Good Morning (Kanye West song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Good Morning"
Song by Kanye West
from the album Graduation
Released September 11, 2007
Recorded 2006–2007
Sony Music Studios
(New York, New York)
The Record Plant
(Hollywood, California)
Genre Hip-hop
Length 3:15
Label Roc-A-Fella, Def Jam
Songwriter(s) Kanye West, Elton John, Bernie Taupin
Producer(s) Kanye West
Graduation track listing
"Good Morning"
Music video
"Good Morning" on YouTube

"Good Morning" is a song by American hip-hop recording artist and record producer Kanye West. It was released as the first song on the track-listing of his third studio album Graduation (2007), the song was produced by West and contains samples from the recording "Someone Saved My Life Tonight" by English singer and pianist Elton John. As the album-opener, "Good Morning" serves as an introduction to the musical and lyrical themes of Graduation, the composition is both light and dark in tone and retains a keyboard-laden, electronic instrumentation in addition to being imbued with poignant, introspective discussion. The track's atmospheric hip hop production harbors a subdued measure of progressiveness as West allows New-Age and ambient elements into the mix. His pensive lyrics express motivational declarations of triumph and contain numerous pop-culture references, the song's verses are built on self-aggrandizing laced with self-criticism and explores lyrical concerns pertaining to anti-establishment. "Good Morning" received generally favorable reviews from contemporary music critics, who praised the production as well as West's wordplay.

Though not released as a single, an animated music video was produced for "Good Morning." The video was directed by Japanese contemporary artist Takashi Murakami—who had designed the album artwork of Graduation and the cover art for its singles—and features the use of cel-shaded animation. The short animated feature was met with widespread acclaim and is often cited as one of West's most artistic music videos, it was included in the 'best-of' lists of publications such as Billboard and Complex and has been showcased in multiple art museums. In addition to the music video, a special video clip was also made for "Good Morning." It features a montage of scenes taken from the 1968 science-fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey. West performed "Good Morning" as the opener of the setlist on his world wide Glow in the Dark Tour (2008).


"Good Morning" was written and produced by American hip hop recording artist and record producer Kanye West.[1] The composition serves as the opening track for West's third studio album, Graduation (2007). Due to being the album's introductory track, the song's original title was "Good Morning (Intro)," but subsequently was changed.[2][3] Unlike its predecessors, rather than a fake Bernie Mac intro or a Broke-Phi-Broke skit, the album opener instead begins Graduation with vocals from Kanye West.[2][3] On "Good Morning," West himself establishes the academic theme of the third album,[4] his pensive rap verses demonstrate the introspective lyricism, witty metaphors, and aspirational declarations of triumph that anchor Graduation.[5][6][7][8] The musical composition starts the album on a sparse, downbeat note,[5] it is adorned with subtle instrumental nuances and wordless vocables.[9] Moreover, the opening track signals Kanye West's progression towards a more much electronic soundscape.[10]

Along with the significant emphasis on electronic music, one of the most distinctive aspects of the production for "Good Morning" is West's use of vocal samples from the song "Someone Saved My Life Tonight" by English singer and pianist Elton John.[11][12][13] Incidentally, Elton John had professed a desire to work with Kanye West during an interview with Rolling Stone on August 25, 2006.[14] Elton John imparted that he wanted to bring his songs and melodies to hip-hop beats,[14] it was while he was discussing his forthcoming autobiographical studio album The Captain & the Kid.[14] As a concept album, it acts as the sequel to his ninth studio album Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy, which just so happens to contain the very song that West samples.[1] Years later, the two artists did in fact collaborate with one another on Kanye West's fifth studio album My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (2010), which Elton John described as "genius."[13] Elton John played the piano and was one of many in a long roster of recording artists who provided background vocals for the fifth track "All of the Lights," which was subsequently released as the album's fourth single.[15]

The song was first heard by music listeners when the digital radio station BBC Radio 1Xtra hosted an exclusive "Audience With Kanye West" venue at the BBC Radio Music Theatre in London on August 13, 2007.[7] West guided a specially selected audience through Graduation, playing the album in its entirety directly from his MacBook Air laptop via a speaker system,[7] the premiere was part of an extensive promotional campaign that West embarked on for his third album during a trip to the United Kingdom.[16] Two weeks later, "Good Morning" was played as an opener when West hosted an album listening session for Graduation in New York City,[17] the late-night album listening session was held at the New World Stages on August 28, 2007.[17] Inside an auditorium, West explained the influences and aspirations that went into the making of his third album.[17] Throughout the night, he played previews of its songs from start-to-finish without interruption, some with video accompaniment to match.[18][19] When West played "Good Morning," scenes from the film 2001: A Space Odyssey were broadcast on a screen while lights flashed in sequence with the thumping beat of the track.[17]


"Good Morning" concludes with additional vocals that are provided by American rapper Jay-Z.

"Good Morning" was the very first song that Kanye West started working on for his third studio album, Graduation (2007).[20] Recording sessions took place at Sony Music Studios in New York City and at The Record Plant in Hollywood, California.[1] The track was then mixed at the Chalice Recording Studios in Hollywood, California,[1] with its minimalist arrangement, sweeping melodies, and old school-inspired boom-bap drums, "Good Morning"  is an atmospheric track that continues the quietly complex approach to hip-hop production that West began on Finding Forever (2007).[21][22][23] It was the seventh studio album of West's close friend, fellow Chicago hip-hop artist and label affiliate Common.[21] Finding Forever was Common's second release on West's GOOD Music imprint and came out just a few weeks before Graduation.[24] Beginning in early 2006, West had overseen the recording and production of Finding Forever simultaneously with his own Graduation,[25][26] as a result, there was significant overlap in the studio sessions for the two records.[24] Common was helpful in facilitating the composing process, as West producing songs for his album would sometimes either lead to the making of hip-hop beats or inspire creative ideas which were applied towards his own project.[27] "Good Morning" was a case of the latter in regards to the track's muted drum-machine pattern.[28] The murky, slightly off-kilter drum beat West crafted for the composition coincides with the J Dilla methodology that he channeled and maintained throughout Finding Forever in tribute to the late underground hip-hop producer.[11][29]

For the production of "Good Morning," West integrates samples of vocals in the falsetto register into the chorus section.[23][13] The song's dreamy, chant-like coos are from the 1975 recording "Someone Saved My Life Tonight" by the English pianist, singer-songwriter and composer Elton John.[12][30][1] The track also contains additional vocals provided by Australian singer Connie Mitchell of the dance music group Sneaky Sound System as well as soul singer and former GOOD Music recording artist Tony Williams.[1] According to Tony Williams, they booked a recording studio in Detroit, Michigan to begin working on the song in February 2006,[20] they were in Detroit doing a show for the festivities for Super Bowl XL, when the Seattle Seahawks played against the Pittsburgh Steelers.[20] West had Connie Mitchell and Tony Williams sing a descending vocal line in harmony together over the sample.[20] The celestial oohing vocals function as a floating hook that serves to further engender the song's moody atmosphere.[4][28][31]

Additionally, "Good Morning" includes an interpolation of vocals that were provided by rapper Jay-Z which are spliced into the song's outro,[12][31] during the closing refrain, Jay-Z briefly recites lyrics from "The Ruler’s Back," the rapper's own opening track for his sixth studio album, The Blueprint (2001).[31][32] Similar to Finding Forever, the album's record production had been largely handled by Kanye West;[33] in an interview with Entertainment Weekly, Jay-Z detailed some backstory in regards to his small contribution.[32] From a creative stance, West was apparently quite enthusiastic about the incorporation of his a capella into the track. Jay-Z explained, "You have to really care about the music ... [Kanye] was bragging about having the a capella. He's like,  'Yo, that’s how I spun it, 'cause I had the a capella.' I'm like, wow! The things he cares about! That’s not a big thing, but in his mind, 'I had the a capella, so I was able to put that in there without any drums.'"[32] Although he does provide the additional vocals, Graduation marks the very first studio album released by West not to feature a full-length guest rap verse from Jay-Z.[1][28]


"Good Morning" is a midtempo hip hop track that lasts for a duration of three minutes and fifteen seconds.[1] The song's musical and lyrical content is both light and dark in tone,[30] it harbors an atmosphere that is sunny and largely optimistic, but also wary and sentimental.[34][3] Musically, the progressive hip-hop song contains elements of electronic and ambient music as well as New-Age keyboards.[10][35] It has a minimal and downbeat electronic instrumentation which mainly consists of keyboards, drums, and background vocals.[5][9][1] "Good Morning" begins at a medium tempo when Kanye West utters a controlled "uh" before he unleashes the subversive, trembling bass drum.[2][28] The opening section then initiates a steady beat derived from echoed-out, metronomic cowbell strikes to punctuate its muted thumping boom bap drums while the accompaniment comes in the form of electric piano keys layered with droning synthesizer.[5][23][28][10] The song's sparse arrangement becomes awash in more layers of music at the arrival of the atmospheric refrain,[5][23] its refrain contains ambient orchestration which involves a merging of its thumping bass drum, metronomic cowbell beats and arpeggiated synth-drone with keyboards that harbor New-Age aspects and wafting vocal harmonies from an astral backing choir.[10][35][36][5] "Good Morning" is simplistic in its gentle chorus, where West repeats the title of the track four times.[17][37] Each titular utterance is accentuated by the haunting yet ethereal backup choral chants and subtle instrumental fills.[30][23][9] The song's dreamy hook is composed with the use of wordless falsetto vocal samples from the recording "Someone Saved My Life Tonight" by English singer and pianist Elton John.[12][5][13] After its third verse, "Good Morning" elevates itself from a refrain to an outro that features the voice of rapper Jay-Z,[37] he utters lyrics from the opening lines of "The Ruler's Back."[12] The musical composition reaches its conclusion with the pairing of Jay-Z's additional vocals to otherworldly synth parts.[1]     

West's straight-forward delivery is slick and keenly aggressive during the song's three eight-bar verses,[17] his lyricism exhibits the slower, less technical approach to flow that he used throughout Graduation.[38] Lyrically, "Good Morning" is a triumphant declaration of professional and financial achievement,[8] it continues the education theme that was established by Kanye West's previous studio albums The College Dropout (2004) and Late Registration (2005).[4] Both of the first two installments of West's planned album tetralogy began with an opening track that involves a school administrator who labels him a disappointment.[39][40] By contrast, "Good Morning" starts off Graduation with West ascendeding to the next level of success and progressing towards the next phase of his career.[40][30] West uses the track to deliver an anthemic commencement address and announces that his third album functions as his dissertation, making an analogy in which he likens his music to academia.[41][4] He compares conquering life's struggles and challenges to graduating from a university when he professes that, "You graduate when you make it up out of the streets."[23][4] 

The song's pensive verses discuss lyrical concerns related to anti-elitism and anti-establishment and are structured on self-aggrandizing undercut with harsh self-criticism.[5][12][42] While primarily an uplifting anthem, West's ouroboric lyrics suggest that each new successful achievement gives him more gives him more new reasons to doubt himself.[42][43][44] His conflicted, confessional lyricism and delivery is emphasized by way of the disarmingly simple, easygoing nature of the track's beat.[43][45] Alongside motivational declarations of triumph, the lyrics of "Good Morning" are home to energetic, amusing word play laced with numerous pop-culture references.[12][5][46] They pertain to actress Rosie Perez, the 1989 Spike Lee film Do the Right Thing, civil rights leader Malcolm X, and the classic 1980s science-fiction film series Back to the Future.[46] West lays bear the forward-looking nature of the album when he rhymes, "Good Morning, look at the valedictorian/scared of the future while I hop in the DeLorean."[4] At the same time, the interpolation of the line, "Hustlers, that's if you’re still livin', get on down…" from Jay-Z’s sixth studio album The Blueprint is one of many touching callbacks to the footsteps that once propelled West forward as a hip-hop artist in the past found throughout his introspective third album.[41] The widespread acclaim of The Blueprint brought Jay-Z's record label Roc-A-Fella Records more attention to West's production skills,[41] the record influenced countless other hip-hop producers and established Kanye West as a major figure in mainstream rap music.[47]


The song received praise from music journalists for its innovative production and the cleverness of Kanye West's lyrical word play.

"Good Morning" received generally favorable reviews from contemporary music critics. John Wash for Hot Press called the musical composition "glorious." He elaborates that the track's "dark, neurotic beats may form the backdrop, but the deliciously cheesysampling lifts the song firmly into the pop spectrum."[48] Entertainment Weeklys Isabella Biedenharn noted, "the smooth, sublime 'Good Morning' is just so fresh and untethered — it's Kanye living in a pure, creative dream-space."[49] Natalie Weiner from Billboard regards "Good Morning" as one of Kanye West's most uplifting anthems, saying, "The Elton John sample, combined with Kanye’s anti-establishment fervor, will make anyone feel better about their relative lack of diplomas."[42] On behalf of URB Magazine, a reviewer distinguishes the composition as a "promising opener" and complimented the cleverness of the DeLorean lyric.[50] RapReview's Jesa Padania also considered "Good Morning" to be a strong way to start the studio album and expressed affinity for the song's simple yet soulful hip-hop beat.[51] Chase Hoffberger from The Austin Chronicle gave praise to the innovative manner in which West samples Elton John for the record production.[52] The Observer staff writer Ben Thompson listed "Good Morning" as one of the top five songs from Graduation.[44] 

The Michigan Daily writer Brian Chen claims the recording "stands among the best of West's productions, combining gospel howls, synthesizers and strings, all over a bone-crushing bass."[53] Sound & Vision reviewer Jeff Perlah views "Good Morning" as a demonstration of how Kanye West "continues to bounce hip-hop into exciting new realms that are artful."[9] Rajveer Kathwadia of RWD Magazine cites the album-opener as one of the best songs on Graduation,[4] although he withholds the belief that it's West's musicality that's a true measurement of his talent, Kathwadia nevertheless commended his improvement as a rapper and marked the Malcolm X lyric as the album's standout line.[54][4] Likewise, Rolling Stone writer Evan Serpick called the Malcolm X reference a "classic one-liner."[55] Dave Heaton from PopMatters also highlighted West's clever word play, musing, "Bad puns have been the foundation of West’s lyrical approach since the beginning, and it works."[56] In a less enthusiastic review, Japie Stoppelenburg of No Ripcord describes "Good Morning" as a "concise but slightly blunt effort." Stoppelenburg goes on to say "the track is innocuous and respectably fun, but it never really steps out of its modesty like so many of Kanye's earlier tracks have."[2] In a retrospective article, Brendan Klinkenberg for Complex encapsulated the opening track:

"... 'Good Morning' is [West's] cleanest opener, on his cleanest album; the perfect first step to what would be the capstone to the College trilogy, and the last time he would privilege cohesiveness in his catalogue. In his words, Graduation is his dissertation, and its first track is its thesis. 'Ye would take over the world, watch it crumble around him, then get more artistically daring with each subsequent release—Good Ass Job would never show up, and he would abandon the things that make this song great: it's focused, three-verse structure, gently building beat, and sweet sense of melancholy. ‘Ye would go on to burn his influences and talent down for scraps, and began to create weirder, bigger things. One thing he never lost, though, was his ability to start an album."[57]

A columnist from Paste bestowed "Good Morning" with much acclaim and ranked it as West's sixtieth best album track, he declared, "'Good Morning' isn't West just waking himself up to the next level of his evolution, it's West waking up the world to its next legend."[40] Pigeons & Planes placed "Good Morning" at number twelve under their list of West's twenty-five best songs that weren't released as singles.[12] Consequence of Sound lists the opener at eighteen among his top twenty songs. To summarize the track's concept, editor Jeremy Larson wrote, "The morning of the commencement, a new day for 'Ye, the processional, the intro. It’s all there in "Good Morning," the first taste of what would be the blasted synths and huge sound of Graduation.[58] Jake Boyer of Highsnobiety cites "Good Morning" as the sixth best song on Graduation and West's twenty-eighth best overall, writing, "Whether it’s facing the sort of life-changing event like the graduation of its lyrics or easing yourself out of a particularly rough patch, this song is here, a healing salve for all wounds."[59][45] He remarks that the track's sonic cues "[make] good on Kanye’s narrative catharsis. Somehow, through all the bullshit, we made it to graduation day, and yes, it sounds this damn triumphant."[45] Portland rapper Aminé, who cites Kanye West as a musical influence, stated that "Good Morning" is one of his favorite songs. He imparted, "'Good Morning' was a song that just made me feel good and I could still turn it on today, it was one of the first times where I started to hear bright, positive, hip-hop."[30]

Music video[edit]


Japanese contemporary artist Takashi Murakami, who designed the cover artwork for Graducation and its singles, directed the music video.

Even though it was not released as a single, a three-minute animated music video was produced for "Good Morning." Kanye West commissioned the video to be directed by Japanese contemporary artist Takashi Murakami.[60] He had been enlisted by West to oversee the art direction of Graduation and was behind the cover art designs for the album and its accompanying singles,[61] the collaboration first came about when West visited Murakami's Kaikai Kiki Co. studio in Roppongi Hills during a brief trip to Tokyo, Japan in the midst of touring the year prior.[62] Regarding his joint collaboration with the artist, West remarked, "Murakami, his work has been stunning to me because pop art is really expressive, representative and expressive and emotional, and it looks like something you can do yourself. [But] you cannot do no Murakami shit yourself. You cannot do this at home, he has this studio out in Japan that has thirty artists working at one time. I love Japanese culture and I was always into art, and Murakmi is a god in the art world."[60] 

The short animated feature expresses glossy, colorful pastel imagery that take cues from Takashi Murakami's affiliation with Superflat, a post-modern art movement influenced by Japanese manga and animé.[21][63] Often called "the Warhol of Japan," Murakami's surrealistic visual art is characterized by cartoonish creatures that appear friendly and cheerful at first glance, but possess dark, twisted undertones.[64][65] The artistic concept involves a fantastic, grotesque, and sometimes dark universe of creatures like "Mr. Dob," "Smiley-Face Flowers," and colorful mushrooms,[66] the three-dimensional art technique blends artistry with Japanese anime and launched Murakami to fame in the 1990s.[66] It also attracted the attention of the creative director of Louis Vuitton, who in enlisted Muramki to revise the traditional LV brand logo, the commercially successful venture paved the way for Murakami's artwork to cross over into commerce and other mediums, propelling him into an internationally recognized artist.[66]

For the music video, the technicolor designs of the album artwork for Graduation are brought to life through the use of cel-shaded animation,[60][67] the video was produced by Murakami's production company Kaikai Kiki Co. in conjunction with Oriental Light and Magic, the Japanese studio responsible for the 3D animation of the Pokémon film franchise as well as the 2001 animé film, Inuyasha the Movie: Affections Touching Across Time.[68] Meanwhile, the storyline of the music video was written by West, himself a self-professed animé fan.[68] An edited version of the video was first displayed in an F.Y.E. commercial used for promotion of Graduation days before the album's release date.[69] A clip of the animated music video was leaked onto the Internet on November 12, 2007, the music video had found its way online by means through a fan's camera after a private screening at the Geffen Contemporary in the Little Tokyo district of Los Angeles, California.[70] West premiered the full version of the music video and made it available on the iTunes Store on August 25, 2008.[71] 


A screenshot of Dropout Bear as he arrives at the college campus in time for his graduation ceremony in the cartoon music video for "Good Morning," which utilizes cel-shaded animation.

The story of the music video centers around Dropout Bear, Kanye West's anthropomorphic teddy bear mascot.[72] Dropout Bear first appeared sitting on a set of gymnasium bleachers on the cover art for his debut album, The College Dropout,[63][72] he later appeared dressed in a collegian outfit, a blazer with a school insignia, on the album cover of West's sophomore release, Late Registration.[73] Dropout Bear acts as the main protagonist while his journey takes place throughout a fictional futuristic metropolis known as Universe City;[25] in the surrealistic video, Dropout Bear overcomes various trials and tribulations as he races through the city in an effort to reach his college campus in time to attend his graduation ceremony.[74] The story begins on a rainy day with Dropout being woken up by his alarm clock, after brushing his teeth and donning a varsity jacket, he runs out of his apartment to his car, modeled after a DeLorean.[72] When the car's engine dies, Dropout Bear is forced to find an alternative means of transportation. Dropout first attempts to hail a taxi cab but it speeds right past him, soaking him with puddle water, he then tries to get aboard a metro rail but just misses it, slamming his face into the door of a subway car right before it pulls away.[72] 

Left with no other options, Dropout is reduced to pursuing his goal on foot, as he races down sidewalks, Dropout is chased down by a monstrous storm cloud that swallows him whole.[72] He's transported to a bizarre pocket dimension populated by multi-eyed, living, technicolor mushrooms. Dropout evades lightning bolts and a tornado before falling throw a hole and being regurgitated by the storm cloud monster back onto the city streets.[72] Eventually, Dropout reaches the university and makes it to his ceremony just in time to stand before his colleagues, a wide variety of anthropomorphic creatures like himself, he sheds his attire to reveal a graduation robe and academic cap and receives his bachelor's degree in hip-hop music.[72] The visual narrative concludes with Dropout Bear being blasted out of a cannon. He's shot from the university, through the heavens, beyond the stratosphere and into another galaxy as depicted on the back cover of Graduation.[72][75]


Upon its official release, the "Good Morning" music video reached number-one on the iTunes Store music video chart in the United States just a day later,[68] the short animated feature was met with general acclaim from fans, critics and media outlets and is often regarded as one of West's best, most artistic videos. Adam Itkoff from The Source highly complimented the video, stating that Kanye West's visual collaboration with Takashi Murakami is a testament to the way that his imagination can catalyze illustrious pieces of art.[76] Writing for MSN Music, writer Sam Greszes remarked, "Not only is the song itself great, but the video for "Good Morning" is a technicolor dreamscape full of 3D flair."[77] The Ringer praised the music video for "Good Morning" as West's best music video of all time.[72] Complex magazine cites the animated feature as West's eighteenth best music video, saying, "Murakami's art is incredible from a still viewpoint, but when presented in the form of his few full-length cartoon features, it practically explodes off the screen."[78] Comparing it to the release of West's music video for "Champion," Peter Gicas from E! Online was somewhat wary of the animated short, writing, "Yes, the creativity in both these cases is admirable, especially this latest effort ... It all just makes us a little nervous, though, after all, it's OK for hip-hop stars to show their softer side, but it can also be taken a bit too far."[79] 

The animated feature became one of the few music videos ever to be showcased in multiple art museums, such as the Brooklyn Museum which is located in New York City.

To honor of his achievement of the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award at the 2015 MTV Video Music Awards, women's fashion magazine Harper's Bazaar compiled a list of West's nine most essential music videos. The video for "Good Morning" was at number eight on the list, with columnist Madeline Kelly declaring that West is worthy of the recognition and there's no denying his talent.[74] Sharing similar sentiments, MTV placed "Good Morning" at number fourteen on a list of West's top twenty-five most innovative videos,[80] for their list of The 10 Best Art and Music Collaborations of All Time, writer Jennifer Wood of Complex magazine ranked  Murakami's direction of the music video for "Good Morning" at the eighth position.[81] Likewise, on November 11, 2013, the animated music video was included on Pop Art: 13 Awesome Artist-Musician Collaborations, a catalog that was compiled by Billboard.[82] The publication lists joint ventures between acclaimed visual artists and chart-topping musicians over the past decades. Billboard cites Kanye West's work with Takashi Murakami, consisting of the making of the video as well as the creation of the album's artwork, as being among thirteen pairings in the realms of music and high-art that are amazing moments in true art-pop.[82]   

For his contribution, Takashi Murakami has benefited significantly from the artistic collaboration with Kanye West. Even though his monogram project with the fashion house Louis Vuitton had brought him international mainstream attention five years earlier, Murakami acknowledges the fact that the millennial youth which have gravitated towards his work learned about him through his joint efforts with musicians such as West and Pharrell Williams.[83] They opened up his contemporary artistry to a new generation of young music listeners.[83] According to Spin editor Jeremy Larson, West's collaboration with Takashi Murakami for the "Good Morning" music video also struck a chord with Murakami’s audience as conflating art and commerce,[58] the short animated feature has since become one of the few music videos ever to be showcased in several prestigious art museums, including the Brooklyn Museum in New York City and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, California.[84][74]

Video clip[edit]

In addition to the animated music video, a special video clip was created for "Good Morning" prior to the release of Graduation,[19] it was displayed for the very first time as an opener when Kanye West hosted a late-night album listening session for Graduation in New York City at the New World Stages on August 28, 2007.[17] West presented the gapless playback session inside an auditorium with an evocative light-show across a stage that featured theatrical smoke machines, laser beams, stage spotlights and other special effects.[17][85][19] The elaborate spectacle was all set in almost perfect time with the music.[19] While the music played, a large screen positioned in the middle of the stage flashed a montage of imagery edited to sync up with "Good Morning."[18][19] They are taken from scenes of the 1968 science fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey.[17] Just as was the case with the audio track, West went for a minimalist aesthetic in regards to the sequence of visual cues,[86] the video clip for "Good Morning" was one of seven that were designed by Kanye West and Derrick Lee exclusively for the event.[85] Derrick Lee was the editor of the music video for "Flashing Lights" and was able to edit all seven video clips in the span of three days.[86] Kanye West later made the video clip available for viewing on his official blog on March 20, 2008.[85]

Live performances[edit]

Kanye West often performed "Good Morning" as the opener of his concerts, such as at his headlining appearance at the Virgin Mobile Festival in 2008.

On April 4, 2008, West gave a live performance of "Good Morning" during a six-song setlist at the Brooklyn Museum in New York City, the concert was held in celebration of the opening of the "© MURAKAMI" exhibit by Japanese contemporary artist Takashi Murakami. The comprehensive retrospective features over ninety Murakami pieces and artwork that draw from street culture, high-art and traditional Japanese painting, and includes painting, drawings, sculpture, wallpaper, installation and animation.[87] Kanye took the stage took the small stage surrounded by smoke and flashing lights below a large screen emblazoned with Murikami's artwork to perform before a mostly older audience.[87][88] 

West performed "Good Morning" every night as the opener of the set-list of his Glow in the Dark Tour, which began on April 16, 2008 at the KeyArena in Seattle, Washington.[89] West would often begin his concerts by playing a leitmotif of "Stronger," implying that he'd start the show with a performance of the hit single, only to segue into a live rendition of "Good Morning." The composition is but one of the many, various songs taken from West's first three studio albums that West utilisises for his conceptual concert.[90] They serve to form a space opera storyline that tells the tale of how a stranded space traveler struggles for over a year making attempts to escape from a distant planet that his ship crash-landed on while on a mission to bring creativity back to Earth;[89] in the narrative, West does a live performance of "Good Morning" after waking up from hyper-sleep to find himself stranded.[91] He performed on a barren stage in front of a large LED screen that depicts scenes from the science fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey,[91] near the end of the tour's North American leg, with singers and a percussionist/DJ behind him, West performed "Good Morning" during the final night of Lollapalooza on August 3, 2008 in his hometown of Chicago, where he co-headlined the festival with Nine Inch Nails. [92]

Kanye West provided a live rendition of "Good Morning" during his headlining performance at Virgin Mobile Festival in Baltimore, Maryland on August 10, 2008.[93] Much like his Lollapalooza appearance in Chicago the weekend prior, West and Nine Inch Nails were both scheduled as headliners on different stages at the same time at opposite ends of the park,[93] at the start of the concert, following a brief instrumental, West walked onstage and launched into his performance of the song.[94] West was alone on the stage engulfed in smoke and fog in front of a live musical band and background vocalists who added percussive textures and harmony to the track.[94]   

Cover versions[edit]

"Good Morning" has been covered and remixed by other hip-hop artists. A remix for "Good Morning" was produced by The Kickdrums for inclusion on Sky High, a remix mixtape that was mixed and compiled by DJ Benzi and Plain Pat.[95] The mixtape features remixes by various DJs and record producers of songs taken from West's first three studio albums, it was made in anticipation of the release of his fourth studio album 808s & Heartbreak (2008).[95] The remix project was commissioned by Kanye West himself the year prior, he handed over a cappellas and other session tapes to DJ Benzi, who then spent his time trying to match different and DJs and producers to certain tracks.[95] Like every of the other tracks, "Good Morning" (The Kickdrums Remix) had at least five revisions recorded before being completely finished,[95] the song's refrain contains guitar-driven production in addition to melancholic croons. The remix also features a guest verse from then-newly signed GOOD Music recording artist Big Sean.[96]

The song was the source of inspiration for the beat and chorus of "Hoodmorning" by Compton rapper The Game.[97] Named after the rapper's signature Twitter phrase, "Hoodmorning" was produced by in-house record producer Mars and The Game released it as the opening track of his twelfth mixtape, Hoodmorning (No Typo): Candy Coronas.[98][97] Hosted by DJ Skee, the mixtape was made in promotion of the repeatedly delayed release of his fourth studio album The R.E.D. Album (2011).[99][97] On Jul 28, 2011, DJ Skee made available an exclusive preview trailer for the mixtape on YouTube, the trailer briefly displays The Game rapping in a recording booth and DJ Skee at his laptop before a mixing console inside the control room of a studio decked with bottles of Corona Extra as "Hoodmorning" plays in the background.[98] Hip-hop artist Evidence has used samples of the drums from "Good Morning" to produce the instrumental track "Good Evening." It was for his fourth instrumental hip-hop album Green Tape Instrumentals (2013).[100] The controlled "uh" that West utters at the beginning of the song was sampled by mashup producer Kids & Explosions.[2] He uses a loop of the vocal sample for the track "Everything" on his debut album Shit Computer

Vitamin String Quartet composed a string-laden cover version of "Good Morning" for the opening song of their tribute album, The String Quartet Tribute to Kanye West.[101] In a manner similar, Rockabye Baby! featured an interpretation of "Good Morning" as the opening track of their tribute album, Rockabye Baby! Lullaby Renditions of Kanye West. Intended for infants, the gentle cover is a wordless lullaby instrumental, substituting keyboards and drums in favor of xylophones and bells.[102] The track was later featured on Good Day, Goodnight, their five-year anniversary 2-CD compilation release, the compilation album contains the most requested songs from their previous releases, including "Good Morning," in addition to several exclusive new tracks.[103]


Information taken from Graduation liner notes.[1]

  • Songwriters: Kanye West, Elton John, Bernie Taupin
  • Producer: Kanye West
  • Recorders: Andrew Dawson, Anthony Kilhoffer
  • Mix engineer: Andrew Dawson
  • Assistant engineers: Bram Tobey, Jason Agel, Nate Hertweck, Matty Green
  • Keyboards: Andy Chatterley
  • Additional vocals: Jay-Z, Tony "Penafire" Williams, Connie Mitchell


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Graduation (Media notes). Kanye West. Roc-A-Fella Records. 2007. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Stoppelenburg, Japie (2007-09-30). "Music Reviews – Kanye West: Graduation". No Ripcord. No Ripcord. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  3. ^ a b c Marx, Nick (September 2007). "Kanye West Graduation". Tiny Mix Tapes. Tiny Mix Tapes. Retrieved 2012-03-08. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Kathwadia, Rajveer (2007-09-14). "Online Review 2: Kanye West – Graduation". RWD Magazine. RWD Magazine. Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Greg Kot (2007-08-31). 'Graduation' day arrives: Kanye West exploits his growing pains. Chicago Tribune. Accessed 2007-10-01.
  6. ^ Jones, Kevin (December 2007). "Beats & Rhymes: Year in Review 2007". Exclaim!. Ian Danzig. Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  7. ^ a b c MistaJam (2007-08-14). "kanYeWest – Graduation". BBC Online. BBC. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  8. ^ a b Rosenberg, Tal (2017-06-14). "Who's the Octopus in Takashi Murakami's 'The Octopus Eats Its Own Leg'?". Chicago Reader. Sun-Times Media Group. Retrieved 2017-10-27. 
  9. ^ a b c d Perlah, Jeff (2007-11-05). "CD Reviews: 50 Cent, Kanye West". Sound & Vision. Bonnier Corp. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  10. ^ a b c d D., Spence (2007-09-12). "Kanye West - Graduation Review". IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Archived from the original on 2013-10-08. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  11. ^ a b Breihan, Tom (2007-10-07). "The Quarterly Report: Status Ain't Hood's Favorite New Albums". The Village Voice. Village Voice, LLC. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Broazay (2015-03-18). "Kanye West's Best Songs That Weren't Singles". Pigeons & Planes. Complex Media Inc. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  13. ^ a b c d "Tougher Than Leather Jackets: Elton's Hip-Hop Connections". Clash. 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2014-02-26. 
  14. ^ a b c Greene, Andy (2006-08-25). "Elton John: "My Next Record Will Be Hip-Hop"". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 2016-07-01. 
  15. ^ Carson, Erin (2013-09-25). "Five Reasons 31 Elton John Albums Aren't Enough". Consequence of Sound. Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 2016-06-20. 
  16. ^ Reid, Shaheem (2007-08-21). "Kanye West Thanks 50 Cent for Much-Hyped Rivalry: 'We Push Each Other'". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 2007-09-20. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i Reid, Shaheem (2007-08-29). "Kanye's Graduation: Inside The NYC Listening Party For West's So-Called 'Comeback'". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 2007-08-29. 
  18. ^ a b Longfellow, Robert (2007-08-29). "ALBUM PREVIEW: Kanye West's Graduation". AllHipHop. Inc. Retrieved 2016-08-12. 
  19. ^ a b c d e Breihan, Tom (2007-08-29). "Kanye West's Graduation: A Preview". The Village Voice. Village Voice, LLC. Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
  20. ^ a b c d Martins, Jordan (2010-04-19). "Tony Williams of G.O.O.D. Music Talks Most Memorable Studio Sessions With Kanye". Complex. Complex Media, LLC. Retrieved 2013-07-15. 
  21. ^ a b c S. Nathan (2007-09-08). "Graduation Album Review". The DJ Booth LLC. Retrieved 2007-10-12. 
  22. ^ Siddiqui, Samir (2007-08-30). "Review: Kanye West – Graduation". Uproxx. Uproxx Media Group, Inc. Retrieved 2008-04-24. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f Kathwadia, Rajveer (2007-08-15). "Online Review: Kanye West – Graduation". RWD Magazine. RWD Magazine. Retrieved 2007-08-15. 
  24. ^ a b Shipley, Al. Kanye West's 'Graduation': 10 Things You Didn't Know. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2017-09-11.
  25. ^ a b Bland, Bridget; Reid, Shaheem; Richard, Yasmine (2007-05-11). "Kanye West Says He's 'Ready To Take Over The World Once Again'". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 2007-06-02. 
  26. ^ Frehsee, Nicole (2007-06-08). "Common Preps New Album "Finding Forever" With Help From Kanye, Lily Allen". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  27. ^ Saponara, Michael (2007-09-19). "Grammy-Winning Engineer Anthony Kilhoffer Recalls Memorable Studio Sessions From Kanye's 'Graduation' Album". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 
  28. ^ a b c d e Breihan, Tom (2007-09-11). "Ten Favorite Moments on Kanye West's Graduation". The Village Voice. Village Voice, LLC. Retrieved 2007-09-11. 
  29. ^ Kellman, Andy. "Finding Forever – Common". AllMusic. Retrieved February 22, 2016. 
  30. ^ a b c d e Iandoli, Kathy (2017-09-12). "Kanye West's 'Graduation' At 10 Years Old". Grammy Award. The Recording Academy. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  31. ^ a b c Anslema, Samuel (2007-10-11). "Kanye West Graduation". XXL. Harris Publications. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  32. ^ a b c Vozick-Levinson, Simon (2007-09-20). "Jay-Z's Brotherly Love". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly Inc. Retrieved 2007-09-22. 
  33. ^ The Blueprint (Media notes). Jay-Z. Roc-A-Fella Records. 2001. 
  34. ^ Hawking, Tom (2014-04-24). "The 50 Best Side One Track Ones in Music History". Flavorwire. Flavorpill Media. Retrieved 2017-11-30. 
  35. ^ a b Pattison, Louis (2005-09-13). "NME Reviews – Kanye West: Graduation". NME. IPC Media. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  36. ^ Luke, Bainbridge (2007-08-11). "It's Kanye's World". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  37. ^ a b Brackett, Nathan. Review: Graduation. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2009-10-06.
  38. ^ Lyons, Patrick (2017-09-11). "Kanye West's "Graduation," Ten Years On". HotNewHipHop. Urbanlinx Media. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  39. ^ Patel, Joseph (2003-06-05). "Producer Kanye West's Debut LP Features Jay-Z, ODB, Mos Def". MTV.Viacom. Archived from the original on 2009-05-04. Retrieved 2009-04-21. 
  40. ^ a b c Bonaime, Ross (2015-11-06). "Everybody Knows I'm A Monster: The Album Tracks of Kanye West, Ranked". Paste. Paste Media Group. Retrieved 2016-03-05. 
  41. ^ a b c Comer, Sean (2013-08-13). "Give Life Back To Music 08.19.13: Kanye West – Graduation". 411MANIA., LLC. Retrieved 2015-01-24. 
  42. ^ a b c Weiner, Natalie (2016-11-19). "Kanye West's 13 Most Uplifting Deep Cuts". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2017-04-21. 
  43. ^ a b McCabe, Bret (2007-09-04). "The Pay-Per-Listen Rap Rivalry". The New York Sun. Ronald Weintraub. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  44. ^ a b Thompson, Ben (2007-09-16). "Kanye West, Graduation". The Observer. London: Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  45. ^ a b c Boyer, Jake (2017-06-08). "The 40 Best Kanye West Songs". Highsnobiety. Titelmedia GmbH. Retrieved 2017-06-17. 
  46. ^ a b Thompson, Paul (2016-01-15). "Every Pop-Culture Reference Kanye West Has Ever Made". Vulture. New York Media, LLC. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  47. ^ Empire, Kitty (2005-08-28). "West Ends the Wait". The Observer (Guardian News and Media Limited) Retrieved 2005-09-04.
  48. ^ Walshe, John (2007-09-20). "Graduation". Hot Press. Hot Press. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  49. ^ Biedenharn, Isabella (2017-09-08). "Graduation Turns 10: An Appreciation of Old Kanye". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  50. ^ "Graduation: Full Album Review". URB. URB Magazine, Inc. 2007-08-29. Retrieved 2007-08-29. 
  51. ^ Padania, Jesal (2007-09-11). "Kanye West :: Graduation". Retrieved 2007-09-11. 
  52. ^ Hoffberger, Chase (2007-10-05). "Graduation, Curtis Kanye West and 50 Cent". The Austin Chronicle. Austin Chronicle Corp. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  53. ^ Chen, Brian (2007-09-10). "Kanye Knows What Works". The Michigan Daily. The Michigan Daily. Retrieved 2007-09-10. 
  54. ^ Kathwadia, Rajveer (2007-09-12). "RWD Reviews: 50 V Kanye". RWD Magazine. RWD Magazine. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  55. ^ Serpick, Evan (2007-09-06). "Kanye vs. 50 Cent". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  56. ^ Heaton, Dave (2007-09-10). "Kanye West Graduation – PopMatters Music Review". PopMatters. PopMatters Media, Inc. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  57. ^ Barber, Andrew (2016-02-09). "The 100 Best Kanye West Songs". Complex. Complex Media, LLC. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  58. ^ a b Chris Bosman, Jeremy D. Larson, Amanda Koellner, Dan Pfleegor (2013-06-22). "Kanye West's Top 20 Songs". Consequence of Sound. Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 2017-11-13. 
  59. ^ Boyer, Jake (2017-09-11). "Every Song on Kanye West's 'Graduation' Ranked From Worst to Best". Highsnobiety. Titelmedia GmbH. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  60. ^ a b c Dukes, Rahman; Reid, Shaheem; Richard, Yasmine (2007-05-21). "Mixtape Monday: Kanye West Glows In The Dark; Pharrell Brings The B-More Beats". MTV. Viacom . Retrieved 2007-05-22. 
  61. ^ Martin, Francesca (2007-08-01). "Kanye West Mixes Manga and Music With the 'Warhol of Japan'". The Guardian. London: Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  62. ^ Kato, Akiko; Wilson, Wayne. "カニエ・ウェストがカイカイキキにやってきた!Kanye West Visits the Studio!". Kaikai Kiki. Kaikai Kiki Co, Ltd. Archived from the original on 2009-04-09. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  63. ^ a b Barthel, Mike (2010-10-15). "Understanding Kanye: Sweet, Sweet Robot Fantasy, Baby". The Awl. David Cho. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  64. ^ Gopnik, Blakel (2008-05-04). "Toying With Catastrophe". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  65. ^ Vogel, Carol (2008-04-02). "Watch Out, Warhol, Here's Japanese Shock Pop". The New York Times. The New York Times Company . Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  66. ^ a b c Lu Stout, Kristie (2013-01-11). "Interview with Japanese Artist Takashi Murakam". CNN. Turner Broadcasting System. Retrieved 2017-05-23. 
  67. ^ Booksweet (2017-07-15). "Kanye West輟學熊三部曲,村上隆打造畢業特典". Ysolife. Ysolife. Retrieved 2017-11-09. 
  68. ^ a b c "Murakami's Video for Kanye West Song is iTunes #1". Anime News Network. Anime News Network Inc. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  69. ^ Kwan, Michael (2007-09-11). "Kanye West: Graduation On Sale Today". Beyond the Rhetoric. Michael Kwan Freelance Writing Services. Retrieved 2017-07-26. 
  70. ^ Singh, Amrit (2008-08-26). "New Kanye West Video (Again) – "Good Morning"". Stereogum. SpinMedia. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  71. ^ "iTunes release of Good Morning". iTunes Store. Apple Inc. 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  72. ^ a b c d e f g h i Luckerson, Victor (2017-09-11). "Ten Years Ago, Kanye's 'Graduation' Aimed for the Stars". The Ringer. The Ringer. Retrieved 2017-09-14. 
  73. ^ Heffernan, Virginia (2008-08-08). "Kanye on Keyboards". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  74. ^ a b c Kelly, Madeline (2015-08-30). "9 Kanye West Music Videos You Should Watch Before Tonight's VMAs". Harper's Bazaar. Hearst Communications, Inc. Retrieved 2015-08-30. 
  75. ^ "The Design Evolution of Kanye West's Album Artwork". Complex. Complex Media Inc. 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2017-11-09. 
  76. ^ Itkoff, Adam (2016-06-13). "What We Learned From The Recent "Kanye Riots"". The Source. L. Londell McMillan. Retrieved 2016-08-10. 
  77. ^ Greszes, Sam (2017-06-07). "40 Essential Kanye West Tracks For His 40th Birthday". MSN. Microsoft. Retrieved 2018-01-22. 
  78. ^ Staff (2013-03-05). "Ranking All 42 of Kanye West's Music Videos". Complex. Complex Media Inc. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  79. ^ Gicas, Peter (2008-08-26). "Kanye West Gets All Cute and Cuddly". E! Online]. E! Entertainment Television, LLC. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  80. ^ Fleischer, Adam (2017-08-29). "Kanye West Is A True Vanguard – Revisit His 25 Most Innovative Videos". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 2015-08-27. 
  81. ^ Wood, Jennifer (2014-01-09). "The 10 Best Art and Music Collaborations of All Time". Complex. Complex Media Inc. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  82. ^ a b Wete, Brad; Lipshutz, Jason (2011-11-11). "Pop Art: 13 Awesome Artist-Musician Collaborations". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2016-05-27. 
  83. ^ a b Pasori, Cedar (2015-07-22). "Takashi Murakami Brings His Art to the Masses With Vans and His Debut Film, "Jellyfish Eyes"". Complex. Complex Media Inc. Retrieved 2016-08-29. 
  84. ^ Staff (2013-03-05). "Ranking All 42 of Kanye West's Music Videos". Complex. Complex Media Inc. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  85. ^ a b c West, Kanye (2008-03-20). "Graduation Album Listening Experience Videos Pt. 1 – Good Morning". kanYe West Blog. Kanye West/Mascotte Holdings, LLC. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  86. ^ a b West, Kanye (2008-03-21). "Graduation Album Listening Experience Videos Pt. 2 – Stronger". kanYe West Blog. Kanye West/Mascotte Holdings, LLC. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  87. ^ a b Lumpkin, Bernard (2008-04-04). "Kanye West Album-Cover Artist Takashi Murakami Talks About Working With 'Ye, At His NYC Exhibit Opening". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  88. ^ Checkoway, Laura (2008-04-04). "Kanye West Gets the Art Crowd High at Intimate Brooklyn Gig". Rolling Stone. RealNetworks, Inc. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  89. ^ a b DeRogatis, Jim (2008-05-22). "Concert Preview: Kanye Comes Home". Chicago Sun-Times. Sun-Times Media, LLC. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  90. ^ Wilson, Sarah (2008-04-23). "Kanye West Tells A Story With His Biggest Hits, At The Glow In The Dark Tour's L.A. Stop". MTV. MTV Networks. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  91. ^ a b O'Neal, Sean (2008-05-01). "The Biggest Star in the Universe". The A.V. Club. Onion Inc. Retrieved 2017-06-14. 
  92. ^ Hasty, Katie (2008-08-04). "Kanye West, NIN Bring Lollapalooza To A Close". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  93. ^ a b Gregory, Jason (2008-08-12). "Kanye West Praises Nine Inch Nails' 'Good Music'". Gigwise. Giant Digital. Retrieved 2017-04-22. 
  94. ^ a b Zimmerman, Eric (2008-08-18). "Virgin Fest 8.09 & 8.10 Baltimore". JamBase. JamBase Inc. Retrieved 2017-10-24. 
  95. ^ a b c d Patel, Joseph (2008-11-17). "New Kanye West Album — No, Not That One — Hits The Web". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 2008-11-17. 
  96. ^ Saba, Michael (2008-11-18). "Kanye West Drops Sky High mixtape on Imeem". Paste. Paste Media Group. Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  97. ^ a b c Udoh, Meka (2011-08-09). "The Game, Hood Morning (No Typo): Candy Coronas". XXL. Harris Publications. Retrieved 2017-10-12. 
  98. ^ a b "Game Says 'Hoodmorning' With New Mixtape [Cover + Trailer]". Rap-Up. Devin Lazerine. 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2017-10-19. 
  99. ^ COMPLEX (2011-08-01). "Mixtape: Game "Hoodmorning [No Typo] Candy Corona's"". Complex. Complex Media, LLC. Retrieved 2017-10-15. 
  100. ^ Tardio, Andres (2012-05-25). "Evidence Speaks On Soundset, Dilated Peoples, & His Passion For Photography". Cheri Media Group. Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  101. ^ "The String Quartet Tribute to Kanye West". Vitamin String Quartet. Vitamin Records. 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2008-07-13. 
  102. ^ "Lullaby Renditions of Kanye West". Rockabye Baby!. Rockabye Baby!. 2010-05-18. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  103. ^ "Good Day, Goodnight: 2-CD Compilation". Rockabye Baby!. Rockabye Baby!. 2011-09-06. Retrieved 2011-09-06. 

External links[edit]