Dixon Springs, Tennessee
Dixon Springs is an unincorporated community in Smith County, United States. The zip code is: 37057. Once a thriving area between Carthage and Hartsville, the community still has many antebellum homes and significant cemeteries of early settlers in the area, including the grave of Col. William Martin, pioneer of the region and eldest son of General Joseph Martin of Virginia. Dixon Springs was settled prior to 1787 by its namesake, Tilman Dixon, Revolutionary War soldier, where his historic home, site of the first Smith County court meeting, still stands. On June 20, 1863, a Civil War skirmish was fought between Confederate soldiers and the Northern occupiers of Dixon Springs at that time; the location of the skirmish was most to have taken place a half mile out Rome Road where the northern occupiers commandeered a plantation and dug a trench along a hillside overlooking Rome Road so they could guard the road from any confederates that may have been approaching the Hartsville/Gallatin Pike after crossing the ferry from Rome over to Beasley Bend
Difficult is an unincorporated community in Smith County, Tennessee, in the United States. It lies just north of State Route 85, about halfway between Defeated to the south and Kempville to the east. Defeated Creek, a tributary of the Cumberland River, passes through the community. One version of the name's origin holds that when residents applied for a post office, the application was returned because the preferred name was "too difficult". Media related to Difficult, Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons
South Carthage, Tennessee
South Carthage is a town in Smith County, United States. The population was 1,322 at the 2010 census; the town is located along the Cumberland River opposite Carthage. South Carthage is located at 36°14′44″N 85°57′29″W; the town stretches along the south bank of the Cumberland River from Goodall Island eastward to the river's confluence with the Caney Fork. South Carthage is traversed by U. S. Route 70N, the highway's key intersection with State Route 25 and State Route 53 is located within the town's southeastern limits; the town is connected to Carthage via two bridges: the Cordell Hull Bridge on the west, Veterans Memorial Bridge on the east. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.7 square miles, of which 2.6 square miles is land and 0.077 square miles, or 2.91%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,302 people, 554 households, 366 families residing in the town; the population density was 501.0 people per square mile. There were 589 housing units at an average density of 226.6 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 95.31% White, 2.46% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.54% from other races, 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.38% of the population. There were 554 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.92. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $30,592, the median income for a family was $35,066.
Males had a median income of $31,080 versus $20,577 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,425. About 10.7% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 24.6% of those age 65 or over. Media related to South Carthage, Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons Municipal Technical Advisory Service entry for South Carthage — information on local government and link to charter
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility; the USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The USGS employs 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia; the USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, Menlo Park, California. The current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is "science for a changing world." The agency's previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its hundredth anniversary, was "Earth Science in the Public Service." Since 2012, the USGS science focus is directed at six topical "Mission Areas", namely Climate and Land Use Change, Core Science Systems, Ecosystems and Minerals and Environmental Health, Natural Hazards, Water.
In December 2012, the USGS split the Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health Mission Area resulting in seven topical Mission Areas, with the two new areas being: Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units. Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast.
As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U. S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time; the USGS collaborates with Canadian and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective. The USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online. National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center implements partner-driven science to improve understanding of past and present land use change, develops relevant climate and land use forecasts, identifies lands and communities that are most vulnerable to adverse impacts of change from the local to global scale.
Since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. In collaboration with Stanford University, the USGS operates the USGS-Stanford Ion Microprobe Laboratory, a world-class analytical facility for U--Pb geochronology and trace element analyses of minerals and other earth materials. USGS operates a number of water related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program and National Water-Quality Assessment Program. USGS Water data is publicly available from their National Water Information System database; the USGS operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." It is the agency responsible for surveillance of H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in the United States.
The USGS runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The USGS is investigating collaboration with the social networking site Twitter to allow for more rapid construction of ShakeMaps; the USGS produces several national series of topographic maps which vary in scale and extent, with some wide gaps in coverage, notably the complete absence of 1:50,000 scale topographic maps or their equivalent. The largest and best-known topographic series is the 7.5-minute, 1:24,000 scale, quadrangle, a non-metric scale unique to the United States. Each of these maps covers an area bounded by two lines of latitude and two lines of longitude spaced 7.5 minutes apart. Nearly 57,000 individual maps in this series cover the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii, U. S. territories, areas of Alaska near Anchorage and Prudhoe Bay. The area covered by each map varies with the latitude of its represented location due to convergence of the meridians. At lower latitudes, near 30° north, a 7.5-minute quadrangle contains an area of about 64 square miles.
At 49° north latitude, 49 square miles are contained within a quadrangle of that size. As a unique non-metric map scale, the 1:24,000 scale requires a separate and specialized romer scale for pl
Smith County, Tennessee
Smith County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,166. In the section known as Middle Tennessee, its county seat is Carthage; the county was organized in 1799 and is named for Daniel Smith, a Revolutionary War veteran who made the first map of Tennessee and served as a United States senator. Smith County is part of the Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Smith County was established in 1799 from a portion of Sumner County, was named for Daniel Smith, a U. S. Senator and former Secretary of the Southwest Territory; the location of the county seat was hotly contested between Bledsoesborough and William Walton's ferry and tavern at the confluence of the Caney Fork and the Cumberland River. In 1804, voters chose Walton's site, a town, named Carthage, was platted the following year. Smith County was the site of a large saltpeter mine. Piper Cave, located near Monoville, contains the poorly preserved remnants of dozens of saltpeter leaching vats.
Most saltpeter mining in Middle Tennessee took place during the War of 1812 and the Civil War, though the exact dates of this operation are unclear. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 325 square miles, of which 314 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water; the county is located in a transition area between the rugged Highland Rim to the east and the flatter Nashville Basin to the west. The Caney Fork has its confluence with the Cumberland River in Carthage. Cordell Hull Dam on the Cumberland is located near Carthage. Macon County Jackson County Putnam County DeKalb County Wilson County Trousdale County Cordell Hull Wildlife Management Area As of the census of 2000, there were 17,712 people, 6,878 households, 5,069 families residing in the county; the population density was 56 people per square mile. There were 7,665 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.42% White, 2.53% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, 0.93% from two or more races.
1.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,878 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.30% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,625, the median income for a family was $41,645. Males had a median income of $30,853 versus $22,133 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,473.
About 10.30% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 14.80% of those age 65 or over. Carthage Gordonsville South Carthage Prior to 2008, Smith County was a Democratic Party stronghold at the presidential level; the transitional presidential elections for the South of 1968 & 1972 were the lone two from 1912 to 2004 where the county failed to back a Democratic candidate. However, while the county was Carthage resident Al Gore's fourth strongest statewide in his 2000 presidential bid, he failed to win an Republican Tennessee. Since Smith County has swung hard towards the Republican Party similar to the rest of the state outside of Memphis & Nashville. Hillary Clinton failed to win a quarter of the county's votes in 2016, a far cry from the 71% & 62% her husband Bill won in the county with Gore on the ticket. National Register of Historic Places listings in Smith County, Tennessee Smith County at TN.gov Smith County Chamber of Commerce UT Extension office TNGenWeb Tennessee Central Economic Alliance for Smith County Smith County at Curlie