princess & The Quest of the Princess Ponies The Quest for the golden horseshoes & seven other stories Pony Puppy and three other storiesSome My Little Pony episodes are available on the'Girl's World' compilation DVDs released by Metrodome Distribution Limited. Girl's World contains episodes of My Little Pony Tales, Little Ghosts, Moon Dreamers and Pongwiffy. Girl's World 2 includes Fugitive Flowers, with episodes of My Little Pony Tales, The Charmkins and Moon Dreamers. My Little Pony: De Speelfilm has been released by both The Sales Company and Video/Film Express. A series of DVDs is available in Belgium and the Netherlands, including all episodes in the Dutch language, excluding De Terugkeer van Tambelon and, never translated into Dutch, The Ice Cream Wars.
Four volumes were released by Bridge Entertainment Group with covers featuring the 2003 Ponies. My Little Pony Deel 3 - De Geest van het Landgoedparadijs/De Gevluchte Bloemen Deel 1 My Little Pony Deel 3 - De Gevluchte Bloemen Deel 2/De Magische Munten My Little Pony Deel 3 - Crunch de Rotshond/Het Felle Licht My Little Pony Deel 4 - De Glazen Prinses/De Jacht naar de Schat/Spike's Zoektocht Bridge Entertainment released the remaining episodes in two'Mega Kids DVD' volumes. 10 volumes of the French translation'Mon Petit Poney' are available. 1. Mon Petit Poney: Le film 2. Le carnaval au Pays merveilleux. 3. Gourmande et la chasse au trésor. Includes: Quelque chose