click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Goodyear Inflatoplane

The Goodyear Inflatoplane was an inflatable experimental aircraft made by the Goodyear Aircraft Company, a subsidiary of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, well known for the Goodyear blimp. Although it seemed an improbable project, the finished aircraft proved to be capable of meeting its design objectives, although orders were never forthcoming from the military. A total of 12 prototypes were built between 1956 and 1959, testing continued until 1972, when the project was cancelled; the original concept of an all-fabric inflatable aircraft was based on Taylor McDaniel's inflatable rubber glider experiments in 1931. Designed and built in only 12 weeks, the Goodyear Inflatoplane was built in 1956, with the idea that it could be used by the military as a rescue plane to be dropped in a hardened container behind enemy lines; the 44 cubic ft container could be transported by truck, jeep trailer or aircraft. The inflatable surface of this aircraft was a sandwich of two rubber-type materials connected by a mesh of nylon threads, forming an I-beam.

When the nylon was exposed to air, it absorbed and repelled water as it stiffened, giving the aircraft its shape and rigidity. Structural integrity was retained in flight with forced air being continually circulated by the aircraft's motor; this continuous pressure supply enabled the aircraft to have a degree of puncture resilience, the testing of airmat showing that it could be punctured by up to six.30 calibre bullets and retain pressure. There were at least two versions: The GA-468 was a single-seater, it took about five minutes to inflate to about 25 psi. A pilot would hand-start the two-stroke cycle, 40 horsepower Nelson engine, takeoff with a maximum load of 240 pounds. On 20 US gallons of fuel, the aircraft could fly 390 miles, with an endurance of 6.5 hours. Maximum speed was 72 miles per hour, with a cruise speed of 60 mph. A 42 horsepower engine was used in the aircraft. Takeoff from turf was in 250 feet with 575 feet needed to clear a 50-foot obstacle, it landed in 350 feet. Rate of climb was 550 feet per minute.

Its service ceiling was estimated at 10,000 ft. The GA-466 was the two-seater version, 2 in shorter, but with a 6 ft longer wingspan than the GA-468. A more powerful 60 horsepower McCulloch 4318 engine could power the 740 pounds of plane and passenger to 70 miles per hour, although the range of the plane was limited to 275 miles; the test program at Goodyear's facilities near Wingfoot Lake, Ohio showed that the inflation could be accomplished with as little as 8 psi, less than a car tire. The flight test program had a fatal crash when Army aviator Lt. "Pug" Wallace was killed. The aircraft was in a descending turn when one of the control cables under the wing came off the pulley and was wedged in the pulley bracket, locking the stick; the turn tightened until one of the wings was chopped up. With the wings flapping because of loss of air, one of the aluminum wing tip skids hit the pilot alongside the head, as was clear from marks on his helmet. Wallace fell into the shallow lake, his chute never opened.

He may have been rendered unable to open it. Only 12 Goodyear Inflatoplanes were built, but development continued until the project was cancelled in 1973. Goodyear donated two Inflatoplanes for museum display at the end of the project, one to the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia and one to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D. C. One is on display at the Stonehenge Air Museum in Montana. GA-33 Inflatoplane The initial single-seat version, with open cockpit, based on the Taylor McDaniel inflatable rubber glider experiments from the early 1930s. One built. GA-447 Inflatoplane new wing, used for undercarriage experiments. One built. GA-466 Inflatoplane Company designation for the AO-2 Inflatoplane GA-468 Inflatoplane Company designation for the AO-3 Inflatoplane XAO-2-GI Inflatoplane Military designation for the GA-466. One built. XAO-3-GI Inflatoplane Military designation for the GA-468. Five built. General characteristics Crew: 1 Capacity: 1 passenger Length: 19 ft 2 in Wingspan: 28 ft Height: 4 ft Loaded weight: 740 lb Powerplant: 1 × McCulloch 4318 air-cooled, 60 hp Performance Maximum speed: 70 mph Range: 275 mi Service ceiling: 6,500 ft Rate of climb: 500 ft/min Notes Citations Bibliography Inflatoplane Aircraft Finder for Goodyear AO GA486 at Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

Cameron Lindsay (rugby union)

Cameron Lindsay is a South African rugby union player for the Pumas in the Currie Cup and in the Rugby Challenge. His regular position is lock. Lindsay attended Michaelhouse school in KwaZulu-Natal and played for their Under-18 side at the 2009 Craven Week tournament. In 2010, he moved to Cape Town to join Western Province, he made twelve appearances for the Western Province U19 side that won the 2010 Under-19 Provincial Championship competition, although Lindsay was an unused substitute in the final. In 2012, he was included in the Western Province U21 squad for the 2012 Under-21 Provincial Championship, but failed to play for them, he did however play some club rugby for university side Maties in the Western Province Super League in 2012. He once again failed to make any appearances. At the end of 2013, he joined Port Elizabeth-based side the Eastern Province Kings on trial and joined the university side affiliated with the Kings, the NMMU Madibaz for the 2014 Varsity Cup, he started five of their matches to help them to the semi-final of the competition.

His performances in the 2014 Varsity Cup earned him an inclusion in the Eastern Province Kings squad for the 2014 Vodacom Cup competition. He was named in their starting line-up for their match against the SWD Eagles in George, making his first class debut in a 23–21 loss, he retained his spot in the starting line-up for their next match against Boland Cavaliers, where he scored his first senior try. In June 2014, he was selected in the starting line-up for the Eastern Province Kings side to face Wales during a tour match during a 2014 incoming tour, he played the entire match. In May 2019 he was included in a preliminary 23-men squad for the Germany national team, his name was suggested to the German coach Mike Ford by another fellow South African coaching the German Sevens team, Vuyo Zangqa

Bernie's Tune

Bernie's Tune is a 1952 jazz standard. The music was written by Bernie Miller, with lyrics added by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, it was popularised with a recording by the quartet of the American saxophonist and composer Gerry Mulligan, on the 1952 album of the same name, which featured Chet Baker on trumpet. Despite this association, the piece was composed, as aforementioned, by a unsung composer Bernie Miller, who wrote the tune "Loaded", covered by Chet Baker and saxophonist Stan Getz; the tune was a popular choice for musicians jamming at the time, though information about the composer himself is scarce, all that people know of him is that he was a piano player from Washington DC. Mulligan speculated that by the time he had discovered any of Bernie's tunes, Bernie was dead. On in Mulligan's life, he took the same changes but invented a new melody to fit over the piece, entitling it'Idle Gossip'; the song is played in D minor, has a 32 bar AABA structure. Harmonically, it starts on the root minor chord travels to form a dominant on the augmented 5th of the D.

This is what gives the A section of this piece a blues-orientated tonality, as the dominant 7th of the Bb dominant is an Ab, the b5 of the root minor chord, being the definitive note of a blues scale. It moves down a semitone to the dominant 5th of the root minor, preparing to go back to the root minor; this repeats for the second A section, although instead of the minor 2-5 back into D minor, there is a major 2-5-1 into Bb Major The B section of the piece is a standard 1-6-2-5 in Bb repeating 3 times leading to a Bb dominant, a minor 2-5 back into the root minor. The A section repeats once to lead back to the start; the melody of the A section is chromatic and conjunct, except the quaver length four note arpeggios at the end of each second bar. The melody of the B section still moves in a predominantly conjunct style. Al Haig, on Al Haig: Live in Hollywood, 1952. Gerry Mulligan Quartet, on Bernie's Tune, 1952. Konitz Meets Mulligan, 1953 Gene Krupa and Buddy Rich, on Krupa and Rich, 1955. Mel Tormé, on Gene Norman presents Mel Tormé at the Lighthouse, 1955.

Shelly Manne & His Men, on Swinging Sounds, 1956. Art Pepper, on Art Pepper + Eleven – Modern Jazz Classics, 1959. George Shearing, on On the Sunny Side of the Strip, 1960. George Barnes and Carl Kress, on George Barnes & Carl Kress: Town Hall Concert, 1963. Billy Strange, on The James Bond Theme/Walk Don't Run, 1964. Earl Hines, on Here Comes Earl "Fatha" Hines, 1966. Frank Morgan, on Frank Morgan, 1975. Clare Fischer, on Crazy Bird, 1985. Scott Hamilton, on East of the Sun, 1993. Karrin Allyson, on Azure-Té, 1995. Chris Flory, on Blues in My Heart, 2003. Harvey Mason and Kenny Baron, on With all My Heart, 2003. Greg Osby, on Public, 2004. Tommy Emmanuel and Martin Taylor, on The Colonel and the Governor, 2013. List of jazz standards

Heliopause (album)

Heliopause is the fourth album by The Resonance Association, the third to be released on their own label mrsvee recordings in October 2011. Reviews were mixed; this is not a derisory comment, the film should exist and if it matched the music on offer over the albums 74 minutes, it would be intense, eventful and at times mesmerising". While Incendiary Magazine commented "...it’s long and painstaking in its thoroughness and dedication: and not everything will be for you. But the good bits are good indeed.". All music is composed by Daniel Dominic Hemy. All tracks written and performed by The Resonance Association: Daniel Vincent - guitar, drums, electronics Dominic Hemy - guitar, drums, electronics Produced by Daniel Vincent. Mixed and mastered by MJ Strange. Photography by Daniel Vincent. Art direction by Carl Glover

Abney Park

Abney Park is in Stoke Newington, England. It is a 13-hectare park dating from just before 1700, named after Lady Mary Abney and associated with Dr Isaac Watts, who laid out an arboretum. In the early 18th century it was accessed via the frontages and gardens of two large mansions: her own manor house and Fleetwood House. Both fronted onto Church Street in what was a quiet nonconformist village. In 1840, the grounds were turned into Abney Park Cemetery. Abney Park now serves as a nature reserve. In the early 18th century, Lady Mary Abney laid out Abney Park after inheriting the Manor of Stoke Newington in 1701 from her brother Thomas Gunston, she and her husband Sir Thomas Abney lived there part-time living at his residence in Hertfordshire. She began work on the park in those years. After her husband's death in 1722, Lady Mary moved to Abney House full-time, becoming the first Lady of the Manor of Stoke Newington in her own right, she was said to be helped in designing the landscaping of the grounds as an English garden by the learned Dr Isaac Watts, a long-term house guest of her and her late husband, continued to live in her household.

The neighbouring Hartopp family of Fleetwood House, who leased the eastern part of the park to Lady Mary helped with the park. Her improvements included planting of the Great Elm Walk and Little Elm Walk, which established shady walkways down to the island heronry of the Hackney Brook at the bottom of the park. Both Wych Elm and English Elm were planted; the Hartopp family had completed one of the early plantings of a Cedar of Lebanon tree in Great Britain, adjacent to an ornamental pond. This tree is illustrated in many engravings of the period. Other trees planted at an early date at Abney Park included American Larch and Tulip Trees from the New World; the Nonconformists of Stoke Newington had strong connections to colonists in New England. Abney Park was dominated by Abney House. For some time in the early decades of the 19th century, it was the residence of James William Freshfield and his family. In its final years, it was adapted for use as seminary. Rev. John Farrar was the governor of the college.

He was elected Secretary of the Methodist Conference on twice its President. When the Methodists moved into their first purpose-built college at Richmond, south of London in 1843, Farrar was appointed as the Classical Tutor, he worked there until 1857. After 1843, Abney House was'recycled' for the building trade of the expanding metropolis, as was common in the Victorian era. Fleetwood House was built in the 1630s for Sir Edward Hartopp. By marriage the estate passed to Charles Fleetwood, one of Oliver Cromwell's generals, was named for him, it was owned by various parties. It served as a meeting place for Dissenters and Nonconformists, for which residents Stoke Newington was known. In the grounds was a third building, called the Summerhouse. From 1774, it was used as a summer residence by the family of young James Stephen. Although not a Quaker, he became involved with the abolitionist cause, which they supported. In 1800, he married Sarah Wilberforce, sister of his friend William, who visited Stoke Newington regularly.

Between them, the two men drafted the Slave Trade Act 1807, to prohibit the international slave trade originating in Africa. In 1824, Fleetwood House was adapted for use as a new Quaker school, known as Newington Academy for Girls. In a time when girls' educational opportunities were limited, it offered a wide range of subjects "on a plan in degree differing from any hitherto adopted", according to the prospectus, it commissioned the world's first school bus, designed by George Shillibeer. One of the school's founders was William Allen, a Quaker active with the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade, his marriage to Grizell Hoare was the subject of a satirical cartoon, in which the school is referred to as the Newington Nunnery. Joseph Pease the first Quaker MP, wrote a doggerel verse praising Allen's marriage. Fleetwood House was demolished in 1872. A fire station was constructed on the site. Shirren, A. J; the Chronicles of Fleetwood House. University of Houston Foundation: Pacesetter Whitehead, Jack.

The Growth of Stoke Newington. London: J. Whitehead Joyce, Paul. A guide to Abney Park Cemetery. London: Hackney Society Abney Park Cemetery Temple Lodges Abney Park Abney Park Chapel The Reservoirs Nature Society. Wildlife information from Stoke Newington, Hackney N16

Mount Bachelor

Mount Bachelor named Bachelor Butte, is a stratovolcano atop a shield volcano in the Cascade Volcanic Arc and the Cascade Range of central Oregon. Named Mount Bachelor because it "stands apart" from the nearby Three Sisters, it lies in the eastern segment of the central portion of the High Cascades, the eastern segment of the Cascade Range; the volcano lies at the northern end of the 15-mile long Mount Bachelor Volcanic Chain, which underwent four major eruptive episodes during the Pleistocene and the Holocene. The United States Geological Survey considers Mount Bachelor a moderate threat, but Bachelor poses little threat of becoming an active volcano in the near future, it remains unclear whether the volcano is just inactive. The Mount Bachelor ski area has operated on the mountain since 1958, the volcano's summit hosts the Mount Bachelor Observatory. A center of winter recreation, the area offers snowshoeing, snow skiing, snow tubing, dog sledding, among other activities; the summit can be reached by a climbing trail.

Mount Bachelor lies in the Cascade Range, within Deschutes County, in the U. S. state of Oregon. It is located south of the Three Sisters complex volcano, reaches an elevation of 9,068 feet, it rises 3,500 feet with a proximal relief of 2,674 feet. The volcano has a volume of 6.0 cubic miles. Mount Bachelor stands 3 miles southeast of the Tumalo Mountain volcano and 18 miles to the southwest of the city of Bend, in the Deschutes National Forest. Weather varies in the area due to the rain shadow caused by the Cascade Range. Air from the Pacific Ocean rises over the western slopes, which causes it to cool and dump its moisture as rain. Precipitation increases with elevation. Once the moisture is wrung from the air, it descends on the eastern side of the crest, which causes the air to be warmer and drier. On the western slopes, precipitation ranges from 80 to 125 inches annually, while precipitation over the eastern slopes varies from 40 to 80 inches in the east. Temperature extremes reach − 20 to − 30 °F during the winters.

Mount Bachelor joins several other volcanoes in the eastern segment of the Cascade Range known as the High Cascades, which trends north–south. Constructed towards the end of the Pleistocene Epoch, these mountains are underlain by more ancient volcanoes that subsided due to parallel north–south faulting in the surrounding region. Bachelor lies in the eastern segment of the central portion of the High Cascades. Mount Bachelor is the youngest prominent volcano in the Three Sisters area of Oregon, a group of grouped volcanic peaks, in contrast to the typical 40-to-60-mile spacing between volcanoes elsewhere in the Cascades. Among the most active volcanic areas in the Cascades and one of the most densely populated volcanic centers in the world, the Three Sisters region includes peaks such as Belknap Crater, Mount Washington, Black Butte, Three Fingered Jack to the north, Broken Top and Mount Bachelor to the south. Most of the surrounding volcanoes consist of mafic lavas. Mafic magma is less viscous.

The Mount Bachelor volcanic chain, southeast of South Sister, consists of Mount Bachelor, the largest and northernmost volcano of the group, a series of cinder cones, lava flows, three shield volcanoes. The chain runs for 15 miles and encompasses an area of about 100 square miles, trending from north to south, its volcanoes show significant variation in size and shape, ranging from steep cones produced by mild explosive activity to the sloping profiles of shield volcanoes. Volcanic vents within the locale show north–northwest–north–northeast-trending trends, which correspond to normal faults in the region, including one at the Bachelor chain's southern end; the Bachelor chain shows that much of the Quaternary Cascades in Oregon were produced in short bursts of eruptive activity and that mafic shield volcanoes can erupt at equal rates to stratovolcanoes. The volcanoes within the field are fed by compartmentalized magma chambers. A stratovolcano, Mount Bachelor formed between 18,000 and 8,000 years ago.

Bachelor is composed of basalt and basaltic andesite, though its upper volcanic cone formed after its base shield, the two edifices show similar eruptive composition. The mountain has withstood little alteration as a result of glacial erosion besides a small cirque on the northern side of the volcano. Despite the small scale of this erosion, it has extensively altered the northern face of Mount Bachelor, breaking down its lava into fine powder at the glacier terminus, where the terminal moraine resembles dust. However, the volcano's glacier has shrunk in recent decades and may vanish as a result of the warming climate; the volcano's summit has a number of clustered, northwest–southeast-trending vents, which erupted block lava flows made of basalt and andesite and only exhibited minor explosive eruptions, as little tephra can be found near the vents at the summit. There is no summit crater. Lava flows from Mount Bachelor's summit feature phenocrysts including clinopyroxene and plagioclase, with two phases for the clinopyroxene featuring augite and pigeonite