Tug of War (Upstairs, Downstairs)
Tug of War is the fifth episode of the fourth series of the television period drama Upstairs, Downstairs. It first aired on 12 October 1974 on ITV. Tug of War was filmed on 30 and 31 May 1974; the writer, Rosemary Anne Sisson, had used the diaries of Lady Cynthia Asquith, who like Georgina was a society VAD nurse, while writing this episode. Polly Williams, who played Lady Viola Courtney, was the sister of Simon Williams, who played James Bellamy. Meg Wynn Owen - Hazel Bellamy Lesley-Anne Down - Georgina Worsley Jean Marsh - Rose David Langton - Richard Bellamy Gordon Jackson - Hudson Angela Baddeley - Mrs Bridges Jacqueline Tong - Daisy Simon Williams - James Bellamy Valerie Lush - Matron Barrie Cookson - Colonel Buchanan Betty England - Mrs Carbury Betty Romaine - Mrs Blaine Mel Churcher - Angela Barclay Polly Williams - Lady Viola Courtney Richenda Carey - Head Nurse Christopher Good - Captain Philip Hanning In a letter to Daisy, Edward suggests that she get a job at munitions factory. Daisy, tired of doing the work Ruby would have been doing as well as sharing Edward's duties with Rose, see an advert in a newspaper for omnibus conductor.
However, before Daisy can apply Rose secretly makes Daisy furious when she gets the job. Rose soon starts to work as a bus conductor during the day, does her duties in the evening. Georgina finds that being a nurse is more difficult and less glamorous than she thought it would be, finds that she is only nursing sick, old women, she has to look after two new nurses, her good friend Angela Barclay and the fearless Lady Viola Courtney. One night, they go to a party, but return too late and the hospital gates are locked; the following day, Georgina is told that her patient, Mrs Carbury, died overnight and was asking for her. She feels guilty, but the Matron does not dismiss her as she has the makings of a good nurse. Meanwhile, James is home on leave. Richard refuses to help him get back onto the front line from his current staff job. However, Hazel secretly goes to see his company colonel, Colonel Buchanan, asks for James to be moved back to the front line; the Colonel agrees and James is moved to the Guards Division of the newly formed Machine Gun Corps.
Tug of War was praised by Hazel Holt, who wrote in The Stage and Television Today, who said that this was "the best episode for some time". Holt said that Rosemary Anne Sisson wrote so "we knew how it felt to be politician, a VAD or the wife of a serving officer in 1916". However, she said that Sisson did not "breathe life into the downstairs menage", said the servants were becoming "set and predictable". Richard Marson, "Inside UpDown - The Story of Upstairs, Downstairs", Kaleidoscope Publishing, 2005 Updown.org.uk - Upstairs, Downstairs Fansite
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in 1912, after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City. Of the estimated 2,224 passengers and crew aboard, more than 1,500 died, making it one of modern history's deadliest commercial marine disasters during peacetime. RMS Titanic was the largest ship afloat at the time she entered service and was the second of three Olympic-class ocean liners operated by the White Star Line, she was built by the Wolff shipyard in Belfast. Thomas Andrews, chief naval architect of the shipyard at the time, died in the disaster. Titanic was under the command of Capt. Edward Smith, who went down with the ship; the ocean liner carried some of the wealthiest people in the world, as well as hundreds of emigrants from Great Britain and Ireland and elsewhere throughout Europe who were seeking a new life in the United States. The first-class accommodation was designed to be the pinnacle of comfort and luxury, with an on-board gymnasium, swimming pool, high-class restaurants and opulent cabins.
A high-powered radiotelegraph transmitter was available for sending passenger "marconigrams" and for the ship's operational use. Although Titanic had advanced safety features such as watertight compartments and remotely activated watertight doors, it only carried enough lifeboats for 1,178 people—about half the number on board, one third of her total capacity—due to outdated maritime safety regulations; the ship carried 16 lifeboat davits. However, Titanic carried only a total of 20 lifeboats, four of which were collapsible and proved hard to launch during the sinking. After leaving Southampton on 10 April 1912, Titanic called at Cherbourg in France and Queenstown in Ireland before heading west to New York. On 14 April, four days into the crossing and about 375 miles south of Newfoundland, she hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. ship's time. The collision caused the hull plates to buckle inwards along her starboard side and opened five of her sixteen watertight compartments to the sea. Meanwhile and some crew members were evacuated in lifeboats, many of which were launched only loaded.
A disproportionate number of men were left aboard because of a "women and children first" protocol for loading lifeboats. At 2:20 a.m. she foundered with well over one thousand people still aboard. Just under two hours after Titanic sank, the Cunard liner RMS Carpathia arrived and brought aboard an estimated 705 survivors; the disaster was met with worldwide shock and outrage at the huge loss of life and the regulatory and operational failures that led to it. Public inquiries in Britain and the United States led to major improvements in maritime safety. One of their most important legacies was the establishment in 1914 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, which still governs maritime safety. Additionally, several new wireless regulations were passed around the world in an effort to learn from the many missteps in wireless communications—which could have saved many more passengers; the wreck of Titanic was discovered in 1985 during a US military mission, it remains on the seabed.
The ship was split in two and is disintegrating at a depth of 12,415 feet. Thousands of artefacts have been displayed at museums around the world. Titanic has become one of the most famous ships in history. Titanic is the second largest ocean liner wreck in the world, only beaten by her sister HMHS Britannic, the largest sunk, although she holds the record as the largest sunk while in service as a liner due to Britannic being used as a hospital ship at the time of her sinking; the final survivor of the sinking, Millvina Dean, aged two months at the time, died in 2009 at the age of 97. The name Titanic derives from the Titan of Greek mythology. Built in Belfast, Ireland, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the RMS Titanic was the second of the three Olympic-class ocean liners—the first was the RMS Olympic and the third was the HMHS Britannic. Britannic was to be called Gigantic and was to be over 1,000 feet long, they were by far the largest vessels of the British shipping company White Star Line's fleet, which comprised 29 steamers and tenders in 1912.
The three ships had their genesis in a discussion in mid-1907 between the White Star Line's chairman, J. Bruce Ismay, the American financier J. P. Morgan, who controlled the White Star Line's parent corporation, the International Mercantile Marine Co.. The White Star Line faced an increasing challenge from its main rivals Cunard, which had launched the Lusitania and the Mauretania—the fastest passenger ships in service—and the German lines Hamburg America and Norddeutscher Lloyd. Ismay preferred to compete on size rather than speed and proposed to commission a new class of liners that would be larger than anything that had gone before as well as being the last word in comfort and luxury; the company sought an upgrade in their fleet in response to the Cunard giants but to replace their oldest pair of passenger ships still in service, being the SS Teutonic of 1889 and SS Majestic of 1890. Teutonic was replaced by Olympic. Majestic would be brought back into her old spot on White Star's New York service after Titanic's loss.
The ships were constructed by the Belfast shipbuilders Harland and Wolff, who had a long-established relati
Home Fires (Upstairs, Downstairs)
Home Fires is the sixth episode of the fourth series of the period drama Upstairs, Downstairs. It first aired on 19 October 1974 on ITV. Home Fires was filmed in the studio on 25 and 26 June 1974; the location footage was shot on 17 June 1974 at Islington. The episode was set in 1916, was the second and final episode featuring Keith Barron as Gregory Wilmot. Gordon Jackson - Hudson Jean Marsh - Rose David Langton - Richard Bellamy Meg Wynn Owen - Hazel Bellamy Joan Benham - Lady Prudence Fairfax Jacqueline Tong - Daisy Keith Barron - Gregory Wilmot Auriol Smith - Mrs Lorimer John Lyons - Charlie Julia Sutton - Dorothy Matthews Robert McBain - Hamish Matthews Audrey Joyce - Mrs Ganton Rose's former fiancée Gregory Wilmot arrives to see Rose, but she is out on the buses, he is now a Sergeant in the ANZACs. While Hudson tells Sgt. Wilmot that Rose is too busy at the moment, Daisy tells him what bus route she is on and he surprises her on the bus, they have tea at the bus depot. When speaking to Hazel, Rose says that she would now be happy to go to Australia with Gregory.
When Gregory is put on 48-hour leave for France, he goes to see Hudson and tells him that his feelings for Rose have changed and he doesn't love her like he used to. Hudson helps him write a letter to Rose telling her this. Shortly after, Hamish Matthews, Gregory's old friend, finds Rose on her bus and brings her to see Gregory at his house. After Gregory admits he doesn't love her, Rose throws her engagement ring, which she'd been given when Gregory proposed on 12 April 1914, across the room and walks out. However, Gregory soon catches up with her at the bus depot and tells Rose how his experiences at Gallipoli have changed how he thinks, they agree to marry once the war is over, soon tell Richard and Hazel, who both like him. Gregory insists that he and Rose leave by the front door. Lady Prudence goes to Eaton Place to suggest Hazel holds a Wounded Officers' Tea Party in the Drawing Room. Hazel says there are too few servants to hold the event, thinks that ordinary soldiers might be a more deserving cause.
But, on her way out Lady Prudence asks Hudson whether it would be too much and he says it wouldn't be, making Hazel annoyed that Lady Prudence used Hudson to get her own way. Mrs Bridges is in Yarmouth at her sister and brother-in-law's house, helping out after it was bombed. Mrs Ganton is her temporary replacement. Richard Marson, "Inside UpDown - The Story of Upstairs, Downstairs", Kaleidoscope Publishing, 2005 Updown.org.uk - Upstairs, Downstairs Fansite
Hoxton is an area of East London, part of the London Borough of Hackney, England. Together with the rest of Shoreditch, it is described as part of the East End, the historic core of wider East London. Hoxton lies north of the City of London financial district, forming the western part of Shoreditch; the area has never been formally defined, but approximates to an area bordered by the Regent's Canal on the north side, Wharf Road and City Road to the west, Old Street to the south, Kingsland Road to the east. There is a Hoxton electoral ward; the area forms part of the Hackney Shoreditch parliamentary constituency. "Hogesdon" is first recorded in the Domesday Book, meaning an Anglo-Saxon farm belonging to Hoch, or Hocq. Little is recorded of the origins of the settlement, though there was Roman activity around Ermine Street, which ran to the east of the area from the 1st century. In medieval times, Hoxton formed a rural part of Shoreditch parish, it achieved independent ecclesiastical status in 1826 with the founding of its own parish church dedicated to St John the Baptist, though civil jurisdiction was still invested in the Shoreditch vestry.
The Worshipful Company of Haberdashers remains Patron of the advowson of the parish of St John's. In 1415, the Lord Mayor of London "caused the wall of the City to be broken towards Moorfields, built the postern called Moorgate, for the ease of the citizens to walk that way upon causeways towards Islington and Hoxton" – at that time, still marshy areas; the residents responded by harassing walkers to protect their fields. A century the hedges and ditches were destroyed, by order of the City, to enable City dwellers to partake in leisure at Hoxton. By Tudor times many moated manor houses existed to provide ambassadors and courtiers country air nearby the City; this included many Catholics, attracted by the house of the Portuguese Ambassador, who, in his private chapel, celebrated the masses forbidden in a Protestant country. One such resident was Sir Thomas Tresham, imprisoned here by Elizabeth I of England for harbouring Catholic priests; the open fields to the north and west were used for archery practice, on 22 September 1598 the playwright Ben Jonson fought a fatal duel in Hoxton Fields, killing actor Gabriel Spencer.
Jonson was able to prove his literacy. Hoxton's public gardens were a popular resort from the overcrowded City streets, it is reputed that the name of Pimlico came from the publican, Ben Pimlico, his particular brew. Have at thee my merrie boyes, beg for old Ben Pimlico’s nut-brown ale; the gardens appear to have been situated near Hoxton Street, known at that time, as Pimlico Path. The modern area of Pimlico derives its name from its former use in Hoxton. On 26 October 1605 Hoxton achieved notoriety, when a letter arrived at the home of local resident William Parker, Lord Monteagle warning him not to attend the Parliament summoned by James I to convene on 5 November, because "yet I say they shall receive a terrible blow, the Parliament, yet they shall not see who hurts them"; the letter may have been sent by his brother-in-law Francis Tresham, or he may have written it himself, to curry favour. The letter was read aloud at supper, before prominent Catholics, he delivered it to Robert Cecil at Whitehall.
While the conspirators were alerted, by the public reading, to the existence of the letter they persevered with their plot as their gunpowder remained undiscovered. William Parker accompanied Thomas Howard, the Lord Chamberlain, at his visit to the undercroft of Parliament, where Guy Fawkes was found in the early hours of 5 November. Most of the conspirators fled on the discovery of the Gunpowder Plot, but Francis Tresham was arrested a few days at his house in Hoxton. A commemorative plaque is attached to modern flats at the site of Parker's house in Hoxton Street. By the end of the 17th century the nobility's estates began to be broken up. Many of these large houses became to be used as schools, hospitals or mad houses, with almshouses being built on the land between by benefactors, most of whom were City liverymen. Aske's Almshouses were built on Pitfield Street in 1689 from Robert Aske's endowment for 20 poor haberdashers and a school for 20 children of freemen. Hoxton House, was established as a private asylum in 1695.
It was owned by the Miles family, expanded into the surrounding streets being described by Coleridge as the Hoxton madhouse. Here fee-paying'gentle and middle class' people took their exercise in the extensive grounds between Pitfield Street and Kingsland Road. Over 500 pauper lunatics resided in closed wards, it remained the Naval Lunatic Asylum until 1818; the asylum closed in 1911. At this time Hoxton Square and Charles Square were laid out. Non-conformist sects were attracted to the area, away from the restrictions of the City's regulations. In the Victorian era the railways made travelling to distant suburbs easier, this combined with infill building and industrialisation to drive away the wealthier classes, leaving Hoxton a concentration of the poor with many slums; the area became a centre for the furniture trade. In the 1860s Hoxton Square became home to the Augustinian Priory and school of St Monica built 1864-66 and the first Augustinian House in Englan
Cathleen Nesbitt was an English actress of stage and television. Born in Birkenhead, England to Thomas and Mary Catherine Nesbitt as Kathleen Mary Nesbitt in 1888 of Welsh and Irish descent, she was educated in Lisieux, at the Queen's University of Belfast and the Sorbonne, her younger brother, Thomas Nesbitt, Jr. acted in one film in 1925, before his death in South Africa in 1927 from an apparent heart attack. She made her debut in London in the stage revival of Arthur Wing Pinero's The Cabinet Minister, she acted in countless plays after that. In 1911, she joined the Irish Players, went to the United States and debuted on Broadway in The Well of the Saints, she was in the cast of John Millington Synge's The Playboy of the Western World with the Irish Players when the whole cast was pelted with fruits and vegetables by the offended Irish American Catholic audience. She became the love of English poet Rupert Brooke in 1912. Brooke wrote love sonnets to her, they were engaged to be married when he died during World War I.
Nesbitt returned to the US and appeared on Broadway in Quinneys and John Galsworthy's Justice as John Barrymore's leading lady in his first dramatic stage role. After five other plays there, she returned to England. For the rest of the decade she performed in London, her film debut was in the silent A Star Over Night. She performed in The Faithful Heart, she did not appear in a film again until 1930, when she played the role of Anne Lymes in Canaries Sometimes Sing, an early talkie. In 1932, she appeared in The Frightened Lady, she appeared in the 1938 film version of Pygmalion as "a lady". In the opening credits her first name was spelled as "Kathleen", but as "Cathleen" at the end of the film, she played the part of Mother in the 1949 BBC TV remake of the drama film Elizabeth of Ladymead. Nesbitt's first Hollywood film was Three Coins in the Fountain, in which she played the character role of La Principessa; this was followed that same year by Black Widow. She was Cary Grant's Grandmother Janou in 1957's An Affair to Remember and, the following year, was part of the ensemble cast of Separate Tables.
She appeared in The Parent Trap, Promise Her Anything. Other Broadway appearances included Aunt Alicia in the original Anita Loos adaptation of Gigi, Sabrina Fair, Anastasia. In 1956, she played Mrs. Higgins in My Fair Lady starring Rex Harrison. Nesbitt reprised the role in 1981, in her 90s, in a Broadway revival, opposite Harrison, in his 70s, she played Agatha Morley on the TV series The Farmer's Daughter from 1963 to 1966, playing the mother of a Congressman. She guest starred on such shows as The United States Steel Hour. In 1969 she played Richard Burton's mother in the film Staircase and again in Villain two years later, she had a small but memorable role as an elderly drug addict in French Connection II alongside Gene Hackman. Her next film was Hitchcock's Family Plot, she appeared as the grandmother in Julia. Her final film was Never Never Land as Edith Forbes, she was the subject of This. Nesbitt became the love of English poet Rupert Brooke in 1912, they were engaged to be married, but he died in 1915 at age 27 of blood poisoning, the result of a bite from an infected mosquito while he served in the Royal Navy during World War I.
In 1921 Nesbitt married barrister turned actor Cecil Ramage. They had two children, she and Ramage were separated for many years but remained married until her death in 1982. Nesbitt lived for many years in the United States, but returned to the United Kingdom where she was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1978, her autobiography, A Little Love and Good Company, was published in 1973. After a career spanning over 80 years, one of the longest in show business history, Nesbitt died of natural causes at age 93 in London on 2 August 1982. Cathleen Nesbitt on IMDb Cathleen Nesbitt at the Internet Broadway Database Performances listed in the Theatre Archive, University of Bristol Cathleen Nesbitt at Find a Grave Cathleen Nesbitt Cathleen Nesbitt's appearance on This Is Your Life
Lesley-Anne Down is an English actress, former model, singer. She achieved fame as Georgina Worsley in the ITV drama series Upstairs, Downstairs, she received further recognition for her performances in the films The Pink Panther Strikes Again, A Little Night Music, The First Great Train Robbery, Hanover Street, Rough Cut and Nomads. She is known as Madeline Fabray in the miniseries North and South, for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award in 1986. In 1990, Down played the role Stephanie Rogers in the CBS drama series Dallas. During 1997–99, she played Olivia Richards in the NBC series Sunset Beach. From April 2003 to February 2012, she portrayed Jackie Marone in the CBS soap opera The Bold and the Beautiful. Down was raised in Wandsworth, South West London, England, she began acting and modelling, in her teenaged years won several beauty pageants. She was voted Britain's most beautiful teenager at the age of 15, she made her feature film debut in 1969 in a supporting role in the British drama The Smashing Bird I Used to Know.
She had roles in several other British films, such as All the Right Noises and Countess Dracula, guest-starred in the television series Six Dates with Barker, Out of the Unknown, Public Eye. In 1973, Down was cast as Georgina Worsley, Marchioness of Stockbridge, on the Emmy Award-winning British drama series, Downstairs; this role was her career breakthrough, after the show ended in 1975, she moved to Hollywood and began her film career. She starred in the 1976 movie The Pink Panther Strikes Again, was cast opposite Elizabeth Taylor on the film adaptation of A Little Night Music. Down worked as leading lady in film, starred opposite Kirk Douglas, Laurence Olivier, Sean Connery, Anthony Hopkins, Donald Sutherland in various films, her major roles were in The Betsy, The First Great Train Robbery, Hanover Street, Rough Cut, her box-office bomb Sphinx. Down has appeared on a musical version of Great Expectations. Down has played number of leading roles in made-for-television miniseries, she starred in 1978 British drama The One and Only Phyllis Dixey as Phyllis Dixey.
She played the role of Esméralda in a British-American TV movie The Hunchback of Notre Dame in 1982 opposite Anthony Hopkins, starred in Murder Is Easy and Ladykillers. In 1985, she starred in Arch of Triumph with Donald Pleasence, she starred in the ABC miniseries The Last Days of Pompeii in 1984, in North and South in 1985. For her role as Madeline Fabray LaMotte in North and South, she was nominated for Golden Globe Award in 1986, she starred in North and South, Book II, Heaven & Hell: North & South, Book III. She turned down the roles on The Thorn Birds. In 1990, Down was cast as series regular for a limited run in the CBS primetime soap opera Dallas as Stephanie Rogers, she earned a quarter of a million dollars' salary for a 10-week shoot. In the 1990s, Down starred in several small feature and television films, played guest roles on television series such as The Nanny and Diagnosis: Murder, she starred in the 1994 film Death Wish V: The Face of Death, opposite Charles Bronson, appeared with him in the 1995 TV movie Family of Cops.
In 1996, Aaron Spelling cast her as Olivia Blake on the NBC soap opera Sunset Beach. The series aired from January 1997 to December 1999. After the soap was cancelled, Down starred in Lifetime movies You Belong to Me. In 2003, Down was cast in another soap as Jackie Marone on CBS's the Beautiful. In January 2012, Down confirmed. Down appeared in the films The King's Guard with Eric Roberts and Ron Perlman, The Meeksville Ghost, 13th Child, Today You Die, Seven Days of Grace, on which she was a writer. In 2011, Down appeared in Victor Salva's thriller film Rosewood Lane with Rose McGowan, Ray Wise, Lauren Vélez, she starred alongside Kirsten Vangsness in the comedy film Kill Me, played mother of leads in Dark House, I Am Watching You and Justice. After ending a 10-year relationship with actor-writer Bruce Robinson, Down married Enrique Gabriel in 1980, but ended their marriage after a year and a half. Down's second marriage was to film director William Friedkin from 1982 to 1985, with whom she had one son, Jack.
She met her third husband, cinematographer Don E. Fauntleroy, during filming of the television miniseries North and South in 1985, they began a relationship, which ended Down's marriage to Friedkin and Fauntleroy's marriage to Susan Ducat. The resulting legal and custody proceedings interrupted the careers of both Down and Fauntleroy for two years and cost Down and Friedkin US$1 million each. Down and Fauntleroy have a son, George-Edward. Down has spoken on several occasions about dealing with sexual predators in the film industry. In 2002, she spoke of finding fame in the late 1960s: "The casting couch was in full swing, people expected it... My teenage years were pretty intense, a lot of pressure and a lot of horrible old men out there". In a 1977 interview, she had said: "I was promised lots of lovely big film parts by American producers if I went to bed with them. Believe me, the casting couch is no myth". In 2015, Down discussed her experiences of sexual harassment in the 1970s by an unnamed legendary Hollywood actor and by producer Sam Spiegel, saying that she "never enjoyed" her acting career: "Partly, because of all the lecherous men, studio executives and direct