The House at Pooh Corner
The House at Pooh Corner is the second volume of stories about Winnie-the-Pooh, written by A. A. Milne and illustrated by E. H. Shepard, it is notable for the introduction of the character Tigger. The title comes from a story in which Piglet build a house for Eeyore. In another story the game of Poohsticks is invented; as with the first book, the chapters are in episodic format and can be read independently of each other. The only exception to this is with Chapters 8 and 9 - Chapter 9 carries directly on from the end of Chapter 8, as the characters search for a new house for Owl, his house having been blown down in the previous chapter. Hints that Christopher Robin is growing up, scattered throughout the book, come to a head in the final chapter, in which the inhabitants of the Hundred Acre Wood throw him a farewell party after learning that he must leave them soon, it is made obvious, though not stated explicitly. In the end, they say good-bye to Christopher Robin. Pooh and Christopher Robin say a private farewell, in which Pooh promises not to forget him.
In Which a House Is Built at Pooh Corner for Eeyore In Which Tigger Comes to the Forest and Has Breakfast In Which A Search is Organized, Piglet Nearly Meets the Heffalump Again In Which It Is Shown That Tiggers Don't Climb Trees In Which Rabbit Has a Busy Day, We Learn What Christopher Robin Does in the Mornings In Which Pooh Invents a New Game and Eeyore Joins In In Which Tigger Is Unbounced In Which Piglet Does a Very Grand Thing In Which Eeyore Finds the Wolery and Owl Moves Into It In Which Christopher Robin and Pooh Come to an Enchanted Place, We Leave Them There In 1960 HMV recorded a dramatised version with songs of two episodes from the book, starring Ian Carmichael as Pooh, Denise Bryer as Christopher Robin, Hugh Lloyd as Tigger, Penny Morrell as Piglet, Terry Norris as Eeyore. This was released on a 45rpm EP. In 1971, singer-songwriter Kenny Loggins released a song called "House at Pooh Corner" as a duet with Jim Messina on their album Sittin' In. Although the song was written by Loggins, it had been released by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band on their 1970 album Uncle Charlie & His Dog Teddy.
The song is told from the perspective of both Christopher Robin. The first verse, told from Pooh's point of view, describes how he and Christopher's days together "disappeared all too soon" and how he "can't seem to find way back to the Wood." The second verse, told from Christopher Robin's point of view, tells of how Pooh has a honey jar stuck on his nose and how he came to him asking for help, but "from here, no one knows where he goes." The song uses these verses as an allegorical musing on the loss of innocence and childhood and the nostalgia for simpler, happier times. In 1994, Loggins re-released the song as "Return to Pooh Corner" on the album of the same name. A duet with Amy Grant, this version added a third verse, told from the perspective of an adult Christopher Robin who gives Winnie-the-Pooh to his own son and hears Pooh whisper to him, "welcome home." The song ends with Christopher Robin happy that he's "finally come back to the house at Pooh Corner." This third verse was based on Loggins' own feelings of happiness after the birth of his third son.
The song has since become a staple of Loggins' live performances, it remains one of his most personal and beloved songs. In 1988, an audio version of the book, published by BBC Enterprises, was narrated by Alan Bennett. In 1997 Hodder Children's Audio released a dramatisation produced by David Benedictus with Judi Dench, Stephen Fry, Jane Horrocks, Geoffrey Palmer, Michael Williams, Robert Daws, Sandi Toksvig, Finty Williams and Steven Webb; the music was composed and played by John Gould. Chapters 2, 8, 9 were adapted into animation with the Disney featurette Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day. Chapters 4 and 7 were adapted into Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Too!, while chapter 6 was adapted in Winnie the Pooh and a Day for Eeyore. Chapter 8 was partially adapted into an episode of The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh; the final chapter was adapted as a closure to The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, as well as in the direct-to-video movie Pooh's Grand Adventure: The Search for Christopher Robin.
However, in the book, Christopher Robin was going away to boarding school and wouldn't be coming back but in the films he was just going to school and would come back at the end of the day, while Chapters 1 and 3 were used in segments of Piglet's Big Movie. The 2018 live-action film Christopher Robin acts as an unofficial sequel to the book, with the film focusing on a grown-up Christopher Robin meeting Pooh for the first time since going to boarding school, while the film's first scenes adapt the last chapter of the book. Producer Brigham Taylor was inspired by the book's last chapter for the film's story. Chapter 2 was released from Disney as a book, under the title Winnie the Pooh meets Tigger. In 1968 Jefferson Airplane referenced the book in their song The House at Pooneil Corners, a surrealistic depiction of global nuclear war co-written by Paul Kantner and Marty Balin, ending with the line "Which is why a Pooh is poohing in the sun". Winnie-the-Pooh The Wind in the Willows Wikilivres has original media or text related to this article: The House at Pooh Corner
Boo to You Too! Winnie the Pooh
Boo to You Too! Winnie the Pooh is a Halloween television special produced by Walt Disney Television Animation and Toon City Animation, Inc. at Manila, Philippines. Based on the Disney television series The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh broadcast on October 25, 1996 on ABC. On Halloween and his friends are eager to go trick-or-treating. Piglet has never gone trick-or-treating, having always been too afraid of the frightening atmosphere of Halloween. After building an imposing mannequin in an attempt to face his fears, he joins his friends in preparation for trick-or-treating. Pooh's attempt to get honey from a bee hive ends in failure, the bees chase the group into Rabbit's garden, destroying some of his pumpkins; as night falls and a thunderstorm looms, Tigger overzealously speaks of the horrors of Halloween, frightening Piglet enough that he runs home and barricades the door. Sympathetic to Piglet's fear, Pooh and Tigger decide to avoid the frightening aspects of Halloween and throw Piglet a less frightening "Hallo-wasn't" party instead.
When the three costumed friends show up at Piglet's house, he flees. The trio of friends discover Piglet is missing, go to search for him in the night. Piglet goes looking for Pooh and the others, but when he can't find any of his friends, Piglet believes they've all been taken by "Spookables". Still wearing their costumes, Pooh and Tigger make their way through the stormy night to find Piglet, but their fears get the best of them. Pooh's costume gets stuck in a tree branch, the other two struggle to pull him out. Hearing Pooh's cries for help, Piglet happens upon the scene and believes two "Spookables" are attacking his friend. Determined to help his friend, Piglet summons his courage and uses his mannequin to rescue Pooh; when the mannequin collapses in the midst of the ensuing chaos, the others believe Piglet has vanquished the apparent monster. They commend Piglet for his bravery, they all go trick-or-treating together. John Fiedler as Piglet Steve Schatzberg as Piglet Jim Cummings as Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Peter Cullen as Eeyore Ken Sansom as Rabbit Michael Gough as Gopher John Rhys-Davies as the Narrator Boo to You Too! was featured as a Halloween story in Pooh's Heffalump Halloween Movie, during Roo's flashback where the story is retold by Roo.
Boo to You Too! Winnie the Pooh on IMDb
Winnie-the-Pooh is the first volume of stories about Winnie-the-Pooh, written by A. A. Milne and illustrated by E. H. Shepard; the book focuses on the adventures of a teddy bear called Winnie-the-Pooh and his friends Piglet, a small toy pig. The characters of Kanga, a toy kangaroo, her son Roo are introduced in the book, in the chapter entitled "In Which Kanga and Baby Roo Come to the Forest and Piglet has a Bath"; the bouncy toy-tiger character of Tigger is not introduced until the sequel, The House at Pooh Corner. In 2003, Winnie the Pooh was listed at number 7 on the BBC's survey The Big Read. In Which We Are Introduced to Winnie the Pooh and Some Bees and the Stories Begin Winnie-the-Pooh is out of honey, so he and Christopher Robin attempt to trick some bees out of theirs, with disastrous results. In Which Pooh Goes Visiting and Gets into a Tight Place Pooh visits Rabbit, but eats so much while in Rabbit's house that he gets stuck in Rabbit's door on the way out. In Which Pooh and Piglet Go Hunting and Nearly Catch a Woozle Pooh and Piglet track increasing numbers of footsteps round and round a spinney of trees.
In Which Eeyore Loses a Tail and Pooh Finds One Pooh sets out to find Eeyore's missing tail, notices something interesting about Owl's bell-pull. In Which Piglet Meets a Heffalump Piglet and Pooh try to trap a Heffalump, but wind up trapping the wrong sort of creature. In Which Eeyore has a Birthday and Gets Two Presents Pooh feels bad that no one has gotten Eeyore anything for his birthday, so he and Piglet try their best to get him presents. In Which Kanga and Baby Roo Come to the Forest and Piglet has a Bath Rabbit convinces Pooh and Piglet to try to kidnap newcomer Baby Roo to convince newcomer Kanga to leave the forest. In Which Christopher Robin Leads an Expotition to the North Pole Christopher Robin and all of the animals in the forest go on a quest to find the North Pole in the Hundred Acre Wood. In Which Piglet is Entirely Surrounded by Water Piglet is trapped in his home by a flood, so he sends a message out in a bottle in hope of rescue. In Which Christopher Robin Gives Pooh a Party and We Say Goodbye Christopher Robin gives Pooh a party for helping to rescue Piglet during the flood.
The work has been translated including Latin. The Latin translation by the Hungarian Lénárd Sándor, Winnie ille Pu, was first published in 1958, and, in 1960, became the first foreign-language book to be featured on the New York Times Best Seller List, the only book in Latin to have been featured therein, it was translated into Esperanto in 1972, by Ivy Kellerman Reed and Ralph A. Lewin, Winnie-La-Pu; the work was featured in the iBooks app for Apple's iOS as the "starter" book for the app. Following Disney's licensing of certain rights to Pooh from Stephen Slesinger and the A. A. Milne Estate in the 1960s, the Milne story lines were used by Disney in its cartoon featurette Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree; the "look" of Pooh was adapted by Disney from Stephen Slesinger's distinctive American Pooh with his famous red shirt, created and used in commerce by Slesinger since the 1930s. Winnie-the-Pooh was shortly followed by The House at Pooh Corner by Milne. Return to the Hundred Acre Wood, by David Benedictus was the first official post-Milne Pooh book written with the full backing of A. A. Milne's estate, which took the trustees ten years to agree to.
Pooh returned with his friends Tigger and Eeyore as well as a new companion Lottie the Otter. The illustrations are by Mark Burgess, who had worked on reviving the Paddington Bear stories; the Best Bear in All The World, by Paul Bright, Jeanne Willis, Kate Saunders and Brian Sibley is the second official post-Milne Pooh book, published by Egmont on 6 October 2016. The four different authors have written four short stories around the four seasons of Winter, Spring and Fall, the book is again illustrated by Mark Burgess. In 2001, Disney bought all rights to the character from The Royal Literary Fund, whom the estate of Milne had sold the rights to; the $350M purchase gave Disney full rights to the franchise until copyright expires in 2026. Woozle effect Wikilivres has original media or text related to this article: Winnie-the-Pooh Winnie-the-Pooh at Faded Page
Pocket gophers referred to as just gophers, are burrowing rodents of the family Geomyidae. There are all endemic to North and Central America, they are known for their extensive tunneling activities and their ability to destroy farms and gardens. The name pocket gopher on its own may be used to refer to any of a number of genera within the Geomyidae family; these are the "true" gophers, but several ground squirrels in the distantly related Sciuridae family are called "gophers", as well. The origin of the word'gopher' is uncertain. Gophers weigh around 0.5 lb, are about 6–8 in in body length, with a tail 1–2 in long. A few species reach weights approaching 1 kg. Within any species, the males can be nearly double their weight. Average lifespans are one to three years; the maximum lifespan for the pocket gopher is about five years. Some gophers, such as those in the genus Geomys, have lifespans that have been documented as up to seven years in the wild. Most gophers have brown fur that closely matches the color of the soil in which they live.
Their most characteristic features are their large cheek pouches, from which the word "pocket" in their name derives. These pouches are fur-lined, can be turned inside out, extend from the side of the mouth well back onto the shoulders. Gophers have small eyes and a short, hairy tail, which they use to feel around tunnels when they walk backwards. Pocket gophers have been found to carry external parasites. Common predators of the gopher include weasels and hawks. All pocket gophers create a network of tunnel systems that provide protection and a means of collecting food, they are larder hoarders, their cheek pouches are used for transporting food back to their burrows. Gophers can collect large hoards. Unlike ground squirrels, gophers do not live in large communities and find themselves above ground. Tunnel entrances can be identified by small piles of loose soil covering the opening. Burrows are in many areas where the soil is softer and tunneled. Gophers visit vegetable gardens, lawns, or farms, as gophers like moist soil.
This has led to their frequent treatment as pests. Gophers eat plant roots and other vegetables such as carrots, lettuce and any other vegetables with juice; some species are considered agricultural pests. The resulting destruction of plant life leaves the area a stretch of denuded soil. At the same time, the soil disturbance created by turning it over can lead to the early establishment of Ecological succession in Communities of r-selected and other Ruderal plant species; the stashing and subsequent decomposition of plant material in the gophers' larder can produce deep fertilization of the soil. Pocket gophers are solitary outside of the breeding season, aggressively maintaining territories that vary in size depending on the resources available. Males and females may share some burrows and nesting chambers if their territories border each other, but in general, each pocket gopher inhabits its own individual tunnel system. Although they attempt to flee when threatened, they may attack other animals, including cats and humans, can inflict serious bites with their long, sharp teeth.
Depending on the species and local conditions, pocket gophers may have a specific annual breeding season, or may breed through the year. Each litter consists of two to five young, although this may be much higher in some species; the young are born blind and helpless, are weaned around 40 days old. Geomys and Thomomys species are classed as "prohibited new organisms" under New Zealand's Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996, preventing them from being imported into the country. Much debate exists among taxonomists about which races of pocket gophers should be recognized as full species, the following list cannot be regarded as definitive. Family Geomyidae Genus Cratogeomys. Yellow-faced pocket gopher Oriental Basin pocket gopher Smoky pocket gopher Goldman's pocket gopher Merriam's pocket gopher Genus Geomys - eastern pocket gophers. Botta's pocket gopher Camas pocket gopher Wyoming pocket gopher Idaho pocket gopher
Rabbit is a character in the fictional world of the book series and cartoons Winnie-the-Pooh. He is a friend of Winnie-the-Pooh, regards himself as practical and tends to take the lead, though not always with the results that he intends; the first appearance of Rabbit is in chapter II in the Winnie-the-Pooh book by A. A. Milne, he appears in chapters VII, VIII, IX and X of that book, as well as in chapters III, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X in The House at Pooh Corner. While most of the cast in the books are based on stuffed animals owned by Christopher Robin Milne, Ernest H. Shepard's illustrations of Rabbit look more like a living animal. Rabbit resembles an ordinary rabbit, except that he walks on two legs and uses his front paws as hands; the top of his head reaches about to Pooh's nose. Rabbit lives in a house in the north-central part of the Hundred Acre Wood, between the sandy pit where Roo plays and the area where the animals he calls his "Friends-and-Relations" live. Rabbit likes to take charge and come up with elaborate plans, such as the one to scare Kanga by hiding Roo, the one to "unbounce" Tigger.
He is an organizer, as in the case of the Search for Small. As detailed as his plans are, they miss certain key points and go wrong. Rabbit tends to include Pooh and Piglet in his plans, he goes to Owl when there is "thinking to be done", he likes to be put in charge of things and is sometimes bossy, he sees his relationship to Christopher Robin as being the one that Christopher depends on. While loyal to the friends he knows, Rabbit shows a certain reluctance to welcome newcomers, as evidenced by his initial negative reaction to the arrival of Kanga and Roo in the first book, to Tigger in the second book. Nonetheless, he warms up to all of them in time. While the literacy of Pooh and Eeyore becomes a plot point in The House at Pooh Corner, Rabbit's ease with reading and writing is taken for granted. Rabbit has good relationships with the minor animals in the forest, known as "Rabbit's Friends-and-Relations". Several are mentioned by name, including beetles called Small, Alexander Beetle and Henry Rush, three unspecified creatures called Smallest-of-All and Early.
According to the illustrations of the book, his Friends-and-Relations include other rabbits, a squirrel, a hedgehog and insects. At one point, Rabbit estimates that he would need "seventeen pockets" if he were going to carry all his family about with him. Whether that number refers just to his relatives or to the friends-and-relations as a group is unknown, if it had any basis at all. In Return to the Hundred Acre Wood, a sequel not written by A. A. Milne but by David Benedictus, Rabbit tries to organize things further, he tries to have a census in the forest, but it does not work out well. Rabbit attempts to teach a Household Management class and is the one who discovers Lottie the otter, his grandfather, Grandad Buck, appears in the book. Rabbit appears in most Disney Winnie the Pooh cartoons. An added element is his keeping of a garden, of which he is protective, becoming angered when any creature seeks to damage it. Although he is not described as having a garden in either of the A. A. Milne books, he has one in David Benedictus's Return to the Hundred Acre Wood.
The Disney adaptations develop his personality further, expanding the original organized character into a control freak with a short temper, although his care for his friends remains. The film character's willingness to do things by the book appeared in Pooh's Grand Adventure: The Search for Christopher Robin, in which he follows written instructions for fear of being unable to think well for himself, although he produces a competent plan. Despite occasional malevolent behavior, he always learns from his wrongdoing. In the Disney adaptations and Tigger are foils for each other. In the original featurettes, Rabbit outright dislikes Tigger. By The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, they have become close friends, though dysfunctional ones, who work together. Tigger's antics continue to annoy Rabbit and make trouble for him, while Rabbit's harsh attitude and attempts to teach Tigger a lesson still come off as unkind. Tigger is the first one to help Rabbit when he needs it and Rabbit cannot deny their closeness.
His character is consistent in most of the Disney adaptations, although in Welcome to Pooh Corner, he is a talented magician and in The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, he is pale green instead of yellow. At one point in the latter series, Rabbit adopts a bluebird named Kessie; as of 2004, Rabbit now appears at Walt Disney World in Lake Buena Vista, FL and Disneyland in Anaheim, CA for meet and greets. Junius Matthews was the voice of Rabbit in the first three Disney films. After his death, Ray Erlenborn voiced him in Winnie the Pooh Discovers the Seasons. Will Ryan took over the role for Winnie the Pooh and a Day for Eeyore and performed both Rabbit and Tigger in Welcome to Pooh Corner. Ken Sansom replaced Ryan beginning with The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh and is to date Rabbit's longest-running portrayer, having continued the voice up to and including My Friends Tigger and Pooh. Tom Kenny most provided the voice for the 2011 film, Winnie the Pooh. Peter Capaldi voiced Rabbit in Christopher Robin, the live-action extension of the Winnie the Pooh franchise
A Heffalump is a type of elephant-like character in the Winnie the Pooh stories by A. A. Milne. Heffalumps are mentioned, only appear, in Pooh and Piglet's dreams in Winnie-the-Pooh and seen again in The House at Pooh Corner. Physically, they resemble elephants, they are featured in the animated television series The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, followed by two animated films in 2005, Pooh's Heffalump Movie and Pooh's Heffalump Halloween Movie. Although the fifth chapter of Winnie-the-Pooh is titled'In Which Piglet Meets a Heffalump', Piglet only meets a Heffalump in his imagination. In this chapter and Piglet attempt bravely to capture a heffalump in a clever trap; the sole appearance of heffalumps in the books is imagined, as Pooh tries to put himself to sleep: "e tried counting Heffalumps every Heffalump that he counted was making straight for a pot of Pooh's honey... when the five hundred and eighty-seventh Heffalump was licking its jaws, saying to itself,'Very good honey this, I don't know when I've tasted better', Pooh could bear it no longer."In the third chapter of The House at Pooh Corner and Piglet fall into a similar trap and think that it was made by a Heffalump to catch them.
Pooh and Piglet rehearse the conversation they'll have when the Heffalump comes, but Pooh falls asleep and when Piglet hears a voice, he panics and says the wrong thing. He is mortified. Although this is not explicitly stated, it is thought that heffalumps are elephants from a child's viewpoint. E. H. Shepard's illustrations in A. A. Milne's original books depict heffalumps as looking much like elephants. In Disney's adaptations of the stories, Heffalumps are first mentioned in the 1968 featurette Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day, seem to be a product of Tigger's imagination, they appeared with their partners, the woozles in a song called "Heffalumps and Woozles". Here, Tigger described them as honey-eating elephants. In both the animated films and all subsequent television series, they are depicted as looking like elephants, albeit cuddlier and less fierce than those Pooh imagines in the books, with rabbit-like tails and stitches as would be found on a stuffed animal. In the animated television series The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, most heffalumps are enemies of Pooh and his friends.
They are known to steal honey and are associated with woozles. One particular heffalump named Heff was the dim-witted sidekick of Stan the Woozle and was afraid of Roo because he thought Roo was a giant mouse. Piglet befriended a young heffalump named Junior in two episodes of The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh. Junior lived with his parents, his father, Papa Heffalump, was voiced by Jim Cummings. Mama Heffalump had to remind Papa Heffalump of his many allergies, they and the song are featured in the attraction at the Magic Kingdom in Walt Disney World, Hong Kong Disneyland and Shanghai Disneyland called The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, where the riders travel through the heffalumps and woozles in Pooh's dream. In a fantasy sequence in the 2018 film Christopher Robin, when the title character drowns in a Heffalump trap, he hallucinates seeing an actual elephant as a Heffalump. Since the 1950s heffalumps have gained notability beyond the Pooh stories; the term "heffalump" is whimsically used by adults to describe an elephant, or a child's view of an elephant.
The term "heffalump trap" has been used in political journalism for a trap, set up to catch an opponent but ends up trapping the person who set the trap. The protagonist, Gnossos Pappadopoulis, in Richard Fariña's 1966 novel Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up to Me believes his best friend to be named Heffalump for the majority of the novel, although Gnossos discovers in Cuba that Heffalump's birth name was Abraham Jackson White. There is an orchestral score called To Catch a Heffalump by Willem Frederik Bon. Swedish Expressen newspaper's Heffalump Award is an annual literary prize awarded to the year's best Swedish author for children and young adults. A search for "heffalon particles" is the subject of an April Fool's Day paper posted on a scientific pre-print server; the heffalump operator" = >". The 2018 Cosmo Sheldrake song Come Along contains the line "Come along, catch a Heffalump". Pooh's Heffalump Movie, released in 2005, looks at the differences between the denizens of the Hundred Acre Wood, the Heffalumps, cleared up after Roo becomes friends with a Heffalump named Lumpy.
A sequel to this movie called Pooh's Heffalump Halloween Movie, was released. Lumpy the Heffalump appears in the television program, My Friends Tigger & Pooh, on the Disney Channel, he continues to appear as Roo's friend and joins the gang on many adventures
Kingdom Hearts II
Kingdom Hearts II is a 2005 action role-playing game developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation 2 video game console. The game is a sequel to Kingdom Hearts, like the original game, combines characters and settings from Disney films with those of Square Enix's Final Fantasy series; the game's popularity has resulted in a novel and manga series based upon it and a Japan-exclusive re-released version of the game featuring extra content, Kingdom Hearts II Final Mix, released in March 2007. Kingdom Hearts II is the third game in the Kingdom Hearts series, it picks up one year after the events of Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories. Sora, the protagonist of the first two games, returns to search for his lost friends while battling the sinister Organization XIII, a group of antagonists introduced in Chain of Memories. Like the previous games, Kingdom Hearts II features a large cast of characters from Disney films and Final Fantasy games; the game earned year-end awards from numerous video gaming websites.
In Japan, it shipped more than one million copies within a week of its release. One month after its North American release, it had sold over one million copies and was the second best-selling game of 2006. By April 2007, the game had shipped over four million copies worldwide; the game has been included by gaming publications in lists of the greatest video games of all time. The Final Mix version of the game was re-mastered in high definition and released globally in 2014 as a part of the Kingdom Hearts HD 2.5 Remix collection for the PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4. The gameplay of Kingdom Hearts II is similar to the action RPG and hack and slash gameplay of the first Kingdom Hearts game, though developers made an effort to address some of the complaints with the previous game; the player directly controls Sora from a third-person camera angle, though first-person perspective is available via Select button. Most of the gameplay occurs on interconnected field maps; the game is driven by a linear progression from one story event to the next told via cutscenes, though there are numerous side-quests available that provide bonuses to characters.
Like many traditional role-playing video games, Kingdom Hearts II features an experience point system which determines character development. As enemies are defeated, the player and allies culminate experience to "level up", in which the playable characters grow stronger and gain access to new abilities. Combat in Kingdom Hearts II is in real-time and involves heavy hack and slash elements with button presses which initiate attacks by the on-screen character. A role-playing game menu on the screen's bottom left, similar to those found in Final Fantasy games, provides other combat options such as using magic or items, summoning beings to assist in battle, or executing combination attacks with other party members. A new feature is the "Reaction Command", special enemy-specific attacks that are triggered when the player presses the triangle button at the correct time during battle. Reaction Commands can be used to defeat regular enemies or avoid damage, are sometimes necessary to complete a boss battle.
In addition to the main character, two party members are present who participate in combat. Although these characters are computer-controlled, the player is allowed to customize their behavior to a certain extent through the menu screen, such as attacking the same enemy Sora targets. In response to criticism, the "Gummi Ship" feature of the first game was re-imagined to be "more enjoyable". Although retaining its basic purpose of travel, the system was redone to resemble a combination of rail shooter and "Disney theme park ride". In the world map, the player must now control the Gummi Ship from a top-down view and fly to the world the player wishes to enter. Worlds are no longer open from the beginning—the player must unlock the routes to them by entering a new level, controlling the ship from a third-person point of view, battling enemy ships. After the route is opened, travel to the world is unimpeded, unless it is blocked again due to a plot-related event; the player may gain new Gummi Ships from completing routes, a new feature from the first game.
One of the new features is a meter known as the "Drive Gauge". The Drive Gauge has dual functions: to transform Sora into a "Drive Form" or to summon a special character. While in a Drive Form, Sora bonds with party members to become more powerful and acquire different attributes; when a Drive is executed, Sora's combat statistics are heightened. Drive Forms give Sora new abilities that can be used in normal form, called "Growth Abilities." Sora's first two Drive Forms only combine power with one party member. When allies are used in a Drive, they are temporarily removed from battle for its duration. Unlike the HP and MP gauges, the Drive Gauge is not refilled at save points. Like in the first game, Sora can summon a Disney character to aid him in battle. Summons will replace the two computer-controlled characters and fight alongside Sora for as long as the Drive Gauge allows, or until Sora's HP runs out. Instead of being limited to only one action, Summons now have a menu of their own and are capable of performing solo or cooperative actions with Sora.
These actions are performed by pressing the triangle button. The Summon ability and each Drive Form are leveled up separately and by different criteria. Kingdom Hearts II begins one year after the events of Kingdom Hearts and Chain of Memo